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MEMOIRS

GEORGE III.

BOOK XIII.

Debates in Parliament, 1793. Correspondence with M. Chau

velin laid before the two Houses. Mesage from the King accompanying the Papers. Proceedings on the Motion for an Address to the Throne. Speeches of Mr. Pitt, Mr. White bread, and Mr. Fox. Address carried. Second Melage from the King, announcing the French Declaration of War. Address moved by Mr. Pitt. Amendment proposed by Mr. Fox-Opposed by Mr. Burke-Supported by Mr. Sheridan. Amendment negatived by the House. Debates in the House of Peers. Resolutions moved by Mr. Fox. Address moved by Mr. Grey. Remarkable Motion of Mr. Sheridan. Traitorous Correspondence Bill. Adjournment of Parliament. State of Affairs on the Continent. General Dumouriez enters Holland. Breda surrenders--also Klundert and Gertruydenburg. Resolute Defence of Williamstadt. Succeses of General Cloirfait and the Prince of Cobourg. Siege of Maestricht raised. French evacuate Holland. Retreat of the French from the Maese. Battle of Neerwinden. Defiction of Dumouriez. Capture of the French Commiffioners. Judicious Manifesto of the Prince of Cobourg. His Plan of Policy superseded. Dangerous Situation of France. Elation of the Court of London. Sanguinary Memorial of Lord Aukland. The Doctrines of Palive Obedience and Non-Refifiance preached before the House of Peers by Bishop Horgoley. Heroic Exertions and Death of General Dampierre. Duke of York Commander in Chief of the English and auxiliary Troops on the Continent. Military Transactions in concert with the Prince of Cobourg. Siege and

Capture

VOL. III.

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Capture of Valenciennes-also of Condé, Mentz, and Quef noy. Fatal Separation of the Duke of York from the Auftrians. Brilliant Aition at Lincelles. Duke of York forms the Siege of Dunkirk. Ineffectual Overture of France for Peace. Treaty with Sardinia. Unparalkled Number of Bankruptcies in London. Commercial Gredit restored. Parliamentary Investigation of Lord Aukland's Memorial. Charter of the East-India Company prolonged. Motion for a Reform in the Representation by Mr.Grey. Parliament prorogued. Affairs of Ireland. Contefions made to the Carholics-Opposed by the Lord Chancellor Fitzgibbox. Extraordinary Profecutions for Sedition in Scotland. Tyrannical Sentence of Transportation passed on Muir, Gerald, Skirving, Margaret, and Palmer. French rise EN MASSE.. Duke of York totally defeated at Dunkirk. Barbarous Execution's of the Generals Houchard and Cuftine. Prince of Cobourg compelled to repass the Sambre. Werwick, Menin, and Furnes, captured by the French. Operations on the Rhine. Retreat of the Auftrian and Pruffian Armies. Siege of Landau raised. Rebellion in La Vendée suppressed. Naval Armament returns to Portfineuth. Proceedings of the Convention. Bold Machinations of the. Jacobines. Revolutionary Tribunal established. Fall of the Brisitines. Internal Commotions in France. Toulon surrendered in Truf to the English. Siege of Lyons. Barbarities committed by the Jacobines. Toulon evacuated by the English.. Trial and execution of the Queen of France--and of the Deputies of the Gironde. Savage Proceedings of the Resolutionary Tribunal. Afcendancy of Robespierre. Extravagant Conduct of the Convention. New Calendar efla-blished. Reign of Terror. Naval Transations. Tobago taken. Forts in St. Domingo captured. Pondicherry, Malé,. and the French Settlements on the Coast of Coromandel, reduced. Neutral Powers insulted by the Court of London. Gross Inconfifleniy and Duplicity of the English Minifry. Alarining Order of Council--pevokola

LPON:

UPON

PON the very fame day that France declared war against Great Britain, the British parliament was engaged in discussing a message from the king, stating, “ That his majesty had caused to be laid before them copies of feveral papers which had passed between M. Chauvelin and the minister for foreign affairs, and of the order of departure transmitted to M. Chauvelin. And his majesty moreover declared, that in the present situation of affairs he thought it indispensable to make a further augmentation of his forces by sea and land, for maintaining the rights of his own dominions, for supporting his allies, and for opposing views of aggrandizement and ambition on the part of France, at all times dangerous to the interests of Europe, but peculiarly so when connected with the propagation of principles subversive of the peace and order of all civil society."

On this occasion Mr. Pitt, who had now resumed his seat in parliament, made an eloquent harangue, evidently calculated to prepare the minds of his auditors for war, and to inflame the passions of the house to the highest pitch. Adverting, at the commencement of his speech, to the melancholy catastrophe which had just taken place in France, he represented it in terms of the most high-flown rhetorical exaggeration, “ as an event so full of grief and horror, that he wished it were possible to tear it from their memories, and expunge it from the page of history ;-but that event was unfortunately passed, and the present age must be for ever contaminated with the guilt and ignominy of having witnessed it. In this dreadful tranfaction they saw concentrated the effect of those principles, pushed to their utmost extent, which set out with diffolving all the bonds by which society was held together-principles established in oppofition to every law human and divine, and which, presumptuously relying on the authority of wild and delusive theories, rejected all the advantages of the wisdom and experience of former ages, and even the sacred instructions of Revela

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tion."

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