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a swelling spirit, the protection which Oliver had “It was a symptom," he said, of approaching afforded to the oppressed Protestant churches; danger, when such men, as were not usually influ"therein showing himself," he added, “more fit enced by the vanities of life, employed much money to wield the supreme power, than those who, claim- in ornaments composed of the precious metals. It ing it by right of inheritance, use it only for their was a sign that the merchant could not obtain a proown vain and voluptuous pursuits.".
fit for the capital, which, for the sake of security, he "I did not expect," said Peveril
, modestly, "to invested in this inert form. It was a proof that the have heard Oliver's panegyric from you, Master noblemen or gentlemen feared the rapacity of power, Bridgenorth.”
when they put their wealth into forms the most port"I did not panegyrize him," answered Bridge able and the most capable of being hidden; and it north; “I speak but truth of that extraordinary showed the uncertainty of credit, when a man of man, now being dead, whom, when alive, I feared judgment preferred the actual possession of a mass not to withstand to his face. It is the fault of the of silver to the convenience of a goldsmith's or a present unhappy King, if he make us look back with banker's receipt. While a shadow of liberty remainregret to the days when the nation was respected ed," he said, "domestic rights were last invaded; abroad, and when devotion and sobriety were prac- and, therefore, men disposed upon their cupboards tised at home. --But I mean not to vex your spirit by and tables the wealth which in these places would controversy. You have lived amongst those who remain longest, though not perhaps finally, sacred find it more easy and more pleasant to be the pen from the grasp of a tyrannical government. But let sioners of France than her controllers-to spend there be a demand for capital to support a profitable the money which she doles out to themselves, than commerce, and the mass is at once consigned to the to check ihe tyranny with which she oppresses our furnace, and, ceasing to be a vain and cumbrous orpoor brethren of the religion. When the scales shall nament of the banquet, becomes a potent and active fall from thine eyes, all ihis thou shalt see; and see- agent for farthering the prosperity of the country.” ing, shall learn to detest and despise it.".
In war, too,” said Peveris, “plate has been found By this time they had completed their walk, and a ready resource.' were returned to the Black Fort by a different path “But too much so," answered Bridgenorth. "In from that which had led them up the valley. The the late times, the plate of the nobles and gentry, exercise and the general tone of conversation had with that of the colleges, and the sale of the crownremoved, in some degree, the shyness and embarrass- jewels, enabled the King to make his unhappy stand, ment which Peveril originally felt in Bridgenorth's which prevented matters returning to a state of presence, and which the tenor of his first remarks peace and good order, until the sword had attained had rather increased than diminished. Deborah's an undue superiority both over King and Parliapromised banquet was soon on the board; and in ment." simplicity, as well as neatness and good order, an- He looked at Julian as he spoke, much as he who swered the character she had claimed for it. In one proves a horse offers some object suddenly to his respect alone, there seemed some inconsistency, per- eyes, then watches to see if he starts or blenches haps a little affectation. Most of the dishes were of from it. But Julian's thoughts were too much bent silver, and the plates were of the same metal; instead on other topics to manifest any alarm. His answer of the trenchers and pewter which Peveril had usu- referred to a previous part of Bridgenorth's disally seen employed on similar occasions at the Black course, and was not returned till after a brief pause. Fort.
"War, then,” he said, "war, the grand impoverisher, Presently, with the feeling of one who walks in a is also a creator of the wealth which it wastes and pleasant dream from which he fears to awake, and devours ?'' whose delight is mingled with wonder and with "Yes,” replied Bridgenorth, "even as the sluice uncertainty, Julian Peveril found himself seated brings into action the sleeping waters of the lake, between Alice Bridgenorth and her father-the being which it finally drains. Necessity invents arts and he most loved on earth, and the person whom he discovers means; and what necessity is sterner than had ever considered as the great obstacle to their in- that of civil war? Therefore, even war is not in tercourse! The confusion of his mind was such, itself unmixed evil, being the creator of impulses that he could scarcely reply to the importunate civi- and energies which could not otherwise have existed lities of Dame Deborah; who, seated with them at in society. table in her quality of governante, now dispensed "Men should go to war, then," said Peveril, " that the good things which had been prepared under her they may send their silver-plate to the mint, and eat own eye.
from pewter dishes and wooden platters?'' As for Alice, she seemed to have formed a resolu- "Not so, my son," said Bridgenorth. Then checktion to play the mute; for she answered not, except-ing himself as he observed the deep crimson on Juing briefly, to the questions of Dame Debbitch; nay, lian's cheek and brow, he added, "I crave your even when her father, which happened once or iwice, pardon for such familiarity; but I meant not to attempted to bring her forward in the conversation, | limit what I said even now to such triling conseshe made no farther reply than respect for him ren- quences, although it may be something salutary to dered absolutely necessary.
tear men from their pomps and luxuries, and teach Upon Bridgenorth himself, then, devolved the task those to be Romans who would otherwise be Sybaof entertaining the company; and, contrary to his rites. But I would say, that times of public danger, ordinary habits, he did not seem to shrink from it. as they call into circulation the miser's hoard and His discourse was not only easy, but almost cheerful, the proud man's bullion, and so add to the circulathough ever and anon crossed by some expressions ting wealth of the country, do also call into action indicative of natural and habitual melancholy, or many a brave and noble spirit, which would other; prophetic of future misfortune and wo. Flashes of wise lie torpid, give no example to the living, and enthusiasm, too, shot along his conversation, gleam- bequeath no name to future ages. Society knows ing like the sheet-lightning of an autumn eve, which not, and cannot know, the mental treasures which throws a strong, though momentary illumination, slumber in her bosom, till necessity and opportunity across the sober twilight, and all the surrounding call forth the statesman and the soldier from the objects, which, touched by it, assume a wilder and shades of lowly life to the parts they are designed more striking character. In general, however, Bridge by Providence to perform, and the stations which north’s remarks were plain and sensible; and as he nature had qualified them io hold. So rose Oliver, aimed at no graces of language, any ornament which so rose Milion-so rose many another name which they received arose out of the interest with which cannot be forgotten-even as the tempest summons they were impressed on his hearers. For example, forth and displays the address of the mariner." when Deborah, in the pride and vulgarity of her "You speak,' said Peveril, as if national calaheart, called Julian's attention to the plate from mity might be, in some sort, an advantage. which they had been eating, Bridgenorth seemed to And if it were not so, " replied Bridgenorth, think an apology necessary for such superfluous ex- "it had not existed in this state of trial, where all pense.
temporal evil is alleviated by something good in its
progress or result, and where all that is good is close cover, whilst we fell fast by their unerring fire. In coupled with that which is in itself evil.
this state of confusion, and while we were about to It must be a noble sight,” said Julian, " to be adopt the desperate project of evacuating the village, hold the slumbering energies of a great mind awa-and, placing the women and children in the centre, of kened into energy, and to see it assume the authority attempting a retreat to the nearest settlement, it which is its due over spirits more meanly endowed. pleased Heaven to send us unexpected assistance. A
"I once witnessed," said Bridgenorth, some- tall man of a reverend appearance, whom no one of us thing to the same effect; and as the tale is brief, I had ever seen before, suddenly was in the midst of will tell it you, if you will :
us, as we hastily agitated the resolution of retreating. " Amongst my wanderings, the Transatlantic His garments were of the skin of the elk, and he settlements have not escaped me; more especially wore sword and carried gun; I never saw any thing the country of New-England, into which our native more august than his features, overshadowed by locks land has shaken from her lap, as a drunkard Alings of gray hair, which mingled with a long beard of the from him his treasures, so much that is precious in same colour. Men and brethren,' he said, in a voice the eyes of God and of his children. There thou- like that which turns back the flight, why sink your sands of our best and most godly men-such whose hearts ? and why are you thus disquieted ? Fear ye righteousness might come between the Almighty that the God we serve will give you up to yonder and his wrath, and prevent the ruin of cities-are heathen dogs ? Follow me, and you shall see this content to be the inhabitants of the desert, rather day that there is a captain in Israel!' He uttered a encountering the unenlightened savages, than stoop- few brief.but distinct orders, in the tone of one who ing to extinguish, under the oppression practised in was accustomed to command; and such was the inBritain, the light that is within their own minds. Auence of his appearance, his mien, his language, and There I remained for a time, during the wars which his presence of mind, that he was implicitly obeyed by the colony maintained with' Philip, a great Indian men who had never seen him until that moment. Chief, or Sachem, as they were called, who seemed We were hastily divided, by his orders, into two a messenger sent from Satan to buffet them. His bodies; one of which maintained the defence of the cruelty was great-his dissimulation profound; and village with more courage than ever, convinced that the skill and promptitude with which he maintained the Unknown was sent hy God to our rescue. At his a destructive and desultory warfare, inflicted many command, they assumed the best and most sheltered dreadful calamities on the setilement. I was, by positions for exchanging their deadly fire with the Inchance, at a small village in the woods, more than dians; while, under cover of the smoke, the stranger thirty miles from Boston, and in its situation ex- sallied from the town, at the head of the other division ceedingly lonely, and surrounded with thickets. of the New England men, and fetching a circuit, atNevertheless, there was no idea of any danger from tacked the Red Warriors in the rear. The surprise, the Indians at that time, for men trusted to the pro- as is usual amongst savages, had complete effect; for tection of a considerable body of troops who had they doubted not that they were assailed in their taken the field for protection of the frontiers, and turn, and placed betwixt two hostile parties by the who lay, or were supposed to lie, betwixt the hamlet return of a detachment from the provincial army. and the enemy's country. But they had to do with The heathens fled in confusion, abandoning the halfa foe, whom the devil himself had inspired at once won village, and leaving behind them such a number with cunning and cruelty. It was on a Sabbath of their warriors, that the tribe hath never recovered morning, when we had assembled to take sweet coun- its loss. Never shall I forget the figure of our venesel together in the Lord's house. Our temple was but rable leader, when our men, and not they only, but constructed of wooden logs; but when shall the the women and children of the village, rescued from chant of trained hirelings, or the sounding of tin the tomahawk and scalping knife, stood crowded and brass tubes amid the aisles of a minster, arise around him, yet scarce venturing to approach his so sweetly to Heaven, as did the psalm in which person, and more minded, perhaps, to worship him we united at once our voices and our hearts! An ex- | as a descended angel, than to thank him as a fellow cellent worthy, who now sleeps in the Lord, Ne- mortal. 'Not unto me be the glory,' he said; 'I hemiah Şolsgrace, long the companion of my pil- am but an implement, frail as yourselves, in the hand grimage, had just begun to wrestle in prayer, when of Him who is strong to deliver. Bring me a cup of a woman, with disordered looks and dishevelled hair, water, that I may allay my parched throat, ere ! entered our chapel in a distracted manner, scream- essay the task of offering thanks where they are most ing incessantly, "The Indians! The Indians !-In due.. I was nearest to him as he spoke, and I gave that land no man dares separate himself from his into his hand the water he requested. At that momeans of defence; and whether in the city or in the ment we exchanged glances, and it seemed to me field, in the plonghed land or the forest, men keep that I recognised a noble friend whom I had long beside them their weapons, as did the Jews at the re- since deemed in glory; but he gave me no time to building of the Temple, So we sallied forth with speak, had speech been prudent. Sinking on his our guns and pikes, and heard the whoop of these knees, and signing us to obey him, he poured forth a incarnate devils, already in possession of a part of strong and energetic thanksgiving for the turning the town, and exercising their cruelty on the few back of the battle, which, pronounced with a voice whom weighty causes or indisposition had with loud and clear as a war-trumpet, thrilled through held from public worship; and it was remarked as the joints and marrow of the hearers. I have heard a judgment, that, upon that bloody Sabbath, Adrian many an act of devotion in my life, had Heaven Hanson, a Dutchman, a man well enough disposed vouchsafed me grace to profit by them; but such a towards man, but whose mind was altogether given prayer as this, uttered amid the dead and the dying, to worldly gain, was shot and scalped as he was with a rich tone of mingled triumph and adoration, summing his weekly gains in his warehouse. In was beyond them all-it was like the song of the infine, there was much damage done; and although spired prophetess who dwelt beneath the palm-tree our arrival and entrance into combat did in some between Ramah and Bethel. He was silent; and sort put them back, yet being surprised and confused, for a brief space we remained with our faces bent to and having no appointed leader of our band, the the earth-no man daring to lift his head. At length devilish enemy shot hard at us, and had some ad- we looked up, but our deliverer was no longer amongst santage. It was pitiful to hear the screams of wo-us; nor was he ever again seen in the land which men and children amid the report of guns and the he had rescued.” whistling of bullets, mixed with the ferocious yells Here Bridgenorth, who had told this singular story of these savages, which they term their warwhoop. with an eloquence and vivacity of detail very contrary Several houses in the upper part of the village were to the usual dryness of his conversation, paused for soon on fire; and the roaring of the flames, and an instant, and then resumed - Thou seest, young crackling of the great beams as they blazed, added man, that men of valour and of discretion are called to the horrible confusion; while the smoke which forth to command in circumstances of national exithe wind drove against us gave farther advantage to gence, though their very existence is unknown in the the enemy, who fought as it were, invisible, and under land which they are predestined to deliver."
" But what thought the people of the mysterious Now, God forbid !” said Julian. stranger ?" said Julian, who had listened with eager- Amen,” returned Bridgenorth. May God avert ness, for the story was of a kind interesting to the civil war, and pardon those whose madness would youthful and the brave.
bring it on us!" Many things," answered Bridgenorth, "and, as There was a long pause, during which Julian, who usual, little to the purpose. The prevailing opinion had scarce lifted his.eyes towards Alice, stole a was, notwithstanding his own disclamation, that glance in that direction, and was struck by the deep the stranger was really a supernatural being; others cast of melancholy which had stolen over features, believed him an inspired champion, transported in to which a cheerful, if not a gay expression, was the body from some distant climate, to show us the most natural. So soon as she caughi his eye, she way to safety; others, again, concluded that he was remarked, and, as Julian thought, with significance, a recluse, who, either from motives of piety, or other that the shadows were lengthening, and evening cogent reasons, had become a dweller in the wilder- coming on. ness, and shunned the face of man."
He heard; and although satisfied that she hinted And, if I may presume to ask,” said Julian, "to at his departure, he could not, upon the instant, find which of these opinions were you disposed to ad- resolution to break the spell which detained him. here ?"
The language which Bridgenorth held was not only The last suited best with the transient though new and alarming, but so contrary to the maxims close view with which I had perused the stranger's in which he was brought up, that, as a son of Sir features,” replied Bridgenorth; "for although I dis- Geoffrey Peveril of the Peak, he would, in another pute noi that it may please Heaven, on high occa- case, have thought himself called upon to dispute its sions, even to raise one from the dead in defence of conclusions, even at the sword's point. But Bridgehis country, yet I doubted not then, as I doubt not north's opinions were delivered with so much calmnow, that I looked on the living form of one, who ness-seemed so much the result of conviction-that had indeed powerful reasons to conceal him in the they excited in Julian rather a spirit of wonder, than cleft of the rock."
of angry, controversy. There was a character of Are these reasons a secret ?" asked Julian sober decision, and sedate melancholy, in all that he Peveril.
said, which, even had he not been the father of Alice, "Not properly a secret,” replied Bridgenorth; "for (and perhaps Julian was not himself aware how I fear not thy betraying what I might tell thee in much he was influenced by that circumstance,) private discourse; and besides, wert thou so base, would have rendered it difficult to take personal the prey lies too distant for any hunters to whom offence. His language and sentiments were of that thou couldst point out its traces. But the name of quiet, yet decided kind, upon which it is ditficult this worthy will sound harsh in thy ear, on account either to fix controversy, or quarrel, although it be of one action of his life-being his accession to a impossible to acquiesce in the conclusions to which great measure, which made the extreme isles of the they lead. earth to tremble. Have you never heard of Richard While Julian remained, as if spell-bound to his Whalley ?"
chair, scarce more surprised at the company in “Of the regicide?" exclaimed Peveril starting. which he found himself, than at the opinions to "Call his act what thou wilt,” said Bridgenorth ; which he was listening, another circumstance re"he was not less the rescuer of that devoted village, minded him that the proper time of his stay at Black that, with other leading spirits of the age, he sat in Fort had been expended. Little Fairy, the Manx the judgment-seat when Charles Stewart was ar- pony, which, well accustomed to the vicinity of raigned at the bar, and subscribed the sentence that Black Fort, used to feed near the house while her went forth upon him."
master made his visits there, began to find his pre"I have ever heard,” said Julian, in an altered sent stay rather too long. She had been the gift of voice, and colouring deeply, that you, Master the Countess to Julian, whilst a youth, and came of Bridgenorth, with the other Presbyterians, were a high-spirited mountain breed, remarkable alike for totally averse to that detestable crime, and were hardiness, for longevity, and for a degree of sagacity ready to have made joint cause with the Cavaliers in approaching to that of the dog. Fairy showed the preventing so horrible a parricide."
latter quality, by the way in which she chose to ex"If it were so," replied Bridgenorth,
press her impatience to be moving homewards. At been richly rewarded by his successor !"
least such seemed the purpose of the shrill neigh "Rewarded !" exclaimed Julian; “Does the dis- with which she startled the female inmates of the tinction of good and evil, and our obligation to do parlour, who, the moment afterwards, could not forthe one and forbear the other, depend on the reward bear smiling to see the nose of the pony advanced which may attach to our actions ?”
through the opened casement. God forbid !" answered Bridgenorth; "yet those "Fairy reminds me,” said Julian, looking to Alice, who view the havoc which this House of Stewart and rising, "that the term of my stay here is exhave made in the Church and State--the tyranny hausted.” which they exercise over men's persons and con- Speak with me yet one moment,” said Bridgesciences--may, well doubt whether it be lawful to use north, withdrawing him into a Gothic recess of the weapons in their defence. Yet you hear me not old-fashioned apartment, and speaking so low that praise, or even vindicate, the death of the King, he could not be overheard by Alice and her gover: though so far deserved, as he was false to his oath nante, who, in the meantime, caressed, and fed with as a Prince and Magistrate. I only tell you what fragments of bread, the intruder Fairy. you desired to know, that Richard Whalley, one of You have not, after all," said Bridgenorth, "told ihe late King's judges, was he of whom I have just me the cause of your coming hither." He stopped, been speaking. I knew his lofty brow, though time as if to enjoy his embarrassment, and then added, had made it balder and higher; his gray eye retained "And indeed it were most unnecessary that you all its lustre; and though the grizzled beard covered should do so. I have not so far forgotten the days of the lower part of his face, it prevented me not from my youth, or those affections which bind poor frail recognising him. The scent was hot after him for humanity
but too much to the things of this world. his blood; but by the assistance of those friends Will you find no words to ask of me the great boon whom Heaven had raised up for his preservation, he which you seek, and which, peradventure, you would was concealed carefully, and emerged only to do the placing himself at the head of a party of settlers, shown them the will of Providence, in the matter of that battle. mode of acquiring a victory, which they were on the point of yieldPerhaps his voice may be heard in the field once ing to the Indians, is also told; and in all probability truly. I have more, should England need one
of her noblest seen the whole tradition commented upon at large in a late North hearts."*
American publication, which goes so far as to ascertain the ob
scure grave to which the remains of Whalley were secretly com* There is a common tradition in America, that this person, who mitted. This singular story has lately afforded the justly cele was never heard of after the Restoration, fled to Massachusetts, brated American novelist, Mr. Cooper, the materials from which and, living for some years concealed in that province, finally
clo hc has compiled one of those impressive narratives of the aborigised his days there. The remarkable and beautiful story of his nal inhabitants
of the Transatlantic woods, and the hardy
Euro having suddenly emerged from his place of concealment, and, I peans by whom they were invaded and dispossessed.
not have hesitated to make your own, without my following morning, is one of those extraordinary knowledge, and against my consent?-Nay, never monuments of antiquity with which this singular vindicate thyself, but mark me farther. The patri- and interesting island abounds. It occupies the whole arch bought his beloved by fourteen years' hard of a high rocky peninsula, or rather an island, for it service to her father, Laban, and they seemed to him is surrounded by the sea at high water, and scarcely but as a few days. But he that would wed my accessible even when the tide is out, although a daughter must serve, in comparison, but a few days; stone causeway, of great solidity, erected for the thongh in matters of such mighty import, that they express purpose, connects the island with the mainshall seem as the service of many years. - Reply not land. The whole space is surrounded by double to me now, but go, and peace be with you."
walls of great strength and thickness; and the access He retired so quickly, after speaking, that Peveril to the interior, at ihe time which we treat of, was had literally not an instant to reply. He cast his only by two flights of steep and narrow steps, divideyes around the apartment, but Deborah and her ed from each other by a strong tower and guardcharge had also disappeared. His gaze rested for a house; under the former of which there is an enmoment on the portrait of Christian, and his ima- trance-arch. The open space within the walls gination suggested, that his dark features were illu- extends to two acres, and contains many objects minated by a smile of haughty triumph. He started, worthy of antiquarian curiosity. There were, besides and looked more attentively-it was but the effect of the castle itself, two cathedral churches, dedicated, the evening beam, which touched the picture at the the earlier to Saint Patrick, the latter to Saint Ger. instant. The effect was gone, and there remained main; besides two smaller churches; all of which but the fixed, grave, inflexible features of the repub- had become, even in that day, more or less ruinous. lican soldier
Their decayed walls, exhibiting the rude and massive Julian left the apartment as one who walks in a architecture of the most remote period, were comdream; he mounted Fairy, and, agitated by a variety posed of a ragged gray stone, which formed a singuof thoughts, which he was unable to reduce to order, lar contrast wit the bright red freestone of which he returned to Castle Rushin before the night sat the window-cases, corner-stones, arches, and other down.
ornamental parts of the building, were composed. Here he found all in movement. The Countess, Besides these four ruinous churches, the space with her son, had, upon some news received, or of ground enclosed by the massive exterior walls resolution formed, during his absence, removed, with of Holm-Peel exhibited many other vestiges of the a principal part of their family, to the yet stronger olden time. There was a square mound of earth, Castle of Holm-Peel, about eight miles distance facing, with its angles to the points of the compass, across the island; and which had been suffered to one of those motes, as they were called, on which, fall into a much more dilapidated condition than in ancient times, the northern tribes elected or that of Castletown, so far as it could be considered recognised their chiefs, and held their solemn poas a place of residence. But as a fortress, Holm- pular assemblies, or comitia. There was also one oi Peel was stronger than Castletown; nay, unless those singular towers, so common in Ireland as to assailed regularly, was almost impregnable; and was have proved the favourite theme of her antiquaries. always held by a garrison belonging to the Lords of but of which the real use and meaning seem yet Man. Here Peveril arrived at nightfall. He was to be hidden in the mist of ages. This of Holintold in the fishing village, that the night-bell of the Peel had been converted to the purpose of a watchCastle had been rung earlier than usual, and the tower. There were, besides, Runic monuments, of watch set with circumstances of unusual and jealous which the legends could not be deciphered ; and precaution.
later inscriptions to the memory of champions, of Resolving, therefore, not to disturb the garrison by whom the names only were preserved from oblivion. entering at that late hour, he obtained an indifferent But tradition and superstitious eld, still most busy lodging in the town for the night, and determined to where real history is silent, had filled up the long go to the Castle early on the succeeding morning. blank of accurate information with tales of SeaHe was not sorry thus to gain a few hours of soli- kings and Pirates, Hebridean Chiefs and Norwetude, to think over the agitating events of the pre- gian Resolutes, who had formerly warred against, ceding day,
and in defence of, this famous castle. Superstition, too, had her tales of goblins, ghosts, and spectres-her legends of saii ts and demons, of fairies and of
familiar spirits, wi.ich in no corner of the British CHAPTER XV.
empire are told and received with more absolute cre-What seem'd its head,
dulity than in the Isle of Man. The likeness of a kingly crown had on.
Amidst all these ruins of an older time arose the Paradise Lost.
Castle itself, --now ruinous-but in Charles II.'s Sopor, or Holm-Peel, so is named the castle to reign well garrisoned, and, in a military point of which our Julian directed his course early on the view, kept in complete order. It was a venerable and very ancient building, containing several apart- Julian answered by inquiring the meaning of this ments of sufficient size and height to be termed sudden movement. noble. But in the surrender of the island by Chris- "Upon my word,” replied the Earl, "you know tian, the furniture had been, in a great measure, nearly as much of it as I do. My mother has told plundered or destroyed by the republican soldiers; me nothing about it; supposing, I believe, that I so that, as we have before hinted, its present state shall at length be tempted to inquire ; but she will was ill' adapted for the residence of the noble pro- find herself much mistaken. I shall give her credit prietor. Yet it had been often the abode, not only for full wisdom in her proceedings, rather than pul of the Lords of Man, but of those state prisoners her to the trouble to render a reason, though no whom the Kings of Britain sometimes committed to woman can render one beiter." their charge.
• The author has never seen this ancient fortress, which has in its mer to mount, before you come at the second wall, which, as well circut so much that is fascinating to the antiquary. Waldron has as the other, is full of port holes for cannon, which are plante in given the following description, which is perhaps somewhat exag. stone crosses on a third wall. Being entered, you find yourseilin gerated :
a wide plain, in the midst of which stands the castle, encom. ** Peel, or Pile-Town, is so called from its garrison and castle : passed by four churches, three of which time has so much decayed, though in effect the castle cannot properly be said to be in the that there is little remaining, besides the walls, and some few town, an arm of the sea running between them, which in high tombs, which seem to have been erected with so much care, as tides would be deep enough to bear a ship of forty or fitty tons, to perputrate the memory of those buried in them till the final dis. though sometimes quite drained of salt water, but then it is sup- solution of all things. The fourth is kept a little better in repair ; plied with fresh by a river which runs from Kirk Jarmyn Moun- but not so much for its own sake, though it has been the most tains, and empties itself into the sea. This castle, for its situa magnificent of them all, as for a chapel within it; which is aption, antiquity, strength, and beauty, might justly come in for one propriated to the use of the bishop, and has under it a prison, or of the wonders of the world. Art and nature seem to have vied rather a dungeon, for those offenders who are so miserable as to with each other in the model, nor ought the most minute particu- incur the spiritual censure. This is certainly one of the most dread. lar to escape observation. As to its situation, it is built upon the ful places ihat imagination can form. The sea runs under it through top of a huge rock, which rears itself a stupendous height above the hollows of the rock with such a continual roar, that you would the sea, with which, as I said before, it is surrounded. And also think it were every moment breaking in upon you, and over it are by natural fortifications of other lesser rocks, which render it in the vaults for burying the dead. The stairs descending to this place accessible but by passing that little arm of the sea which divides of terrors are not above thirty, but so steep and narrow, that they it from the town; this you may do in a small boat; and the na- are very difficult to go down, a child of eight or nine years old not tives, tricking up their clothes under their arms, and plucking off being able to pass them but sideways. Within it are thirteen piltheir shoes and stockings, frequently wade it in low tides. When lars, on which the whole chapel is supported. They have a su. you arrive at the foot of the rock, you ascend about some three-perstition, that whatsoever stranger goes to see this cavern out of score steps, which are cut out of it to the first wall, which is im- curiosity, and omits to count the pillars, shall do something to mensely thick and high, and built of a very durable and bright occasion being confined there. There are places for penance also stone, though not of the same sort with that of Castle Russin in under all the other churches, containing several very dark and hor. Castle Town ; and has on it four little houses, or watch-towers, rid cells ; some have nothing in them either to sit or lie down on, wbich overlook the sea. The gates are wood, but most curiously others a small piece of brick work; some are lower and more arched, carved, and adorned with pilasters. Having passed the dark than others, but all of them, in my opinion, dreadful enough first, you have other stairs of near half the number with the for. I for almost any crime humanity is capable of being guilty of
Vol. IV, Z
"Come, come; this is affectation my good friend," In this Castle of Holm-Peel the great king-maker, said Julian. “You should inquire into these matRichard, Earl of Warwick, was confined, during ters a little more curiously." one period of his eventful life, to ruminate at leisure “To what purpose ?" said the Earl. "To hear on his farther schemes of ambition. And here, too, old stories about the Tinwald laws, and the conEleanor, the haughty wife of the good Duke of tending rights of the lords and the clergy, and all Gloucester, pined out in seclusion the last days of the rest of that Celtic barbarism, which, like Burher banishment. The sentinels pretended that her gesse's thorough-paced doctrine, enters at one ear, discontented spectre was often visible at night, paces through, and goes out at the other ?" traversing the battlements of the external walls, "Come, my lord," said Julian, "you are not so or standing motionless beside a particular solitary indifferent as you would represent yourself-you turret of one of the watch-towers with which they are dying of curiosity to know what this hurry is are flanked; but dissolving into air at cock.crow, about; only you think it the courtly, humour to or when the bell tolled from the yet remaining tower appear careless about your own affairs. of Saint Germain's church.
Why, what should it be about," said the young Such was Holm-Peel, as records inform us, till Earl, "unless some factious dispute between our towards the end of the seventeenth century. Majesty's minister, Governor Nowel, and our vas.
It was in one of the lofty but almost unfurnished sals? or perhaps some dispute betwixt our Majesty apartments of this ancient Castle that Julian Peve- and the ecclesiastical jurisdictions ? for all which, ril found his friend the Earl of Derby, who had our Majesty cares as líttle as any king in Christenthat moment sat down to a breakfast composed of dom.” various sorts of fish. “Welcome, most imperial "I had rather suppose there is intelligence from Julian," he said; "welcome to our royal fortress ; England," said Julian. "I heard last night in Peelin which, as yet, we are not like to be starved with town, that Greenhalgh is come over with unpleasant hunger, though well-nigh dead for cold."
news. though 'tis supposed they were built with different degrees of they agreed among themselves, that whoever was to succeed the borror, that the punishment might be proportionate to the faults ensuing night, his fellow in this errand should accompany bim of those wretches who were to be contined in them. These have that went first, and by this means, no man would be exposed never been made use of since the times of popery; but that under singly to the danger; for I forgot to mention that the Mautbe the bishop's chapel is the common and only prison for all offences Doog was always seen to come out from that passage at the close in the spiritual court, and to that the delinquents are sentenced. of day, and return to it again as soon as the morning dawned, But the soldiers of the garrison permit them to suffer their con. which made them look on this place as its peculiar residence. One finement in the castle, it being morally impossible for the strongest night a fellow being drunk, and by the strength of his liquor renconstitution to sustain the dumps and noisomeness of the cavern dered more daring than ordinary, laughed at the simplicity of his even for a few hours, much less for months and years, as is the companions, and though it was not his turn to go with the keys, punishment sometimes allotted. But I shall speak hereafter more would needs take that office upon him, to testify his courage. fully of the severity of the ecclesiastical jurisdiction. 'Tis cer- All the soldiers endeavoured to dissuade him, but the more they tain that there have been very great architects in this island ; for said, the more resolute he seemned, and swore that be desired no the noble monuments in this church, which is kept in repar, and thing more than that Mauthe Doog would follow him, as it had indeed the ruins of the others also, show the builders to be mas- done the others, for he would try if it were dog or devil. After ters of all the orders in that art, though the great number of Doric having talked in a very reprobate manner for some time, he pillars prove them to be chiefly admirers of that. Nor are the epi snatched up the keys, and went out of the guard-room ; in some taphs and inscriptions on the tombstones less worthy of remark; time after his departure a great noise was beard, but nobıly had the various languages in which they are engraved, testify by what the boldness to see what occasioned it, till the adventurer retum. a diversity of natious this little spot of earth has been possessed. ing, they demanded the knowledge of him ; but as loud and noisy Though time has defaced too many of the letters to render the re- as he had been at leaving ther, he was now become sober and mainder intelligible, yet you may easily , erceive fragments of the silent enough, for he was never heard to speak more; and though Hebrew, Greek, Latin, Arabian, Saxon, Scotch, and Irish charac all the time he lived, which was three days, he was entreated by ters; some dates yet visibly declare the were written before the all who came near him, çither to speak, or, if he could not do coming of Christ; and, indeed, if one considers the walls, the that, to make some signs, by which they might understand what thickness of them, and the durableness if the stone of which they had happened to him, yet nothing intelligible could be got from are composed, one must be sensible that a great number of cen- him, only, that by the distortion of his limbs and features, it might turies must pass before such strong workmanship could be redu- be guessed that he died in agonies more than is common in a na. ced to the condition it now is. 'These churches, therefore, were tural death. The Mauthe Doog was, however, never seen after doubtless once the temples of Pagan deities, though since conse- in the castle, nor would any one attempt to go through that pascrated to the worship of the true divinity; and what confirms me sage, for which reason it was closed up, and another way made. more strongly in this conjecture, is, that there is still a part of one This accident happened about threescore years since, and I heard remaining, where stands a large stone directly in form and man- it attested by several, but especially by an old soldier, who assured ner like the Triposes, which in those days of ignorance, the priests me he had seen it oftener than he had then hairs on his bead. stood unon, to deliver their fabulous oracles. Through one of Having taken notice of every thing remarkable in the churches, these old churches, there was formerly a passage 10 the apart. I believe my reader will be impatient to come to the castle itsell, ment belonging to the captain of the guard, but is now closed up. which, in spite of the magniticence the pride of modern ages has The reason they give you for it, is a pretty odd one; but as I think adomed the palaces of princes with exceeds not only every thing it not sufficient satisfaction to my curious reader, to acquaint him I have seen, but also read of, in nobleness of structure. Thoush with what sort of buildings this island affords, without letting him now no more than a gurrison for soldiers. you cannot enter it with know also what traditions are concerning them. I shall have little out being struck with a veneration, which the most beautiful bu! regard to the censure of those crities, who find fault with every inge of later years cannot inspire you with; the largeness and thing out of the common road; and in this, as well as in all other loitiness of the rooms, the vast echo resounding through thern, places where it falls in my way; hake it my endeavour to the inany winding galleries, the prospect of the gea, and the ships, loud him into the humours and very souls of the Manx people. which, by reason of the height of the place, reem but like buoys They say, that an apparition, called in their language the Mauthe floating on the waves, make you fancy yourself in a superior orb to Door, in the shape of a large black spaniel with curled sugar what the rest of mankind inhabit, and fill you with contemplations hair, was used to haunt Peel Castle, and has been frequently seen the most retined and pure that the soul is capable of conceiving. in every room, but particularly in the guard chainber, where, as -WALDRON'S Description of the Isle of Man, folio, 1731, p. 103. soon as candles were lighted, it came and lay down before the In this description, the account of the inscriptions in so many fire, in presence of all the soldiers, who at length, by being so Oriental languager, and bearing date before the Christian era, is much accustomed to the sight of it, lost great part of the terrrr certainly as much exaggerated as the story of the Mauihe Door they were seized with at its first appearance. They still, how itself. It would be very desirable to find out the meaning of the ever, retained a certain awe, as believing it was an evil spirit word Mauthe in the Nanx language, which is a dialect of the which only waited permission to do them hurt, and for that reaGaelic. I observe, that maithe in Gaclic, amongst other signifison forbore swearing and all profane discourer while in its com. cations, has that of active or speedy; and also, that a dog of pany. But though they endured the shock of such a guest when Richard II., mentioned by Froissart, and supposed to intimate the altogether in a body, none cared to be left alone with it; it being, fall of his master's authority, by leaving him and fawning on Bothe custom, therefore, for one of the soldiers to lock the gates of lingbroke, was temmed Mauihe; but neither of these particulars the castle at a certain hour, and carry the keys to the captain, to tends to explain the very impressive story of the fiendish hound whose apartment, as I said before, the way led through a church of Peel Casile.