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ous nourishment than vegetables do, and Mr. URBAN, that, therefore, they for a time impove.
HE few following corre&tions, &c. rish both earth and herbage wherever of “ Bibliotheca Topographica Brio they exist; which hypothefis accounts tannica, No. XXVIII. containing fome for the destruction of the grass in the cir. Account of the Suffragan Bishops in Enge cles, and J. G's conclufion stands corro- land,” having been found in the copy of borated. The fungi are preyed upon in the author of the notes signed L, are their turn by grubs and other inserts (as now, in justice to him, transmitted to is well known to the makers of ketch- you for insertion in your valuable Repoup), which accounts for grubs. &c. be- fitory : ing found beneath the Turface of the
P. 11, notes, 1. 10, read “ Parker's," rings ; a circumstance which has given
1. 11, erase " enough." rise to another error respecting the ori
13,-1. 4, read “ VIII." gio of the circles, insects having been
-l. 3, read “p. 71." taken for a cause inliead of a con. 16, l. 76 Sec Leland's " Col. fequence. It furprizes me much, that le&tanea," VI. 25. so ininutely (notwithstanding his confi In your volume for 1785, p. 373, aderation of brevity) as J. G, has descante mong your corrections of this tract, col. ed on ihe varied appearances of the rings, 1,1.38, erase "for (hall." that he never has even once named fungi; In p. 927 of the fame volume, an in. for, though fungi are not at all times vi- timation is given of an Appendix of the fible on them (this serves for an answer corre&tions, there inserted, of " No. to M. C. vol. LX. p. 1991), yet one or XXXI. containing a short genealogical more full crop, arile invariably in Au. View of the Family of Oliver Cromtumn*, and a few at intermediate periods. well," as intended by the indefatigable 1 regret tha: I have not an opportunity Editor. This intention does not appear of examining Mr. Bolton's treatise on to have been hitherto fulfilled. fungi, as I suspect fomething illuftrative of the origin of Fairy-rings may be ,
Dec. 8. found in it,
ROM what you say, p. 998, of St. I have not the self-sufficiency, Mr. Lo Kniveton's collections being Urban, to attempt imposing my hipa- lodged in the Lansdowne library, may thesis, concerning the origin of Fairy. we infer that the whole of the Yel. rings, on your readers for a confirmed, verton MSS, of which they made a incontrovertible One: I am ready to re part, retreated thither from the sale atlinquish it with pleature whenever aro tempted to be made of them at Squibb's ther, eflailijbed by time and repealed obe auction-room in May, 1784, when only Jervations, may be advanced. I have the four firat lots were sold, and the rea only remitied it for the purpose or turn- maining 1&2 withdrawn because sool. ing the attention of the intelligent J. G. was not offered for them in the lump? towards Fungi, and to affiit the gentle The Cbartulary of William Briewer man who, in one of your latt numbers, would be a great curiosity, and perhaps has with so much god-will capreiled the only instance of a collection of deeds his readiness to follow up any hints that and charters belonging to an individual might be given him for promoting the of so early a dare. defired discovery; an offer too accopie I rejoice to hear Mr. Cnates's inter. able to pass neglected.
tion of giving us a History of READING; A SOUTHERN FAUNIST. and will give him the little assistance in P.S. The correspondent who sent the my power, with hearty good wishes for account of the lacertus vulgaris (vol. his fuccefs. In the mean time, I reLXI. p. 816), has my thanks boih for commend to him an enquiry after the the attention he has honoured my hint papers of an aiderman of that town, with, and for the communication con. who collected with the same view, cerning the above reptile; which com which were supposed by Mr. Spicer, a munication supplies Mr. Pennant's defie native, and maler of the school, to be ciency on that head, and removes an in- in the hands of his executor. See Mr. convenient prejudice.
Spicer's Letier to Mr. Morcs, 1759, in In the long and rich meadow at Iing. Bibl. Top. Brit. No. XVI. pp. 92, 93. ton, which leads to Canonbury, we recollect Mr. S. was rector of Tidmarih and Pula seeing, thirty or forty years ago, immense ham, both in Berk faire; and died Nov. quantities of these rings, and fungi in all of 27, 1784. See Gent. Mag. vol. LV. them. Q. Do they still exist there? EDIT. PP. 23, 76, 191.
religious virgin focieties, viz. the monasteI
HAVE sont you a drawing of the ries of Trentham, in Staffordshire, Weedon,
very curious thrine of Sr. Werburgh, in Northamptonthire, and Hanbury, in Seata Saxon faint and p:incess, which is
fordihire, in the last of which her remains, very well preserved, and makes the according to Higlen, were deported. But episcopal throne in the cathedral church
in the year 875. ai nost au huuared years afof Chester (see plate II.). The other
ter her death, her body, wluch had remainparts of the throne, such as the canopy, Ciester, as a place of falety from the havocks
ed incorrupt all that time, was removed to &c. are of wood, and very ill suited to
and barbarities of the Danes.” the elegance of this structure. I have, therefore, 'not troubled your engraver Mr.Pennanrthus describes bis frine : with copying a piece of workmanship lo
" The bishop's throne stands on a stune uncouth and herry. An ornamental
bafe, as ronarkible for its sculpture as its Canopy, c.mposed of Go:he arches, originalue. lis fuim is an obling lama, and admirably adapred 10 the architec
and each side moit richly ornamented with, ture of the thrive, has been designed by Gothic carving, arches, and pinnacles. Aan ingenious artist of this place; and it round the upper part is a range of licle wouid give great pleasure to every lover images, designed to represent the kings and of ecclefiafiical improve!
einents to lee it faints of the Mercian kingdom; each held Exccuicd. As fome of your readers in one hand a scroll with the pane inter bella may be unacquainted with the h:fiorical Fanatic ignorance mutilated many of the la. account of Ibis aptient struclure, I take bels as well as figures; but the last were rethe liberty of fubjoining an extract from
1tored about the year 1743. But the werke a pamphier that was publithed at Chef.
man, by an unlucky mittake, lias placed feter in the year 1749:
male heads on mulle shoulders, and given
manly hixdies to the faces of the female sex. “ The episcopal throne in the cathedral At first there were thirty four figures ; four church of Cheiter, allowed to be the thrine are loft; the remainder are faithfully deof St. Verburgla, to whom the abbey was scribed, and the hillory of each nienaruh and dedicated, is a stone structure in the antique faint accurately given, in a little pamphlet, monunientallyle, of an oblong, quadrangule pubill in the year 1740 by the worthy kır form, cight feet and wine inches ini leight; Dr. bilim Cowper", "no dedicated the in length, from East to Welt, leven feet and profits for the ole of the Bluecritt-hospital in fix iuches; in breadth, from North to South, this city. ( bez leite fu dillent from the notour feet and eignit incl.es, ornamented with tion of this having been the thrine of St. 11x Gothic arches, two towards the North Werburg', as it is popularly called. It cerfront, two towards the South, one at the tainly was nothing more than the pedestal on Et end, and the other at the West; above wlsich the real thrie, or, as the French cald each of there is an arch, representing a win- , lu (6:21), ttcox!, which contained the fadow, in the same style of architecture. creil reliques. Thiele are m. ide of gold, fil
“ This fabrick is decorated with variety of ver, vei meil, i. e. ftver gril, or jo ne precicarving, and embellished with a number of ous materials, and often enriched with gems images, about fourteen inches in height, in of great value. They are of diferent forms, ditterent habits, beantified with painting and such as chalices, cabinets, &c. ; and, should gilding. Each of their held in one hand a the relique be a head or lirub, the ebatle is Scroll or Jahel, tipon which were inscribed, made conformable to the thape of the part. in Latin, but in the Ow analith character, There are seated within the thrine on an elea the names of kings and lain:srät the royal line vared place, and are always 'moveable, ina of Mercia. Many of the labe's are broken order that they may be carned in procenti:2 oif, others are so much defaced that only a either in lionour of the faint, or to divert syllable or two can be read.
foie great calamity. Thus, in uso, the * The personages intended to he repre Shrine of $:. Werburgh was brought out to sented by these states were either the ancel ftop the rage of the fire in the city, which tois or ntar relations of St. Werburgha. She was for a long tinie invincible by every other very early fornied a resolution to dedicate meins; but the approach of the holy reherself to Goud in a state of religion and vir mains instantly proved their sanctity, by putginity, and afterwards superintended several ting an end to its furious davaltation t."
* Dr. C. by this eñay in Antiquarianisny, which he is said to have stolen from the MS Collections of Mr. fiones, a minor canon of this church, is reported to have raised a great outcry agamit limself. When he presented bis pamphlet to the Society of Antiquaries, they detired a drawing of the forme, which he sent immediately; but it does not appear at present among their Collections. Brit. Top. 1. 253. + Pennant's Walcs, 1. 180. GOAT. MAG. December, 1791.
And Mr. Gough, in the new edition timents, on a variety of occafions, I of Camden *, adds,
think it necessary now to declare, that I “ The shrine, as it is callerl, or rather the obliged to support the truth of his criti
shall not hold myself in any manner outer care of the florine, of St. Werburgh, cilin's or opinions upon any fubje£t whatwhich supports the bishop's throne, is charg
ever : for, though they appear to me to ed with figures, which formerly bore scrolls of their names
, representing the Mercian be well-founded on many occafions, they kings and saints, in the whole thirty-four." are certainly questionable and erroneous
in others. Cooke, many years before his We do not ind, from any of the old
death, published Proposals for perfecting wrjiers, about what time her shrine was
The English Languoge, and his orthogra. erected t. The monaftery had experienced the liberality of the royal Edgar, phy was of a peculiar fort! whenever I of Leofric, Earl of Mercia, and of quote him, I fall give such quotations
in his own manner. Hugh Lupus, the firft Norman Earl of
Though Cooke never gave me any in. Chester.
formation of his family, I have heard
from others, that he was born at Brain, Mr. U'R D'AN, Botleys, Dec. 2.
Tree, in Epix, ard was the son of an inn. I believe, to anecdotes of bjerary ascertain the time of his birth, till I met
' and other memorable characters, I am
with the following account in the second induced to send you some of Mr. Tho.
volume of his Common-Place Book. He mas Cooke, the poet, better known by the there faus, p. 167: naine of Hihod Cophe. His long refideace at South Lambe'b, a village beo
“ Whilft I was translating Cicero's twixt Vauxball turnpike and Stockweil, book, De Natura Deorum, which I com. gave me frequent opportunities of know. pleated in the years 1736 and 1737, I read ing his charafler, as I lived from a lile thro' a book, entitled, Reflections upon boy at Vauxkall, with a maternal uncle ancient and nodern Learning, by William of mine, Joseph Pralt, Eq. Thar un Worlon, B.D. Chaplain to the Earl of cle helo ged to a club with Cooke, (orio Notting bam.” ginally held weekly, at the Spring Gar. In his remarks and criticisms on that dens, afterwards at the Vine and Royal book, he takes notice of Dr. Wo:ton's Ouk inns, which was usually compofed, preface, in which the latter lavs, “ As amongst others, of leveral literary cha• soon as I had drawn up a rude scheme of Jaeters,) and, keeping a plentiful table, the work, I intended to bave given ic Cooke and his friends were frequently at over, if the importunate solicitations of it. When that uncle died, I succeeded
my friend, Anthony Hammond, Esq. had to his place in the club; and Cooke after not at last prevailed upon ine to try what wards held a place at my table, whenever I could say upon it, &c.” his leisure or inclination led him to it. Cooke, on the mention of Hammond's
Bi fides a finished tragedy, never acted, name, fays: " I was many years intimate nor printed, called Germanicus, I have in with Mr. Hammond, He was a wellmy pofleffion three volumes in folio of bred man, had but a small portion of sohis,'in manuscript, which he called lid understanding, and was a great flat. Common Place Books, in which it was his
He was a pleasant story-teller, custom to infert extracts from, and ob. and seldom sad. He couried men of leiservations on, many of the authors he ters and genius, and was fond of being Tead, from the year 1731, 10 Odober, taken notice of by them in their writings. 1756, inclusive, a short time before he He would ask them to mention him in died.--I mention these circumítances to their works; he asked it of me. He thew, I must know much of the man at dyed in the year 1738, near 70 years of Jeaft; and I subscribe my name to the age. My acquaintance with him began account, only because I am persuaded no in 1722, when I was in 't be zeth year of anonymous publication could pollibly ob.
my age. He had seprefented the couny tain credit.
of Huntingdon, and the university of As I thall give some extracts from his Cambridge, in Parliament.” Common-Place Books, and his other From the above account it appears, Works, for the better manifeftation of that Cooke must have been burn in the his character and conduct, as well as fen. year 1702, or 1703. Vol. II, p. 432.
+ Probably about the close of the 15t), or heginning of ths 16th century, when the greatest part of the prefent church was erected. Evit.
I have heard him frequently declare, At an early age, notwithstanding Lord he was educated at Felhed school. How Pembroke's friend thip, he must have been long he staid there is not known ; but he thrown upon the town for a livelihood. was distinguished for his diligent applica. He was all his life long a Itrenuous ala tion to the business of the school, and for fertor of Revolution principles and his great acquirements in the learned lan- therefore he foon got connect with guages. In one of the fire or fix odes Tickell, Pbilips, Wellid, Steele, Dennis, of his writing, published singly by Dodi and others, whole political opinions ley, a few years before his death, (which gureed with his own. He wrote in some I should have somewhere among my pa- Weekly Journals of the time, and was pers,) I perfearly well remember he says : confidered as a man of great learning “ Felfed! pride of Ellex swains,
and good abilities. Without fortune, and And the nurse of gen'rous youth;
without any certain income, he married, Where my wild, uintutor'd strains
about that time, Mrs. Anne Eeckingham, Firft engag'd the virgin's truth,” &c.
a relation of Stephen Beckingbam, Esq. of
Bourn, near Canterbury, in Keni. Her He left Felfied without going to any brother, Mr. John Beckingbam, was himn university, and, I have heard, was for self an author. He must have met with some time doinesticated in the family of early disappointment, as apptars by the the Earl of Pembroke, a nobleman who following Odle, taken from his rolume of had filled many high employments in the printed poems, written in 1725 : ftate, as Lord Privy Seal, Lord High Admira!, &c, and who was distinguished “To Mr. John MOTTLEY, in the Country. by his love and knowledge of letters, and “ STRONGLY, dear friend, paint in thy for his patronage of learned men. To
mind him LOCKE dedicated his Essay on the A wretch, the remnant of a wreck, Human Understanding ; and with him, In fight of land, yet, face unkind ! when Privy Seal, he held regular weekly By cruel waves ftill driven back. conferences. Cooke must have been re
“So, in his schemes, the Po t cross'd, commended to Lord Pembroke on account When Chance, or Envy, blasts the bays, of his abilities, and he probably was use. He, to his casteless Patron loss's, ful to him in the arrangement of his no Despairs of profit, or of praise. ble collection of books, &c. How long he lived with that noble Lord is not cer
“ What mighty plans thy friend has lay'd,
What golden Indias bad in view, tain, nor when he came first to London;
Thou know it, and how his toils are pay'd; though he himself says, in the fecond vo
Yet till he dares his flight renew. lume of his Common-Place Bouk, p. 203, “ Dogget was dead before I came to Lone
“ While thus the Mure is held in scorn, don : he was famous in the charaEter of
No suns of joy to me are known ; Ben, in Love for Love; in Hob, in The But few observe the Bard forlorn ;
My griefs 1 only make my own. Country Wake (which farce was of his own writing), and in various other cha “ Does Heav'n no joyous minutes send? racters."
No balm to all iby sorrows give?
Yes! I have hours of bliss, my friend, From the Earl of Pembroke, who died
In which I more than stem to live. in 1733, he received many acts of friend.
“ The hours to friendlip set apart, Thip, to the end of that nobleman's life, who probably luggeted to him a tranlla. Relieve the burthen of my heart ;
In which the wretch his comfort finds, tion of Hofod; his Lord hip hinself al
True source of joy to noble minds ! fisting with some notes for that work. Cooke, in print and in private, always
“ But, like th' ecstatic dreams of love, spoke highly of him; and in his Remarks
Tou swift those happy moments flow; on Locke's EfTay on the Human Under
Then, in my round, again I rove
Thro' a long interval of woe. standing, (speaking of his dedication to that Lord, and the praises bestowed on
“ While thus I grapple with my fate, him in it,) he says, in his Common-Place
Thesetender thoughts of Friendlip please; Book, vol. I. p. 238, “ I have no rea
Methinks I view thee in a state fon to doubt Mr. Locke's veracity, be
Wliere nothing interrupes thine case. cause I have seen many of Lord Pem. “ Or wand'ring in the woodland glade, broke's papers, which thew his depth of
Or by the painted meadow's stream, thought, his great learning, and exact. Or lay'd beneath the cooling shade, nefs. A fincerer, nor more earnest pa.
You make the tender Nymph your theme, uon, certaioly never was."
“ Indulge, my friend, thy malest vein, of Tberfiles in Homer, by Thomas Cooke, While all the joys of M.y inspire;
&c." Prospects, gay smiling, aid the strain,
After the publication of the Dunciad: Scenes all-propitious to the lyre !
“ Mill's Weekly Journal, June 8, 1728, “ Enjov, my friend ! thy happy lot,
A long lerrer. figned W.A. writ by some The Monarch of a peaceful mind;
or other of the club of Theobald, Dennis, And I am bleis'd, my cares forgot,
Moore, Concanen, Cocke, who for some While thou art true, and Nanny kind."
time held weekly meetings for chele The Ipirit of party ran high in the
kind of performances." time of George the Firft; and, as Cooke was condered as an excellent Greek
It is of little importance whether
Cooki's father was an inn-keeper or ale. Icholar, perhaps party first indured him
house-keeper at Braintree; but the proto enier the lills against Pope. However this be, in 1725 hc published The Battle
priety of Pope's introducing the religious of the Poeis, a poem in which Pope,
opinions of the father, with the manifest Sevift, and some others, were treated
view of reficering on the son, will not be
admitted by all Pope's admirers; many with much freedom ; and he translated and published the episode of 'Therftes,
of whom, I am persuaded, agree with from the second book of Homer'; iliad,
your correspondent, Mr. Wefon, in to ihiw how much Pope had miitaken the
thinking he purfued some of his pretical author in his translation of the Grerk.
opponents with a malignant asperity, unFor this attack P'ope bas consigned Cooke, becoming himself as a man, and unwarto“ everlasting fame.'' in his Dunciad,
santed by any provocation they gave him.
He seems himself ashamed of having reand in his Epistle to Dr. Arbutbrot. In
Aucted on Cooke's birth and family, by the former he puts inio the mouth of Dulness, in a speech in Curl,
omitting, in subsequent editions of his
works, the former part of his original “ Be thine, my stationer ! this magic gift, Cooke shall be Prior, and Concaner. Sw.fe."
note so the Dunciod, and all that relates
to the farce of Penélope. He also has And in the latter, after the mention of dropped the word " zurit," as applied to fome confiderable names, his triends, he
· some malevolent things in the Britifs, fa's,
London, and Daily Journals," and the « From these the world shall judge of men word "publijhed" is used inflead thereof, and hooks;
wish this addition, that he, meaning Not from the Burmets, Olimixons, and Gockes."
Cooke, “wrore letters at the same time In a note to an edition I have of the 10 Mr. Pope, prorelling his innocence. Dunciad, published by Pope in 1729, he His chief work was a translation of Hen says:
pod, to which Ibrobald wrote notes, and " The man here specified was the son halt notes, which he carefully owned.” of a lavgletorian, who kept a public. Such as knew Cooke, and his boid and house a Brointer, in Epex. He writ a daring temper, will not fufpect him of thing call. d The Battle of Poets, of which baring written “letters (to Pose), proPhilips and I"!!!were the heroes, and resing his innocence, if he it allv hrad wherein our au bor was actacked in his been the author of the malevolent ibiing's moral character, in relarion to his Homer in such Journals. He might, perhaps, and Shakespear lle aerii, morcorir, a having disavowed to Pope anv intention tarce of Penelope, in the preface of which quirting at him in bis Preface 10 also he was quinted at; and some'mole. Penel pe" (which I have never feen), or volent things in the britju, London, and of writing tillexions to his difcdvan!?ge Daily journals. His chrif work was a in the Journals mentioned, which miglit traflution of Hefiod, in which Thootolt hare been under the direction of others; Wrir notes, and half-nors,"
but I cannot believe he was mean enough In the appendix to the Danciad of the to tell a lie on the occalion; and I am Datier erhions, containing a list of the warranted in this opinion, not only from
various publications, before the Dunciou my perional knowicoge of iht man, but i was written, in which Pope was abuleni, from his harirg publithed The Bartie of the following account is given of Cooke: the Poets, o iginally, with his name to
" The Balile of Paers, an heroic posm, it, and having allo let his name to the by Thomas Cooke; printed fury. Roberis, trai fasion of the episode of Thermtes fólio, 1725."
from Homer, which he never would Daily journal, A";16,(17:6,) Let- have done if he had not been regardleis ter about be translation of the caractur of Pope's enmity.