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AVERAGE PRICES OF eoItN FROM THE LoNDoN GAZETTE.
By the Quarter of Eight Winchester Bushels, and of Oatmeal per Boll of 140 lbs Avoirdupois, from the Official Returns received in the Week ending March 29, 1817.
Essex, --~~~~~~~~ Kent, Sussex, Suffolk, ...Cambridge, ... Norfolk,..... Lincoln, York,... Durham, ...~~~~~ Northumberland, .... Cumberland, Westmorland,.... Lancaster, Chester, --~~~~~~~ Flint, Denbeigh, Anglesea, . Carnarvon,...~~~~~ Merioneth,...... Cardigan, Pembroke,...~~~~~~ Carmarthen,..... Glamorgan, ... Gloucester, Somerset, Monmouth, .... Devon,..... Cornwall, --Dorset,....~~~~~~~~~ Hants,
Average Prices of Corn, per quarter, of the Twelve Maritime Districts, for the Week
Ertracted from the Register kept on the Banks of the Tay, four miles east from Perth, Latitude 56° 25', Elevation 185 feet.
Extremes. ter. Mean of greatest daily heat, 45°.8 Thermometer. g *** *** thermometer. Greatstheat, soon day. . is - 38.8 Greatest cold, 15th, - - 25. - 38.2 Highest, 10 A.M. 30th. - 52. - 39.2 Lowest,...............15th, - 58.5 Highest, 10 P.M. 10th, - 46. ". ......... of 4 daily observations, 38.9 . Lowest.............14th, - 21. - In. Barometer. Highest, 10 A.M. 31st, - Barometer. Mean, 10 A.M. (temp. of mer. 48°) 29.467 Lowest, ............ 17th, - - 28. -- . 10 P.M. (temp. of mer. 54) 29.507 Highest, 10 P.M. 31st, - . -- of both, (temp. of o; o #1 i te to: on - " - Leslie's). Mean dryness, ----- - Hygrometer. Highest A.M. 14 Hygrometer (Leslie. Mook of joys too. . . . --- ... of both, 7.5 Highest, 10 P.M. 13th, Rain, 1.904 in. Evaporation, 1.400 in- Lowest,...............5th, Fair days 19; rainy days 12. Wind West of mo, including North, 21; East of meridian, including outh, 7. FEBRUARY. Means. Eactremes.
7 - 55.5 Thermometer. Greatest heat, 28th day, temperature, 10 A.M. 11.6 Greatest cold, 10th, - 10 P
----------------- 0 P.M. 58.7 Highest, 10 A.M. 17th, of daily extremes, , , - 41.0 Lowest,...............15th, of 10 A.M. and 10 P.M. 40.1 Highest, 10 P.M. 7th, ..of 4 daily observations, 40.6 Lowest,..... ..12th, In. Barometer. Highest, 10 A. t, - Barometer. Mean, 10 A.M. (temp. of mer. 50). 29.515 L - - - -- ... 10 P.M., (temp. of mer. 52) 29,481 - ......... of both, (temp. of mer. 51) 29.498 - Hygrometer (Leslie's). Mean dryness, 10 A.M. 12.1 Hygrometer. Highest, 10 P.M., 7.2 Lowest,...............13th, - ... of both, 9.6 Highest, 10 P.M. 14th,
#Rain, 1.684 in. Evaporation, 1.753. Lowest,...............4th, -
! Fair days 13; rainy days 15. Wind West of meridian, including North, 27; East of meridian, including BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS.
uth, 1. MARCII. Means. Evtremes. - ter. Mean of highest every day 45.241 Thermometer. Greatest heat, 12th da - 5. Themometer. Mono", o, §::::::::::: * ~ * - - - 40.115 Highest, 10 A.M. isth, - - - - 56.903 Lowest,...............20th, highest and lowest, 59.552 Highest, 10 P.M. 11th, 10 A.M. and 10 P.M. 58.508 Lowest,. ...20th, - 4 daily observations, #! Barometer. Highest, 10 o, - ; . Mean A.M. - - - 9.55 lowest,... - - barometer. Mo ; ; ; ; » • 17th. - 5 ...2 daily observations, - #; H t Lo M." th. . Mean of 10 A.M. - - - - ygrometer. ighes A.M. 15 * Mo ; ; ; ; i.owest......oth. -- ..2 daily observations - 12.209 Highest, 10 P.M. 18th, - 1 Rain, .958 in. Evaporation, 2.040 inches. Lowest,.......... .....5d, - |
of fair days 18; rainy days 13. Wind from Western side of horizon, including the North, 28; Number of fair days 18; }. Eastern sied, including the South, 5. y g o
1817. Jan, 2.-In Devonshire Place, the lady of Maj.-Gen. Sir Wm Anson, K.C.B. a son.—4. In Hertford Street, the Countess of Clonmell, a son and heir.—At Holycombe, Sussex, the wife of C. W. Taylor, Esq. M. P., a son and heir.—At Cortachy Castle, the lady of the Hon. Donald Ogilvy, a daughter.—At Montreal, the Countess of Selkirk, a daughter.—11. In Wimpole Street, the lady of Hon. J. T. Melville, a son.—14. In Wimpole Street, the lady of Right Hon. Lord Bridport, a daughter.— 15. At Clova, Lady Niven Lumsden, a daughter.—16. Viscountess Folkestone, a daughter.—26. At Salton Hall, Lady Eleanor Balfour, a daughter.—27. In Charlotte Street, Pimlico, the wife of Michael Countze, Esq. three boys and one girl—31. At the Admiralty, the wife of John Wilson Croker, Esq. a son.
Feb. 4.—At Powerscourt House, Cheltenham, the lady of Sir Hungerford Hoskyns, Bart. of Harewood House, co. Hereford, a son.—At Valenciennes, the wife of Lieut.Col. Macgregor, 88th Regiment, a daughter.—6. At Edinburgh, the lady of General Macpherson Grant, Esq. M. P. a daughter. —ll. At Edinburgh, the wife of George Francis Dundas, a son.—17. Viscountess Duncannon, a daughter.—20. At Brussels, the Princess of Orange, a son.—27. The wife of William Henry Ashhurst, Esq. M.P. a daughter.
March 3–At Aqualate Hall, Salope, the lady of Sir John Fenton Boughay, Bart., a daughter.—5. At Guines, in France, the lady of John Abercromby, Esq. 2d Dragoon Guards, a son.—6. At Wells, the lady of the Hon. Dr Ryder, Bishop of Gloucester, a daughter.—8. At Bath, the lady of RearAdmiral Sir John Gore, K.C.B. a daughter. —12. At Runcorn, Cheshire, the wife of Captain Bradshaw, R. N. a son and heir.— 13. At Yester House, the Marchioness of Tweeddale, a daughter.—14. Mrs Buchanan of Auchintorlie, a son and heir.—17. At Methley Park, co. York, Viscountess Pollington, a son—21. At Melbury, the Countess of Ilchester, a son.
Jan. 6.-Lord Huntingfield to Miss Blois, daughter of Sir C. Blois, Bart of Cockfield Hall, Suffolk.—8. H. J. Conyers, Esq. only son of J. Conyers, Esq. of Copthall, Essex, to Harriet, second daughter of Right Hon. T. Steel.-9. At Strone, Captain William Cameron, 79th Regiment, to Miss Jane Cameron, daughter to Captain Donald Cameron of Strone.—Lieutenant-Colonel Beresford, deputy quarter-master-general in Nova Scotia, to Mary, daughter of the Rev. J. Gilby, rector of Barmston, county of York.-13. By special license, Lieut.Col. Sir Guy Campbell, Bart. to Frances
Elizabeth, eldest daughter and co-heiress of Montague Burgoyne, Esq. of Mark Hall, Essex.-At Broadfield, Wm. Macknight Crawford, Esq. of Ratho, to Jean, second daughter of the late John Crawford, Esq. of Broadfield.—14. Rev. T. Clarke, vicar of Mitchel-dever, Hants, to Anna Maria, youngest daughter of the late Hon. John Gray-20. John Becket, Esq. under secretary of state for the home department, to Lady Anne Lowther, third daughter of the Earl of Lonsdale.—21. Thomas Boswell, Esq. of Blackadder, co. Berwick, to Lucy Anne, eldest daughter of Robert Preston, Esq. of New Sidney Place, Bath-22. The Earl of Longford to the lady Georgiana Lygon, daughter of the late, and sister of the present, Earl of Beauchamp.—At Boulogne, Col. William Staveley, C.B. to Sarah, eldest daughter of T. Mather, Esq.-23. At Musselburgh, Major John Sutherland Sinclair of the Royal Artillery, to Frances, youngest daughter of Captain David Ramsay of the Royal Navy.—27. At Ugbrooke Park, Devon, Hon. Mr Langdale of Haughton, co. York, to the Hon. Charlotte Clifford, daughter of Lord Clifford.—28. Lieut.Col. H. F. Muller, 1st Royal Scots Foot, to Susan, second daughter of the late P. Wyatt Crowther, Esq. comptroller of the city of London.—29. Captain Ord, Royal Artillery, second son of Craven Ord, Esq. of Greensted Hall, Essex, to Miss Blagrave, niece to the late Lady Cullum of Hardwicke House, Suffolk.-30. Peter Herve, Esq. founder of “the National Benevolent Institution,” to Miss Nicholls of Hampstead, daughter of the late J. Nicholls, Esq. of Lincoln's Inn.
Feb. 1.—William Henry Layton, Esq. eldest son of Rev. T. Layton, vicar of Chigwell, to Frances Elizabeth, second daughter and co-heiress of Ellys Anderson Stephens, Esq. of Bower Hall, Essex.—3. Captain J. L. Stuart of the Bengal Army, grandson of Francis, late Earl of Moray, to Sarah, sixth daughter of the late Robert Morris, Esq. M.P. for Gloucester.—A. Donaldson Campbell, Esq. of Glasgow, to J. Maria, daughter of Colonel Dunlop of Househill, co. Renfrew.—4. At Ickham Church, Kent, and at the Chapel at Hales Place, Edward Quillinan, Esq. 3d Dragoon Guards, to Jemima, second daughter of Sir Egerton Brydges of Lee Priory, near Canterbury, Bart. M.P.-5. Sir Watkin Williams Wynne, Bart. to Lady Harriet Clive, eldest daughter of the Earl of Powis.-6. At Delvine, Robert Smythe, Esq. of Methven, to Susan, eldest daughter of Sir Alexander Muir Mackenzie, Bart.—11. Sir John Anstruther of Anstruther, Bart. M. P. to Jessie, third daughter of Major-General Dewar of Gilston.—15. Major-General Moore, to Cecilia, only child of W. Watson, Esq. of Queen's Square-17. Philip ZachaOliver & Boyd, Printers, Edinburgh.
riah Cox, Esq. Captain of 23d Iancers, to Louisa Frances, youngest daughter of the late Tho. Waleston, Esq. of Walton-hall, co. York.—22. Thomas Stamford Raffles, Esq. of Berner's-street, to Sophia, daughter of James Watson Hull, Esq. late of Great Baddow.—27. George Ulric Barlow, Esq. eldest son of Sir George Barlow, Bart. G.C.B. to Hilare, third daughter of Sir R. Barlow.
March 5.-At Albury-vale, Surrey, Jas. Simpson, Esq. advocate, to Eliza, second daughter of the late Jonas Maldin, Esq. of Putney.
Jan. 1.-At Berlin, the celebrated chemist Klaproth, in the 71st year of his age. –2. At Foveran-house, Andrew Robertson, Esq. of Foveran, aged 86.—In his 66th year, Sir Martin Stapylton, Bart of Mytonhall, county of York.—4. In the 77th year of his age, Sir Arthur Owen, Bart. He is succeeded in his title by his nephew, William Owen, of the Temple, barrister-at-law. –8. At Hainfield, in Styria, Godfrey Winceslaus, Count of Purgstall, &c. only son of the late Winceslaus, Count of Purgstall, &c. and of Jane Anne, second daughter of the late Hon. George Cranston–9. At Wells, Tho. Clark, Esq. of Westholme-house. He was descended from a branch of the ancient and well-known family of his name of Pennicuick, near Edinburgh.-10. At West Ham, Essex, George Anderson, Esq. F.L.S. son of the late Dr James Anderson, author of Essays on Agriculture, The Bee, and other works.-At St Andrews, Rev. Dr Robertson, professor of oriental languages. —11. At Edinburgh, Mr Moss, long the dramatic favourite of the Edinburgh public, and well known for the excellence with which he pourtrayed Lingo, and many other characters of the same stamp.–14. At Clifton, Lady Miller, widow of the late Sir Thomas Miller of Glenlee, Bart.—15. At Dundee, Charles Craig, weaver, at the advanced age of 108.—20. At Edinburgh, General Drummond of Strathallan.—21. At Johannisberg, aged 76, the Prince Hohenloe-Waldenberg-Bartenstein, Bishop of Breslau.-23. At Turin, the Count de Barruel-Bauvert. He was one of the hostages for Louis XVI.—24. At Warsaw, General Bronickowski, who commanded the Polish legion of the Vistula, in France.—26. In Grosvenor-place, Caroline, Dowager Countess of Buckinghamshire.—28. Lieut.-Col. Norris, of the engineers in the East India Company's service.—Lieut.-Col. Finlayson. —Lately at Aron, Galway, in his 120th year, Mr Dirrane. He retained his faculties to the last, could read without spectacles, and till within the last three or four years, would walk some miles a-day.
Feb. 2.-At Seagrove, near Leith, Dame Jane Hunter Blair, widow of the late Sir James Hunter Blair of Dunskey and Robertland, Bart.—Aged 85, General Carleton,
colonel of the 2d battalion 60th foot, and great uncle to the present Lord Dorchester. –3. Sir Isaac Pennington, Knt. M.D. Regius professor of physic, Cambridge.—4. Mrs Christiana Howell, in her 107th year. She was sister to the late Colonel Monro of the royal marines.—6. The Right Hon. Lady Glenbervie.—7. At the Jews' Hospital, Mile-end, aged 104, Henry Cohen. He was taken ill in the morning, and expired in the evening, retaining his faculties to the last.— 8. At Pisa, Francis Horner, Esq. M.P. (See our first article.)—In her 89th year, the Dowager Lady Carew.—11. Aged 82, Sir John Palmer, Bart.—14. At Marseilles, Lieut.-Gen. the Hon. Sir John Abercromby, G.C.B. and Member of Parliament for the county of Clackmannan.—At her hotel, in Paris, aged 85, the Countess of Coislin, formerly one of the attendants on the Queen of Louis XV. and grand-aunt of the duchess of Pia of Bavaria.-15. At Edinburgh, Lady Miller, wife of Sir William Miller of Glenlee, Bart.—17. Aged 80, Rear-Admiral Alexander Edgar. He was the last male descendant of the Edgars of Wedderlie, in Berwickshire, one of the oldest families in Scotland, as appears by deeds as far back as 1170. —19. At Edinburgh, the Lady of Sir Alexander Don of Newton-Don, Bart. M.P.21. At Stirling, the Rev. John Russel, one of the ministers of that town, in the 44th year of his ministry.—At Little Dunkeld, Perthshire, aged 102, Mr J. Borrie.—23. The Right Hon. Lady Amelia Leslie, second daughter of the late Earl of Rothes.—24. Lady Henrietta Cecilia Johnstone.—Lately, at Rudding Park, in her 83d year, the Dowager Countess of Aberdeen.—At Cammaes, in the parish of Llanhadrick, Anglesea, aged 105, Mary Zebulon.—At Trawnstynydd, county of Merioneth, aged 110, Edmund Morgan, being, as it is believed, the oldest inhabitant of Wales. He retained his facul. ties to the hour of his death.-At Eglinton Castle, aged 74, Eleonora, Countess of Eglinton.—The ci-devant Prince Primate of the Rhine, and Grand-duke of Frankfort. March 2.—At Brighton, in her 74th year, Theodosia, Countess of Clanwilliam. Her ladyship was lineally descended from the illustrious Earl of Clarendon.—3. At Edinburgh, Major-Gen. William Lockhart, late of the 30th regiment—5. At Gilcomston, Aberdeenshire, aged 101, John MacBain. He was present at the battle of Culloden, and was attached to the corps brought into the field by Lady M'Intosh.—9. In Bolton-row, in her 75th year, Jane, Countess of Uxbridge, mother of the present Marquis of Anglesea.—12. In his 84th year, G. P. Towry, Esq. commissioner of the Victualling-office, father of Lady Ellenborough.13. Sir William Innes, Bart. of Balvenie, at the age of about 100 years. The title is now extinct.—15. At the encampment at Honniton, Mrs Boswill, sister to the Queen of the Gypsies. She was interred with great pomp,
on THE NATURE OF THE OFFICE OF MARESCHAL.
THE learned Selden has traced the etymology of MARs HAL under all its variations of Mariscaldus, Marscaldus, and Marscalcus, from the Teutonic “schalk,” a servant, and “maere,” a horse, or rather a mare—the mare, it seems, being always the better horse”, and therefore very properly used generically to designate the species— adding, that the term strictly describes a person who busied himself about horses and the manege. This popular derivation is, in some degree, countenanced by the epithet having been applied to innkeepers, grooms, farriers, and horse-doctors, as is proved by sundry passages from Becanust, the capitularies of Charlemagne, and other authorities. It is, however, at the same time, evinced to have very early received other significations, having no reference either to the above quadrupeds or to their attendants. Marshal notoriously denoted a civil officer whose jurisdiction lay alone within the state rooms of a palace— “ marechal de palais”—an adept in the ceremonies and forms of court etiquette; and, at the same time, any superior domestic servant or steward, in which last sense it is used in this passage from Barbour:
* “Marescalcus, equorum minister vel potius equarum, quod praestare olim videbatur genus fæmineum, ut apud Graecos in Jovis Olympiaci certaminibus,” &c. Seld. Glossar.
+ Bec. Lib. Francicorum.
“He callit his marschall till him tyt, And bad him luke on all maner; That he ma till his gem gud cher; For he wald in his chambre be, A weill gret quhile in private.” BARBour, II. 4. MS." Edward the Second's valet is called onarescallus aule regis.”t It was indiscriminately given to stewards of bishops and abbots, £governors of jails and prisons, Š and officers attending upon courts of law, &c. &c. These were not unfrequently deputies of the hereditary marshal of the kingdom, but most commonly they were “servientes,” or functionaries of rather a higher order. There was also an old English office, of a singular import to modern ears, held heritably by grand sergeantry, and attached to a manor, “ marescallus de meretricibus in hospitio regis.” An ancient roll of Edward the Third indicates, that “ Johannes de Warblynton, filius et haeres Thomae de Warblyntone, fecit, finem cum rege, &c. quod dictus Thomas tenuit ma
* Quoted by Dr Jamieson under this word. Wid. also Du Cange, voce Marescallus.
+ “ Rex concessit valetto Galfrido de Mildenhall, marescallo aule regis, unum messuagium—in Bredon.” (17 Ed. II. Abbreviat. Rot. Orig. Scaccar.)
+ “Marescallus Episcopi,” “Marescallus Abbatis,” with their explanations. Du Cange.
Š " Marescallus Banci Regis,” in statuto Edwardi III. ar. 5, c. 8. Cui pottissimum incarceratorum incumbebat. Inde “ Mareschalcia,” dictus ipse carcer Londoniensis. Ib.
| “Marescallus Curiae,” in Bulla Aurea Caroli IV. Imper, cap. 27. Ib.