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For, when a person, presuming upon the re it is taken up into the higher regions of the putation he bis obtained in the world, endea. atmosphere, where the fixed air and water vours, hy an acandid behaviour, to draw the are again (aturited with fixed fire; by curtain over truth, this conduct will, in the which, becoming more specifically heary, it end, counterbalance all his labours. I throw descends again ; that phlogiston is fixed fire down the gauntlet, as Dr. Harrington has chemically attracted, and that it is capable done ; and if none takes it up, it must be for of being set loose again by various processes fear of being foiled: or, to drop the meta- in nature. phor, I openly avow my chemical principles, “Now, I scruple not to declare, that all and challenge a fair discussion of them. But, the principal and leading discoveries reipeetTould Dr. Harrington's theory, and there ing atmospherical air, its formation and my well. meant attempts in favour of it, evnte composition, with the manner in which it tinue still to be pailed over with a con supports animal and vegetable life, and the temptuous filence; and should time, which life of combustion ; I say, that all these are does justice to pilosophers and their princi- fully shewn by Dr. H. The only thing that ples, Thew ours to be right; in this case, to appeared to me rather obscure was, the life avoid discuifion, which leads to truth, is of combustion; but this I hope I have, cons worthy of blame, and posterity will, in this formahle to Dr. Harrington's principles, fully instance, undoubtedly condemn their con demonstrated in this treatise. I should be duct. I might mark such heliaviour with forry to endeavour, like some chemists, to its proper sigma. This, however, I will take away any part of his merit. However, not do, but leave the reader to make his own I venture to predict, that the time is fast ada reflexions.
vancing, when every thing relating to this “ This age is, with great propriety, called ciemistry will be properly understood, aud enligblened: it is the age of science; and the settled upon a right foundation. Dr. Harmany discoveries made in it have been liap- rington bas, in his Letter (printed in 1;88), pily applied to the purposes of hunian life. very fully detected the errors of his oppoNay more, it is the age of truth; and philoso- nents, concluding it with this pointed lanphers, both natural and moral, profess to guage, but as yet he has received no answer: have only truth in view in all their investi.
hope I have made it appear in this Let. gations. Hence to me it is matter of fuprize “ter, and in the rest of my writings, that that no old chemist has, before me, paid a “the prefeat hypotheses of philosophers ac, proper attention to Dr. Harrington's princi: “count for none of the phænomena we have ples; for if a theory, which accounts for, and " considered, and that mine give an explaproves by folid reasoning, all the chemical « nation of them all, both coufistent and saphænomena in opposition to principles con “ cistactory. Therefore, gentlemen, I thus trary to N. ture and Reason, and which ac “publicly call upon you, either to vindicate count for none of the phænomena, mould be your opinions, or to renounce them. Scia attended to and adopted, that gentleman's is “ence and the publick claim it of you." the one : and if any chemist is not disposed
But we have already exceeded our to adopt it, let him, at least, treat it with the
usual bounds; we must therefore, uncandour it deserves. Dr. Priestley is anxious to know what te breathes before he ceales willingly, defer an investigation of the to breathe. When this is told him, he will many other cogent reasons vill another not, I hope, think it below him to accept of opportunity. (To be continued.) * * * information. !
“ Dr. Harrington clearly proved, as long 87. Poems. Nam•ly, The Englida Orator; an ago as the year 1780, that an acid and water Addrejs ro Thomas Pennant, Ej9.; an Ode are neutralised with fire, and aë ralised into on ibe Sufcepribility of :be Porricel Cbraller ; atınospheric air ; that in respiration this Twenty Sonnees; an Epiflle sou College Friend; fixed fire is attracted by the blood from the and ibe Locker.insformed. Wib Noses en ibe acid and water; that the acid is Irft in the English Oratur, By Mr. Pulu hele. 410. State of fixed air, and a great quantity of the To those who love the daughters of water is condenfed in the process; that, in Mnemosyné, and are pleased to see their putrefaction, the air undergoes a similar de- inlpiration applied to its bes and gecomposition, and the fixed fire is attracted nuine purpole, that of infirucing and hy the putrid body, so as to become putrid, or delighting, whilft it tends to invigorate aikalescent; that, in combustion, the fixed and call forth the finer fusceptibilities of fire (as we have proved) is set loose. These
the heart, this eiegant volume will be discoveries were only a prelude to those of the first principles of animal and vegetable didactic poem, we have already had the
an acceptable pretent. As a beautiful life,-the phænomenon of animal heat, with other secondary phænomen.. He publihed, plealure to recommend " The Englith ju 1785, a full hif.ory of the different airs, Orator," aud are pleased to fee our clearly sewing the formation of each. That opinion of ic ratified by the best judges. the air is again renewed after being injured, of the smaller pieces in this collection lic proves from its levity; owing to which, we tha!!, .a! Icast for the present, only
observe, that we have read them with to read thus. Speaking of Raffaelle , considerable pleasure, and (which we the author says, deem no mean praise) think them in " I seem to see his magic hand every respect worthy of their ingenious Wield the wondrous peucil-wand ;** author. His no:es on the principal poem which certainly presenss us with a strange evince much select and various reading, combination. A little farther we meet with great correctness of judgement, with a fingular inaccuracy : and refinement of taste. Our readers, “ While Athens, rapt in wonder, hears we presume, will not be displeased to Truth's energetic voice proclaiin see his sentiments respecting the com
Her unknown God's tremendous name." parative oratorical merits of the follow. The unknown God to whom the ing conspicuous members of the lower Athenians erected an alrar had no name. house of parliament: “ Mr. Burke has “ Aleéto's iron bair," in another part, “ a rich fancy, and is sometimes great : is also an expression which a little mili“but, upon the whole, he is not to be tates with our clattical prejudices with “ compared to Mr. Pits, or Mr. Fox, respcet to her furious ladyfhip. These, " for fuency of language, force of ar: however, are Night blemishes in a per
gument, and effect of speaking. And formance which contains many beau“ of thele, Mr. Piit has much ehe ad. ties, and which will amply reward the “vantage, in an incomparably full, reader's curiosity. The Ode to the “ mellow, and manly voice in an caly “ Naiad of Glympton Brouk” pofleffes “ command of words, and pericuous much chaste and simple excellence, " arrangement of his arguments. Mr. which none but a mind highly cultivat“ Fox, when he speaks with vehemence ed could have produced. In his Latin “ (as he generally does), bath a harsh, compositions we think our author has “ broken voice, and is less clear in his been less successful ; but the Monody
arrangement; but he has exceedingly on the Death of an Academical Car dile “ strong argument, and the art of placing covers throughout a vein of the richest “ it in the most firiking points of view. humour, and justifies our again repeat“ Mr. Sheridan is at least next in rank, ing, that in this species of writing the
His forte is poignant present publication is eminently happy. « wit, as well as strong argument.'
We thall give the following specimen :
“ Nay, two-legged cats, as well as cats witla 88. Salmagundi; a Miscellaneous Combination Shall Dick's irreparable lors deplore; [four, of Original Poetry. 410.
Cats who frail nymphs in gay allemblies guard, WHAT the Olla Podrida was in As buckram fit, and bearded like the pard; prole is here presented to us in verse Calumnious cats, who circulate faux pas, (and indeed their appellations are fyn. And reputations maul with murd rous claws; onymous), a Miscellany of Amatory, Stirill cats, whom fierce domeltic brawls deElegiac, Lyrical, and Epigrammatical
(mad; to the word Amatory, which looks like
And learned cats, who talk their husbands affectation; and why, when we have a
Confounded cats, who cough, and croak, and very good word of our own at home,
cry, hould we go abroad for a new one? And maudlin cats, who drink eternally; These compositions certainly display a Prim cars, of countenance and mien precise, great deal of taste, very mellifluous ver. Yet oftner hankering for men than mice ; nification, and a certain portion of ge- Curit cats, whom nought but caftigation nius; but we have no scruple in affort. checks, ing that the author's decided talent is Penurious cats, who buy their coals by pecks; bumour, which, in the publication be- Faftidious cats, who pine for costly cates, fore us, often appears with the happiest Cat-pruies, wio, when they're afk'd the
And jealous cats, who catechize their mates , advantage. We were sorry, however,
question, squall, more than once to have discovered in
And ne'er give answer categorical ; them a fondness for alliteration ; con.
Uncleanly cats, who never pare tiveir nails, cerning which, the best criticks seein no
Cat gotnps, fond of Canterbury tales ; longer divided, but agree in rejecting Cat-grandams, vexed with asthmas and cathem altogether, as puerile conceits. In Larrhs, the “ Ilulions of Fancy” we were forry And superstitious cats, who curse their stars;
* Astais illustrious name has long been naturalized amongst us, why not write it Rap!ael, for which there is authority in all our English Claticks?
as an orator.
Cats, who their favours barter for a bribe, that they are doing signal service to the caose And canting cats, the worst of all the tribe ; of truth and good morals, by endeavouring lo And faded virgin-cats, and tabhies old,
clear the Christian system from all foreiga Who at quadrille remorseless mouse for gold. incumbrances, and by representing the docCats of each class, craft, calling, and degi ee,
trives of Revelation in their primitive sin, Mourn Dick's calamitous carattrophe." plicity. Truth must ultimately be serviceable
to virtue, The following also, in our opinion, exbibits no mean example of what is
“The fundamental principles of this society rarely to be found, - epigrammatical Former, Supporter, and Governor of the uni
are, that there is but one God, the sole point and wit:
verse, the ONLY proper object of religious H A Case of Conscience, fubmiered in a late Digo worship; and that there is one mediator be
nitary of sbe Courcb, on his Narcotic Expose tween God and men, the Man Christ Jesus, tian of Watch and pray, left ye enter into who was commillioned by God to instruct Temptation.
men in their duty, and to reveal the doctrine “By our pastor perplext,
of a future life. How thall we letermine?
". The beneficial infuence of these truths Watch and pray, says the texts
upon the moral conduct of men will be in Go to Gleep, says the fermen." proportion to the confide ice with which For this entertaining work the world they are receival into the mind, and the atis faid to be indebted, principally, to a
tention with which they are regarded. ConMr. liuddesford, a gentleman of Ox. fequently, all foreign op nions which men ford; though, as the conclufion of the have attached to this primitive system of volume, if we are not mistaken, we re
Chriftiae doctrine, and which tend to divert cognize one or two things that have their thoughts from these fundamental prinbeen otherwise imputed. The frontif. ciples, are, in a degree, injurious to the cause
of religion and virtue. While, therefore, piece is engraved by Heath, from a
many well-meaning persons are propagating, painting by Burney, very much in the with zeal, opinions which the members of
pirit and manner of Fuseli. The let- this fociety judge to be infcriptural and idoter-press and paper are fingularly beau. Jutrous, they think it their duty to opp»te the riful; and the whole does hunour to farther progress of sucli pernicious errors, the face of the Arts in this country. and publicly to avow their firm attachment
to the doctrines of the UNITY of God, of 89. Rules of the Unitarian Society for promoting his ENRIVALLED and USDIVIDED authority
Cbriftian Knowledge, 86. &c. and dominion, and that forus Christ, the most AS past of the history of what is do. duitinguished of the prophets, is the CREA: ing in our own day, the proceedings of
TURE and MESSENGER of God, and not his
EQUAL, nor his VICECERENT, nor copublic religious societies, of whatever
PARTNER with him in divine honour's, as denomination, have some claim to our
some have strangely supposed. And they are notice. Under this idea, we shall cran.
desrous to try the experiment, wheiher the fcribe the prefarory address prefixed to cause of true religion and virtue may not be chele Rules, without suggesting any most effectually promoted upon proper unicomment.
tarian principles, and whether the plain, un. “Christianity, proceedling from God, must adulterated truths of Christianity, when fairly be of infinite importance ; and a more efsen- taught and inculcatel, be nut of themselves cial fervice cannot be rendered to inankind sufficient to form the minds of those who than to alvance the interests of truth and sincerely embrace them to that true dignity virtue, to promote peace, liberty, and good and excellence of character to which the oriler in society, to accelerate the improve Gospel was intended to elevate them. ment of the species, and to exalt the charac « Rational Christians have hitherto been ter, and secure the greateit ultimate happi- too cautious of publicly acknowledging their ness of individuals, by Jilleminating right principles; and this disgraceful timidity hath principles of religion, and hy exciting the at been prejudicial to the progrets of truth and tention of men to the genuine doctrines of virtue. It is now high time that the friends revelation
of genuine Christianity thould stand forth? “ This is the chief object of The Unitarian and avow themselves. The numher of such, Society for promoring Cbriftian Knowledge, and it is hoped, will be found to be much greater ib. Practice of Virtue, by diffiburing SUCH than many apprehend. And their example, Borks as appear to the members of the society if accompanied with, and recommended by, to contain the most rational views of the Gola a correspondent purity of life and morals, pel, and to be most free from the errors hy will naturally attract the attention of other, which it lias long been sullied and obscuret. - and produce that freedom of enq. iry, that Error, voluntary or involuntary, so far as it liberal difcntion, and that fearless prote:uon extends, must have a pernicious influence. of principles embraced after duc examination, The members of this luciety cink, therefore, which can be formidable to diothing but lo
error and to vice, and which must eventually be leil, when their first fervours are abatedo be subservient to the cause of truth and vir to join in a sober survey of the schemes into tue, and to the best interests of mankind. which they bave been deluded. To thote
“ The first general meeting of this society only (and I am sorry to say they are not was holden on Wednesday, Feb. 9, 1791." likely to make a large description) we apply
with any hope. I may speak it upon an ar90. A Letter from Mr. Burke ro a Member of surance almost approaching to absolute know
be National Asembly, in Answer to tome ludge, that nothing has been done that has 05jections to bs Book on French Affairs, not been contrived fruin the beginning, even The Second Edition. Paris printed, London before the States had afsembled. Nulla nova repriated.
mibi res in pinave furgit. They are the came MR. B. acknowledges some of the from the first, though varied in their appear
men and che faine designs that they were errors pointed out by his correfpondent, who addressed to him a letter dated No: first crawled about in the hape of a Ciater
It was the very fame animal that at vember 17 laft; but thinks only one of pillar, that you now see rise into the air, and these errors material. The cavils on
expand his wings to the sun." p. 5,6. his remarks on the gradations of the
Mr. B. proceeds to detect the impuBew constitution do not affect the sub- dent cbarlistanerie of the National Afe fiance of his objections; accordingly, frumbly, in their last manifesto, or moun. he avoided marking the alterations per te bank's bill. “It is said, in the last petually making" by bungling practice
quackish address of the National Ar * to correct absurd theory.”
“ teinhly to the People of France, that “I am nnalterably persuaded, that the al " they have not formed their arrangetempt to oppress, degrade, impoverish, cone
ments upon vulgar practice, but on a fiscate, and extinguish the original gentle- “theory which cannot fail, or somemen, and landed property of a whole nation,
thing to that effect." p. 10, note.---He cannot be justified under any form it fume. I am satisfied, heyond a doubt, that pajuts in frong colours the difficulty of the project of turning a great empire into a
reducing the people again to reafon and veftry, or into a collection of veftries, and of order (p: 11-13), when fuch persons governing it in the spirit of a parochial al
are appointed by the National Asembly miniftration, is senseless and absurd, in any
to adininifter jultic, and manage the mode, or with any qualifications. I can ne affairs of religion; and compares the ver be convinced that the leveme of placing conduct of Conivell, in chooling Hales the highest powers of the state in church for his chief jullice, with that of the wardens and conttables, and other luch ofa. Nacional Ailenibly in the choice of tbeir cers, guided by the prudence of litigious at. judges : and alks, have not tuch men fornies and jew-brokers, and set in action by
« inade bishops administer in temples fhameless women of the lowest condicion, by
“ in which it the patrionc donations keepers of hotels, taverns, and brothels, by
“have not already firip them of their pert apprentices, hy clerks, shop bors, hair
“ veilels) the church wardens ought to dressers, fidlers, and dancers on the stage (who, in such a cominonwealth as your's,
“ rake security for the altar-plate, and will in future overbear, as already they have
"not so much as to trult the chalice in overborne, the fuber incapacity of dull, unin
"Their facrilegious hands, lo long as structed men, of useful but taborious occupa
Jews have allignals on eccletiaftical tions) can ever he put into any shape that piunder to exchange for the filver must not be both disgraceful and destructive.
os itolen from the church ?" p. 17.... The whole of this project, even if it were " In inatters fo ridiculous it is hard to what it pretends to be, and was not in reality “ be grave. On a view of their confia the dominion, through that disgraceful me. "cution it is almost abuman to treat Jium, of half a dozen, or perliaps fewer, in “them lightly.” p. 18.-- Mr. Burke triguing politicians, is so mean, so low-mind proceeds to thew, that, to cure the pen. el, lo stupid a contrivance, in point of wiso ple of France of their present delution, dom, as well as so perfectly detestable for its
“there madmen must first, like other madwickedness, that I must always consider the
men, ne iubaned. The found part of the correctives, which might make it in any degree practicable, to be so many new objec. by no means the largeit put, has been taken
community, which I helic:e to be large, but Lions to it." p. 3, 4.
by surprize, and is diguintcil, territesh, and “ I do not conceive that the persons who disarmeu. The found part of the community have contrived these things can be made much must first be put into a better condition bethe better or the worse for any thing which fore it cair do any thing in the way of delia can be said to them. They are realun-proof. beration or persoanon. This must be an act Here and there, foine men, who were at first of power, in the hands of firm, determined carried away by wild, good intentions, may patriurs, who can distinguish the rilled from
traitors, who will regulate the state (if such a Magna Charta of privileges as never was Should be their fortune) with a discriminat. given by any king to any lubjects? Is it to ing, manly, and provident mercy; men who be tamely borne by kings who love their are purged of the surfeit and indigeftion of subjects, or by subjects who love their kings, systems, if ever they have been admitted in that this Monarch, in the midit of these to the habit of their minds; men who will gracious acts, was infolently and cruelly !orn lay the foundation of a real reform, in ef- from his palace, by a gang of traitors and asfacing every vestige of that philofophy wlich fallins, and kept in close prison to this very pretends to have made discoveries in the hour, whilft liis royal name and sacred chaterra abralis of morality; men who will fix racter were used for the total ruin of those the state upon these bases of inorals and po whom the laws had appointed him to proliticks, which are our old, and immemorial, teet?" p. 21–23. and, I hope, will be our eternal pofleflion
“ However, Sir, what I have here said of This power, to such men, mutt come from
the interference of foreign princes only wirbour. It may be given to you in pity; the opinion of a private individu il; who is for surely no nacion ever called so patheti- neither the representative of any state, nor cally on the compallion of all its nciglibours. the organ of 'any party; but who thinks It may be given by thofe neighbours en mo
himself bound to express his own sentiments tives of safety to themselves. Never Ihill I think any country in Curope to be fecure, importance to the human race.” p. 24.
with freedom and energy in a crisis of such whilst there is established, in the very centre of it, a state (if fo it may be called) founded
Mr. B. checks the apprehenfion of on principles of anarchy, and which is, in his correspondent, that, in speaking reality, a college of armed fanaticks, for the freely on the subject of the King and propagation of the principles of affailinato), Queen of France, he shall accelerate robbery, rebellion, fraud, taction, oppreilion, the execution of traiterous designs a• and impiety.” p. 19, 20.
gainst them. “ The King of Prussia, in concurrence “ Nothing that I can say, or that you can with us, nobly interfered to save Holland say, will haiten them, by a single hour, in from confufion. The same power, joined the execution of a design which they have with the rescued Holland and with Great tong since entertained. In spite of their soBritain, has put the Emperor in the polier- lemn declarations, their foothing addresses, fion of the Ne:herlands; and secured, wider and the multiplied oaths which they have that prince, from all arbitrary innovatio!', the taken, and forced others to take, they will antient, hereditary conftitution of those pro allaffinate the King when his nanie will no vinces. The Chamher of Wetzlar has reitor. longer be necessary to their designs; but not ed the Bishop of Liege, unjustly dilpolieised a moment sooner. They will probably first by the rebellion of his futjects. The King aflasinate the Queen, whenever the renew. of Pruilia was bound by no trealy, nor alli ed menace of such an aflatlination loses its ance of blool, nor bad any particular realons effect upon the anxious mind of an affection. for thinking the Emperor's government ate husband. At present, the advantage would he more mischievous or more opprero which they derive from the daily threats five to human nature than that of the Turk; against her life, is her only security for preyet, on mere motives of policy, that prince serving it. They keep their Sovereign alive has interposed, with the threat of all his for the purpose of exhibiting him, like some force, to snatch even the Turk from the wild beast at a fair ; as if they had a Bajazet pounces of the Imperial Eagle. If this is in a cage. They choose to make monarchy done in favour of a barbarous nation, with a contemptible by exposing it to derision, in barbarous neglect of police, fatal to the hu.. the person of the moit benevolent of their man race, in favour of a pation by principle kings. In my opinion, their insolence apo in eternal enmity with the Christian name; pears more odious even than their crimes." a nation which will not lo much as ive the salutation of peace (Salam) to any of us, nor
“ Till the justice of the world is awaken. make any pact with any Christian nation beyond a cruce ;—if this be done in favour of ed, such as these will go on, without admo
nition, and without provocation, to every the Turk, Thall it be thought either impoli- extremity. Those who have made the exhitic or injuft, or uncharitable, to employ the
biiion of the 14th of July, are capable of fame power to rescue from captivity a virtuous Monarch (by the courtely of Europe their designs; but they form dekgns that
every evil. They do not commit crimes for coosidered as Most Christian) who, after an
they may commit crimes. It is not their intermiflion of 175 years, had called toge
neceflity, but their nature, that impels them. ther the states of his kingdom, to reform
They are modern philosophers, which when abuses, to establish a free government, and to strengthen his throne; a Monarch, who, you say of them, you express every thing
that is ignoble, Lavage, and hard-hearted." at the very ontset, without force, even without solicitation, had given to his people such