Army GI, Pacifist CO: The World War II Letters of Frank and Albert Dietrich

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Fordham Univ Press, 2005 - History - 385 pages

Frank and Albert Dietrich were identical twins whose lives took very different
directions during World War II. Drafted into the Army Air Corps and trained as
a radio operator, Frank was shipped to the Philippines in 1945, where as a sergeant
in the Fifth Air Force he prepared for the invasion of Japan. Albert, a pacifist,
struggled mightily to become a conscientious objector and spent two years
building dams, saving farmland, and helping the poor at Civilian Service Camps
in South Dakota, Iowa, and Florida.

Raised in a close, religious, Pittsburgh family, Frank and Albert were inseparable as
boys, sharing a strong social conscience. Divided by war, they kept in touch by
writing hundreds of letters to each other. The correspondence concerns everything
from the daily drudgery of service--loneliness, lousy food--to heartfelt debates
about war, peace, and patriotism.

This absorbing selection of letters offers fresh perspectives on the American
experience during World War II. The first published correspondence between
GI and CO brothers, the letters are an uncommonly articulate chronicle of military
service and life on the home front, including GI marriage and parenthood. Back
and forth, Frank and Albert also argued about the uses of armed force and pacifist
nonviolence in the face of fascism and Nazism.

Frank Dietrich's letters from Manila are vivid descriptions of a liberated city under
an uneasy occupation. Albert provides an insider's view of the pacifist experience,
especially the protracted efforts pacifists often had to wage to obtain CO status.
Together, the letters bring to life different ways Americans chose to serve their
country during one of its most dangerous and demanding times.

 

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Contents

Introduction
1
193942 Arent We Faced with the Choice
47
1943 Crimes Against Humanity?
89
1944 Camp Life
124
1945 The Devastation and Destruction Is Positively
145
1946 The FOR Is Realistic and Activist
283
Albert G Dietrich Sample Form 47
309
Albert G Dietrich Request for Presidential
317
Albert Dietrich to Frank and Christine Dietrich 1986
324
Copyright

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Page 13 - Nothing contained in this title shall be construed to require any person to be subject to combatant training and service in the armed forces of the United States who, by reason of religious training and belief, is conscientiously opposed to participation in war in any form.

About the author (2005)

Frank Dietrich worked as a social worker in Roswell, New Mexico, and later at the Veterans administration Hospital in Fort Lyon, Colorado. He and his wife Christine live in a retirement community in La Junta, Colorado. Albert Dietrich lived in Maine, where he worked as a social worker; he diedin 2002. Scott H. Bennett teaches history at Georgian Court University and is the author of Radical Pacifism: The War Resisters League and Gandhian Nonviolence in America,1915-1963.

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