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Ill. No Legislative act can be debated and fused his affent can be presented to him by decreed except in the following form : the same Legislature.
IV. The plan of a decree thall be read VI. The Legislative Bodly cannot insert in thrice, at three intervals, the shortest of decrees relative to the establishment or conwhich cannot be less than eight days: tinuation of imposts, any regulation foreign to
V. The discullion Mall be open after every that subject; nor piesent, at the same time, reading ; neverthelets, after the first or le for sanction, other decrees as inseparable. cond reading, the Legislative Body may de VII. The decrees fanctioned by the King, clare that there is realon for adjournment, or and those which have been presented to him that there is no room for deliberation; in this by three successive Legilatures, alone lave last care the plan of the decree may be intro the force, and bear the name and tiile, of d'uced again in the same seliion :
laws; VI. After the third reading, the President VIII. Exempting however from sanction Mall be bound to propose to their delibera- those acts of the Legislative Boxly which retion; and the Legislative Body thall decide, late to its Conftitution as a deliberating Alwhether they are qualified to pass a definitive fembly; decree, or would rather chuse to postpone Its interior police ; their decision, in order to gather more am• The verification of the powers of the mer ple information on the subject :
bers present; VII. The Legillative Body cannot delibe The injunctions to absent members, rate if the fitting do not consist of at least 200 members; and no decree shall be made, ex blies in case of delay; cept by the absolute majority of votes :
The exercise of Conftitutional SuperinVII. No plan of a law which, after hav tendence over the Administrators; ing been submitted to discullion, hall have Questions of eligibility or the validity of been rejected after the third reading, can elections; again be introduced the same sellion :
Exempting likewise from sanction acts re. IX. The preamble of every definitive de. lative to the respondibility of Ministers, and cree shall announce, ist. the dates of those all decrees importing that there is ground of three fillings at which the plan of the decree accusation. was read; 2d. the decree by which it thall Section IV. Connexion of the Legiflative have been appointed after the third reading to
Poly with the King. decide dcfinitively:
1. When the Legillative Body is defini. X. 'The King Mall refuse his sanction to tively conftitufell, it Ihall send a deputation the decrees whole preamble shall not atteit to inform the King. The King may every the observance of the above forms; if any of year open the setlion, and propose the obo those decrees be fanctioneel, the Ministers jects, which, during its continuance, he th all neither put to it the seal, nor promul- thinks ought to be taken into consideration ; sale it; and their responsibility in this respect this form, however, is not to be considered Phill continue fix years;
as necellary to the activity of the Legillative XI. Excepring from these regulations, de. Body. crecs recognized, and declareil urgent by a II. When the Legislative Boily wishes to previous deliberation of the Legillative Baly; adiourn longer than fifteen days, it is bound but they muy be modified, or revoked, una to inform the King, by a deputation, at least the course of the same teilion.
eht days previous to the adjournment. SFCTION Ill. Of the Royal Sarretion. Ill. Fight days at least before the end of
1. The decrees of the Legislative Body are exclu letion, the Legislative Body thall send presented to the King, who may refult them a deputation to the King, 10 announce to him his allont.
the day on which it proposes to terminate its Il. 1:the case of a refusal of the Royal Rings. The King may come in order to Alient, that refusal is only fufpenfive. When close the fellion. the two following I eginlatures shall succel. IV. If the King find it of importance to f: ely present the same dlecree in the fame the welfare of the State that the fetion be terms in which it was originally conceived, continued, or that the adjournment be put che Kilig shall be deemed to have given his off, or take place only for a shorter time, he fanction.
may send a metlage to this effect, on which 111. The affent of the King is expressed to the LegiNative Cody is bound to deliberale. each decree by the following formula, ligned V. The King shall convoke the Legila. by the King : " The Kng contents, and will tive Body, during the interval of its selfion, as Cause it to be executed."
often as the interest of the State Aall appear The fu ipenve refusal is thus expressed : to him to require it, as well as in those cases The King will examine."
which the Legislative Body Thall have foreV. The King is bound to express bis aín seen and deiermined previous to their adfent or refusal to each Jecree witbu two journment. months after it shall have been presented; af VI. Whenever the King shall visit the ter that period his silence is deemert a refulal. place of meeting of the Legillative Body, le . No decree to which the King has re ihall be received and conducted back by a
deputation ; he cannot be accompanied into vets, and commisfions, to be delivered to all the inner part of the hall by any except Mi
the Public Officers that ought to receive nist rs.
them. VII. The President can in no care form IV. The King orders a list of pensions and part of a députation.
gratifications to be made out for the purpose VIII. The Legislative Pody Mall cense to of heing presented to the Legislative Body be a deliberating body whilli the King íhull each seilion. be present.
SECTION I. Of the Promulgutton of ix. The acts of correspondence of the King willi the Ligjil tive Boxly fall be al. I. The Executive Power is entrusted with ways counterligned by a Minister.
ordering the Seal of State to be put to laws, X. The Ministers of the King shall have and cauring them to he promulgaied. almillion into the beginlative National Al II. Two copies of each law thall be made, sembly; they fall have a particular place; both signed by the King, counterligned by they mall be heard on all the subjects on the Minister of Justice, and sealed with the wliich they demand a hearing, and as often
Seal of State. as they shall be called upon to give explana The one shall be deposited in the archives tions.
of the Seal, and the other shall he fent to CHAPTER IV. OF THE EXERCISE OF the archives of the Legislative Body. THE EXECUTIVE POWER.
III. The promulgation of law's Thall be in 1. The Supreme Executive Power resides these terms : exclusively in the hands of the King.
" N. (ihe King's name) by the Grace of The King is the Supreme Head of the Ge God, and the Confitutional Law of the State, neral Adminitration of the kingdom ; the King of the French), to all present and to care of watching over the maintenance of come, greeting: The National Allembly hias public order and tranquility is entrusted to decreed, and we will and orilaill, as follows: hiin.
[Here a litcral copy of the d cree shall be The King is the Supreme Head of the land inerted, without any variation) and tea forces.
“ We command and ordain to all AdminiTo the King is delegaled the care of watch strative Bodies and Counts of Justice, to ing over the exterior security of the king cause these presents to be transcribed on dom, and of maintaining its rights and por- their reguiter, lead, published, and posted. fettions.
up, in their departn ents and relpective places 11. The King names Ambofladors, and the of refurl, and executed as a link of the other Agents of political negocistions. realm: in witnets of which, we have tigned
He gives the command of armies and fleets, thele prefents, to which we have caused the and the ranks of Marthal of France and Ad Seal of the State to be put." miral.
IV. If the King be a minor, laws, proclaHe names two-thirds of the Rer Admi- mations, and other acts proceeling from the rals, one-half of the Lieutenant Generis, Royal Authority during the Regency, Mall Camp Marthals, Captains of thips, and Co. be conceived in thele lerms: lonels of the Navioni Genda merle.
“ N. (ibe name of the Regent) Regent of He nanies a third of the Colonels and the kingdon, in the name of N ('he King's Lieutenant Colonel, and a lixth of the ame), hy tire Grace of God, and the Con. Lieutenants of thips.
Itcutional Law of the State, King of the The whole in conformity to the laws with French, &c.” respect to promotion.
V. The Executive Power is bound to send He appoints, in the Civil Administration the laws to the Administrative korlies and of the Marine, the Director's, the on Couts of Justice, to fee that they are so trollers, the Treasurers of the Arfemus, the sent, and to answer for it to the Legislative Matters of the Works, the Under-Masters of Bosly. Civil Buildings, half the Matters of Adgui Vl. The Executive Power cannot make niftration, and of the Under-masters of Con any law, not even provisional, but merely struction.
proclamations, conformable to the laws, to He appoints the Commiffaries of the Tri ordain or enforce the execution. bunals.
S£cios Il. (the Interior
ordinate Administration. He superintends the coinage of money, and 11. The Administrators have no character appoints the Officers entruited with the lui of representation. perintendence of the general commillion and The agents are chosen for a time, by the the mints.
people to exercise, unucim their superintendThe effigy of the King is struck on all the ence, and the authority of the law the admi. coinage of the kingdom.
nistrative functions. 111. The King orders letters parent, brc III, They can assume 110 authority over
judicial proceedings, or over military dispo feiture duly judgeil, or forvended, except fitions and operations.
from an accusacion admitted. IV. It belongs to the legislative Power to Ill. The Tribunals cannot either interfere determine the extent and the rules of their in the exercise of the Legillative Power, or functions.
fufpend the execution of the laws, or underV. The King has the right of annulling take the administrative functions, or cite be. such acts of the Administrators of Depart. fore then the administrators on account of ment as are contrary to the law, or the or their functions. ders transmitted to thien.
IV. No Ciizens can be withdrawn from He may, in case of obftinate disobedience, the judges whom the law alims to them by or of their endangering, by their arts, the any co:wmillion, or by any other attributions Stery or peace of the publick, fuspend them or evcilious than those which are deterfrom their functions.
mined by thel.w. VI. 'The Administrators of Department V. The orders ishled for executing the have also the right of anoulling the acts of judgements of the Fribunals ihall be conSub-adm bitrators of District contrary to ceived in these terms : the laws or decrees of Administrators of Te. “ N. (the name of the King), hy the partment, cr to the orders which the latter
Grace of Cod, ond by the Constitutional in all have given or truimitred. They may Law of the State, King of the French, to all dk-wise, in case of an obitinate disobedience prere ni and to come, greeting : The Tribuon the part of the Sub-administrators, or if nal of bus paised the tollowing judgethe latter endanger, by their acts, ihe public ment;" 1afety or trarquillity, fufpend them from [Here shall follow a copy of the judgetheir functions, with the reterve of inf ri- ment.] Big the King, who may remove or confilm “We charge and enjoio all Officers, upon the fufpenfion.
the present demand, to put the fame judge. vil. The King, if the Administrators of
ment into execution, to our Committioners Dapurtnient shall not use the power which is of the Tribunals to enforce the lame, and to delegated to them in the article above, may all Commanders ar 1 Officers of the Pub. directly annul the acts of Sub-administrators, lic Force to be ailiiting with their force, and fufpend them in the same cafes.
when it in all be le alls required : 10 witVIII. Whenever the King Mall prodlounce ness of which, the present judgement tias or confirm the fuspension of Administrators, been sealed and signed by the Pieldent of the or Sub-administrators, he ihall inform the Tribunal, 2011 by the Heg iter." Legislative Body.
Vi. There ihall be one or more judges of This Body may cither remove or confirm Peace in the cantons and in the cities. The the furpension, or even diffolve the capable number ihall be determined by the Legislative Administration ; and, if there be ground, re Power. mit all the Administrators, or some of them, VII. It belongs to the Legislative Power to the Criminal Tribunals, or enforce against to regulate the districts of Tribunals, and then the Decree of Accusation.
the number of Judges of which euch TaibuSECTION Ill. ('f Exterior Connexions. nal thall be compored. 1. The King alone can interfere in Fo. VII!. in criminal matters no Citizen can reign Political Connexions, conduct Negoti- be judged except on an seculation received ations, make preparations of war propor- by Jurors, or decreed by the Legillative Bootioned to those of the neighbouring States, dy in the cases in which it belong to it to distribute the land and sea forces as he shall profecute the accusation. judge most suitable, and regulate their direc After the acculation th:1 be admitted, the tion in case of war.
fact thall be examined, and declartd by the 11. Every Declaration of War shall be jurors: made in these iernis : " By the King of the The accuser fhall have the privilege of French, in the name of the Nation"
rejecting twenty: Ill. It belongs to the King to resolve and The Jurors who declare the fact thail not figo), with all Foreign Powers, all Treaties be fewer than twelve : of Peace, Alliance, and Commerce, and The application of the law thall be male other conventions which he shall judge no by all the judges: Cul ny for the welfare of the state, with a The procets thall be public: referve for the ratification of the Legislative No man, acquitted by a legal Jury, can be Body.
apprehended or culed on account of the CHAPTER V. Of ibe Jiudicial Power. lame fact.
1. The Judicial Power can in no cilc be IX. Forthe whole kingdom ihere thall be exercised either by the Legislative Body or one Tribunal of Appeal, eilavived near the the King
Legititive Buus. iis iunctions shall be to 11. Jüttice íball be gratuitoutly rendered pronounce, ty judges chuten for a time by the people, On appeals from the judgement of the instituted by Lellers Patent of the King, and Tribunals; **'? cannot be depored, except from a for On appeals from the judgement of one
Tribunal to another, on lawful cause of suf- Thall he represenied to the LegiNative Body, picion ;
which shall pais the decree of accusation, and On the reg: kitions of Judges, and excep- refer the parties informed against to the tions to a whole Tribunt.
High National Court. X. The Tribunal of Appeal can never HEAD IV. Of the Public Force. enter into an original examination of a cale ; I The Public Forces instituted to defend but, after a tu!! ng a jalgement in a process the State against exrernal enemies, and to in wiich the forns bite been violated, or maintain internal order and the execution of which iholl coc,111 expresa contravention the laws. of law, it ihalrefer the merits of the case to 11. It is composed. the Trabun.i that ought to take co nizance of Of the land and iea force; them.
Of the tioop specially destined for home XI. When, after two appeals, the judge. service; ment of the thid Trib'mal shall be quer. And, subsidiarily, of the active Citizens tioned in the same way as that of the former anı! their children of age to hear arms, reg ltwo), the cale thall not be carried again to tered in the roll of National Guards. the Tribunal of Appeal, without being fuit 111. The National Cuards do not form a submited to the Legislative Bedy, which military body, or an inftitution in the State ; thall pais decrie declaratory of the law, to they are the Citizens themselves, called to wliich the Tribunal of Appeal thall be aliist the Public Force. buund to conformi.
IV. The Citizens can never embody themXII. The Tribunal of Appeal fhall be selves, or act as Nacional Guards, but by bound to lend every year to the bar of the virtue of a requisition, or a legal authority. Legislative Bedy a deputation of eight of its They are subje:t in this quality to an orMenibers, to present a statement of the ganization, to be determine / by the law. judgemen's giveni, avith an abtract of the They shall be distinguished in the whole care ansexed to eich, and the text of the kingdom by only one form of discipline, and lau' which was tie ground of the decision. one uostorn
XIII. A High Nasional Court, compoled Distinction of rank and subordination suhof Members of tie Tribunal of Appeal ana hilt only relatively to the service, and during High jurors, ihall take cognizance of the its continuance. crimes of Ministers, and the principal A VI. Officers are chosen for a time, and gents of the Executive Power, and of crimes cannet again be chosen till after a certain inwhich attack the general faiety of the Stale, terval of service. when the Legislative Boily thall país a de Nove ihall command the National Guard ciee of accusation.
of riore than one district. It shall not allemble but on the proclama VII. All the parts of the Public Force, tion of the Legiflative Body.
employed for the larety of the State from foXIV. the functions of the King's Co.no reign enemies, are under the command of miilioners in the 'Tiibunals fall he, to re
the King. quire the observance of the laws the VIII. No body or detachment of troops of judgements to be given, and to cause them the line can act in the internal part of the to be executed after they are passed.
kingdom without a legal order. They bail not be public accuiers; but IX. No agent of the Public Force can be they thall be heard on all accufations, and in the house of a Citizen, if it is not in order Thall require, during process, regularity of lo execute the instructions of Police and of fornis, and before judgement the application Justice, or in cases formally provided for by of the law..
the law. Xr. The King's Commissioners in the X. The requifition of the Public Force in Tribunals shall represent to the Director of the mernal part of the kmgdom belongs to the jury, either officially or according to or the Civil Officers, according to the reguladers given them by the King,
tions provided by the Legitive Power. Ortences against the individual liberty of XI. When any department is in a state of Citizens, against the free circulation of pro commotion, the King hall itsue, fubject to visions, and the cllection of contributions ; the reipontibility of Miniters, the necellary
Offences by which the execution of orders order fir the execution of laws, and the given by the King, in the exercise of the re-establishment of order; but with the refunctions delegated to him, shall be disturbed serve of informing the Legislative Body, if or impeded; and opposition to the execution it is allembled, and of consoking it if it be of judgements, and all executive acts pro not fiton. ceeding from established powers.
XII. The Public Force is ellentia!ly obeXvi. The limiter of justice Mal repre. dient; no perion in Arns can deliberate. sent to the Tribural of Appeal, by means of HEAD V. Pillic contributions. the King's Con milioner, the acis hy which 1. Public Contbutives thall be dehated the jud is hive excen viel cheir juridiction. and fixei every year by the Leginative Body,
The Tribunal ball annul these acts, ani', and cannot continue in force longer than the if they give siound for fortekture, the fact
last day of the following feflion, if they are Mr. URBAN,
Dec. 28. not expressly renewed. of the National Debt, and the payment of to ascertain the cause of Fairy-rings, and 1.1. The funds necessary to the discharge Y OUR correspondent, A Southern
Faunist, having taken some paids the Civil Lift, can under no pretext be refused or suspended.
seeming anxious to obtain the fulles in. III. The Administrators of Department,
formation concerning them, I take the and Suh-alministrators, can neither establish liberty of mentioning a particular which any Public Contribution, nor make any dito may serve to elucidate the fubject, and tribution, beyond the cime and the sums strengthen his opinion. Being on a visit fixed by the Legislative Burly; nor delibe- in Buckinghamshire lately, I obfersed rate, or permit, without being authorised by an irregular circle formed on the gral it, any local loan to be charged to the Citi- plot before the House; and, upon enacns of the department.
quiry how it happened, was told, that IV. The Executive Power directs and su- the children of the family residing there perintends the collection and paying-in of formerly had been accuftoined on the sch contributions, and gives the neceflary orders of November to make a bonfire on that to this eflect.
1put. The line of the circle too, I learnHEAD VI. Of the Connexion of the French
est, alsounds in mushrooms during the Nation with Foreign Nations.
seaion in which they are found. It wil The French Nation renounces the underEaking of any war with a view of making be observed perlaps, that, as she whole conquests, and will never employ its forces spot becomnes fertilized by the vegetable against the liberty of any people.
alkali, there can be no reason why the The Constitution no longer admits the fungi Mould spring up particularly on Droit d'Aubaine.
the borders of ir. As I am very little Foreigners, whether settled in France or interested in the result of these enquiries pot, inherit the property of their parents, about Fairv.rings, either directly or col. whether foreigners or Ficnchmen. They laterally, I thall not trouble myself, or can contract, acquire, and receive property your readers, Mt. Urban, by a long fituated in France, and dispose of it, as well string of conjectures, but of all content as any French Citizen, in every mode au. myself in fuppoling that they are prothorised by the laws.
duced by a hundred ineans. Acov may Foreigners in France are subject to the fame criminal laws and regulations of police by accident describe a circle during the as French Citizens: their persons, effects,
your correspondent fins a industry, and religion, are equally protected joke in; schoolboys frequently inake
bonfires of old tar.barrels, and the ashes, by the law.
French Colonies and polleffions in Asia, we may presume, do often lie in the Africa, and America, are not included in the manner of a circle ; &c. &c. And there present Constitution.
appearances are more readily found oa None of the Powers instituted by the Con- the sides of bills and of sandy pafiures, ftitution have a right to change it in its form, because there, from the poverty of the or in its parts.
foil, and the position of the earth, they The Conftituting National Assembly com- become more confpicuous and oblervable. mits the deposit to the fdelity of the Legitla
G, M. tive Body, of the King, and of the Judges, to the vigilance of fathers of families, to wives,
Mr. URBAN, aud to mothers, to the attachment of young Citizens, to the courage of all Fienchimen.
AM little desirous of entering into With respect to the laws made by the Na the controversy between the rival getional Allembly which are not included in nius of nations. I will allow the Scots the Act of Constitution, and those anterior all the honour they claim in having given laws which it has not altered, they Thall be birth to Jannie Thomson. I will allow observed so long as they shall not be revoked
too that Samuel Johnson, for whom I . or modified by the Legislative Power.
myfelt profess no predilection, had in. Signed, the Members of the Committees vincible, and perhaps ill-founded, prejuof Constitution and Revifion,
dices against Scorchimen : but when it is TARGET,
TALLEYRAND, confidered that Thomson had a memorial Briois BAUMEZ, PERIGORD, THOURET, DIMEUNIER,
erected to him in Wetimiotter abbey by
the gratitude of a bookfeller, reprelenia ADRIEN DU PORT, RABBAUT, BARVAVE, EMANUEL SIEYes, ing him exactly as he is pourtrayed hy LE CHAPELIER, FETHION,
Dr. Johnson, “ more fat iban bard bin Alex. LAMETH, Buzor.
jeems, of a dull countenance, and of a Nose, M. STANISLAUS CLERMONT gross, unacimated, uninviting appearTONNIKRE, abjent by permillion. ance," we must believe enough of pane