Clientelism, Interests, and Democratic Representation: The European Experience in Historical and Comparative Perspective
This book charts the evolution of clientelist practices in several western European countries. Through the historical and comparative analysis of countries as diverse as Sweden and Greece, England and Spain, France and Italy, Iceland and the Netherlands, the authors study both the "supply-side" and the "demand-side" of clientelism. This approach contends that clientelism is a particular mix of particularism and universalism, in which interests are aggregated at the level of the individual and his family "particularism," but in which all interests can potentially find expression and accommodation in "universalism."
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CLIENTELISM IN THE BUILDING OF STATE AND CIVIL SOCIETY IN SPAIN
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MASS PARTIES AND CLIENTELISM IN FRANCE AND ITALY
Amintore Fanfani Andalusia appointments areas argued autarky became benefits bureaucracy bureaucratic autonomy cacique candidates Catalonia Catholic central chapter Christian Democratic citizens civil service civil society clien clientelist clientelist exchanges clientelist practices clientelist system clients consociationalism constituency corporatism corruption countries created culture DC's demand side democracy deputy distribution Dutch economic elections electoral support elites established European extent favor France Francoism French Greece Iceland ideological increase individuals institutions interest representation internal Italian Italy leaders liberal democratic mass parties mass political membership ministers mobilized parties modern municipal Netherlands networks nineteenth century organizational particular particularistic party organizations party's patron patron-client relation patronage system percent political parties political system politicians postwar promotion PSOE public administration reform representatives Republic role sector Shefter social Socialist Spain Spanish Stadholder strategies structure supply side Sweden Swedish telism tion traditional universalistic vote voters