Not So Plain as Black and White: Afro-German Culture and History, 1890-2000
Since the Middle Ages, Africans have lived in Germany as slaves and scholars, guest workers and refugees. After Germany became a unified nation in 1871, it acquired several African colonies but lost them after World War I. Children born of German mothers and African fathers during the French occupation of Germany were persecuted by the Nazis. After World War II, many children were born to African American GIs stationed in Germany and German mothers. Today there are 500,000 Afro-Germans in Germany out of a population of 80 million. Nevertheless, German society still sees them as "foreigners," assuming they are either African or African American but never German. In recent years, the subject of Afro-Germans has captured the interest of scholars across the humanities for several reasons. Looking at Afro-Germans allows us to see another dimension of the nineteenth- and early twentieth-century ideas of race that led to the Holocaust. Furthermore, the experience of Afro-Germans provides insight into contemporary Germany's transformation, willing or not, into a multicultural society. The volume breaks new ground not only by addressing the topic of Afro-Germans but also by combining scholars from many disciplines. Patricia Mazon is Associate Professor in the Department of History at the State University of New York at Buffalo. Reinhild Steingrover is Assistant Professor in the Department of Humanities at the Eastman School of Music at the University of Rochester.
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African American African diaspora African Germans African women Afro afro-deutsche Afro-German children Afro-German community Afro-German women Angelina Maccarone Ayim Ayim’s Berlin Black Germans Black troops blacks in Germany Brody’s Brothers Keepers campaign character child cinema citizenship color danger debates Deutschland discourse discussion DuBois DuBois’s dunkle Stern essay ethnic European Farbe bekennen father film’s gender German colonial German culture German film German nation German society German Southwest Africa German women Germany’s Grandpa Hamburg Heimat Heimatfilme Herta Hügel-Marshall Ibid identity images individuals interracial lives Massaquoi miscegenation Mischlingskinder mixed-race children mother multicultural Nabou narrative native Nazi Negro occupation Oguntoye Omaruru Orlanda Frauenverlag political population postwar Press problem racial mixture racial parity racism Rhineland Rhineland Bastard role scene Schwarze Deutsche scientific settler sexual Social Darwinist Swakopmund texts Theodor Third Reich threat tion Toxi Toxi’s University W. E. B. DuBois Weimar Weimar Republic West Germany white German World