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life, public service has carried me fre- being interrupted by the intrusion of some quently to the Cape of Good Hope, cutious people, they were frightened, where it struck me as a strange fancy, in and made a hasty retreat, and left the cup every family, to see a small land-tortoise in question: one of the last screaming in the inclosed yard bebind the offices of out, the house. For some time I regarded

If this cup should break or fall, the animal as a kind of universal pet ; Farewell the Luck of Edenhall. but at length I was told, that it was admitted for the fake of avoiding the pest inferred. It was written by the Duke of

The Ballad above alluded to is here of rats, which would not approach any Wharton; and is called, " The Earl's place the land-tortoise was harboured in. Defeat." - To the tune of 'Chevy Cbace.

I remember that one of thele creatures was kept in a small back gu 'en of a On borb fides haugbter and gigantic deeds." house in Henrietta-street, Covent Gar

MILTOX. den, for very many years, and possibly GOD profper long from being broke for this very excellence. It retired into The Luck of Edenball; the earth during the winter months ; A doleful drinking-bout I fing, and, I believe, was living when the fa There lately did befall. mily left the premises. W.P. To chase the spleen with cup and can, **

Duke Philip cook his way ; Mr. URBAN, Botlesford, July 29.

Babes yet unborn shall never fee IN 20 excursion to the North of Eng

The like of such a day. land, I was easily prevailed upon to The stout and ever-thirsty Duke see the Luck of Edenball*, celebrated in A vow to God did make, a ballad in Riclon's Select Collection of His pleasure within Cumberland English Songs. The only description I Three live-long nights to take. can give you of it is, a very thin, bello Sir Musgrave, too, of Martindale, mouthed, beaker glass, deep and marrow, A true and worthy Knight, ornamented on the outside with fancy. Eftsoon with him a bargain made, work of coloured glass, and may hold In drinking to delight. fomething more than a pint.

The bumpers swiftly pass about, Antient superstition may have contri Six in a hand went round; buted not a little to its preservation ; but And with their calling for more wine, that it should not, in a more enlightened They made the Hall resound. age, or in moments of conviviality, (lee Now when these merry tidings reach'd the Ballad), meet with one genile rap The Earl of Harold's ears, (and a gentle one would be quite fufi. And am I (quoth he, with an oath) cient for an ordinary glass of the lame Thus flighted by my Peers ? substance), is to me somewhat wonderful. Superftition, however, cannot be Saddle my steed, bring forth my boots,

I'll be with them righe quick ; entirely eradicated from the mind ar once,

And, Master Sheriff, come you too ; The lace agent of the family had such a

We 'll know this scurvy trick. reverential regard for this glass, that he would not suffer any person to touch

Lo, yonder doth Earl Harold come !"

Did one at table fay : it, and but few to see it. When the fa

“ 'Tis well,” replied the mettled Duke ; mily, or other curious people, had a de

“ How will he get away?” fire to drink out of it, a napkin was held underneath, left any accident should When thus the Earl began : “ Great Duke, befal it; and it is still carefully pre

I'll know how this did chance, served, in a cafe made on purpose. The Without inviting me ; sure this case is said to be the fecond, yet bears

You did not learn in France : the marks of antiquity, and is charged “ One of us two, for this offence,

Under the board hall lie : with ihs.

I know thee well, a Duke chou art; Tradition, our only guide here, says, So some years hence thall I. that a party of Fairies were drinking and « Put trust me, Wharton, pity 't were makiog merry round a well near the So much good wine to spill, Hall, called St. Cuthbert's well; but,

* A piat bumper at Sir Christopher Muf Edenhall, the ancient seat of Sir Phi- grave's. (N. B. Ancestor of the present lip Musgrave, near Penrith, Cumberland. Baronet.) GENT. MAG. Auguft, 1791.



As these companions here may drink Were quickly carried off to bed,
Ere they have had their fill.

Their senses to regain. « Let thou and I, in bumpers full,

God bless the King ! the Duchess fat ! This grand affair decide."

And keep the land in peace! “ Accurs'd he he," Duke Wharton said, And grant that drunkenness henceforth “ By whom it is denied 1"

'Mong Noblemen may cease I To Andrews, and to Hotham fair,

And likewise bless our Royal Prince, Many a piat went round;

The nation's other hope ! And many a gallant Gentleman

And give us grace for to defy Lay sick upon the ground.

The Devil and the Pope ! When at the last :he Duke efpied

*Yours, &c.

W. M. "He had the Earl fecnre, He plied him with a full pint glass,

Mr. URBAN, Llanfoy'i, July 27. Which laid him on the floor :

TEAR the road leading from Chep

ftow to Raglan in MonmouthWho never spoke more words than these,

fhire, and about five miles from the for. After he downward sunk: “ My worthy friends, revenge my fall;

mer place, lies a close of land, contain. Duke Wharton (ees me drunk.”

ing between two and three acres, said

to be part of the county of Hereford, Then, with a groan, Duke Philip took

although wholly surrounded by lands. The fick man by the joint,

lying in the former county, and at the And said, “ Earl Harold, 'stead of thee, Would I had drunk the pint!

Jeast eighteen miles from the confines of

Herefordshire. " Alack ! my very heart doth bleed,

It is faid, that the Learowes (the And doth within me fink;

birth-place of the elegant Shenfone), For surely a more fober Earl

and perhaps other spots in the kingdom, Did never swallow drink !”

have the same peculiarity of Situation. With that the Sheriff, in a rage

The Leasowes, though surrounded by To see the Earl so smit,

Worcestershire and Warwick shire, beVow' to revenge the dead-drunk Peer

longs to Shropshire, though perhaps Upon renown'd Sir Kit.

Thirty-five miles distant from any other Then stepp'd a gallant 'Squire forth, part of it. To what cause can fuch intuOf visage thin and pale;

lated districts, lying in one county, yet Lloyd was his irame, and of Gang-hall,

appended to another, be attributed** Fait by the river Swale :

Yours, &c.

C. Who said, he would not have it told, Where Edlen river ran,


Aug. 38. Thit unconcern'd he should sit by,

MET lately by accident, in your “ So, Sheriff, I 'ın your man 1"

Review of Swinborne's Travels, vol. Now when these tidings reach'd the room, LVII. p. 320, his short account of the Where the Duke lay in bed,

affair of J. Calas; and will copy the How that the 'Squire suddenly

paflage, which, I truly say, made my Upon the floor was laid;

hair stand on end. “ O heavy tidings !" quoth the Duke,

« The true state of this melancholy event “ Cumberland witness be,

[the affair of John Calas] is still hidden beI have not any toper more,

hind clouds of doubts and conjectures; nor Of such account as he."

have I been able to procure any satisfactory Like tidings to Earl Thanet came,

lights on the subject. A sensible, unin. Withio as flort a space,

tei ested spectator of the whole transaction How that the Under-Theriff too

allured me, that he had strong reasons for Was fallen from his place :

suspecting that John Calas had, by fome un

lucky blow or puih, been the innocent cause « Now God be with him," said the Earl, of his son's death: the expreslions uniform- Sith 't will no better be ;

ly made uso of by that unhappy parent agree I trut I have, within my town,

with this surmise." As drunken Knights as lie."

Here is the ftrangelt unworthy paraOf all the number that were there,

graph that could only have been exe Sir Bains he scorn d to yielel;

pected from an interested Papist in EngBut, with a bumper in his hand,

land ; the bigoted blindneis of Tou. He itagger'd o'er the field.

Jouse, and their foily of wanting to ceI bus did this dire con'ention end,

* This is by no means uncommon, as shall Aud cach man of the Nain

be ihewn next month. ED.T.



'ebrate a supposed Martyr to Popery, the office of confirmation", " groupes tomake them fet up a proceffion, as if the gether as many persons as the rail of the young man, who manifestly hanged communion-table will hold, instead of adhimself, had been murdered by his fa- dressing the prayer to each person several. ther, out of zeal against Popery. There ly.” But a very good reason may be given, was no senpble, unirterefled spellator of and such as, I am persuaded, he will tbe wbóle iransallion at Toulouse. After have no objection to, however defrous Such wicked folly, they were all inte he may be to see the forms and ceremorested to maintain that impious proceso nies of the Established Church strictly sion. No worthy mind ever heard before observed, viz. that neither time, nor the of this strange surmise. The pleadings ftrength of the officiating minister, would of uninterested Advocates at the revifal be sufficient to pronounce the bleffing of the process at Paris, Mr. Swinborne enjoined by the Rubrick to each indivia ought to have seen: they left no doubts dual separately. It is a constant custom nor clouds. The bottom of that column, in the large and populous parishes of the in Mr. Urban's Review, p. 338, will Northern counties to give the bread and not prove

what it is intended to prove. cup to fix or eight at a time, pronouncYours, &c. HUMANUS. ing the words of administration but once,

with the change of plural for fingular Mr. URBAN,

Auguf 3.
where necessary.

CLERICUS. I cating to your correspondent a re


August 13. ceipt for destroying mice, which I can pronounce to be successful. I have ne for lightning to happen without bever had occasion to try it on rats, and ing succeeded by a clap of thunder. Inshould rather doubt its efficacy on fo deed, the evening of every very fultry large an animal; but with mice it is day in the summer puts the matter beyond never known to fail.

doubt. I will not be pofitive in allerle Take a quarter of a pound of nuc ing, that the reason I am going to give, womica, boil it two hours in three pints why lightning often happens without of water, then steep in the infufion, af- thunder, is the only true oue; but, from ter it has been made forty-eight hours, the generally-received theory of electric a pint of wheat, first straining off the city, I hope your correspondent J. O. liquor from the sediment. The wheat will have no reason to be dissatisfied wih must be steeped for forty-eight hours it. A flash of lightning may be occamore. Lay a small quantity of this fioned two ways : 1. when strata of the every night in plates near the holes of electric kuid are of unequal quantities, the mice, removing out of their way, as and oppofire qualities, in any part of the much as pollibie, any other food. The earth and the clouds abovc it; 2. when effect is rapid; often in a manner in- firata of the electric Auid are of unequal Rantaneous, as many of them die in the quantities, and opposite qualities, in difait of pilfering: and the others, who terent clouds. In the first case, the eleco are not killed immediately, are as infals tric fuid always striving to be in equilin livly got rid of, sooner or later, if they brio, as soon as the surcharged stratum is eat a single grain of wheat thus medí. Atrong enough to pass through the air, caicd.

which, being a non-conductor, makes a I have now a favour to 'request of very powerful resistance, the minus quanyour correspondents in my turn: the tity of the one is reflored to its equilibricommunication of a remedy, if remedy

um by the redundancy of the other, and there be, against crickets, with which the resisting medium of the air occasions my houle is infested to a great degree. the zigzag line of direction, and the exEvery thing I have as yet attempted plofion which we call thunder. In the has proved fruitles. A differtation on

fecond case, the fath is caused by the this subject will be valuable append.

same principle ; but the body of air, age to the memoirs of black beeiles through which the electric fuid palles which have lately been introduced into

from ihe forcharged cloud, is so much your useful Miscellany.


Jers, and its rarity so very much grea:er,

that we may with reason suppose, that the Mr. URBAN,

August 12.

refistance is not sufficient to make any You may inform yout Contact Cor- ex plafon, or such an explotion as can respondent, that there is no autho.

CLERICUS. sity by wbich the B.Mop of London, in * See the lodex Indicatorius, p. 639.



BAROMETRICAL DIARY FOR JUNE AND JULY, 1791. Days Eight o'clock Morning.


Ten o'Clock Night.
Yune Barom. Wind. Weather. Barom. Wind. Weather. Barom. Wind.

1929,84 N fair, but cloudy

29,83 N hazy

29,82 N fair, cloudy
20 29,80 N
29,83 N cloudy

29,87 N bright starlight
21 29,87 W ditto


W ditto


N clouy
29,92 bright, air serene 29,93 W bright sunshine

W Marlight
23 29,97
W bright sunshine

W ditto



cloudy 24: 30,22 WSW ditto

30,23 WSW overcast

30,23 WSW light fleecy clouds 25 30,22 WSW ditto

30,20 W:W'fa'r, bright

30,15| WSV serenely briglic 26 30,12 WSW dicto

30,10 WSW ditto

39,07 WSW laitto
W bright, serene

N lovercast


w cloudy 28 30,10 SW light, white clouds

30,14 SW fair, bright


sw bright starlight 29 30,11 SW cloudless sky


S cloudlers

SW chunder storm, no rain
30 29,74 WSW white fleecy clouds 29,72 WSW light white clouds 29,67

SW thick clouds
29,74 WSW overcast
29,84 WSW towery

30,00 W light Mowers
W ditto

W overcast

29,80 WSW continued rain
3 29,82
W ditto
29,83 W ditto

29,65 WSW ditro
W light white clouds 29,49

W fair, bright



bright starlight
29,75 WSW ditto

29,87 WSW ditto
29,87 SW fair, bright

SW ditto

SW ditto
SW cloudy
30,08 sw overcaft


SW litto 8 30,08 SW bright, ferene

30,07 W white clouds


SW ditto 9 30,03 W cloudy

30,03 W lovercast


W cloudy
W ditto
29,85 WNW ditto

29,72 WNW rain
29,52 NNE rain
29,57 NNE rain

29,69 | NNE cloudy
29,78 NNE cloudy
29,87, NNE lovercast

29:90 NNW ditto 13 29,92 NNW ditto

29,96 NNE ditto

30,02 NNW bright at intervals 14 | 30,08 N ditto

30,13 N bright sunshine

30,21 N

15 30,27
N cloudless
30,30 NNE {cloudless


ditto 36,23


N ditto


N ditto 17 30,10 N ditto 30,10-NE bright sunshine

30,07 N hright starlight 29,99 SE ditto

29,83 SE ditto

29,83 SE thunder at a distance

At a village, situated about 30 miles 27. Wheat in bloom. 29. Thunder storm.

of the Thames, the under mentioned June 21. A very severe frost. 23. Bees begin to (warm. 25. Birds cease to fing in the

birds were this year first heard and be.

March 13. A pair of white wagtails,

held on the days fpecifically noted : surprising how little we know of W. from London, and in the vicinity


Very the day, July 4. Thunder form. 5. I hun er at a small distance. 9. Very cold. 10. Turnips de. troyed by the fly. 15. Remarkable honey-deus ever since the beginning of this month. 17. Swarms of becs, late, few, and not strong. 18. Corn not forwarder than last year.

Auz uji 8. middle of the day. 26. Extremely hoc

ihe natural biltory of our own coun. rry! Let all Englid Naturalılts, by reciprocal communications, endeavour to improve each other, and inform the in

Mr. URBAN, curious and idle. IT

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April 3. A pair of swallows. Wind


July 31. E. Great blight.-N. B. Perhaps these To the particulars already furnithed birds were tempted out by the myriads you respecting Dr. Robert Greene, of inseats.

vol. LIII. PP. 226, 657, you may add, April 8. Wryneck. Wind NE. Fine from a letter of Mr. Tho. Baker to Mr. warm day.

Thomas Hearne, dated 1930, and preApril io. Cuckow. Wind SE. Cloudy served in the Bodleian library at Oxford, and opprelfive.

“ Dr. G, author of the philòsophy, who April 11. Nightingale. Wind ditto. died in Staffordshire, ordered his body Weather ditto. Redttart.

to be dissected by a skilful surgeon, his April 20. Martins building.

skeleton to be hung up in King's College June 29. Saw wryneck last.

library, for public use, without a moThe number of small birds is unu.

The surgeon declined the sually great this year; a circumstance work; and the Provost refusing to admit probably owing to the mildness of the the body, it was buried in All Saints at two last wiwers.

Cambridge. His will, in nine or ten * Qu. Are the hirundos uncommonly beets, appointed for his executors the numerous this summer? If they are, the heads of Clare hall, St. John's, Trinity, fact will be an argument again't the Jesus, Sidney, and Christ's colleges ; fuppofition of their autumnal retreat to moft of his effects to his own college; Senegal, though it will not prove that but, if his will was not executed in they do not retire to some part of Eu. every particular, to the above colleges in rope.

fucceflion." As the Memoirs of the Lausanne In another letter, dated 1734, Mr. Physica Society are not likely to fall Baker lays of Bishop Burnet's 2d vointo the hands of your readers, Mr. lume of the “History of his own Time,"? Urban, I wish that either your Re which he had just read, that “it is not viewers, or one of your correspondents, so entertaining as the first, being less in. would favour us with a translation of structive, and written with more temper the paper on “the Redfart," inserted and reserve. His life, by his son, is che in the last volume published by that best part of the book; which, if it may Society.

be depended on, thew him to have been Qu. What bird did Edwards (see Pre.' a great, and no bad, man; and I canface to first vol.) mean by "the Greater not forbear thinking that his enemies Redstart !” Did that indefatigable Na. have blackened him beyond what he turalift notice more than one fort of that deserved. I have reason to speak well elegant bird?

A FAUNIST. of him, for he treated me with great P.S. Yellow lilies thrive weil in a humanity, as his letters to me will London garden.-Spread birdlime upon thew." boards for beetles.

The editor of Mr. Bigland's “Glou

cestershire Collections" mistakes in fayMr. URBAN, Wood-freet, Avg. 6. ing of the ornaments of Eikefione church, Y OUR

great service in frequently washing foriprions of these discoveries were comwell with clear water (trom the role of a municated to the Society of Antiquaries Watering-pot) the young leaves of his by Samuel Lyfons, Esq. F.A.ś. and plants, as it takes off all insects, eggs, published in the " Archæologia,” vol. &c. As soon as the flowers of carnations IX. p. 819, Mr. L's communication be.' are become withered they should be pulle ing of Roman discoveries at Comb-end ed out, but not so as to injure the pod, farm near Cirencester. Elkeltone is where the feed grows, that place being a published in the second number of his very fine harbour for earwigs, and then is Views and Antiquities *.” they may be easily got the betier of. Speaking of Beckford church, of

Carnations require but little water; Gioneefierfbire, p. 146, Mr. B, or his edithey grow best in a foil made of loam, tor, says, "over the North door remains earth dug out of the ground when dig. a curious hieroglyphick;" which, we ing for a ceilar, and aried hoile-dung. Suppoic, is like thoie at Quarrington, But Nature is the best instructor. Let in the same county, him see where the plant grows wild, ob In defcribing the monuments of James ferve it, and he viced not fear of loon be- , Lord Berkeley and his grandion Thoing able to cultivate it to perfection.

A CULTIVATING FLORIST. * See our Revicw, P: 744. EDIT.

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