The 'double Democratic Deficit': Parliamentary Accountability and the Use of Force Under International Auspices
Hans Born, Heiner Hänggi, Centre pour le contrôle démocratique des forces armées (Genève), Heiner H anggi
Ashgate, 2004 - Political Science - 242 pages
Many current threats to security arising from terrorism, rogue states and civil wars are highly complex and often transnational in nature and effect. Such threats can no longer be meaningfully addressed at the national level alone but require an international response. Since the end of the Cold War, the use of force under international auspices (UN, NATO, EU) has increased substantially. However, such actions have not necessarily been accompanied by improvements in their democratic accountability. forces and use of force at the national level of many democratic states are mirrored, and even magnified, at the international level. The effect of imperfect democratic controls at the national level and the challenges to provide transparent and accountable multilateral responses results in the so-called double democratic deficit of the international use of force. Each chapter in this work analyses the challenges of parliamentary and democratic supervision of international security structures and puts forward proposals on how to improve democratic accountability of multinational responses to complex security challenges.
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