Moral Status: Obligations to Persons and Other Living Things

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Clarendon Press, Nov 13, 1997 - Philosophy - 274 pages
Mary Anne Warren explores a theoretical question which lies at the heart of practical ethics: what are the criteria for having moral status? In other words, what are the criteria for being an entity towards which people have moral obligations? Some philosophers maintain that there is one intrinsic property—for instance, life, sentience, humanity, or moral agency. Others believe that relational properties, such as belonging to a human community, are more important. In Part I of the book, Warren argues that no single property can serve as the sole criterion for moral status; instead, life, sentience, moral agency, and social and biotic relationships are all relevant, each in a different way. She presents seven basic principles, each focusing on a property that can, in combination with others, legitimately affect an agent's moral obligations towards entities of a given type. In Part II, these principles are applied in an examination of three controversial ethical issues: voluntary euthanasia, abortion
 

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Contents

The Concept of Moral Status
3
Reverence for Life
24
Sentience and the Utilitarian Calculus
50
Personhood and Moral Rights
90
The Relevance of Relationships
122
A MultiCriterial Analysis of Moral Status
148
Applying the Principles
181
Abortion and Human Rights
201
Bibliography
243
Index
255
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About the author (1997)

Mary Anne Warren is Professor of Philosophy at San Francisco State University.

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