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June 15.

compare the present times and seasons cannot say but their existence, though with the former, which are thus brought fhort, hath been blithe and happy : and back again to our view. And I am per. how fortunate for man, these are not suaded such notes would prove a source cut off by the numerous ills which Aelh of confiderable amusement to the think is heir to! ing part of mankind (many of whom I am inclined to think that swallows, may not be qualified, perhaps, to make swifts, and martins, like the bat with fuch judicious comments on several ar us, sleep through the Winter months ; țicles), were it only to Thew the pro. but where, or in what manner, I am yet gress of Nature through the island, and to learn. wherein might be seen the causes or

Mr. URBAN, frients afected; and from whence the Thien op Timothy and "Titus, that a minds of those interested in the imme. diate appearance of vegetation may de- bishop be “no ftriker," is much infifted sive confolation from a probability of a on in a late publication, to which Archfavourable change, or not be too lan- deacon Paley affixes the quaint title of guine, and rely wholly on the present “ Huræ Paulinæ," as "aliene from one Imiles of so capricious a beauty. who lived under a Hierarchy, and as

It would prove a secondary pleasure what could not have been written after also to have the opportunity to compare the Goveroment of the Church had acthe days of Spring on which the cuckoo quired that dignised form it soon and was first heard, that destroyer of the naturally assumed.” Far be it from me peace of many a feathered pair; for the to question the authenticity of any coupling of birds is ever, I believe, a works ascribed, in Scripture Canon, to pretty fure indication of the advance of that great luminary of the Gentile The season; and the same congenial world. I have only to remark, that arpower which promotes their union ope- guments fo extremely captious and trif. rates, in the lame degree, on the filent Ting do far more harm than good to any animation of the earth. We could then cause whatever. We need only to take observe too in what county first the a cursory view of the situation of those nightingale commenced his solemn air; Churches with whom St. Paul corres but especially in which part of the sponded, to satisfy ourselves that they kingdom the swallows make their first were by no means in a state of barbaappearance. Your correspondent, I find, rism. That the Grecian cities, Rome faw two of those birds 200 miles N.W. and Jerusalem, in the apostolic days, of London, on the 28th of April; but I exhibited the refinements, together with had already seen two or more on Eafter- all the virtues and vices, of polished Monday, the 25th, within five miles of life, the Scriptures, and various antient the metropolis.

profane hiflorians, abundantly testify. The coming and the going, or, if The accounts we every where meet you like it better, the appearance and with of their luxuries, particularly in disappearance of these beneficial crea. their apparel, and at their feasts, thew iures, and particularly how they are reó that, inttead of just emerging from a ferved until the appointed season, de ruder Atate, they had pailed the due mand man's admiration. Were it not for bounds of civilization, and were vergthese three tribes, which take all their ing apace towards that effeminacy which food upon the wing, our atmosphere, in drew on their ruin. the Summer months, would soon be But, from reading Mr. Palcy, we rendered unfit for respiration. The hould be led to infer that the Apostle unfledged night-bird, so well known in was addressing himself to the uncivilized every village, may be said to exist, in Goths, or that he echoed the diffonant like manner, upon the wing; and they jargon of those Picts who inhabited the reduce the number of those insects Northern parts of this island, and, with. which do not appear in the day. Thus out garments to protect them from the does Providence give life and happiness severiry of the climate, ran howling to myriads of creatures of various une over their inhospitable mountains; or known classes, the redundancy of which that the bulk of his converts were of a ferye for the fupport of others of a suo fimilar stamp with those savages our perior order. And though ionumerable Saxon predecesors, who, with brutal Jambs are now daily Nain to gratify the exultation, dragged Ihrieking victims to appetites and the wants of men, yet we the altar, where their Druids officiated,


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and deemed their hands, even reeking situated, does not "naturally" assume with human gore, when lifted up in ro- the form he idolizes, or boast of its dige lemn devotion, could best appease the nifed Hierarcby. No croziers, golden wrath of an offended Deity ?

prebendaries, or fat finecure commenBishops, in the primitive days, were dams, are there displayed : yet is it noc quiet, unambitious men: in the reign found that fimilar outrages with those of Constantine they grew cxtremely which disgraced the English Convocaturbulent; and, in process of time, be. tion are committed in their General came “strikers" in a very emphatical Assemblies ? sense indeed. In records of the middle Breaking the context of a verse, in ora ages we find them sallying forth, accou der to dwell on one single word, always tered in mail, and cleaving down their looks disingenuous; and it is very refoes with pole-axes and scymitars, in. markable that, in both passages' cited, stead of the sword of the Spirir. Among “no Ariker" is separated only by a our contemporaries, if we look to France, comma from "not given to fileby lucre;' we shall see prelates lufting after the and why is the Archdeacon quite mute mammon of unrighteousness, who for- on so important a topick? Had he not bear, perhaps, to combat with their scope enough for the wing how narrowly own hands, but have been peculiarly it was requisite to watch the immediate a&tive in railing seditious insurrections fuccesfors o the Apostles, those humble agaioft the laws, the king, and the se- tent-makers and filhermen, who laboured nate of their country: men plunged in with their own hands to avoid being debauchery, and addicted to every evil burdensome to their congregations ! He work.

might then have proceeded to contrast If “ Atriking," in a Scripture sense, the picture, and expatiate on the great mean acts of violence and oppreffion, as things done in modern days by prelates well as mere blows, the dig nifed Hie- (some nobly born, and nobly bred, and rarcby of England, in the eighteenth almost all the rest of them attached, by century, ftands by no means wholly some tic or other, with those of the highclear of the charge. The hard treat. est rank,) towards cradicating every fpemcot which either Infidels or Separatifts cies of Nepotism and Simony from ihe have received I purposely waive, in or- Church. A description of the legitimate der to mention notorious instances of a descendants of St. Peter, not only grasppersecuting spirit exerted against those ing the keys of Heaven, but standing of their own communion, men whose forth, even in these dregs of time, truly virtues, piety, and learning, would have uncorrupt and patriotic examples to the done honour to any communion whate whole senate, could not have failed to ever. Furious were the assaults of Bio afford fome amusement, if not edificagotry again Bishop Hoadly, for having tion, to the publick. expounded, in a most temperate man But if nothing else will serve, and Mr. ner, the wholesome orthodox doctrine, Paley is determined to keep to the fingle that Chrill's kingdom is not of this point of " Ariking," I could with that world; and against the excellent Dr. when the thirtieth of January is again Clarke, merely for having laid before commemorated with its usual solemnity, the publick a clear deduction of what he would indulge us with a sermon on Scripture teaches concerning the Trithat excellent text in Isaiah : “ Behold, nity. But if their threats were in these ye fast for Arife and debate, and to smite instances frustrated by a wise Govern. with the fift of wickedness; ye shall not ment, the ecclefiaftical despots, in some fast as ye do this day, to make your roice meafure, avenged their disgrace on Mr. to be heard on high.” The defects of Whison, who was less guarded in his Jewish fasts might thence be expounded, condu&, and (what to them was by far and compared with such as are recommore material) less powerfully patro- mended by the holy governors of our nized. They Aripped that respectable Church, who keep up such inftitutions conscientious man of his income; they without any view to party debates, but reduced him and his family to great merely for the sake of conciliating, hy distress, though the times would not the mildest and most affectionate persuaadmit of their completely satiating their fions, the minds of those who entertain malice by burning him at the stake. any ideas repugnant to the frietest

Scotland, on whole borders our valiant orthodoxy. polemick's archdeaconry of Carlife is In every page of Barrow, Tillotson, GENT. MAG. July, 1798.


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and Foster, exalted benevolence, and a my opinion they will never go back to zeal for the great interests of picry and ahject llavery again. When I read the morality, are to be discovered by readers spirited letter of Bouillé, I was for a of the meaneít capacity; nor is the torch while stationary like a floating balloon of devocion, which they kindle, in dan- but when I know that a starving pealant, ger of being extinguished when transmit- whom the Duke de Noailles offered a ted to such har ds as those of the animat. cow to 20 years ago, declined the aced and energetic Bishop Warfon, or the ceptance of it, left the Farmer-general elegant Dr. Blair, of Edinburgh. But Bould tax hiin higher, under the idea of in the performances of our modern fpi. his being rich, I could not bur say, all rirual `Arifiocrais, I can di'cover only this is very fine, very loyal, and very one great leadingidea, which runs through soldier-like, but not very Christian-like. the whole, and is nearly as follows : It is


"lice and lei live;" formerly “ The lowliness with which St. Paul it was, “Live, ye nobles ! and starve, anst his correspondenis, Timothy and ye peasants !" And I al:eady see as wonTieus, conciucted themselves, could arile derful a change in the face of the earth oply from meanocfs of spirit, or indigent 100 as I do in the faces of mankind; and circumtance, it being clearly thewn if my fingle coup de pistolet was to deter. that the Church was originally in fituted mine the fate of Fiance, those who rill merely for a few scores of bishops and the earth Tould have their thare of the overgrown pluralisys, like so many Levienjoyment of it. How it will terminate, athans, ti take their paltime therein, and God only knows ! for France is certaindomineer over things creeping innumere ly in a very ualeitled fituation at this able, boh finall and great beails.” But minute; so much so, that, had not a when an individual, of bur fender rank fore throat stopped me, I should, ere in the ecclefiaftical corps, and certainly this, have been on your fide of the water, of no very luperior abilities, rathiy de Mons. Bouillé has been removed, and scends into ininute particulars, and re will never more have authority or power duces the immediate succestors of the in France vill he has not left * one stone Apottles, the primitive Fathers of the upon another in Paris," and then there Church, beneath the level of so many will be materials enough to re-edify anodrunken parlons quarreling at a visita. ther Baltile. Baretti had the þafenels to tion-dinner, I hope it will not be deemed call London “the fiok of Europe," yet tou presumpiuous if I have taken upon be bad often seen Paris ! And I am glad me to antwer the scorner in his own to fee that the National Allembly have, unfeemly language,

L.L. amidst their great works, not neglected

to bellow fome attention to the safety of Mr. URBAN, Paris, July 18. the people who walk the streets, and to

S every Frenchman is now become a set an example to l.ondon, in fining and

prlitician, and as I, an Englishman, imprifoning fuch, who, hy the rapidity came hither a ready-made one, I will of iheir horses, wound their fellow-citi. tell you what, and, as a Frenchman zens, or over-drive ferocious animals, and says, “ for my part, I do not know, but thereby annoy the public ways. Every I ain very sure,” that this fame town was article of life, and even of luxury, is alwa's a very comical place, and now cheap here, because money is scarce. more fu than erer; for formerly they Vart lums and treasure is under-ground; had but one king, and now every body and much of it, no doubt, will remain is a king bul tbe king, and he is justly for the spade an-hundred years hence. difpiled; for, certainly, had he stood his Sudden death and nurthers, in 'fuch ground, and kept his word, he would times as these. occafion such earthly have been happier than any king in loiles. Yours, &c. P. T. Christendom, though no longer bis Chriftian Majelly. If General Bcuillé

Mr. URBAN, holds his retouring, and marches foreign SOME.circumftances having engaged greatent part of his countrymen to op- mals that are very common, but very pie; and, though disciplined men can disagreeable, visitors in many houles in as wonders, fu can a whole nation, where this country, I mean those which are genian, wo:nan, and child, are

on their nerally known by the name of black fue; add that seems to be the case at beetles, I have endeavoured to obtain, if prelent. The long.oppretted have now possible, some knowledge of their origin talled of the tweets of liberty, and it is aad æconomy: and oblerving that they

June 30.

have, more than once, been a subject of their history. They will sometimes toconfideration in your useful and enter- tally, and, so far as appears, finally, taining Miscellany, I have thrown toge- abandon a house, without any cause ther such thoughrs as occurred to me kuown to the inhabitants. This has acupon the subject, hoping that the public tually been the case, as I am informed, cation of them may be a incan, if not of in two houses in my neighbour hood, in conveying to such of your readers as are boih which they were very numerous. I troubled with them uleful information, bave known them iwarm in one houle in at least of engaging some persons, who a frodigious degree; and in the adjoining are better informed, to throw more light house, which was separated from the upon the subject.

former only by a thin party wall, not I find no reason to suppose that Beetles above one or two have been leen in a are antient inbabitants of the houses in (welvemooth, With respe&t to the comthis country. Shak(peare, indeed, makes mon rem:dy, a hedgehog, one of my Macheth speak of “ shard-born” Beetles, neighbours procured one, which used to i. e. savs Dr. Johnson, " produced a be kept in his kitchen, and let loose to mong broken liones or pors; or, as Bi- devour the vermin at night; but he was shop Warburton, “batched in clefts of at length glad to get rid of it, for he wood;” bue, in the same lioe (act Ill. thought was the means of driving scene 3,) he mentioos allo their drowsy them into a bedchamber over the kitchhums ringing night's yawning peal.” en: and I have heard that another per. Now, as our modern house-beetles are son who kept a hedgehog loft several perfectly filent, the poet must certainly little chickens. and, after some time, refer to thar insect which we cail a cock found that the hedgehog dellroyed them; chafer, which is a fort of flying beerle, they are, morcover, I underítand, very very frequently to be seen and heard, nally creatures. and even felt, in a summer evening in Some time lince I purchased a house, the country, for it fits about making a , which I knew swarmed with these vesa humıning noise, and often triking a min, though it had not been bulit forry gaiott one's face as it fies. And, if years. No means had been serioully Beetles had been as numerous formerly thought of, or pains taken, to get rid of as they are in some houses at present, we them, for a long coule of riine : the Should certainiy find more frequent re servants of my predeccilor very feldom fortoces to them in old books than we opened the fathes, and, I appichend, meet with : besides, how general; and were not very liberal in the ule of soap how immensely nu.nerous, mult they by and water. I could find nobody that this time have been, especially confider- pretended to pofltss any fpecifick for the iog the smalloels of the rooms in days of eradication of the vermin; and most of yore, the loose tapefry with which they the remedies that I ever met with were abounded, the cloteness of the buildings mere palliatives, iike that in your Ma. in large towns, and the general want of gazine for May lait. The places where party-walls ! On the contrarv, they feem iney principally swarmed weiç the kitchto me to abound most in newer houses : en and an adjoining clutet, which are there are, within less than a mile of me, facing the S. or SSE, and below the leseveral new, well-built houses, in all vel of the garden. My turveyor direciod parts of whichi, I understand, they swarın the workmen to pull thole tro rooms toto such a degree as to be ablolutely in. pieces, to take down the wainscot ang colerable; and I myself, but a few days chinney.piece · (bebind the latter of ago, killed one that was walking, at which were found thousands of young noon-day, in a new and elegant building beetles, that looked more like ear-wigs), of three or four years ftanding. I have nearly to whiten the walls, and to tic-up heard of their abounding at Bristol, and, the rooms again without waioicot; for I think, in some part of Lincolnshire. “chus," says he, “there will be no They delight in hot and dry places, such place in which they can breed, or beas chimnies, ovens, lugar-houses, &c.; hind which they can be hid. For a time and I am persuaded that it is a mistaken none appeared; but afterward I iaw a idea which some persons have adopted, tew, and heard that there were more be. that the primary and chosen residence of low liairs. At length a friend tound in these aniinals is in fewers. They are a country paper, and communicated to very voracious; and, I apprehend, eat me, the following “remedy tor exlire almost any thing they can get at. But paling cock-roaches" (a larger and mora we are by no means fully informed of ottenlive species of beecles): "Take almall


quantity of white arsenick, finely pulve: been more effectual than all the other, rized, Árew it on some small crumbs of and that I have heard ridiculed as a piece bread, and lay it, the last thing at night, of fuperftition and folly, namely, a black on the hearth-stone, or any other place cat, which the servants fav they have where they principally haunt. Repeat; frequently seen eat the vermin. Í mening it a few nights will have the defired cion his colour, because I have reason to effect." Thinking that it seemed to believe that wbite cats never eat them : promise fair, 1 resolved to try it, and ap- & the same time I must acknow ledge I plied for some arsenick to my apothehave heard it observed, that cars which cary, an intelligent man, who advised eat these animals foon grow fick and die; me to mix with it fine-powdered sugar however, the scavenger of my family seems instead of crumbs of bread. I followed at present in good health and spirits. his prescription for a night or two ; but, Í transmit to you, Mr. Urban, these not finding that it produced any visible imperfe&t hints, fancying that, if you effect, I gave it up. 'I had some conver- think proper to favour them with a place sation with him about the origin of thele in your Magazine, both you and I may, vermin. I observed, that the most of perhaps, receive the thanks of some of those which I had seen in niy house were your numerous readers, who, like me, not black, as the true beetles are, but have a great antipathy to vermin. reddith, which I understand to be the

Yours, &c.

E. colour of the West Indian cock-roaches; and he seemed of opinion, that they must Mr. URBAN,

July 1. THO

HOUGH I am by no means sorry importation of those animals; an idea to be undeceived, I must own I which seems to be confirmed by their co have always suspected Mr. Mickle to be lour, unless it be supposed that all the author of the pretendedly antiene ballads black beetles are originally of that colour, in the third and fourth volumes of and afterward curn black. Now, if there Erans's Collection. This fufpicion arole be any ground for this hypothefis, may from the following causes: firft, Mr. we not imagine that they are first intro. Mickle was a poet of genius, of which duced into our houses by beams of old the forgeries jo question carry some thip.timber made use of in the building, marks } secondly, I knew that he and which are impregnated with the eggs of Evans were very intimate; and lallly, he thcfe vermin derived from sugar-hogs was a native of Scotland, and (though I heads, and warned into life when the abhor national prejudices) I firmly be rimbers happen to be fixed near a fire- lieve that more persons of that country place, oven, copper, or the like? and have been concerned in literary impofia does not this argument receive fome tions upon public credulity than or any strength from the appearance of the ani. Other in the world, from Hector Boctius, mals in fo short a time after the building in the fifteenth century, down to his Proof houses? Where I have been able to totype in the present : it remains for discover crevices, from whence it might your correspondent to tell us, whether be supposed that the vermin would come the a&tual perpetrator of this piece of vil. forth into the rooms, such as the edges Jainy is to be added to the list. Of Mr. of a marble hearth, the bottoms of door. Mickle's circumstances I can say no. posts that have Thrunk, or the like (and thing ; but as he had, for some time, bc-' their bodies are so very thin that it is fore his death, solicited subscriptions for amazing through what small crevices a guinea quarto of his “ Poetical Works" they make their way), I have had the (which I need scarcely say was never places carefully stopped with plaister of published), I have a right to conclude Paris, or putty, and that appears to have that they were far from affluent. That answered the deGred end. Upon the published the volumes as containwhole, the house is very tolerably, I ing original ballads of genuine antiquity, will not say totally, frced from this nui no one who looks into them can enterfance : and, though I apprehend that the tain a doubt; and I fall never think introduction of fresh air and light, by that a law of principle would allow fo the constant opening of futters and profligate an imposition to be pra&lised salhes, frequeni (cowering of rooms, and with impunity: indeed, I know an emi. the deftrudtion of them whenever seen, nent lawyer who is of opinion that the have done much toward ridding the culprit may be indi&ted as a common house of these verinin, yet there is one cheat. Being a sort of smatterer in old thing which, I am inclined to think, has poetry, I called at Evans's Ihop to exa

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