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nutes; and he will, no doubt, push these ingenious and interesting experiments much farther.—It appears that such earth will absorb the hundredth part of its weight of moisture without having its power sensibly impaired, and is even capable of absorbing as much as the tenth part. It can hence easily be made to freeze the eighth part of its weight of water, and might even repeat the process again. In hot countries, the powder will, after each process, recover its power by drying in the sun. Ice may therefore be procured in the tropical climates, and even at sea, with very little trouble, and no sort of risk or inconvenience. In the Bath Literary and Philosophical Society, the Rev. Mr Wright has described a very ingenious method of working a ship's pump by mechanical means, when the crew are too few in number to attend to that duty, and particularly in a heavy gale. It was used by Capt. Leslie in June last, during a voyage from Stockholm to America, when the crew were exhausted with pumping, and the ship was sinking. He fixed a spar aloft, one end of which was ten or twelve feet above the top of his pumps, and the other extremity projected over the stern; to each end of the spar he fastened a block: he then fastened a rope to the spears of his pump, and after passing it through both pulleys along the spar, dropped it into the sea astern : to this end he fastened a cask of 110 gallons measurement, and containing 60 or 70 gallons of water, which answered as a balanceweight; and the motion of the ship made the machinery work. When the stern of the ship descended, or any agitation of the water raised the cask, the pump-spears descended, and the contrary motion raised the spear, and the water flowed out. The ship was thus cleared in four hours, At a meeting of the commissioners apointed to manage the yearly grant of 3:10,000, voted by Parliament for finishing the college of Edinburgh, the plan of Mr W. Playfair being adopted, the prize of 100 guineas was adjudged to that gentleman. According to Mr Playfair's plan, the exterior of the building, as originally planned by Adams, is to be retained with very little alteration; but there will be a total departure from the internal arrangements. The southern side of the quadrangle is to be occupied almost entirely by the library, which will be 190 feet long, and one of the most elegant rooms in the kingdom. The western side is to be appropriated to the museum, and the other two sides are to be occupied chiefly as class rooms. A new mode of giving additional strength to iron and steel, is proposed by Mr Daniell. His plan is to twist metal in the same manner as strength and compactness are given to hemp and flax. The trigonometrical survey of Great Britain, under the direction of the Ordnance Board, proceeds without interruption. ...The maps of three-fifths of England and Wales are already completed. In the course of
the summer, the British surveyors are to be joined by two eminent French academicians, with a view of connecting the trigonometrical surveys of the two countries, and thus not only attaining a greater degree of geographical accuracy, but obtaining, perhaps, a more satisfactory solution of the problem respecting the true figure of the earth. The French gentlemen appointed to assist Colonel Mudge and Captain Colby are, M. Biot and M. Mathieu of the Institute of France, whose principal object is, to measure the length of the pendulum at Greenwich, Edinburgh, and the Orkneys.
A new and ingenious instrument, called the Colorigrade, has lately been constructed by M. Biot, for giving names to different colours, according to the place which they occupy in Newton's scale. By this means colours may be described accurately and scientifically.
A new species of resin from India, has been analysed by J. F. Daniell, Esq., F.R.S. It consists of
Extractive matter soluble in water, 0.4 Resin soluble in alcohol and ether, 62.6 Resin insoluble in alcohol and ether, 37.0
It forms a very admirable varnish, which is not only highly transparent, but bears the heat of the warmest climate without cracking or changing colour. Mr Pond, the astronomer royal, has discovered in the stars or Aquilae & Lyrae, and a Cygni, a constant parallax of half a second; but he is disposed to ascribe it to some other cause than that of the ordinary parallax. Dr Brinkley of Dublin found the parallax to be two seconds. A stone is said to have been lately found at Pompeii, on which the linear measures of the Romans are engraved. The Congo sloop of war is arrived at Deptford. Several large cases, containing the natural productions of Africa, collected in the late expedition to the Congo, have been sent to Sir Joseph Banks, for the purpose of being assorted in their respective classes: many of them are of a kind hitherto unknown, and the whole will shortly be submitted to the inspection of the public. Mr Murray has succeeded in fusing two emeralds into one uniform mass ; also two sapphires into one, by the compressed mixture of the gaseous constituents of water in the oxihydrogen blow pipe. Mr Locateli, the celebrated mathematician of Milan, has invented a new piece of mechanism (says a Paris paper), by means of which vessels may ascend rivers without the assistance of a steam-engine. The first experiment, which was made on a small boat, completely succeeded. The inventor asserts, that his plan is applicable even to a man of war, and that it will secure her from the danger of shipwreck. The strength of a single man, or at most that of a horse, is sufficient to put this machine in motion.
WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.
THE Journal of the late Captain Tuckey, on a Voyage of Discovery into the Interior of Africa, to explore the Source of the Zaire, or Congo—with a Survey of that river beyond the cataracts—will soon be published by authority. The Plays and Poems of James Shirley, now firstcollected and chronologically arranged, and the text carefully collatcd and restored, with occasional Notes, and a Biographical and Critical Essay, are preparing for publication; by William Gifford, Esq.; handsomely printed by Bulmer, in 6 vols 8vo. uniformly with Massinger and Ben Jonson. Specimens of the British Poets, with Biographical and Critical Notices, and an Introductory Essay on British Poetry, are preparing for press; by Thomas Campbell, Esq. author of the Pleasures of Hope, &c. In 4 vols post 8vo. Mr A. J. Valpy has in the press a new edition of the Greek Septuagint, in one large vol. 8vo. The text is taken from the Oxford edition of Bos, without contractions.— Also, a new edition of Homer's Iliad, from the text of Heyne, with English notes, including many from Heyne and Clarke; one vol. 8vo.—And Catullus, with English notes ; by T. Forster, Esq. Jun. 12mo. A work of Biblical Criticism on the Books of the Old Testament, and Translations of Sacred Songs, with Notes critical and explanatory, will soon appear; by Samuel Horsley, LL.D. F.R.S. F.A.S. late lord bishop of Asaph. In the course of this month will be published, a Treatise touching the Libertie of a Christian Man ; written in Latin, by Dr Martyne Luther, and translated by James Bell; imprinted by R. Newberry and H. Bynneman, 1579; dedicated “, to Lady Anne, Countesse of Warwicke;” with the celebrated Epistle from M. Luther to Pope Leo X. : edited by W. B. Collyer, D.D. F.A.S. and dedicated (by permission) to the Duke of Sussex. Mr Joscph Lancaster has printed proposals for publishing, by subscription, in one volume octavo, a Matter-of-fact Account of many singular and providential Events, which have occurred in his public and private Life. J. E. Bicheno, Esq. will soon publish an Inquiry into the Nature of Benevolence, principally with a view to clucidate the moral and political Principles of the Poor Laws. Mr W. Savage, printer, of London, has issued proposals for publishing, by subscription, Practical Hints on Decorative Printing, with specimens, in colours, engraved on wood ; containing instructions for forming black and coloured printing inks—for producing fine press-work—and for printing in colours.
A new edition of Dr Thomson's System of Chemistry is in the press, and will speedily be published. The work will be entirely remodelled, and will be comprised in four octavo volumes. The second edition of Mr Murray's Elements of Chemical Science is in the press, and will be forthwith published. This edition will contain a succinct and lucid view of those important and beautiful discoveries which have illuminated the rapid and brilliant march of chemistry. Dr Spurzheim's new work, entitled, Observations on the Deranged Manifestations of the Mind, or Insanity, is in the press. In a few weeks will be published, a new work, entitled, Boarding-school Correspondence, or a Series of Letters between a Mother and her Daughter at School; a joint production of Mrs Taylor, author of “Maternal Solicitude,” “ Practical Hints to Young Females,” &c. and of Miss Taylor, author of “Display,” “Essays in Rhyme,” &c. The Mcmoirs of John Duke of Marlborough, chiefly drawn from his private correspondence and the family documents preserved at Blenheim, as well as from other authentic sources, never before published, are preparing with all speed by Wm. Coxe, archdeacon of Wilts. An Account of the Island of Java; by Thomas Stamford Raffles, Esq. late lieutenant-governor there. With a map and numerous plates, by Daniel. Pompeiana, or Observations on the Topography, Edifices, and Ornaments, of Pompeii ; by Sir W. Gell and J. P. Gandy, Esq. with numerous engravings, are in the press. Mr Mill's long expected History of British India is now in the press, and will be published in three 4to volumes. Journey through Asia Minor, Armenia, and Koordistan, in the years 1813 and 1814; with Remarks on the Marches of Alexander, and the retreat of the Ten Thousand; by John Macdonald Kenneir, Esq. 4to. Ičarly this present month will be published, a Narrative of a Voyage to Hudson's
Bay, in his Majesty's ship Rosamond; con-.
taining some account of the North Eastern Coast of America, and of the Tribes inhabiting that remote region : illustrated with plates; by Lieut. Edward Chappell, R.N. A work on the Principles of Political Economy and Taxation, is preparing by David Ricardo, Esq. An Authentic Narrative is preparing of the Loss of the American brig Commerce, wrecked on the western coast of Africa, in the month of August 1815; with an Account of the sufferings and captivity of her surviving officers and crew, on the great African Desert; by James Riley, her late master and supercargo. We are happy to announce, that the continuation of the State Trials to the present time, edited by Thomas Jones Howell, Esq. is in course of publication. The first volume, which has just appeared, comprises the period from 1783 to 1793, and contains many cases of the highest interest and importance. We understand that, for the accommodation of such persons as possess Hargrave's State Trials, a separate titlepage has been printed so as to render “ the Continuation” applicable to that as well as to the octavo edition; as, by a curious coincidence, the folio and the octavo editions terminate at nearly the same period.—By this very admirable mode of publication, those who wish to possess the modern State Trials, either as a separate work or as a supplement to either of the collections, may be provided with it accordingly. Álgebra of the Hindus, with Arithmetic and Mensuration; translated from the Sanscrit, by H. T. Colebrooke, Esq. 4to. No II. of the new and enlarged edition of H. Stephens' Greek Thesaurus, is just published. To this number is added an Index of all the words which are discussed in this and the previous number, distin
guishing by a star such as are not contained in the Thes, as published by H. Steph. All the arrangements being now completed by the very recent arrival of Professor Schaefer's copious MS. materials, which the editors have purchased at considerable expense, the work will proceed without delay, and the editors confidently expect that they will be able to announce the publication of the third number very speedily.— The two first numbers contain about 2000 words omitted by Stephens. A learned pupil of Lenneps is now engaged in transcribing the notes of Ruhnken and Valkenaer, written on the margin of a Leyden Scapula. The editors have carefully perused the parts already published, for the purpose of ascertaining any typographical errors, and intend to follow Stephens' example in subscribing to the General Index a complete list of errata.
Mr T. Moore has in the press, and will speedily publish, Lalla Rookh, an oriental romance. Oriental imagery seems to be so admirably adapted to the style and genius of Mr Moore, that we form high expectations of the merit and interest of this work.
A volume of Comic Dramas; by Miss Edgeworth.
Essay on the Theory of the Earth; transHated from the French of M. Cuvier ; with Mineralogical Notes, and an account of Cuvier's Geological Discoveries, by Professor Jameson; the third edition, with numerous additions, 8vo. On the Nature and Necessity of the Atonement; by the Rev. William Stevenson, minister of the gospel, Ayr, 12mo, A volume of Practical Sermons; by the Rev. David Dickson, New North Church, Edinburgh, is in course of preparation for the press. The Secret and True History of the Church of Scotland, from the Restoration to the year 1678; by the Rev. James Kirkton; with notes, and a biographical memoir of the author, will speedily appear. The work will contain original anecdotes and interesting details, not elsewhere to be found; the more valuable, as Kirkton was himself an eye and ear witness of many of the facts which he records, and a distinguished sufferer in the presbyterian cause, during a part of Charles II.'s reign; by Mr Charles Kirkpatrick Sharpe. Trials for Sedition in Scotland, before the High Court of Justiciary; reported by Mr Dow, W. S. 8vo. Dramatic Tales; by the author of the Poetic Mirror, 2 vols 12mo. The Spirit of the Isle, and other Poems; by W. M. Fowler, 8vo. 5s. A View of the History of Scotland, from the earliest Records to the Rebellion in the year 1745; in a series of letters, 3 vols 8vo. Vol. I.
Mandeville; a Domestic Story of the Seventeenth Century; by the author of Caleb Williams, 3 vols 12mo. Travels from Vienna through Lower Hungary, with some account of Vienna during the Congress; by Richard Bright, M.D., 4to, with engravings. Mr Hugh Murray is preparing for the press the late Dr Leyden’s Historical Account of Discoveries and Travels in Africa, enlarged and continued, with a View of the present State of that Continent. Reports of some recent Decisions by the Consistorial Court of Scotland, in Actions of Divorce, concluding for Dissolution of Marriages celebrated under the English law; by J. Fergusson, Esq. 8vo. The Edinburgh Gazetteer, or Geographical Dictionary ; comprising a Complete Body of Geography, physical, political, statistical, and commercial; 6 vols 8vo, with atlas, by Arrowsmith, 4to. A new General Atlas will speedily be published, in royal quarto, constructed from the latest authorities; by A. Arrowsmith, hydrographer to the Prince Regent: it will be comprehended in fifty-three maps, from original drawings, engraved in the best style, by Sydney Hall. Memoirs of the most remarkable Passages, in the Life of Sir James Turner, knight, from the commencement of his Military Career in Germany, in 1632, till his Trial before the Privy Council in 1668; written by himself. Published from the original manuscript; with a portrait, 8vo. M
MONTHLY LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
ANTIQUITIES. THE unedited Antiquities of Attica; comprising the Architectural Remains of Eleusis, Rhamnus, Sunium, and Thoricus; by the Dilettanti Society; imperial folio, with 84 engravings. £10, 10s. BIOGRAPHY. Memoirs of the Life and Doctrines of the late John Hunter, Esq. founder of the Hunterian Museum at the Royal College of Surgeons, Glasgow; by J. Adams, M.D. 12s. 6d. Lives of the British Admirals; by J. Campbell. Vol. VII. and VIII. 8vo, £1, 4s. ; royal 8vo, £1,10s. Historical Anecdotes of some of the Howard Family, 8vo. 7s. Memoirs of the Life and Writings of the late Dr Lettsom, &c.; by T. J. Pettigrew, F.L.S. 3 vols 8vo. £1,16s. Memoirs of the Life and Writings of the Rev. Claudius Buchanan, D. D. late ViceProvost of the College of Fort William in Bengal; by the Rev. Hugh Pearson of St John's College, Oxford, 2 vols 8vo. £1.1s. Life and Studies of Benjamin West, Esq.; by John Galt, 8vo. 7s. BOTANY. Pomona Britannica: by George Brookshaw, Part X. royal 4to. £1, Is. DRAMA. Manuel, a Tragedy; by the Author of Bertram. 4s. 6d. Laou-Seng-Urh, or an Heir in his Old Age; a Chinese Drama, translated from the original Chinese by J. F. Davis, Esq. of Canton; to which is prefixed, a brief View of the Chinese Drama, and of their Theatrical Exhibitions. 5s. 6d. Frightened to Death ; a Musical Farce, in Two Acts; by W. C. Oulton. 2s. The Theatrical Inquisitor and Monthly Mirror, No 55. Wat Tyler, a Dramatic Poem, 8vo. 3s.6d. EDUCATION. Fairy Tales, or Stories of Fable and Fiction; selected by Benj. Tabart from the works of Goose, Bunch, Oberon, Mab, &c. &c. 4s. 6d. The Elegant Girl, or Virtuous Principles the true Source of Elegant Manners; illustrated by 12 large, beautiful, and impressive coloured prints. 16s. Moral Culture attempted, in a series of Lectures to Sunday Schools in Birmingham; by James Luckcock. 4s. Robinson Crusoe, written by himself; a new edition, revised and corrected for the advancement of Nautical Education; illustrated by technical and geographical annotation, and embellished with maps and engravings; by the Hydrographer of the Naval Chronicle. £2, 2s. and £1, Is.
French and English Dialogues; written for the use of the Countess of Sefton's Children; by Miss Dickenson. 2s. 6d.
The First Step to the French Tongue, designed as an easy Introduction to, and consisting entirely of, the Verbs, with practical Exercises; by A. Picquot. ls. 6d.
Latin Exercises; by J. Whittaker, 12mo, 3s
Dictionary of French Homonymes; by T. Harmond, 12mo. 3s. The French Scholar's First Book; by M. le Breton, 12mo, 2s. A Dictionary of Nouns, or Alvearium of Definitions; by Ralph Sharp. 2s. 6d. Fifth Annual Report of the National Society for the Education of the Poor in the Principles of the Established Church throughout England and Wales. 55. Virgil, with English Notes at the end, including many from the Delphini and other editions. 7s.6d. A Second Edition of Valpy's Edition of Virgil, without Notes. 4s. bound. Epitome Sacrae Historiae, with English Notes. 2s. bound. Stephen's Greek Thesaurus, No II.' The Art of Talking with the Fingers, for the use of the Deaf and Dumb. 1s. An Introduction to the Method of Increments, &c.; by Peter Nicholson, 8vo. 8s. The Book of Versions, or Guide to French Translation and Construction; by J. Cherpilloud, 12mo. 3s.6d. bound. A Modern French Grammar; by Charles Peter Whitaker, 18mo. 6s. 6d. Elementary Fortification; by Lieut.-Col. Pasley, 3 vols 8vo., 43. Education in Public Schools; containing Four Tracts for and against—from the Edinburgh Review—the Classical Journal —the Pamphleteer—and also, Dr Vincent's celebrated Tract. 5s. 12mo, FINE ARTs. Composition in Outline from Hesiod's Theogeny, Weeks and Days, and the Days; engraved by J. Blake, from designs by John Flaxman, R.A. printed to correspond with the Outlines from Homer, &c. The Costume of the Netherlands, Part I. containing 10 coloured engravings, with letter-press descriptions in English and French. 15s. Day-light; a recent Discovery in the Art of Painting, with Hints on the Philosophy of the Fine Arts; by H. Richter. 4s. IIISTORY. A History of Muhammedanism; comprising the Life of the Arabian Prophet, and succinct accounts of the empires founded by the Muhammedan arms, &c.; by Chas. Mills, Esq. 8vo. 12s. History of Brazil, Vol. II. ; by Robert Southey, Esq. 4to. £2, 10s. The History of the Wars, from the French Revolution to the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. Partos. 2s. Illustrations of Literary History; consisting of Authentic Memoirs and Original Letters of eminent Persons, and intended as a Sequel to the Literary Anecdotes of the Eighteenth Century; by John Nichols, F.S.A. 2 vols 8vo. £2, 14s. GEOGRAPHY. Garnett's Engraved Chart from America to the British Channel, on an entire new plan, showing the Direct Course. 2s. 6d.— being the first of an intended Series to various Parts of the Globe. Illustrations of the History of the Expedition of the Younger Cyrus, &c.; by Major Rennal, 4to. with maps in folio. £1, 16s. I.A.W. A Complete Collection of State Trials and Proceedings, for High Treason and other Crimes and Misdemeanours, from the earliest period to the year 1783, with Notes and other Illustrations; compiled by T. B. Howell, Esq. F.R.S.F.S.A. and continued from 1783 to the present Time; by Thomas Jones Howell. Vol XXII. £1, 11s. 6d. A Practical Treatise on the Criminal Law ; adapted to the Use of the Profession, Magistrates, and Private Gentlemen, 4 vols. £5, 5s. A Second Letter on the Game Laws; by a Country Gentleman, a Proprietor of Game, 8vo. 28. A Treatise of the Law and Practice of Extents in Brief and in Aid, &c.; by Edw. West, of the Inner Temple, Esq. barristerat-law. 14s. The Magistrate's Manual, or a Summary of the Duties and Powers of a Justice of the Peace, &c.; by Wm Toone, attorneyat-law. 18s. The Jurisdiction of Justices of the Peace, and Authority of Parish Officers, in all Matters relating to Parochial Law, 2 vols royal 8vo. £2, 12s. 6d. The New Law List; by Samuel Hill of the Stamp-Office. 6s. The Shipmaster's Assistant and Owner's Manual; containing complete information relative to the Mercantile and Maritime Laws and Customs, a new edition ; by D. Steel, Esq. barrister-at-law, 8vo. £1, 1s. MEDICINE. The Medical Guardian of Youth ; by Robert John Thornton, M.D., &c. 4s. Orfile's Toxicology, Vol II. Part II. 8s. Surgical Observations; being a Quarter§ Report of Cases in Surgery, treated in e Middlesex Hospital, in the Cancer Establishment, and in Private Practice: embracing an Account of the Anatomical and Pathological Researches in the School of Windmill-street; by G. Bell, Esq. Part III. 8vo. 6s. A Cursory Inquiry into some of the
Principal Causes of Mortality among Children. 2s. 6d. Considerations on the Moral Management of Insane Persons; by J. Haslam, M.D. 3s. MISCELLANIES. Curiosities of Literature, Vol. III. ; by I. D'Israeli. 12s. The Second Part of Neale's Illustrated History of Westminster Abbey, imp. folio (to correspond with the large paper of the new edition of Dugdale's Monasticon), £2, 12s. 6d.-crown folio, £1, 11s. 6d.—proofs and etchings, £2, 12s. 6d.—imp. 4to. £1, 4s.-royal 4to. 16s. Private Memoirs, relating to the Captivity of the Royal Family of France in the Temple; written by the Duchesse d’Angouleme. 5s. 6d. A Dissertation on Weights and Measures, and the best means of revising them; published originally in the British Review, No XVII. 2s. Vice Triumphant; the Remedy proposed easy and effectual; with the Statement of a New Hypothesis to explain Accountableness by S. Spurrel. 2s. Remonstrance presented to the Government in or about 1653, on the Inestimable Riches of the British Seas. 2s. An Essay concerning Parliaments at a certainty, or the Kalends of May; by Samuel Johnson; reprinted from the edition of 1694, with Notes by the Editor. 2s. A Description of the Safety-lamp invented by George Stephenson, and now in Use in Killingworth Colliery; to which is added, an Account of the Lamp constructed by Sir H. Davy, with engravings. 1s. 6d. Davis' Gentleman's Diary, or Mathema: tical Repository, Vol. II. Part I.; containing the Years 1761 to 1770 inclusive; the Diagrams engraved by the Proprietors. 7s. Tables of Exchange; by J. Pohlman, royal 8vo. £1, Is. Lectures on Popery; by W. Fletcher, royal 12mo. 9s. An Appeal to Equity, showing the Unreasonableness and Injustice of obliging Dissenters to contribute towards the support of the Church of England, with some Remarks on Tythes; by Phileleutherus, 8vo. ls. 6d. German Commercial Letters, 12mo. 6s. 6d. Apicius Redivivus; or the Cook's Oracle, 12mo. 8s. The Works of Gianutio and Gustavus Silenus, translated by J. H. Sarrat, Professor of Chess, 2 vols 8vo. £1, ls. An Account of the Island of Jersey; by W. Plees. £1, 1s. The Classical Journal, No XXIX, for April 1817; containing a variety of Classical, Biblical, and Oriental Literature. 6s. A Narrative of the Melancholy Event which recently occurred at Rochester Bridge, with Biographical Sketches of Mr and Mrs Mills, Mr and Miss Gilbert, &c.; by W. S. Palmer, Romsey, 12mo. 3s.6d.