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that he would never forget, that the Most that order and tranquillity would immediate. Christian Kings had always favoured the ly be renewed in France, and that the anCity in prosperity, and protected it in adver- tient attachment of the French to their King fity ; the more value the present circumstan- would be displayed more than ever, for the ces gave to this motive of consolation, the happiness of his Majefty, and that of the Na. deeper was the senfe of the obligation ; and tion. they put up prayers to Heaven, long to preserve Elector of Treves. The answer is, That his Majesty, the father of his people, the the Elector has received the letter by which wisest of Kings, the ornament of the age, the the King has notified his acceptance of the example of future generations, and to render Constitution ; and that he will always take him happy in the happiness and glory of his the most lively and woit sincere interest in nation.
whatever may happen to his Majesty, and The Elector of Mayence returned an an. his Royal Family: and, for the rest, he finds Swer, which his Majesty (understanding it himself, from the present Gruation of his to contain a repetition of lsis protestations Majesty, reduced to the necesity of filence. made in the beginning of the year) returned Elector of Saxe. --The answer is: “ Aco unopened.
cept my thanks for the letter by which you The Minister then stated the measures taken have communicated to me your determinaby the King wih respect to the countenance tion to accept the Constitution presented YOR given to the Emigrants by Foreign Powere. by the Nation. The ties of blood which The Austrian Netherlands first attracted his unite us, as well as my sentiments for your attention ; and, on application to the Empe. Majesty, afford you sufficient fecurity for the ror, the most peremptory orders had been part which I take in whatever respects you, given, to prevent them from collecting in and the wishes which I form on every occatoo great numhers in any one place, from fion for your constant felicity, and that of appearing in military array, or heing supplied your kingdom.” with any of the implements of war.
Deux Ponts.-It arrived this morning. Geneva.-Tlie Republick of Geneva tefti. The answer is : “ I have received as a mark fied, in its answer to the King, the most live of confidence, and as a new mark of the difly interest in the event which his Majesty an tinguished benevolence with which your nounced to them; protesting, that it should Majesty honours me, the letter by which you always rank among its own advantages, communicate to me the steps you have taken. whatever could procure to the King the Deign, Sire, to accept the fincere withes greatest pleasure, and to the French nation which I form for your prosperity, and that the greatest prosperity.
of your Royal Household; and be allured, It may here he proper to remark, that we that nothing will ever alter the sentiments of hare to commend the zeal of this Republick the most profound respect and attachment, in the course of the Revolution, in fulfilling &c." all the offices of good neighbuurhood, and on Duke of Brunswick.His answer is : every occasion on which it could render us “ Sire, I have received the letter which your any species of service.
Majesty did me the honour to write me, Grisons, Valais.- It is usual, that the Re- dated 19th September last, by which you in publick of Grisons, and that of Valais, form form me of the acceptance of the Constiru. part of the Helvetic Body on important oc tional Act, presented to you in the name of cafions, and which interest all the Confede. the French nation. I entreat your Majesty ration, before replying to Foreign Powers. to receive my most respectful thanks for
There is no answer, then, from these two having the goodness to communicate to me States.
your determination on this subject; and I Pruffia.--After noticing the reception of eagerly seize this occasion to offer you the the King's letter, the King of Pruflia adds : homage of my wishes for every thing which « The part which I take in every thing that can affect the happiness of your Majesty, interests your Majesty authorises me to ex that of your August Family, and of the whole preis for you the most sincere friendlhip: Nation.". such sentiments afford a complete security of Brutsels.--Their Royal Highnesses the Gothe perfect return which I fall always verror and Governess of the Low Countries make to those of which your Majesty bas declared, that they had a proper sense of been pleased to renew the allurance on this this communication, accompanied with in occafion."
allorance, that all their wishes were for the Denmark.-The letter to the King of general tranquillity, and for the happinels of Denmai k arrived at Copenhagen on the 4th his Majesty. of the month M. de la Houze, having a Spain, — According to a dispatch, addretted paralytic attack, sent it by his Secretary of to the Chargé des Affaires, a copy of which Legation to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, has been transmitted to me, the Count de who was in the country. The Minister pro- Florida Blanca bas had orders to declare to mited to prelent the letter to his Damith Ma- the Sieur d'Urtubize, Chargé des Affaires of jetty, and confined himself simply to answer, France, " That his Catholic Majesty cannut chat he hoped, from our New Constitution, be persuaded that the letters of Qutification
of his Most Christian Majesty have been revolled in the Northern district; more than written with full liberty, physical and moral, two hundred sugar plantations are burnt ; of thinking and acting ; and, till his Ma their matters are mallacred, and, if some of jesty, as he most sincerely desires, can be the women are (pared, their captivity is more perfuaded that the King, his cousin, really shocking than death itsell. The Negroes enjoys such liberty, he will neither return an have already gained the mountains, and fire answer to those letters, nor upon any other and sword ascend with them; an immense occasion when the Royal name of the said number of cuttee-plantations have also fallen Sovereign Thall be employed.
a prey to the flames, and those that yet re“ They endeavoured," adds he, "to insie main are on the point of destruction. From muate foveral times, that the Catholic King every quarter, the women, the children, and wat desirous to convince himself of the li- the aged, who have escaped from the car. berty of the King his cousin, by seeing him page, forsake their retreats, and seek on remove from Paris, and from the persons board the thips clic only afylum to which they suspected of doing him violence. The in, can trust. tention of his Majesty,” pursues M. de Florida “ Too weak to resist this torrent, we have Blanca, “ is, that you explain yourself to the applied for aid to the nearest IDands. if it same purport to M. de Montmorin, in order arrive in time to save us from utter ruin, it to prevent all ambiguity with respect to the cannot bring back the source of our wealth, manner of understanding what shall be re which is dried up for ever. ported by M. d'Urtubize."
“ We will not state to you the cause of N.B. The account given by the Chargé our misfortunes; you yourselves ought to des Affaires corresponds with that which bas know it. All that we can promise on such now been detailed. He adds, that M. de cruel circumstances is, that, if we must perish, Florida Blanca had affured him, that his Ca our last looks fhall he turned to France, ou tholic Majesty was very far from having any last prayers thall be for her." intentionsto disturb the tranquillity of France.
The Prefident was directed to return an The King has taken the measures which answer in the name of the Allembiy. he judged most proper to re eitablish a communication with the King of Spain; hus Ma
EAST INDIA INTELLIGENCE. jesty is personally engaged in the business, Wbireball, December 1. The letters from and waits with confidence the ctteet of the the East Indies, of which the following are means which he has taken.
extracts and copies, were yesterday received The Queen of Portugal adds to her thaoks by the Leopard, one of his Majetty's thips : for the intelligence, her wishes for the prof Extract of a letter from the President and perity of the King, and of the Nation. She Council i Fort St. George, in their Poinvokes in their behalf “the God by whom litical Department, to the Court of DiKings reign, and by whom Leginators cause rectors, dated June 21, 1791. the voice of Justice to be heard in empires.".
" WE avail ourlelves of an opportunity England. -- The answer of the King of that presents itself, viá Bombay, of writing England is of the 6th of October, to the fol to your Honourable Court on the subject of lowing purport : “ We have received the the military operations on this coait, since letter which you addressed to us the 15th the date of our last advices by the Warren September ; and we have there seen, with Hastings. the greatest pleasure, the assurances of the “ Lord Cornwallis, having drawn supplies continuance of your desire to render more and from the magazine on the Western frontier, more unalterable the connexions which exist marched (as we had the honour to inform between us, as well as the justice which you you in our last) from the head of the Vene do to our sentiments, and to the lively interest calagherry Pars on the 22d of April, and which we shall never cease to take in every reached Bangalore oa the 29th of that month; thing that respects you personally, and the from whence his Loudinip wrote to us, that, happiness of your family and your subjects." as his mittle had suffered very considerably
Switzerland - The Chargé des Affaires of during the march by the heavy rains which France in Switzerland went in person to Zu had fallen, it was becellary for us to provide, rich, to deliver to the Directery of the Cao. with all potible expedition, a further supply ton the letter of the King, by which his of draft and carriage bullocks. Orders were, Majesty notifies to the Helvetic Body his ac. in consequence, immediately given for this çeptance of the Constitutional Act. He inci- purpos:. mates, that it was received wish equal plea " The army remained in the neighbour. sure and ar dour; and that the Directory are hood of Bangalore five days, to recruit their going, according to established usage, to make provisions, and prepare materials for the nege the communication to all the States of Swit of Seringapatam. Colonel Dutk was relieved zerland.
from the command of the fort by LieutenantA letter from the General Assembly of St. Colonel Oldhan ; and on the 3d of May Domingo to the National Allembly was read : Lord Cornwallis marched towards thic capi. "C pe Frungois, Sepi. 13.
tal of wylore. "One hundred thousand Negroes have “ We did not hear again from his Lordo
Ship until the 31st of May, when he inform- tion with General Abercromby, owing to the ed us (in a letter dated the 9th), that he badness and almost impracticability of the found the country more rugged and barren fords of the Cavery, had obliged him not than he expected, and that his cattle had suf- only to give up all thoughts of attacking Se. fered very much by the march: That the ringapatan before the setting-in of the monzeal of the troops alone bad enabled him to foon, but also to destroy the heavy iron guns, go on, the greatelt part of the carriages load. wlich, for the last several marches, had ed with the stores of the magazine, and a been drawn almost by the soldiers': That the large proportion of the intrenching tools, farmine which had prevailed amongit his folhaving been drawn and carried almost all the lowers has likewise increased his difficnities, way by the soldiers.
by creating an alarming deficiency in the « A few days after, we had the satisfaction public stock of provisions; which could not to learn, by private accourts from the army be wondered at, when it was understood that on which we could depend, that Lord Corn. rice fold in the Buzar for a pagoda a seer, wallis had, on the 15th of May, attacked (about 2lbs.) and that, under this cansideraand defeated Tippoo's whole force, taken tion, it was not to be expected that Mais. four of his guns, and driven him, with all his tres and bullock-a'rivers would be able to troops, under the walls of Seringapatam. withstand the temptation of plundering the This signal victory was the more honourable bags committed to their charge on every to the British arms, as the enemy had been march. forced from heights where he was strongly “ His Lordship concluded by observing, posted. Lord Cornwallis's account of the ac that he had been obliged to remain near Setion has not yet reached us.
ringapatam, to secure the retreat of General “ Our next advice was by an express from Abercromby, who had advanced to PeriapaLieutenant-Colonel Oldham, in which he tam ; but that he should march on the 26th stated, that he had received a letter from to Bangalore and Vencatagherry. He re. Lord Cornwallis, dated the 2 2d of May, .ad quested that we wonld order every builock vising, that the want of forage, provisions, that could be procured to be sent immediate• and the reduced state of the cattle, had ren ly to Amboor, that he might be able, withdered it neceflary for the army to return out loss of time, to furnith supplies for the • immediately to Bangalore.' Lieutenant troops, and to re-place such a part of the Colonel Oldham added, from other intelli Itock at Bangalore as he might be obliged to gence, that' his Lord'hip, for want of bul make use of during the march. locks, had been under the neceility of de “ We informed Lord Cornwallis, in reply, • ftroying the battering train.'
that, from the exertions which had been We were much concerned to observe, made by Government, there was the greatthat the wants of the army bad at length eit probability that we should have at Am. forced his Lordihip to relinquish, in the midst boor, in the course of fix weeks, or two of victory, the object of his enterprite; but, months at furthest, fix thousand drast and foreseeing tha' much might depend on im twenty thousand carriage bullocks (the mediate exertion, we lost not a movent in number required by his Lordiliin); and that jfluing our orders for collecting all the bul
there were at present in the neighbourhood locks that could be procured in the country of that place 1,787 draft and 3,477 carriage under our management, and for transporting bulincks. to Amboor, for the use of the army, ample “ A few days ago we received two letters fupplies of grain and every other provision. from his Lordihip, dated the 31st ulimo,
* We advised Lord Cornwall:s of the steps and gihunttant. By the former we were ailwe had taken for the relief of the army ; and vile, that he had indichel on the 26th to. exprelied our hope thal, by the exertions we wards Bangalore; but that, on coming to the were making, added to those of Captain grond where he proposed to enc.imp, he Alexander Read, whom we had before fent was greatly furprised to bear, that the two with a detachment into the Myfore country Mahratta armies, commanded by Hurry Punt to procure supplies, bis Lordihip would ain's
and l'ursuram Bow (both of which he had his distress connderably relieved on his arri every reason to beliave to be at the distance val at Bangalore.
of 150 miles), were then actually within a “ On the oth instant we were informed, day's march, and that Pursuram Pow's fon, by private advices from Carnp of the 26th of with the advanced guard, was in light: May, that th: Mithratta army had joned That this unexpected event had nalurally ocLord Cornweiljare evening, and that great cafioned a tutil change of his plan, especially hopes were entertained of relief by this as he found that the Chiets, although they me:ans in the article of provision.
had heard that the attack of Seringa patam « On the icth instant we receivel a let. had been neceffarily poitponed till the conter frum his Lordihip, dated the 24111 ult. clufios of the ruins, entertai.eu no idea of Italing, that the rapid destruction wnich the retreating towards their own frontiers, but late heavy rains and the want of forage bad
were disposed to co-operate heartily with Ins occalioned among his cattle, in addition to Lordship in distretling Tippot), and cuttingvery unexpected obtructions to a junc. off his resources. That they had further
affured him, at the first meeting, that they in that quarter, or endeavour to disturb the had it in their power to relieve the greatest Southern provinces. difficulties under which he laboured, viz. “ His Lordship pressed us not to lose sight the want of grain and of Bullocks, That he of the great object of providing bullocks and felt tolerably confident he should procure a grain, and of sending supplies of arrack and fufficient number of the latter in their carup camp equipige to Amboor: that there, and to answer his immediate exigences ; but that various other measures, he conceived to be their supplies of grain, through the means absolutely necessary, upon the supposition of Benjarries, were so precarious, and the that the war might continue longer than we authority of the Chiefs over those people, expected; for that, though Tippoo had reeven if they kept their word in endeavorr- peatedly expressed an earnest desire for peace, ing to exert it, fo inefficacious, that he was his Lordship was by no means convinced very apprehensive he should be held, for that the enemy was prepared to make the a considerable time at least, in a state of sacrifices that the Confederates might thinks wretched dependance on the Maluatia Bu- they had a right to expect. zar, where he would not only he obliged to “ Lord Cornwallis proceeded to inforın pay an immense price for a scanty lublistence, us, that his wants in money would be pres. but be exposed at all times even to the risk ling and extensive; that the supply of the of a total failure.
army during the rains, and its equipment for “ His Lordship thought it, however, so the field, exclusive of the corps under Gine. great an ohject to keep 30,000 Mahratta ral A hercromby, could not be estimited at borse in the neighbourhood of Tinpoo's capi. lets than between thirty and forty lacks of tal, that it was to be attempted almost at all rupees; and he deired us therefore to take hazares; and that he had already, in his con our measures accordingly. He added, that versation with the Chiefs, paved the way for he would have us confuler whether it would leading them towards the Sera countıy and not be adviseable to take some ailistance from the vicinity of Bangalore, as soon as the fery the treasure, tentout on the Company's ships, of the lupplies, which were following Pura which was destined for China ; and that furam Bow, 1hould admit of his moving to whatever we might resolve an on would have much to the left.
his fonction. In the men time, he desired “ His Lorithir adder', that several letters that we would send seven or vight lacks of had been written to him by the Malratta rupees to Vellore, to supply the walls of the Chiefs during their march, to give him nolice aliny, as soon as the communication was of their approach; but that no le:ter from ei- fecured. wher of them had reached him lill the dy of “ It vas a peculiar satisfaction to us at this their arrival, which he confidered fingularly time to rect, that we had actuall; in our unfortunate, as he would have adopted! a l'ery treatury the full amount of what his Lorde different plan of operations, if he had krovni thip represented to be necchary for him dure eight or ten days before that lie could have ing the rains, and for the subiequent equipa depended upon the junction of so powerful a ment of his army, not withitandmg the amforce.
ple advances made for your investment. “ The concluding paragraph of the letter “ We have been thus particular in detailItated, that General Abercromby had nuci- ing to your Honourable Court the tran[..ctions ed from Periapatam on the 234 of Mai, and of the war, because the subject is important; was proceeding towards the head of the aid we can readily conceive the anxiety you Ghaut, without any interruption from the muft feel to rec:ive advices by every oppor. enemy, leaving four iion eighteen pounder's, Cunity. which his catile could not remove, lid which - We have the pleasure to inform you, he could not totally destroy, at Periapatam, that the fort of Coposle surrendered to the as well as a small quantity of provisions and Nizaino's any on the 17th of April." ftores; and that the General expected to Exir..ct of a letter from the President and defcend the Gh.ut on the 27th.
Coucil of Fort St. George, in their “ Lord Cornwallis's letter of the sth in Political Department, to the Court of ftant advises us, that it was his Lordship's in
Directors, dateil July 14, 1791. tention to move the next day towards Naga « WE thall now reluine the narrative of mungalum, to which pice the Benjarries of the military operations on this Coast since the thie two Mahratta armies were to direct their 211t ultimo. march, and which, as well as the roads “ Co the zoth of last month we received a leading to it from the Northwari, it was letter from Lord Cornwallis, dlated the 14th, consequently very neceflary to take great in which he informed us, that thie Cavery care to protect : Chat Tippoo till remained river had risen very condiderably, but was with his whole force near to Seringapatam, ftill fordable : that Tippoo had not only and that no judgement could be formed till brought his force across the river, but a conthe Cavery was on the point of becoming fiderable quantity of artillery and stores, from unfordable, which would be the case in a few which lis Lordship supposed, that it was days, whether he (Tippou) would determ ne
the intention of the enemy to give every to make head against the confederate armies disturbance in his power, to interrupt our
supplies; and, in particular, to prevent, as tember; and that he therefore recommended much as possible, the equipment of our part it to them to transmit their dispatches, either of the army, from which he (Tippoo) well by land or water, in such time as would knew he had the most serious misfortunes to nearly ensure their arrival at Fort St. George fear.
by the zist of August. " That the neceflity of his Lordship's re " In reply to his Lordship's letter respect. gulating his movements in concert with the ing the loan to the Mahrattas, we observed, Mahrattas, and protecting their fupplies, that the sum of twelve lacks of rupees would wouid keep him so much to the Westward, be held in readiness to answer any call which that it would be certainly pollible, and he he might have for it. by no means thought improbable, that Tip “ We have very fincere pleasure in repoo, who could have no apprehension for Se- porting to your Honourable Court, that Capringapatam for the next four months, miglit tain Alexander Read, whom we had sent make a rapid march for Ouffore, and fiom into the Mysore country, with a detachment, thence país into the Barampaul and the Car to collect supplies, arrived lately at Banganatic.
Jore, with a very large convoy of bullocks, “ His Lordship added, that we might be fheep, and grain, for the use of the army; a assured he would give us the earliest intellio circumstance particularly fortunate at this gence of such an event ; but he desired us, juncture, when the troops were reduced to in the mean time, to be on our guard, anıl, so much distreľs for all kinds of provisions. amongst other precautions, to reinforce the “ We understand that his Lordship has ex. garrison of Arnce, and take every means in pressed, in general orders, his acknowledgeour power to transport the stores and provi ment of the service rendered by Captain fions, that were not wanted for the use of Read. The whole supply collected by that that garrison, from thence to Vellore, and, if zealous and active officer amounted to 1,952 poffible, to Amboor.
unloaded bullocks, about 9,000 loads of " We received a letter from Lord Corn- grain, brought by the Benjarries, 14,567 wallis of the 25th ult. stating, that the Mah- sheep, and 100 horses. rattas, having now no further apprehensions " As the service performed by Captain about their communications, or safety of Read had been conducted throughout with their distant detachments, acquiesced in his great ability and judgement, we expressed to Lordthip's beginning to move to the East him our warmest approbation of his con. ward on that morning; ard that, unless, af- duct; and we resolved, in order to enable ter minutely reconnoitering the strong hill him to defray the extraordinary expence fort of Severndroog, about twenty-five miles which he had sustained on this orcafion, and to the Westward of Bangalore, he should be as a further testimony of our acknowledge. encouraged to attempt the reduction of that ment of his services, to give him a gratuity important poft, he Thould probably, in four of one thousand pagodas. or five days, reach the nciglibourhood of “ As the intercourse with the army was Bangalore.
opened by Lord Cornwallis's movement to “ His Lordship added, that an outline of the Eastward, we thought it might be effen. his futurc plan of operations had been ex tial to his Lordship's plans, to juform him of plained and concerted with the Mahratta the exact face of our Treasury, which stood Chiefs; that they had agreed not to separate on the 4th instant as follows: from bim until the war was brought to an In the calh chest, star pagodas 2,41,469 honourable conclusion; and that he should In the Treasury, in pagodas and take an early opportunity of communicating
3,84,232 to-uis the particulars of ubat bid pallej he. Ditto in bills
8,528 tween him ard those Chieis at some of his Dilio in Porto Novo pagodas
1,44,2-6 late c nferences with them.
Ditro in dollars “ We have received letters from his Lorila In the Mint, in Arcot rupees
1,49,686 thir, dated the 21st and 24th ultimo : the firit itating, that he had been obligeil, for
Total star pagadas 11,83,889 reasons he could not then explain to us, to proinise a cont deral le loan to the Mabraltas; « All the hills drawn from Camp had been and defiring, therefore, that we would im regularly paid, and our Garison and Civil mediaicly take the amount of twelve lacks Establishment had been also paid up, so that of rupees out of the China Mhips. notwith we were fully prepared to supply the pecu. standing any orders to the contrary that we wary w.nts of the army during the rains, might have receivedl, an coin it into rupees and to re-equip it for the ensuing campugn. with as much dispatch ac portille
“ Since writing the above, we have re"" His Leruship, in the secons! letter, re ceived letters from his Lord:bir, under date quicted we vouk inform the Supreme Coun te 28th ultimo, and ift and 2d inftant, cocil, that he thought it would be highly expe- pies of which we have the honour to forg dient for the public service, that the Swallow ward as numbers in the packet. packet ino: Id fail from hence for England "! Your Honoprable Court will observe, in the very beginning of the inonth of app that it was his Lordskip's intention to apo