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stract science. When thus engaged, he left the outer
posts of his commercial establishment to be mainNow Scot and English are agreed, And Saunders hastes to cross the Tweed,
tained by two stout-bodied and strong-voiced apWhere, such the splendours that attend him, prentices, who kept up the cry of, "What d'ye lack? His very mother scarce had kend him.
what d'ye lack ?" accompanied with the appropriate His metamorphosis behold, From Glasgow frieze to cloth of gold ;
recommendations of the articles in which they dealt. His back-sword, with the iron hilt,
This direct and personal application for custom to To rapier fairly hatch'd and gilt ;
those who chanced to pass by, is now, we believe, Was ever seen a gallant braver!
limited to Monmouth Street, (if it still exists even in His very bonnet's grown a beaver.—The Reformation.
that repository of ancient garments,) under the guarThe long-continued hostilities which had for cen- dianship of the scattered remnant of Israel. But at turies separated the south and the north divisions of the time we are speaking of, it was practised alike by the Island of Britain, had been happily terminated by Jew and Gentile, and served, instead of all our prethe succession of the pacific James I. to the English sent newspaper puffs and advertisements, to solicit Crown. But although the united crown of England the attention of the public in general, and of friends and Scotland was worn by the same individual, it in particular, to the unrivalled excellence of the goods, required a long lapse of time, and the succession of which they offered to sale upon such easy terms, that more than one generation, ere the inveterate national it might fairly appear that the venders had rather a prejudices which had so long existed betwixt the sis- view to the general service of the public, than to their ter kingdoms were removed, and the subjects of either own particular advantage. side of the Tweed brought to regard those upon the The verbal proclaimers of the excellence of their opposite bank as friends and as brethren,
commodities, had this advantage over those who, in These prejudices were, of course, most inveterate the present day, use the public papers for the same during the reign of King James. The English sub- purpose, that they could in many cases adapt their jects accused him of partiality to those of his ancient address to the peculiar appearance and apparent kingdomį, while the Scots with equal injustice, taste of the passengers. [This, as we have said, was charged him with having forgotten the land of his also the case in Monmouth Street in our rememnativity, and with neglecting those early friends to brance. We have ourselves been reminded of the whose allegiance he had been so much indebted. deficiencies of our femoral habiliments, and exhorted
The temper of the King, peaceable even to timidity, upon that score to fit ourselves more beseemingly; inclined him perpetually to interfere as mediator be- but this is a digression.) This direct and personal iween the contending factions, whose brawls distur- mode of invitation to customers became, however, a bed the court. But, notwithstanding all his precau- dangerous temptation to the young wags who were tions, historians have recorded many instances, employed in the task of solicitation during the abwhere the mutual hatred of two nations, who after sence of the principal person interested in the traffic; being enemies for a thousand years, had been so very and confiding in their numbers and civic union, the recently united, broke forth with a fury which me-l prentices of London were often seduced into taking naced a general convulsion; and, spreading from liberties with the passengers, and exercising their wit the highest to the lowest classes, as it occasioned de- at the expense of those whom they had no hopes of bates in council and parliament, factions in the court, converting into customers by their eloquence. If this and duels among the gentry, was no less productive were resented by any act of violence, the inmates of of riots and brawls amongst the lower orders.
each shop were ready to pour forth in succour; and While these heart-burnings were at the highest, in the words of an old song which Dr. Johnson was there flourished in the city of London an ingenious used to hum,but whimsical and self-opinioned mechanic, much
"Up then rose the 'prentices all, devoted to abstract studies, David Ramsay by name,
Living in London, both proper and tall." who, whether recommended by his great skill in his Desperate riots often arose on such occasions, esprofession, as the courtiers alleged, or, as was mur- pecially when the Templars, or other youths conmured among his neighbours, by his birthplace, in nected with the aristocracy, were insulted, or conthe good town of Dalkeith, near Edinburgh, held in ceived themselves to be so. Upon such occasions, James's household the post of maker of watches and bare steel was frequently opposed to the clubs of the horologes to his Majesty. He scorned not, however, citizens, and death sometimes ensued on both sides. to keep open shop within Temple-Bar, a few yards The tardy and inefficient police of the time had no to the eastward of St. Dunstan's Church.
other resource than by the Alderman of the ward The shop of a London tradesman at that time, as calling out the householders, and putting a stop to it may be supposed, was something very different the strife by overpowering numbers, as the Capulets from ihose we now see in the same locality. The and Montagues are separated upon the stage. goods were exposed to sale in cases, only defended At the period when such was the universal custom from the weather by a covering of canvass, and the of the most respectable, as well as the most inconwbole resembled the stalls and booths now erected siderable, shopkeepers in London, David Ramsay, on for the temporary accommodation of dealers at a the evening to which we solicit the attention of the country fair, rather than the established emporium of reader, retiring to more abstruse and private labours, a respectable citizen. But most of the shopkeepers left the administration of his outer shop, or booth, to of note, and David Ramsay amongst others, had the aforesaid sharp-witted, active, able-bodied, and their booth connected with a small apartment which well-voiced apprentices, namely, Jenkin Vincent and opened backward from it, and bore the same resem- Frank Tunstall. blance to the front shop that Robinson Crusoe's Vincent had been educated at the excellent founcavern did to the tent which he erected before it. To dation of Christ's Church Hospital, and was bred, this Master Ramsay was often accustomed to retreat therefore, as well as born, a Londoner, with all the to the labour of his abstruse calculations; for he acuteness, address, and audacity, which belong pecuaimed at improvement and discoveries in his own liarly to the youth of a metropolis. He was now art, and sometimes pushed his researches, like Na- about twenty years old, short in stature, but remark pier, and other mathematicians of the period, into ab- 1 ably strong made, eminent for his feats upon holy
days at foot-ball, and other gymnastic exercises ; | trade which he was bound to study, the limits of
went through the duties of the shop. He was tall The physiognomy of Jin Vin-by which abbrevia- and handsome, with fair hair, and well-formed limbs, tion he was familiarly known through the ward-good features, well-opened light blue eyes, a straight corresponded with the sketch we have given of his Grecian nose, and a countenance which expressed character. His head, upon which his 'prentice's fat both good-humour and intelligence, but qualified by a cap was generally flung in a careless and oblique gravity unsuitable to his years, and which almost fashion, was closely covered with thick hair of raven amounted to dejection. He lived on the best terms black, which curled naturally and closely, and would with his companion, and readily stood by him whenhave grown to great length, but for the modest cus- ever he was engaged in any of the frequent skirmishes, tom enjoined by his state of life, and strictly enforced which, as we have already observed, often disturbed by his master, which compelled him to keep it short- the city of London about this period. But though cropped, -not unreluctantly, as he looked with envy Tunstall was allowed to understand quarter-staff on ihe flowing ringlets, in which the courtiers, and (the weapon of the North country) in a superior aristocratic students of the neighbouring Temple, degree, and though he was naturally both strong and began to indulge themselves, as marks of superiority active, his interference in such affrays seemed always and of gentility. Vincent's eyes were deep set in his matter of necessity; and, as he never voluntarily head, of a strong vivid black, full of fire, roguery, and joined cither their brawls or their sports, he held a intelligence, and conveying a humorous expression, far lower place in the opinion of the youth of the even while he was uttering the usual small-talk of ward than his hearty and active friend Jin Vin. Nay, his trade, as if he ridiculed those who were disposed had it not been for the interest made for his comrade, to give any weight to his commonplaces. He had by the intercession of Vincent, Tunstall would have address enough, however, to add litile touches of his stood some chance of being altogether excluded from own, which gave a turn of drollery even to this ordi- the society of his contemporaries of the same condinary routine of the booth; and the alacrity of his tion, who called him, in scorn, the Cavaliero Cuddy, manner-his ready and obvious wish to oblige-his and the gentle Tunstall
. On the other hand, the lad intelligence and civility, when he thought civility ne- himself
, deprived of the fresh air in which he had universal favourite with his been brought up, and foregoing the exercise to which master's customers. His features were far from he had been formerly accustomed, while the inhabiregular, for his nose was fattish, his mouth tending tant of his native mansion, lost gradually the freshto the larger size, and his complexion inclining to be ness of his complexion, and, without showing any more dark than was then thought consistent with formal symptoms of disease, grew more thin and masculine beauty. But, in despite of his having al- pale as he grew older, and at length exhibited the ways breathed ihe air of a crowded city, his com- appearance of indifferent health, without any thing plexion had the ruddy and manly expression of re-. of the habits and complaints of an invalid, excepting dundant health : his turned-up ņose gave an air of a disposition to avoid society, and to spend his leisure spirit and raillery to what he said, and seconded the time in private study, rather than mingle in the sports laugh of his eyes; and his wide mouth was garnish- of his companions, or even resort to the theatres, ed with a pair of well-formed and well-coloured lips, then the general rendezvous of his class; where, which, when he laughed, disclosed a range of teeth according to high authority, they fought for half-bitstrong and well set, and as white
as the very pearl. ten apples, cracked nuts, and filled the upper gallery
Jenkin's companion was the younger apprentice, from morning till night, as their peculiarities inter-
cessary, made him
“The boy, Frank," she admitted, "used to attract the say what nose they may bestride in two years hence ? attention of the young ladies, as having something Lour reverend brother of Gloucester waxes in years.' gentle and downcast in his looks; but then he could He then pulled out his purse, paid for the spectacles, not better himself, for the poor youth hath not a word and left the shop with even a more important step to throw at a dog. Now Jin Vin was so full of his than that which had paused to enter it. jibes and his jeers, and so willing, and so ready, and For shame," said Tunstall to his companion ; so serviceable, and so mannerly all the while, with a these glasses will never suit one of his years.” step that sprung like a buck's in Epping Forest, and “You are a fool, Frank," said Vincent, in reply; his eye that twinkled as black as a gipsy's, that no had the good doctor wished glasses to read with, woman who knew the world would make a compa- he would have tried them before buying. He does rison betwixt the lads. As for poor neighbour Ram- not want to look through them himself
, and these say himself, the man,” she said, “ was a civil neigh- will serve the purpose of being looked at by other bour, and a learned man, doubtless, and might be a folks, as well as the best magnifiers in the shop.rich man if he had common sense to back his learn- What d'ye lack ?" he cried, resurning his solicitations. ing; and doubtless, for a Școt, neighbour Ramsay “ Mirrors for your toilette, my pretty madam ; your was nothing of a bad man, but he was so constantly head-gear is something awry-pity, since it is so well grimed with smoke, gilded with brass filings, and fancied." The woman stopped and bought a mirror. smeared with lamp-black and oil, that Dame Sim- -"What d'ye lack ?-a watch, Master Sergeant-a mons judged it would require his whole shopful of watch that will go as long as a lawsuit, as steady watches to induce any feasible woman to touch the and true as your own eloquence ?" said neighbour Ramsay with any thing save a pair "Hold your peace, sir," answered the Knight of of tongs."
the Coif, who was disturbed by Vin's address whilst A still higher authority, Dame Ursula, wife to Ben- in, deep consultation with an eminent attorney jarnin Suddlechop, the barber, was of exactly the “ hold your peace! You are the loudest tongued same opinion..
varlet betwixt the Devil's Tavern and Guildhall. Such were, in natural qualities and public estima- "A watch," reiterated the undaunted Jenkin, " that tion, the two youths, who, in a fine April day, having shall not lose thirteen minutes in a thirteen years' first rendered their dutiful service and attendance on lawsuit.-He's out of hearing-A watch with four the table of their master and his daughter, at their wheels and a bar-movement-a watch that shall tell dinner at one o'clock, --Such, O ye lads of London, you, Master Poet, how long the patience of the audiwas the severe discipline undergone by your prede-ence will endure your next piece at the Black Bull.” cessors and having regaled themselves upon the The bard laughed, and fumbled in the pocket of his fragments, in company with two female domestics, slops till he chased into a corner, and fairly caught, a one a cook, and maid of all work, the other called small piece of coin. Mistress Margaret's maid, now relieved their master * Here is a tester to cherish thy wit, good boy," he in the duty of the outward shop; and agreeably to said. the established custom, were soliciting, by their en- Gramercy,” said Vin;" at the next play of yours treaties and recommendations of their master's I will bring down a set of roaring boys, that'shall manufacture, the attention and encouragement of make all the critics in the pit, and the gallants on the the passengers.
stage, civil, or else the curtain shall smoke for it." In this species of service it may be easily supposed Now, that I call mean," said Tunstall, "to take that Jenkin Vincent left his more reserved and bash- the poor 'rhymer's money, who has so little left beful comrade far in the background. The latter could hind.” only articulate with difficulty, and as an act of duty You are an owl, once again," said Vincent; "if which he was rather ashamed of discharging, the he has nothing left to buy cheese and radishes, he established words of form-“What d'ye lack ?-What will only dine a day the sooner with some patron or d've lack? Clocks--watches-barnacles ?-What some player, for that is his fate five days out of the d'ye lack ?-Watches-clocks-barnacles ?—What seven. It is unnatural that a poet should pay for his d'ye lack, sir? What d'ye lack, madam ?-Barnacles own pot of beer ; I will drink his tester for him, 10 -watches-clocks ?"
save him from such shame; and when his third night But this dull and dry iteration, however varied by comes round, he shall have pennyworths for his coin, diversity of verbal arrangement, sounded flat when I promise you.—But here comes another guess cusmingled with the rich and recommendatory oratory tomer. Look at that strange fellow-see how he of the bold-faced, deep-mouthed, and ready-witted gapes at every shop, as if he would swallow the Jenkin Vincent-" What d'ye lack, noble sir ?- wares.--0! Saint Dunstan has caught his eye; pray What d'ye lack, beauteous madam ?'' he said, in a God he swallow not the images. See how he stands tone at once bold and soothing, which often
was so astonished, as old Adam and Eve ply their ding-dong! applied as both to gratify the persons addressed, and Come, Frank, thou art a scholar; construe nie that to excite a smile from other hearers.--"God bless same fellow, with his blue cap with a cock's feather your reverence, to a beneficed clergyman; "the in it, to show he's of gentle blood, God wot-his gray Greek and Hebrew have harmed your reverence's eyes, his yellow hair, his sword with a ton of iron in eyes–Buy
a pair of David Ramsay's barnacles. The the handle-his gray threadbare cloak -- his step like King-God bless his Sacred
Majesty !-never reads a Frenchman--his look like a Spaniard—a book at Hebrew or Greek without them."
his girdle, and a broad dudgeon-dagger on the other Are you well avised of that ?" said a fat parson side, to show him half-pedant, half-bully. How call from the Vale of Evesham. Nay, if the Head of you that pageant, Frank ?". the Church wears them,-God bless his Sacred Ma- A raw Scotsman," said Tunstall; “just come jesty !-I will try what they can do for
me; for I have up, I suppose, to help the rest of his countrymen to not been able to distinguish one Hebrew letter from gnaw old England's bones ; a palmerworm, I reckon, another, since I cannot remember the time-when I to devour what the locust has spared." had a bad fever. Choose me a pair of his most Sa- “Even so, Frank,” answered Vincent ; “just as cred Majesty's own wearing, my good youth.”, the poet sings sweetly, — This is a pair, and please your reverence," said
'In Scotland he was born and bred, Jenkin, producing a pair of spectacles which he
And, though a beggar, must be fed.' touched with an air of great deference and respect, "Hush !" said Tunstall," remember our master." "which his most blessed Majesty placed this day "Pshaw!" answered his mercurial companion; three weeks on his own blessed nose ; and would " he knows on which side his bread is buttered, and have kept them for his own sacred use, but that the I warrant you has not lived so long among Englishsetting being, as your reverence sees, of the purest men, and by Englishmen, to quarrel with us for bearjet, was, as his Sacred Majesty was pleased to say, ing an English mind. But see, our Scot has done fitier for a bishop, than for a secular prince.'
gazıng at Saint Dunstan's, and comes our way. By His Sacred Majesty the
King," said the worthy ihis light, a proper lad and a sturdy, in spite of freckles divine, was ever a very Danies in his judgment. and sun-burning.–He comes nearer still, I will have Give me the barnacles, my good youth, and who can at him."
" And, if you do," said his comrade, you may get a with hands and eyes uplifted, a green apron before broken head-he looks not as if he would carry.coals." him, and a glass which he had been polishing thrust
A fig for your threat,” said Vincent, and instant- into his bosom, came forth to look after the safety ly addressed the stranger. “Buy a watch, most noble of his goods and chattels, knowing, by old experience, northern Thane--buy a watch, to count the hours of that, when the cry of "Clubs" once arose, he would plenty since the blessed moment you left Berwick have little aid on the part of his apprentices. behind you. - Buy barnacles, to see the English gold lies ready for your gripe.-Buy what you will, you shall have credit for three days; for, were your
CHAPTER II. pockets as bare as Father Fergus's, you are a Scot in London, and you will be stocked in that time." This, sir, is one among the Seignory, The stranger looked sternly at the waggish apprentice,
Has wealth at will, and will to use his wealth,
And wit to increase it. .Marry, his worst folly and seemed to grasp his cudgel in rather a menacing
Lies in a thrifless sort of charity, fashion. Buy physic," said the undaunted Vincent, That goes a-gadding sometimes after objects, "if you will buy neither time nor light-physic for a Which wise men will not see wheti thrust upon them.
The Old Couple. proud stomach, sir ;-there is a 'pothecary's shop on ihe other side of the way.”.
The ancient gentleman bustled about his shop, in Here the probationary disciple of Galen, who stood pettish displeasure at being summoned hither so at his master's door in his flat cap and canvass hastily, to ihe interruption of his more abstract stusleeves, with a large wooden pestle in his hand, took dies; and, unwilling to renounce the train of calculaup the ball which was Aung to him by Jenkin, with, tion which he had put in progress, he mingled whim"What d'ye lack, sir ?---Buy a choice Caledonian sically with the fragments of the arithmetical operasalve, Flos sulphrr. cum butyro qriant. su ff.” tion, his oratory to the passengers, and angry reflec
To be taken after a gentle rubbing-down with an tions on his idle apprentices. What d'ye lack, sir ? English oaken towel," said Vincent.
Madam, what d'ye lack-clocks for hall or tableThe bonny Scot had given full scope to the play of night-watches-day-watches ?-Locking wheel being this small artillery of city wit, by halting his stately 45-the power of retort 8-the striking pins are 48pace, and viewing.grimly, first the one assailant, and What d’ye lack, honoured sir?- The quotient-the then the other, as if menacing either repartee or more multiplicand–That the knaves should have gone out violent revenge. But phlegm or prudence got the at this blessed minute !—the acceleration being at the better of his indignation, and tossing his head as one rate of 5 minutes, 55 seconds, 53 thirds, 59 fourthswho valued not the raillery to which he had been ex- I will switch them both when they come back-1 posed, he walked down Fleet Street, pursued by the will
, by the bones of the immortal Napier !" horse-laugh of his tormentors.
Here the vexed philosopher was interrupted by "The Scot will not fight till he see his own blood,” the entrance of a grave citizen of most respectable said Tunstall
, whom his north of England extraction appearance, who, saluting him familiarly by the name had made familiar with all manner of proverbs against of “Davie, my old acquaintance," demanded what those who lay yet farther north than himself. had put him so much out of sorts, and gave him at
“Fait, I know not, said Jenkin; "he looks the same time a cordial grasp of his hand. dangerous, that fellow he will hit some one over the The stranger's dress was, though grave, rather noddle before he goes far.-Hark !-hark !-they are richer than usual. His paned hose were of black rising."
velvet, lined with purple silk, which garniture appearAccordingly, the well-known cry of, "'Prentices, ed at the slashes. His doublet was of purple cloth, 'prentices---Clubs-clubs !" now rang along Fleet and his short cloak of black velvet, to correspond Street; and Jenkin, snatching up his weapon, which with his hose ; and both were adorned with a great lay beneath the counter ready at the slightest notice, number of small silver buttons, richly wrought in and calling to Tunstall to take his bat and follow, filigree. A triple chain of gold hung round his neck ; leaped over the hatch-door which protected the outer- and, in place of a sword op dagger, he wore at his shop, and ran as fast as he could towards the affray, belt an ordinary knife, for the purpose of the table, echoing the cry as he ran, and elbowing, or shoving with a small silver case, which appeared to contain aside, whoever stood in his way. His comrade, first writing materials. He' might have seemed some calling to his master to give an eye to the shop, fol. which, in regard it was not heavy, we did not open, which we lowed Jenkin's example, and ran after him as fast as afterwards much repented. he could, but with more attention to the safety and "From the cloisters we went into the abbey church, where, convenience of others; while old David Ramsay, * upon a sudden, (there being no wind when we began,) so fierce
and so high, so blustering and loud a wind did rise, that we • David Ramsay, watchmaker and horologer to James I., was a verily believed the west end of the church would have fallen real person, though the author has taken the liberty of pressing upon us. Our rods would not move at all; the candles and him into the service of fiction. Although his profession led him torches, also, but one were extinguished, or burned very dimly. to cultivate the exact sciences, like many at this period he John Scott, my partner, was amazed, looked pale, knew not mingled them with pursuits which were mystical and fantastic. what to think or do, until I gave directions and command to The truth was, that the boundaries between truth and falsehood dismiss the demons; which, when done, all was quiet again, in mathematics, astronomy, and similar pursuits, were not ex- and each man returned unto his lodging late. about twelve actly known, and there existed a sort of terra incognita between o'clock at night. I could never since be induced to join with them, in which the wisest men bewildered themselves. David any such like actions. Ramsay risked his money on the success of the vaticinations "The true miscarriage of the business was by reason of so which his researches led him to form, since he sold clocks and many people being present at the operation ; for there was about watches under condition, that their value should not become thirty, some laughing, others deriding us ; so that, if we had payable till King James was crowned in the Pope's chair at not dismissed the demons, I believe most part of the abbey Rome. Such wagers were common in that day, as may be seen church would have been blown down. Secrecy and intelligent by looking at Jonson's Every Man out of his Humour.
operators, with a strong contidence and knowledge of what David Ramsay was also an actor in another singular scene, in they are doing, are best for the work."--LILLY's Life and Times, which the notorious astrologer Lilly was a performer, and had po small expectation on the occasion, since he brought with him David Ramsay had a son called William Ramsay, who appears a hall quartern sack to put the treasure in.
to have possessed all his father's credulity. He became an “ David Ramsay, his Majesty's clock maker, had been inform astrologer, and in 1651.2 published" For Stellarum, an Introduced that there was a great quantity of treasure buried in the lion to the Judgment of Eclipses and the Annual Revolutions of cloister of Westminster Abbey. He acquaints Dean Withnam the World." The edition of 1652 is inscribed to his father. It therewith, who was also then Bishop of Lincoln. The Dean would appear, as indeed it might be argued from his mode of gave him liberty to search after it, with this proviso, that if any disposing of his goods, that the old horologer had omitted to was discovered, his church should have a share of it. Davy make hay while the sun shone ; for his son, in his dedication, Ramsay finds out one John Scott, who pretended the use of the bias this exception to the paternal virtues," It's true your careMosaical rods, to assist him herein. I was desired to join with lessness in laying up while the sun shone for the tempests of a him, un!o which I consented. One winter's night, Davy Ram stormy day, hath given occasion to some inferior spirited people say, with several gentlemen, mysell, and Scott, entered the not to value you according to what you are by nature and in cloisters. We played the hazel rods round about the cloisters. yourself, for such look not to a man longer than he is in prospe. Upon the west end of the cloisters the rods turned one over anrity,esteeming none but for their wealth, not wisdom, power, nor other, an argument that the treasure was there. The labourers, virtuc." From these expressions it is to be apprehended that digged at least six feet deep, and then we met with a coffin; but while old David Ramsay, a follower of the Stewarts, sunk under
the Parliamentary government, his son, William, had advanced * The same now called, I believe, the Divining Rod, and ap. from being a dupe to astrology to the dignity of being himself plied to the discovery of water not obvious to the eye.