The Battle for Sanskrit: Is Sanskrit Political or Sacred, Oppressive or Liberating, Dead or Alive?

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Harper Collins, Jan 10, 2016 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 488 pages

There is a new awakening in India that is challenging the ongoing westernization of the discourse about India. The Battle for Sanskrit seeks to alert traditional scholars of Sanskrit and sanskriti - Indian civilization - concerning an important school of thought that has its base in the US and that has started to dominate the discourse on the cultural, social and political aspects of India. This academic field is called Indology or Sanskrit studies. From their analysis of Sanskrit texts, the scholars of this field are intervening in modern Indian society with the explicitly stated purpose of removing 'poisons' allegedly built into these texts. They hold that many Sanskrit texts are socially oppressive and serve as political weapons in the hands of the ruling elite; that the sacred aspects need to be refuted; and that Sanskrit has long been dead. The traditional Indian experts would outright reject or at least question these positions. The start of Rajiv Malhotra's feisty exploration of where the new thrust in Western Indology goes wrong, and his defence of what he considers the traditional, Indian approach, began with a project related to the Sringeri Sharada Peetham in Karnataka, one of the most sacred institutions for Hindus. There was, as he saw it, a serious risk of distortion of the teachings of the peetham, and of sanatana dharma more broadly. Whichever side of the fence one may be on, The Battle for Sanskrit offers a spirited debate marshalling new insights and research. It is a valuable addition to an important subject, and in a larger context, on two ways of looking. Is each view exclusive of the other, or can there be a bridge between them? Readers can judge for themselves.
 

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Contents

The Story Behind the Book
The Hijacking of Sanskrit and Sanskriti
From European Orientalism to American Orientalism
The Obsession with Secularizing Sanskrit
Sanskrit Considered a Source of Oppression
Ramayana Framed as Socially Irresponsible
Politicizing Indian Literature
Politicizing the History of Sanskrit and the Vernaculars
Declaring Sanskrit Dead and Sanskriti Nonexistent
Is Sheldon Pollock Too Big to Be Criticized?
The Way Forward
Pollocks Theory of Buddhist Undermining of the Vedas
Ramayana Evidence Prior to the Turkish Invasion
Editorial Policies Adopted
Bibliography
About the Book

The Sanskriti Web as an Alternative Hypothesis

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About the author (2016)

After studying physics and computer science, Rajiv Malhotra worked as a senior executive in the software and telecom industries before becoming a management consultant and then launching his own ventures in twenty countries. He took early retirement in the mid-1990s at the age of forty-four and established Infinity Foundation, a non-profit organization based in Princeton, New Jersey.

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