English Local Prisons, 1860-1900: Next Only to Death
The local prisons of the latter half of the nineteenth century refined systems of punishment so harsh that one judge considered the maximum penalty of two years local imprisonment to be the most severe punishment known to English law: "next only to death". This work examines how private perceptions and concerns became public policy. It also traces the move in English government from the rural and aristocratic to the urban and more democratic. It follows the rise of the powerful elite of the higher civil service, describes some of the forces that attempted to oppose it, and provides a window through which to view the process of state formation.
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A PROPHET IN HIS OWN COUNTY
CARNARVON AND NATIONAL PENAL POLICY
THE SOCIAL AND PENAL IDEAS OF SIR EDMUND DU CANE
THE FLAWED PROSPECTUS
NEW TASKS Identification and executions
THE JUSTICES REACT TO NATIONALIZATION Individual committees
THE COMMITTEES ATTEMPT TO ORGANIZE
TRIUMPH OF THE CLERKS
THE CALL FOR A PRISON INQUIRY
PERSONALITIES AND PREOCCUPATIONS
ENFORCING UNIFORMITY Discipline labour and instruction 7 ENFORCING UNIFORMITY Health dietary and discharge arrangements 8 ENFOR...
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aid societies allowed appointed Asquith authority BM Add Cane Cane’s Carnarvon Carnarvon Committee cells chaplain cols Commissioners of Prisons Committee on Prison Committee’s Convict Prisons crime criminal Crofton Daily Chronicle Davitt debtors Departmental Committee deterrent diet dietary Directors of Convict discharged prisoners Du Cane effect Evelyn Ruggles-Brise gaol Gladstone Committee Gladstone’s governor Hansard Harcourt hard labour Herbert Gladstone Home Office Home Secretary Ibid imprisonment inquiry Irish issues Legge Liberal London Lord Lushington magistrates Massingham matter medical officer Michael Davitt Military Prisons Minutes of Evidence months nationalization offenders Parliament Parliamentary penal labour penal servitude persons political powers Prison Act Prison Commissioners Prison Conference prison discipline Prisons Bill proposed punishment Quarter Sessions recommendations reform reformatory remand Report Ridley Royal Commission Ruggles-Brise rules Secretary’s sentence social staff treadwheel Vict Viscount Gladstone Papers visiting committee visiting justices warders workhouse Wormwood Scrubs