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mas, 1456, Mr. B. speaks of the mitre Gough, of Perry Hall, in Stafford fhire, under their heads as their cognizance, Kne, to whom she was directed by Ado which I doubt, and rather incline to miral V. merely for the name, and who believe their belmets, 'the usual pillows died fingle, April 28, 1780, having on which such figures recline their been presented to the rectory of Hanheads.

bury in Worcestershire, 1764, of the fa-, Of the two figures in English Bickner mily of which place his father was a church, which are engraved by Mr. younger branch. On his death, Charles, Bigland, he says, “ Whether the upper V. presented William Hunter, M.A. figure be an ecclefiaftick or female is left 1781, and the next year Edward V. to the decision of more intelligent An. clerk. The presentation of this person tiquariés. The effigies of men are, al. occafioned very sensible and acute “ Obmost without exception, without ar. fervations on the rapid Decline of the mour in the age in which these appear Clerical Credit and Character,” 8vo, to have been sculptured." The figure ia 1782, (LII. 896.) attempted to be an. question is evidently that of a man, and fivered in “ A Letter to the late Rector the habit that of an eccleßaftick. The of Bourton,” which was very ably reeffigies of men from the earliest anti- plied to in “ A Vindication of the Oba quiry were dressed in the two habits, servations, &c." all the same year. eccleßaftical or military.

The next presentation, if not the ad“ On the base of the window of the vowson of the rectory, was, if I misa South aile are three cumbent higures, take not, left 1761 by Mrs. Dorothy with a lamb couchant at the feet of each: V. to All Souls College, Oxford; but a chefe do not exceed a yard in length. caveat was entered, and the bequest, These are called by Dr. Parsons the after a long suit, set aside; and her chachildren of Thomas Lord Berkeley, viz. ritable legacy of 5401. to the poor of Thomas, Maurice, and Edmund, who this, Lower Slaughton, and Clopion padied in their infancy.” See the account rishes, is now in Chancery. It is beof thefe in Mr. Gough's “ Sepulchral lieved the present incumbent purchased Monuments," I. 114, plate XLIV. the advowson, and, taking orders, pre

The name of Bourion on the Water, fented himself, or was presented, on the antiently written Burgton, implies a large resignation of Mr. Hunter. borough, which is confirmed by the The rector has only one-third of the ruins of many houses to be seen often corn and hay tithes here, but the whole after great rains. The manor belonged rithes of the corn and hay in Slaughto Evebam abbey 35 Henry III. Wal Thirty acres of meadow, and ter de Burgton held it 15 Edward Ill. eighty-five of arable, belong to the John Kouse and others 49 Edward III. glebe. The rectory-house is large, and After the diffolution it was granted, 4 well-built of fione. The church iz Eliz. to Edmund Lord Chandos, whose built of free-stone, and had a South. grandfon Grev sold it to Sir Thomas Edo aile and centre tower; the length of the monds, treasurer of the household and whole was 180 feet by 2 1 feet: the South privy counsellor to Charles I. whole aile, 25 feet in width, is called Clopton daughter married Henry Lord Dela. aile, because built for the inhabitants of ware, and their grandfon fold it to that parih. The tower was so very an. Charles Irimler, Esq. who held it in At tient, be ascribed by tradition to hyns's time. It came in 1764 to the the Romans, by whom probably were family of the Ingrams of Cotele St. Alm only meant the Roman Caibolicks. The wyn's, now Tho. I. Erq. Mr.Collet had pillars of the North door were, alterin Atkyns's time a handsome house and nately round and Square, and the capiJarge ellate here. The sectory is va• tals adorned with Saxon foliage. Here lued at 2201. per annum. George Ver was a chantry in honour of the Virgin non, rector of Sarsden, co. Oxt. held it Mary. Three inconsiderable brooks 1767. It came to the Vernon fainily meet in the parish, from Guiting,' about the beginning of this century. Slaughton, and Swell, and joining be. Henry and Caroline V. prelented his son low what are from Sherburne, Richard, LL.B. 1920, on his father's down to Windruth, under the name of death; and on his deceale, 1752, Do. Windrulh river. rothy V. Ipinster, their relation, pre Netbercet is a hamlet of this parith, fented William V. M.A. second son of held of the honour of Wallingford, William V. of Horlington, co. Lincoln, under Edmund Earl of Cornwall, 25 Liq. by Jane daughter of Sir Henry Edward I. belonging to Exchain ab



bey, and granted in trust 10 James I. villata propriè fit villa major-villarum

The parish in Atkyns's time had 70 plurium adunatio.” Bp. Kennet detines houses, and 350 inhabitants, including it only, “a small village, opposed to 35 freeholders.

D. H. burgus, a larger town;" and so it is

named in a charter of Edward I. 1288, Mr, URBAN,

Aug. 11. cited by him, P. A. p. 301, “jn omnia IN N anwer to Mr. Green's enquiry, p. bus burgis & villatis noftris."

612, I would observe, that Sir Henry The gold coins in your laft month, p. Spelman, in his excellent Glossary, thus 565, found near Croydon, are of the defines villate : “ Dicuntur villa inba- Emperor Valentinian, who reigned from bilantes, villæ quasi communitas." Offi. A D. 364 10 375; the first has an incium Coronatoris. “ Statim accedere scription not given by Occo or Biragi, debent (coronatores) & Karim mandare

VICTORES AVGVSTI, 4 villalas vicinas, vel s vel 6, quod fint it being generally VictoRIA AVGG: the coram ipsis in tali loco. Ec infra appre two figures fitting crowned by Victory ciare faciant terras, blada & catalla, fie represent the Emperor and his son Grao cut ftatim vendere polliot & ftatim libee tian, whom he declared Auguftus the restur tori villata ad respondendum de year before. TR.08. in the exergue, prædi&tis coram justiciariis.” This will denotes that the money was coined at be ftill better understood upon compar. Triers. Treviris obiignata. This coin ing it with the coroner's precept at is of the year 368, in ishich he defeated present issued to the conftables of the the Alamanni, accompanied by his for four, five, or fix next townships, to re Gratian. The other is of his first year, turn a competent number of good and struck at Antioch ; ANT. A. Anriocb:ce lawful men of their townships to appear A. the single capital being put for s. before him to make inquisition. The Such coins were among the large parcel downfbip first give notice to the coroner; found on the common near the late Mr. and, if the body is buried before he Duberley's house, ar Bentley, in Great come, the townjhip shall be amerced. Stanmore, 1781. Camden II. 31. la che antient records of Glastonbury P. 632. Mr. Butler's Lives of the abbey we find, 'villaia debet arare bis Saints were first published in four vols. in ratione hyemali,” &c. Perhaps vile 410, 1725.

• R. G, lata was synonymous with the villa dimidia, which is opposed to villa integra, VILLA & VILLATA explained. but not fufficiently defined. Spelman's Glossary, v. bamel or bamleta, which is A VILLA was a town of any magni

tude : Villa:a, the people, or raanother subdivision mentioned in the ther the chief men or community of the Statutes of Exeter, 14 Ed. I. requiring villa. By both was meant an aflemthe names de towles les villes o bamleis blage of ordinary people, in babiting conqui font en fon wapentake, bundred, ou

tiguous mansions. Vide lngulphi Hiin franchise, and the attendance of eight coriam, apud Gall. p. 14 & P: 53 ; & men from each ville entiere, fix from Duguale, Mon. I. p. 287; & Fleta, each demie ville, and four from each lib. vi. C. St ; & Bracton, fol. 212, bamlette * Du Cange quotes Fleta, 434; & Spelmanni Glotlarium. A villa VI. c. 5!, saying, "villa ex pluribus lingly, if it were considerable enough, manfionibus eft vicinata, & villata ex

or, if small, with some others adjoining, pluribus vicinis." Chron. Joh. Wher composed a district or tything. Auxiliar hamfedii, p. 383, edit. Hearne. Copy villa were members or appendages to the of a bill prelented to the King by the chief villa, called the caput. These dif. Commons in Parliament, 1456, “ Ac tricts were divisions of the hundred, as etiam quod omnes honores caftra, domi• bundreds were divisions of thires or pronia, ville, villata, maneria, terræ, &c.”

Each district was administered where Hearne's note is, villa ex mul- by a reeve and four men; the latter were tis conftat mansionibus vicinis, villata free tenants, or tenanıs in villenage, as ex multis villis itidem vicinis : ita ut

it happened. They seem to have been Entre villages Sir H. conjectures to

chosen yearly by the villata ; it was their bave consisted of ten freemen or frank

office to fuperintend weighis and meapledges, demi-villages of five, and hamlets of fures, and allize of ale; to apprehend tor less than five. (Blackft

. Introd. 9 4. 1. 115). murder; to let no person who was of Villata integra, in the record referred to by Mr. free condition, but without matter or Green, implies a division of villita, as well property, live in the district withous as villa, isto dimidia.

pledges or bondímen, who laould be re



sponsible for his behaviour to the district, of that phenomenon remaining as much as the district was to the king, for the hid in obscurity as heretofore, I would good behaviour of all persons within the beg to remind your readers that the seafame. Many other branches of subordi. son now is when those appearances are nate police belonged to the officers and exhibited in the faireft light. men of the district. They collected also In a small paddock near me there is the hydage and other talliages for the the fineft specimen of Fairy-rings I have king, and composed a jurisdičtion. Whenever noticed ; having, at this time, the the kings, justices, or barons, made their circles or ellipses of nearly twenty aliters throughout the realm, the reeve and ready perfected, besides many others his four allocates of each villa were which are in an unfinished itate. I Summoned to attend them at the place purpose making repeated observations appointed, and answered to such things thereon, with a view of getting one step as the justices charged them with. See

nearer to a discovery of the cause of Hoveden, pp. 549, 584; & Capitula ltin these appearances; and, mould any of nerum in Cronicis, Fleta, Bračton, &c. ; your correspondents favour me with & Spelmanni Glossarium in Vocibus hints of the different kinds of observa. Taxa, Viliota, Decenna, Francepledgium, tions necessary to be made on this occa&c. For negleAs charged upon villala, son, their communications will be reand punished, lee Madox, Exch. in 4. ceived with pleature by A. CROCKER. merciaments.

S. N. R.

Aug. 14. Mr. UREAN,

August 10.

E so obliging as to acquaint your COL, TOWN LEY, in his lournal correspondent T. T. ihat, about

in the Inc of Man, 1789,"jul pub. seven years ago, my house (which is an lilhed, says, “I had ofron admired, old, large mansion) was infefted with with a kind of wonder, those green rati and mice, in the same manner as rings so often observable upon many dry he describes his to be. I tried every heaths and commons in various parts of common method to deftroy them, by England, called by the common people poison, traps, rat-catchers, &c.; but to

Fairy.rings; and one day determined, if no purpose : the latter, by their Oil of poflible, to find out the reason why they Rhodium, and other drugs, left me alwere generally seen in that circular ways more than they found. Having form, and why too the grass growing heard that these vermin had a parricular upon them thould be so distinguishable antipathy to terriers, I got a couple of from that upon the surrounding rurf by the irue, linall, short-legged breed, and a ricier or deeper tinge of grein. I cut ihut them up in those places where the up leveral fous as deep as the fine mould rats generally frequented, which, in my reached, by which means I found leve- houle, were principally the garrets and ral brown grubs, some moring, and some lore•rooms. In a very few days I had in a Nate of quietude; but the greatest not a rat or mouse about the place, nor number of them in motion, with their have I ever been troubled with them heads in the self fame direclion as if fince. Now and then we hear a mouse; they were pursuing each other. I found I put my terrier into the room the noise the soil under the rings to be far better is heard in, and get rid of it immedi. pulverised than that under the surround. ately: A friend of mine, who lives in ing heath, where there were no insects London, in one of the streets leading to vilible; and the state of the soil will ta. the Thames, was with the fily account for the deeper tinge of green large water-rat from the river. I sent in the grass growing upon them; but hin a terrier, and the rats took fight. why those inices should fo invariably As it is difficult to keep dogs in town, work and move in a circular form is a he has loft leven of them; in that cale, bove my comprehension; theretoie, will the rars always retusa. freely leave the faunch believers in fairy I most heartily agree with your core tales in full and peaceable position of respondent, that getung rid of such a their circular property." 1. 208. nuisance is of great importance, if the Yours, &c.

P. comfort ard happiness of life can be ac.

counied such. Many a night's rest have Mr. UKBAN,

Frome, Aug. 6. thole vermin deprived me of, as well as Мссн.

UCH, of late, has been said in the whole of my family; and I Thall be

the Gentleman's Magazine about extremely happy if this mode of driving Larry.rings; but as it has been only them off succeeds as well with this gen. “ about it and about it," and the origin clean as it has done with me, A.T.

PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT, 1791. (Continued from p. 640.)
H. OF COMMONS. H. Browne brought in a bill for the pre.
May 16 continued.

vention of fi&tirious characters being A

undue return for Stirling, was pre- London and Westminster; which was lented, read, and ordered to be raken in- read the best time. to coolideration on Friday, the 26th day The Chancellor of the Exchequer preof August next.

fented a metlage from his Majeily, wilh. Mr. Hobart brought up the report of ing the House to make provision for the the Committee on the Quebec Conftitu. younger branches of the Royal Family; tion bill; when

which he moved to be referred to the Mr. Fox said, he should take the sense consideration of the Committee of Supply of the House on two points in it; first, on Fridav next. Ordered. on the clause providing hereditary legis The Quebec bill was read the third lators for Upper an] Lower Canada; time, and pailed. secondly, on the clause admitting the The House the went into a Commit. number thirty to be sufficient for the Ar. tee of Ways and Means; when sembly of Lower Canada. He would not The Chancellor of the Excbequer opentrouble the House with arguments on the ed his annual budget, and delivered the subject, having given his sentiments fully hortest speech that has been made upon when the bill was in the Committee. this subject for several years. The items

Col. Simcoe spoke in favour of the of the annual expenditure he briefly stated whole bill, and was confident that it as follows: Navy, 2,131,0001.; Army, would be agreeable to the inhabilants of 1,853,000l. ; Ordnance, 443,6781.; Mito both provinces.

cellaneous services, 230.000l. B.Ides The question was then put on the first these, he ftated some other particulars, clause ; on which the House divided, the total of which amounted, he said, to Ayes 88, Noes 39.

5,728,000). He then enumerater the 'Upon the second clause being read, taxes for the supply of this fund, and The Chancellor of tbe Excbequer mov.

lated, that their total exceeded their exed an amendment, to leave out the word pendicure by a few thousand pounds; and ibirty, and insert fifiy.

concluded with moving, " that, towaros Mr. Fox objected to this number as the supply to be granted to his Majesty, still insufficient, and divided the House on the sum of 2,375,0001. be issued out of his proposition of inserting the words one the growing surplus of the Consolidated bundred. The House dividing, there Fund.". appeared for Mr. Fox's amendinent, Mr. Sberidan said, that the expendiAyes 40, Noes 91.

ture of the present year was greater by a

no lefs fum than 1,300,000l. than it had H. OF LORD S.

been predicted by the Revenue Commit. In a Committee of Privileges

, heard to be the permanent peace eltablishinene counsel in support of Lord Caftlestewari's was at least half a million beyond what claim to the title of Ochiliree, who con it had been computed by that Committee. cluded their case.

After a long altercation between Mr.

Pirt and Mr. Sberidan, the question was In the Commons, the same day, the put, and carried. report of the Committee appointed to try the merits of the Downton election,

H. LORDS. ftated, that B. Bouverie, esq. and Sir William Scott, were duly elected.

Received from the Commons the Que

bec Constitution bill; which was sead H. OF LORD S.

the first time. May 18. The pawnbrokers bill, the oyster fil In the Commons, the same day, was ery bill, and several private bills, were read the first time a bill for the better rebrought up from the Commons, and read gulation of the manner of licenfing pube the first time.


Mr. Hobart brought up the report of In the Commons, the same day, Mr. the Committee of Ways and Means, GENT. MAG. Augufi, 1791.



May 19.

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which was read the first and second time, measure ought to be adopted; he could and agreed to.

not, however, agree to the fitting of che Mr. Haley objected to the lottery, as Grand Committee, as that would induce destructive of the morals and industry of the people to imagine that the conduct of the people.

the Judges was censurable. The Chancellor of tbe Excbequer re The Chancellor of the Exchequer pere plied, that, as people would gamble, the feetly agreed with Mr. Fox in his opinion, lottery might be looked on as a tax on but suggested, that the better mode would that vice.

be by a direct motion for a bill for that The Attorney General moved for leave purpose. to bring in a bill for establishing a court Mr. Fox hereupon withdrew his moof civil jurisdiction in Newfoundland, to tion, and afterwards moved " for leave to extend only to contracts, accounts, and bring in a bill to remove all doubts iepersonal trespass, and to be limited for a {pecting the rights and functions of Juries year.

in criminal cases;" and " for leave to Mr. M. A. Taylor, and the two Mr. bring in a bill to explain and amend the Bafiards, objected to the coure already Quo Warranto act.” existing in that island, as an inconveni Leave was granted; when Mr. Fox, ence, nay, as a nuisance; the trade of Mr. Erskine, and the Attorney and Sothat country was on a rapid decline, and licitor General, were ordered to prepare, likely to be fo; it was, therefore, the and bring in, the fame. wisdom of the Executive Government to encourage it. The bill was read the first time.

May 23
Mr. Dundas, after prefacing his mo Proceeded to Westminster. hall, on the
tion, by depicting many inconveniences trial of Warren Hastings, esq.
that seamen, marines, and the relations
of those who were deceased, labour un. In the Commons, the same day, Mr.
der, previous to obtaining their wages, Alderman Watson moved, that the next
moved for leave to bring in three bills morning the House should resolve itself
for the more effectually redressing that into a Commitiee, to confider of a clause,
grievance ; which being given, Mr. Pitt, which he had to propofe, for the ware-
Mr. Dundas, the Attorney and Solicitor housing of foreign corn; on which the
General, and Mr. Martin, were ordered House divided; when there appeared for
to prepare, and bring in, the same. the motion 59, against it 48.

May 20.

May 24.
Resumed the farther conlideration of Lord Kenyon came to the House soon
the cause Lick borrow versus Malon, and after two o'clock, to officiate for the Lord
dispatched feveral private matters of Chancellor; and, prayers being over,
course, and adjourned till Monday. they proceeded to read a number of pri-

vate bills. In the Commons, the same day, Mr. Powys presented a bill for the regulation In the Commons, the same day, the of gaols; which was read the firit time. Speaker informed the House, that the

Mr. Fox was conscious that every mem Lords had infringed the privilege of the ber of that House was so well acquainted House, by amending those clauses in a with his duty, as to know it was a prin- road bill which imposed certain tolls, He cipal part of it to watch the Executire stated two ways by which the privileges Government. He then, in a long speech, of the House were to b: maintained; the went through the whole doctrine of libels, first, if the House thought proper to acand the proceedings of the Court of quiesce in the amendment, was to throw King's Bench in quo Warranto causes, out the present bill, and bring in another and moved for a Grand Committee of with an altered title, and the amended Courts of Justice to fit on Tuesday next clauses; or, if they rejected the amendto confider those subjects.

ments, to demand a conterence, and give Mr. Erskine seconded the motion, con- their reasons against the alterations made rending, that the criminal justice of the by their Lordthips. country ought to remain in the hands of Mr. Pelbam approved of the latter the people.

mode ; and moved, firti, to negative the The Attorney General agreed that some amendment; which being agreed to, he

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