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The Gentleman's

Magazine ;



AUGUST, 1791.




Lloyd's Evening

Derby, Excter
Si. James'sChron.

Whitehall Even.

Hereford, Holl
Lc idon Chron.
ST. JOHN's Gate.

London Evening

L. Packet-Star

Leeds 2
English Chron.

Evening Mail

Middlesex Journ.

Liverpool 3
Courier de Lond.

Daily Advertiser

Public Advertiser

Newcastle 3
Gazetteer, Ledger

Northampton Morning Chron.

Norwich 2

Morning Herald

Woodfall's Diary


The Oracle

Times-M. Poft

SCOTLAND 13 Weekly Papers

Shethield 2
Bath a; Bristol 4

Sherborne 2
Birmingham 2

Bury St Edmund's


Canterbury 2


Meteorolog. Diaries for July and Aug. 1791 690 Fête at Gibraltar in Honour of Prince Edward 716
A Thunder storm at High Cross described 691 A Letter fron Dean Swift to Mr. Towers 718
Bad Effects of vitiated Air, how counteracted 692 Mr. Winter's Explanation of Drill Machines 719
Old Receipt for making Chocolate and Tea ib. Pendrell Family not extinct--Dr. Jer. Taylor 720
Epitaph criticised-Quakers-Wellh Indians 693 Luxury of Clouted Cream, how to be made ib.
Papal Brief of 1791–

Answer to Dr. Priestley 694 Rats effe&ually destroyed by a Land Tortoise 721
Bp. of Durham's Public Entry, Speeches,&c. 696)“ The Luck of Edenhall," with an Elucidation ib.
Fine Painted Glass at Healey Hall described 697 Insulated Districts, whence ?-Calas Family 722
Mr. Locke's Epitaph at High Laver in Effex ib Rats and Mice, how destroyed- & Crickets: 723
Anecdotes of B. W barton, Chapman, &c. 698 ChurchCeremonies-Lightningwithout Thunder 6.
Original Letter from Addison to Dr. Chartlett ib. Baroinetrical Ohlerva ions for June and July 724
Splendid Decorations for Bible recommended 699 Natural Hiitory- Dr. R. Greene--Burnet 725
Plan for growing Locuft Trees for the Navy 700 Remarks &c. on Biglind's 'Gloncerter Thire'
Lord Clarendon, Dr. Priettley, Mr. Burke 701" Villa & Villata in Itinere,”--Cold Coins 227

Anecdotes of Elijah Fenton, and his Family 703 Fairy Ringselucidated-- Rats& Mice de stroyed 728
Farther Remarks on present State of France 704 Proceedings in the last Sersion of Parliament 929
Execution at Dijon described by a Wanderer 705 Mason's Poems adapted to Musick-Criticism: 36
Some Remarks on the Culture of the Vine 16. Review or New PUBLICATIONS 737–754
Account of the Family of Matth. Buchinger 709 INDEX IXDICATO2105-Queries answered 755
The deep Well at East Hanningfield Parfonage i.. SELECT POFTRY, antient and modern 756-60
Letter from Sylvanus Urban to John Mriton 707 For. Affairs, Domest. Occurrences, &c. 761-772
Letter from Mr. C. to Dr. B. on Slave Trade 703 Marriages, Deaths, Preferments, &c. 773-783
Brerewood Family, of Place House, co. Bucks 713 Daily Variations in the Prices of the Stocks 724
Embellished with beautiful Perspective Views of PLACE House, Bucks; and of

the Building at GIBRALTAR in Honour of PRINCE EDWARD ;

also with fome Paintings on Glass from HEALIY HALL.








Prmtedd for D. HENRY by JOHN NICHOLS, Red Lion Palfage, Fleet-ftreet;

where all Letters to the Editor are desired to be addressed, Post-PAID.


Wind. Barom.(Therm State of Weather in July 1791.

grey, rain

691 58

38 56 62 76 88

1 SW stormy

29,36 64 grey and black clouds, no fun, very cold, rain at 2 S moderate

61 gloomy, heavy showers

(night 3 W moderate

48 61 4 SW stormy


59 blue sky, white clouds, stormy rain 5 WSW stormy

31 57 blue sky, white clouds, very high wind 6 SW stormy

471 57 cloudy, wind goes down, fine day 7 SW calm


blue sky, white clouds, very fine day 8 W moderate

overcast, clears up, fine day 9 W brisk

72 57 overcast, small rain 10 SW moderate

5598 grey and black clouds, rain 11 NNW brisk

57 overcast, little rain, fine day 12 N brilk


blue sky, white clouds 13 W brisk

58 blue sky, white clouds, unpleasant day 14 W calm

58 overcalt, clears up, pleasant Is W calm


blue sky, a few white clouds, good hay day! 36 W calm

66 66 clear blue sky, charming day 17 E moderate

60 65 blue sky, white veil, black clouds, calm at even. 18 Se moderate


gloomy, thunder, much rain (ing, rain at night 19 SSE brisk

32 64 cloudy, a heavy shower 20 SW calm

62 overcast, clears up, rain at night 21 W gentle


63 white clouds, fair 22 W moderate

65 61

gloomy, rain 23 SW moderate


63 overcast, rain 24 S moderate


62 cloudy, rain at night 25 IS brisk

61 white clouds, high cold wind, rain at night 26 S brisk

60 black clouds, clears up, star-light 27 W gentle

26 60 little overcast, clears up, 28 SSW gentle

501 60 overcast, much rain 29 s strong 59 gloomy, stormy Towers

[fun-set 30 S strong

30 60 cloudy, small rain, higli wird, red clouds after 31 (S brisk

lovercast, little rain, wind carries off the rain 1. Wind so brisk, as to blow the hay, in loading, over the meadlows.-12. A general want of grass.- 13. Gathered first ripe gooseberries.- 16. Cobwebs upon the hedge banks, blackberry in bloom, wheat in bloom, vegetation again going forward, the brown hue of the fields something changed, grass springs a little.-18. About fix o'clock this evening, the wind round the compass in the course of ten minutes, and with violence.-25. Thunder, and a violent hail-form, at a village not far distant.—28. Hay harvest chiefly finished, the crop not fo heavy, but superior in quality to the coarse long grass of last year. Hay well got. Fall of rain this month, 2.5-10ths of an inch; evaporation, 4.4-15ths.


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421 68

Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer. Height of Fahrenheit's Thermometer.

|Barom. .)

fin. pts. in Aug. 1791.

0. pts. in Aug. 1791.


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56 30,3


31 56


o 27 62 66 59 29,93 rain

12 66

75 66 129,93 fair
28 60
70 55 30,


60 69
57 29,89 fair

14 69

69 , 2 thunder at night 30 62 73 56 fair 15 71 75

fair 31 60 74 ,96 fair

16 66

73 64 29,93 frain A.I 64 57


71 60
59 73
55 30,14 fair

18 60 69
72 58

19 59




15 fair:
75 65

fair 125

56 63 58 78 67


69 7 67 79 64


63 8 66


24 63 69 60
,18 fair

25 59


10 68 72 59
,18 tair


63 1 77

64 129,91 fair W. CARY, Mathematical Instrument-Maker, opposite Arundel-Street, Strand.

234 fair ,31 fair

945 fair


,22 fair 115 fair ,15 fair

132 fair
115 thowery

303 fair
29,96 fair

197 fair 197 fair

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Aug. 19

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Mr. URBAN, Hinckley, Aug. 18. Mr. URBAN,


TOUR readiness to encourage what. ride to High Cross, have ever may contribute to the happi

ing heard the evening ness or welfare of others tempts me to I

before that it had been send to you the following observations, s struck by lightning. By which, if put in practice, might, I think, # the inclosed sketch you conduce to the health of those alluded

will suc the present apo to in it. pearance ; all the upper part of the Having, some years ago, had frequent Cross was thrown down, and many occasions of going into Buckinghamihire, of the stones fplit by the lightning, and in which the manufacture of lace is a thrown about, in part, perhaps, by the constant employment of the women, I crampings of the iron within the stones. much lamented their universally dis

eased appearance. Their countenances are generally pale, and of a yellowish colour; and not a few of them are de. formed in their bodies. It evidently appeared to me that these imperfection's are brought on by their course of life. Reflecting on these circumstances, I resolved to try whether these bad effects might not, in some degree, be prevented.

While working of lace, they lead a sedentary life; their bodies beat fore ward over their cushions, which rest on their laps. Their bodies being bent,

the lungs have not a free play; whence The fituation is bigh, and it was more arise various complaints in their breasts. exposed than any other object in the The liver and boivels being also pressed neighbourhood. It happened about 20

upon, the circulation of ihe fluids in minutes before one o'clock on the morn.

their several vessels is impeded; whence ing of the 16th initant. The Aash of flatulences and obstructions, and conselightning, and the explosion of the thun- quent pains in the abdomen. der, were noticed at Hinckley at the dis The schools in which the boys and tance of about five seconds of time, which girls are taught are low rooms, kept agrees pretty well as to the distance. The close and warm, because their employ preceding day was hot and sultry. Reau. does not require the degree of exercise mur's thermometer food at 20°, that is, necessary to create warmth. In such about 77° of Fahrenheit's. I apprehend rooms grown women generally associate the Itorm was not lo violent at Hinckley together. The air in these rooms beas at many other places, for I believe it comes loaded with perspirable matter, was very extentive; but we had a great and other cfiuvia, arising from their deal of vivid, pale lightning for many bodies. Their breathing in the confined hours. The firit appearance of the storia air renders it unfit for respiration. It is and thunder, I oblerved, came from the well known to medical pra&titioners, South and South-wcft, gradually ap. that very dangerous fevers, and other proaching the latter part of the afternoon diseases, arise from confined air. The w the 15th instant. J. ROBINSON. boys educated in these schools are foon



Called forth into the open air, to be va- the best and most fashionable. I could rio fly employed in active life; and meet with, and likewise a tea pot and thu', generally, foon get the better of small parcell of very good tea; all which the bad effe&is contracted during their I freely present to you, and beg of you education,

as freely to accept, as a small demonstraAs there was a school in the village tion of my gratitude for your by-past to which my business occasionally called kindnesses and obligations you have me, I resolved to try such means as oc- heaped upon mee. I have sent them in curred to me to be pioper for preventing a little box, in which is also a little broke, the abovementioned inconveniences. which I hope mav be acceptable to Jofias

In order, in the first place, to prevent and William. Underneath I have sent the bad effects of viciated, confined air you the best directions I could get for in the school, I made an opening in the inakeing the chocolet and tea. Pray a line cieling of the school-room, close to the or two of the receipt of :he box, and prechimney. fue; and from that opening I sent my duty, love, and service, as you caused a fue to be built, as high as the know is due, from your most obliged and chimney, the side of the chimney make affectionate brother, and most humble ing one side of ihis new flue. The heat servant,

Jon. DAWSON. of the fire warming the chimney-flue, 3 March, 1687, from my chamber in the motion of the air in the new flue Bernard's-inn, by a good fire-side. was thereby accelerated; and by these

For makeing the Chocolet. ineans there was a constant current of

Put into the pot halse milke and halfe wa." air upwards from the school in the new

ter, and let it boyle well; then put in two flue, especially when the door or win- ounces of Chocolet, and two ounces of sugar, dows were opened : and as the noxious, and stirr it up well together till it be diffolvo putrescent animal particles are known ed, and then boyle it well up. Scrape your to ascend in the air, they are thus con Chocolet well before you put it into the pot. Itantly carried off, and hereby a perpe. If you make it with all water you must put tual ventilation is formed, ihe ichool in three ounces of Chocolet. conunuing as warm as before. Such

For Tea.

Let a pint of. faire water boy le well, and openings in allembly (or other crowd.

when it boyles take it from the fire, and then ed) rooms would be found convenient. To prevent the inconveniences arising wrapt up in a paper which I have put into

put in the same quantity of tea you will fid from the bent poliure of the body while the tea-pot, or more if you thinke titting ; at work, I caused a frame to be made, then let it stand neare the fire (but not to to support the pillow to such an height boyle) about halfe a quarter of an houre, and as to be at a proper distance from the then you may drink it. eye when the person working food upright; and, in order to give them occa On a Marble in Chelierfield Church, Bienal relief, I caused a resting support

Derbyshire. for the feet to be made in the lower

EDWARD BURTON, part of the frame, when they were in

attorney at law, in Chefterfield, clined to fit on a scat placed behind

died April 23, 1782, thein. By this means the body was

aged 54 years. contianty uprigit. This kind of relief A tender husband, and a friend sincere, is found lo convenient, that, in many Confign'd to earih, implores the silent tear. merchants' office, their writing-duik's Learn’d in the laus, he never warp'd their ale of such an height as to admit of the To Melter vice, or injure innocence; (sense, clarks tianding or sitting, thereby occa- But, firm to truth, by no mean interest mov'd, fionally refing themselves. While in To all dispens'd that justice which he lov'd: the country, I prevailed on a smart, And Gult detected fear’d the coming biow.

Viitue oppress'd he taught her rights to know i fenfisle girl in the neighbourhood to Thus humbly nieful, and without offence, work at å frame which I had made for He fillid the circle mark'd by Providence, ter, which pleased her much. I am

In age compleating what luis youth began, furry to mention, thai, on enquiry, I The noblest work of God, an honest man *. bave not been informed that this prac

Thele lines, Mr. Urban, are melodin rice is followed.

S. A.

ous enough, and were written by the late

Biihop Halifax, whole lifter Mr. Burton RECEIPT for maling CHOCOLATE

had married. But this, however, is a and TFA. Dear Sifer DAWSON,

very bad epilaph, as it informs not polY CESTER DAY; by the carryer Yales, I sunt you a chocoletopot,


* Pope.

terity of the particular circumstances of in proof of the sameness of two distant the subject of it, viz that he was a na nations, as of the Americans", for extive of the borough of Chesterfield, where ample, being descended from the Britons his father had been a member of the cor of this island, because the name of a bird, poration; that he married one of the penguin, fignifies in Well white-bead, three daughters of Mr. Robert Halifax, agreeable to the description of the fowl, an apothecary of Mansfield, in the coun which may be only a casual coincidence; ty of Nottingham; that he died without and though ftill less can be inferred from' ilue, and left his wife a widow.

the Naraganset-rock infcriptions, once And as to the last line, in which we thought to be Phænician, and that an are to suppose the poignancy of the in argument might be drawn from thence, fcription to confit, one can hardly think that the Carthaginians or Pæni had been it true, because it is equally applicable there t, but at last tvroed out to be only to the late John Elwes, esq. and many either fome unmeaning scratches, or ac another worthless character, who are often best Tartarian characters I ; yet, surely, found to have a ftri&t regard to justice, to Mr. Urban, we have good and sufficient meum & tuum, without one grain of grounds now for believing, from the vagoodness of heart. And thus mere in rious authorities and probable evidence tegrity, when fole and unaccompanied produced in your Magazines for this by other virtues, talls so far thort in va year (pp. 329, 396, 612), that certain lue of the exalted virtues of benevolence Britons do actually exist in North Ameand bencficence, that it can never place rica, and are at ihis time a great and a man on a level with Mr. Jobn How. powerful nation. Query, therefore, wheard, with saints and angels, who, never ther it would out be well worth while for theless, were all be works, tbe nobleft the Government to interpose, and to send and best works, of God.

L. E. out some adventurers at the public ex

pence, furnishing them with all manner Mr. URBAN,

Auz. 16. of necessaries, and promising them loine IN

your ufeful and entertaining Ma. competent, or rather liberal, rewards, if gazine of last month there is a lerter successful, in order to explore more tully signed W.C. rafhly charging the Qua- the latitudes alluded to in those papers, kers with Deism; and as boldly allert for the purpose, first, of ascertaining the ing, that the author of a book, called matter of fact; and then, if the liate“ The Snake in the Grass," best knew ments of the leveral papers should prove how to detect them, &c. &c.

true, of prosecuting a trade with that Now this anonymous calumniator congenial nation, which, as one has amay bc secure in his hiding place, as a bundant reason to believe, would prove person beneath the notice of writers of at least as beneficial as that of Butany ability and character. It is enough just Bay, or Nootka Sound. I would proto condescend to observe, that, by un pole then, that the adventurers ferit on founded accusations, he has manifested, this important discovery, for such i most glaringly, both his malice and his elteem it, thould be four or fix in num. ignorance. Mrs. Knowles, in the John- ber, for fear of accidents or ficknels; thac sonian dialogue alluded to, fully clears they should be sent from hence to Canada their Society of the Doctor's infinuation in a king's ship; and, lastly, that they of Deism; and their numerous write

should be all Britons from North Wales, ings prove them also to be incontrovertic healthy and robust, fenfible and intellibly found in the Christian faith. “The gent, and the more literate the better, Soake in the Grals" (peedily met with for the making of all proper obfervations an effectual anliver, in a publication in on what they may lee, and hear, and tiluled “A Switch for the Snake." feel. From the public spirit of Mr. This wholesome Switch prefently whip- Pennani, Sir, I cannot at all doubt but ped him into cover, whence he never he, though he has taken a lolema lcave after ventured to peep out his head.

of the nation as a writer, would condeIf W.C. expects to be attended to, let scend to give himself the trouble, if prohım manfully support his charges with perly applied to, of seeking out in his his name ! Heroes draw not their own country the required number of perswords on lhadows !

M. N. soos lo qualified as above. L. E.


August 17, un the etymology of a single word


* Hujibras, part I. canto Il. 69.
+ Archæologia, vol. VIIl. p. 290.
1 Ibid. p. 299.


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