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tablished in the Gospel which that A. fuperiority.Still, however, though much poftle preached, not in the New Gospel, was effected, much remained to be done.or New Construction of the Gospel, The gentlemen who were appointed to lule brought in by our modern reformers; perintend the proceedings of the courts, hayand ihat on the same ground Mr. Swe: ing had no opportunity of studying the landenbourg and Mr. Taylor miglit defend guages in which the laws are written, were their herefies,

constrained, in their determinations, to be guided by the advice of the native officers

men sometimes themselves too ill informed 109. Th. Hedàya, or Guide; a Commentary on

to be capable of judging, and generally open ib: Muifulman Laws; tran:lated by Order of the Governor General and Council of Ben- of procuring some certain rule whereby those

to corruption. Hence appeared the neceility gal. By Charles Hamilton. 4 Vols. 419.

gentlemen might be guided, without being IN the prefent connexion of Great exposed to the misconstructions of ignorance Britain with the extensive regions of the or interest, and which might enable them to East, it is of importance to be informed determine for themselves, by a direct appeal of the laws by which her Indian sube to the Maliman or Hirdoo authority, on the jecis govern themselves. The connexion ground of which they were to decide.-A between the laws of a country and its compilation was accordingly formed, under civil and natural history is obvious. This the inspection of the most learned Pundiis very interesting and comprehensive work (Hindne lawyers), containing an abıtract of is dedicated to Warren Hastings, Efq. into English was committed to Mr. Halhed:

the Hindoo lows; the translation of which vader whose immediate patronage it was for some time carried on, and by whom number of the principal Mobammedin profes

and, fortly after this was accomplished, a it was at first projected. The prelimi- fors in Bengal were employed in trantlating nary discourle of 89 pages contains va from the Arabic into the Perhan tongue, a rious comments on the commentary, and commentary upon the 01 Julman law, called defcribes the state of jurisprudence in The H dàyo, or Guide, a work held in high the Bengal provinces, at the time they estimation among the people of that persuafell into the hands of the English. sion. The English version of that commen

"Little acquainted with the forms, and still tary is now submitted to the publick.” less with the elementary principles, of the na

The grand foundation of the laws tive administration of justice in their newly. here treated of aje the Koran and the acquired territories, the British Government Sonna, or oral law. determined to introduce as few innovations, “ Book 1. Of Zakat.-11. Of those particulars, as were consistent with 111. Of Fosterage.-IV. Of Divorce.--V.Of prudence; and the only material alteration Minumillion.-VL. Of Vow. VII. Or Puwhici', in course of time, took place, was the nishments.---VIII. Of Larceny.--IX. The appciument of the Company's servants to Institutes. — X. Of Foundings. -- XI. Of superintend and deciile, as judg's in the civil Troves.--XII. Of the Absconding of Slaves. Mufulmin courts, and as magiflrates with re. -X111. Of milling Persons.—XIV.Of Partspect to the criminal jurisdiction. An im- nership. --XV. Of pious or charitable Apportant change was indeed efiected in the propriations. ---XVI. and XVII. Of Sales and adminisation of both juitice and revenue, Usury.-XVIII. Of Bail.–XIX. Transfer of 1o far as affected the distinctions hitherto Debits.-XX. Duties of the Razee, or Magifmaintained between Mullulmans and Hindoos. trate. - XXI. and XXII. Of Evidence, and Of there the latter had always been subject to the Retration of Evidence.--XXIII. Of Adouble taxes, and imports of every denomina- gency.--XXIV. Of Claims.--XXV. Of Action, levied on principies which are fully ex knowledginents.-XXVI. Of Composition. plained in the course of the present work; --XXVII.Of Mozaribat.--XXVIII. Of Deand they also laboured under particular in posits. ---XXIX. Of Loans.-XXX. Of Gifts. conveniences 3n1 diladvantages in every ju -XXXI. Of Hire.--XXXII. Of MoKalibs, dicial process (especially where the liugaliig -XXXIII. Of Willa --XXXIV. Or Comadvert ry was a Mvomaj, fome of which pulco").--XXXV. Or Indibition --XXXVI. have been already noticed. By the British Oi Licensed Slaves --XXXVII Of UlurpaGovernment both have been placed, in these tío'.-XXXVill. Of Shafia.-XXXIX. Of points, upon an exact equali y; and the Hir. Partitio... — XL. and XLI. Theie books are doo and 11uju man, respectively, have their of use chiefly on account of the regulations property secured to them mider that lyttern which they contain respecting landed pro. winich eachi is taught to believe polietied of perty.-XLII. Of Zabbah. -XLII. Of Sa. paramount authority: hut where their inter crifice.---XLIV. Of Abominations.-XLV. eits cloth in the same cause, the matter is Cultivation of Waste Lands --XLVI. Of Pro. Receffarily determined by the principles of hibited Liquors.--XLVII. Of Hunting.-the sjelman law; to which long usage, XLVIN Of P.wos.-XLIX. Of Janayat.-fufported by the policy of the oví zub Go L. Of Fines.-l. Of the levying of Fines.-Vemment, has given a lot of preicriptive LII. Of Wills.--L111. Oi Herni.iphrodites."


The work concludes with an apor Country; wirb ample Catalogues of every trophe to God, to Mahomet, and to Tbing ibat is curious in Arcbire&ture, PuiniMr. Hastings. The latter is well worth ing, Sculpture, &c. Some Obfervations on the transcribing :

Natural History, and very particular DeferipUpon the tables of the hearts of those tions of the Four principal Cities, Rome, Flowho adorn the exordium of the book of rence, Naples, and Venice, with their En. knowledge and wisdoin, and upon the minds

virons. Wirb a coloured Cbari. By Thomas of those who expound the collected myste

Martyn, B.D.F.R S. Prof. for of Botany in ries of the creation, it is impressed, -that,

be University of Cambridge. from the day that the delightful region of “ TO form his book, the method which Bengal was clieered by the rays of govern

Mr.M.adopted was (Pref. p.iv.) first, to exment of the Nawab governor-general, Mr.

tract from his own journal whatever appearWarren Hattings, the whole of his wife and ed to deserve the attention of the publick; prudent attention was occupied and directed he then looked over the most eftcemed wri. to this point,--that the care and protection ters of travels; he next consulted some of the country, and the administration of friends, both countrymen and Italians, in public attaiis, thould be placed on such a whose knowledge and judgement he most footing, that the community, being theltered confided; and, lastly, he digested his matefrom the scorching lieat of the sun of vio- rials, thus collected, into as small,a compass lence and tyranny, might find the gates closed as he could, and arranged them so as to meet against injustice and oppretlions and that the the eye as readily as poflìble. He had not range of sedition in those who deviate from visited every town in Italy; in many places the road of truth might be limited and short his stay had not been long; but even where ened:---and since this hope must be fulfilled he had staid the longest, he had not the folly through the influence of the holy Law of to set up his own judgement and observation the Prophet, and the injunctions and inhibi- against those whose opportunities and abilitions of the chosen lect,--this denizen of the ties were superior to his: he has availed kingdom of Humility and Solitude, named himself, therefore, of every light which he Gholam Yehee, was therefore instructed could derive from men as well as books." and empowered, together with Llolla Taiaddeen, Meer Mohammed Hossein, and Moila 112. New Cinsitution of the Government of Sharreeat Oolla, tu translate from the Arabic Poland, eftablished by ibe Revolution of be language into the Persian idiom certain trea 3d of May, 1791. tises upon the law, but particularly that ex APPEARS to be an authentic copy cellent work the Hedaya (which, from its of the new Constitution established by great subtilty, and the closeness of its style, is that wonderful Revolution in the Go. a species of miracle,)- to which, accordingly,

vernment of Poland, already mentioned with their aliistance, applying bis attention, the Arabic text was, as much as it would admit, reduced into a Perfian verfion; which Coriate, 1611. Mr. Raymond in 1646. Mr.

* “Mr. Sandys set out for Italy in 1610. they have intituled the Hedaya Furfee (Fer- Laffels was five times there; he was at Rome fian Guide], — hoping that mankind may

in 1650. Mr. Ray was in Italy in 1663. thereby find their wants supplied, and that

Bishop Burnet in 1685 and 6. Mr. Millon profit and advantage may thence accrue.”

in 1687 and 8. Mr. Addison from 1700 to The style of this composition is not 1703. Mr. Richardson in 1720. Mr. Wright like that of mori Eallern compositions, from 1920 to 1722. Mr. Keyser from 1729 turgid and flowery, but plain, close, to 1731. Mr. Gray, with Horace Walpole, and didactic.

Esq. in 1739, 40, and 41. Mr. Rulell from

1739 to 1749. M. Cochin in 1749 or 50. 110. Memoirs of the late Rev. John Wesley, Mr. Northall in 1752. The Chevalier de la

A.M. ; wib a Review of bis Life and Condamine in 1754. John Earl of Corke Writings, and a Hiftory of Merbodijm, from and Orrery in 1754 and 55. Mr. Grolley its C n.mencement in 1729 10 ibe prejeni Time. in 1758. Abbé Richard in 1761 and 62. By John Hampfon, z. B.

Di. Smollet in 1763, 64, and 65. Mr. Sharp Tes Life was begun in the life. in 1765 and 66. M. De la Lande the same time of its subject, and completed tince years. Dr. Burney left London in June, his death, Mr. H. icems to have taken

1770. Lady Miller travelled in 1770 und

71. Mr. Ferber in 1771 and 72. William great pains to be well informed; and,

Young, Ety.(now Sir William Young, Bart.) except in one or two instances, where

in 1772 : only ten copies of his journal were he discoveis a little too much acrimony,

printed at a private press. Mr. Sherlock in seems to have conducted it with accu

1777. The authors of Voy ge pitioresque de racy and in partiality.

Naples et de Sicile were there the same year.

Mr. Swinburne, from 1777 to 1780. Dr. 111. A Tour shrough Italy: containing full Moore, I suppose, about the same time. Mrs. Directions for wavelling in that interejtong Piozzi, 1786."


by us, p. 569, less splendid, though not novelty of this work will be a fufficient apoless surprizing, than that in France, and logy: it is intended as an imitation of highentirely franied by the virtues, genius, finished drawings; the sketches are taken in and ability of King Stanislaus.

different points of view to any yet publithed;

and, in order to render it still more accepta113. The Antiquaries

' Museum. By J. Schueb- ble to its encouragers, care will be taken to belie. N° 11.

give a preference to such remains of anti

quity as have not hitherto been delineated in CONTAINS the painting on the

any performance of a similar nature. South side over the monument of Sebert

“A regular deduction of historical facts, king of the East Saxons, in Weftmin- and a perfect description of the places which fier Abbey, with an account of it, by are the subjects of the following work, are John Sidney Hawkins, Esq. F. A. S. by no means aimed at by the editors; they fon of the late Sir Joho H. Knt.

content themselves with giving as concise an Reinains of Irilingborough Church, account as may be necellary for illustration. in Northamptonshire, with the Monu. To this end, several gentlemen, members of ments in it of John Pyel, who founded the Society of Antiquaries, have kindly offera college here in the reign of Edw. III. ed their atlistance. and others, described by Mr. Gough.

“The form is peculiarly adapted for the We reviewed the former number in pocket; and, as it is proposed to be continued

to more than one volume, the extra expence p. 156.

and labour of a larger size have been avoided.” 114. The Antiquities of London, engraved by

This beautiful work, superior to any T. Smith. No II.

thing of the kind we have yet seen, does CONTAINS a View of Newgate.

credit to the parties concerned, who

have not confined their views to the The Monument of Robert Scott, Esq. drawing only, but, with becoming libeat Lambeth.

The Pi&ture of William Earl of Cra. rality, extended their attention to the ven, in Craven-buildings.

paper and press-work. The views in

this first number are, The Monument of Stephen Theodore Baron de Neuhoff, King of Corsica, in

Walhngham Abbey-chapel. St. Anne's Church, Westminster.

Denton Abbey. The Pump in the Yard of Leather

Nea!b Abbey. sellers-hall, Bishopsgate.street.

Kilgarran Caftle. A Baflo-relievo of a Gardener, a

They are dedicated to the Earl of gainst Mr. Holyland's Stables in Gar: Leicester, president of the Society of dener's-lane, Thames-street, dated 1670;

Antiquaries. a rebus, or device, of the owner of the 116. Etbings of liews and Antiquities in the Jane, then perhaps first laid out and

County of Gloucester, bisherio imperfelly or built.

never engr. ved. The Statue of James II. in Privy

CONTAINING, 1. A Vignette View gardens,

of Gloucester, from Robinhood's Hill. A Bas-relief of Guy Earl of Warwick, in Warwick-lane,

2. Iron Acton Crofs. We reviewed the first number of this

3. Portrait of King Henry IV. in the Chancel window at lion Acton.

4. Tomb of Robert Poyntz and Anne 115. Menaslic Remains and antiene Gafiles in his Wife, in Iron Aton Church. England and Wales; drawn on ibe Spoe by

5. Down Amney Manor-house. James Moore, Esq. F. A. S.; finibed and

6. Down Amney Church. cicbed by J. Schnebbelie, Draugbelman to ibe

7. Tomb of Sir Nicholas De Villers Society of Antiquaries; aquarinted by G. J. and his Wife, in Down Ainney Church. Perkyns, El.

“ The etchings, of which this work is in“ THE sketches from which these plates tended to be composed, were begun by the are executed were collested by Mr. Moore, Editor for his amusement, and as a relaxation in excursions made, in several years, for his from the pursuit of a laborious profeffion. amusement; and containing a large portion Finding that they increased considerably unof the reinains of monaftic buildings and car- der his liands, and that he could make them tles now existing: a selection from them with great facility, a defire of adding fomewas recommended by several geiclemcn, what to the topography of his native county and is now undertaken by Meilrs. Schnebbe- has induced him to offer them to the publick lie and Perkyns, who are solely interested in in the present form. this puslication.

" A second part will be published on the "It is presumed that the execution and first of August; and, if the number of copies


work in p: 157

fold thould be sufficient to defray the expences more frequent and more general, every of the undertaking, he proposes to continue

attempt to facilitate the learning of the the publication every three months, till it be- language is laudable and eventually im. comes sufficient to form a volume, which, he flatters himself, will be thought no unaccept- learners have to contend wich is univer

portant. The greatest difficulty which able Appendix to the Histories of Gloucester fally found to be the complex terminaThire already publithed, and the Collections tions and various applications of the now publishing from the papers or the late Garter King at Arms.

French verbs. In no French Grammar, “Herein he hopes to be able to comprize which has hitherto appeared, has any every remarkable building or piece of anti- attempt been made to render this proquity within that county, of which no en cess more simple and more intelligible. graving, or only an imperfect one, has hi In this instance, and, indeed, in others therto been published. With regard to the allo, Mr. de St. Quentin is entitled to designs, he has only to say, that he has en much commendation. There is a simdeavoured to render them as accurate as por- ple mode of expianation, throughout fible; and hus, in no instance, ventured to

his work, which, to beginners, cannot facrifice truth to effect, his intention having fail of being exceedingly useful We been to give faithful portraits of the objects he wilhed to represent, and not picturesqne

note a trifling inaccuracy in the preface. views, unless he found them such. It should

“ The title of this Gianmar,' says the be remembered, that the plates are not the author, " will thew that it is particularly works of an artist by prufeifion, and there

written for those who are intimately fore not to be examined with too critical

“ acquainted with the elements of their an eye.

“ own language.” The title is neither “ As there are many curious remains of more nor less than A new Graminar of antiquity in the city of Bristol, hitherto un the Frencb Language. published, and others which have been very inaccurately engraved, he proposes to insert

118. Cosmology; in which obe Motions of the views of them in the present collection ; for

Huavenly Bodies, and obe Prejerova: iun and though that city conítilutes a county of i felf,

Operations of all Nature, are deduced from and bas therefore never been treated of in the Histories of Gloucestershire, yet, the

an univerjal Principle of FiAx and Reflux.

THE doctrine of atiration has been greater part of it being commonly confulered as liing within that county, he has thought it thought by many to be the opprobrium fufficientiy connected with his plan to make

of the Newtonian fyftem; in which the a pillt of it."

funt Rep is to suppose that the fun at. No II. was published the beginning tra&ts all the planets, and every drop of of this month; and contains

water, and every grain of land, in them, Elkeune Church, its South Door by some invisible chain : and this ata and Stone-vaulted Chanccl.

traction is not interrupted by any interAjingham Church.

vening body. Boxwelt Church.

This doctrine has been thought by Gateway of Kingswood Abbey. many itrange and inconceivable. The Cirencefter Ciois.

delign of this eflay is, to subitiiute anThe Ednor of this elegant svork (we other principle, of Hux and reflux to know yot why) whholds his name at

and from all bodies, as caufiog, in a p efent froin the publick; but we un. plain, intelligible way, all the motions dei fand it to be the production of Sa. and appearances on earth, and in the muel Lyfon“, E 4. F. A S.; whole bro. heavenly orbs. ·ther (the Rev. Daniel Lylons) is eno In the execution of this design, the

gaged in a similar one for the environs anonymous author illustrates the prin. of London. Sie the cover of our last ciple by the initance of a lamp, in which month's Magazine.- When we siyohat the constant emanation of light is fupthe diarings are accurate, the etchings plied by a conitant influx of air (lee good, and the defcriptions faithful, it chap. I.) is proper to add, that the Editor unites In chap. II. the same principle is in his own perion the various, but not traced as operating in the jun, whose di!cordant, employments of Writer, efflux is considered as the centrifugal Draughtlinan, and Engraver.

power by which the planets art kepe at

a proper distance; and the ætherial 117. A now Gromm r of the French Lingirage. fiuid (like air to the lanp, conuitutes

By Dominique de St. Quentin, M. A. the centripetal power. The fun's mo

AS the nutcrcourte betwixt France ton round its axis is that which gives and this country is likely to become every planet a corresponding mouen

from West to East. The diurnal mo. the corporation of Liverpool one of the tion is effected by the annual and the ministers of St. George's church there, superior reliance of the medium on which he refined 1767. He proceeded that side of the planet which is nearest and held with his deanrv the parithto the sun, like a bullet in air, or body churches of Hindley and Trinity, which floating in water.

laf he resigned for the rectory of West In the folowing chapters the fame Kirk bv, 1780; and died Jan. 12, 1787. principle is traced in the moon, the He rranflared, when M. A. Longinus on earth, and every part of it. The gra. the Sublime, 8vo. 1730, which went vity of bodies is cleaner as the effect through four editions, of wbich the last of impuile from all the heavenly bo- is the bell, the frontispiece designed by dies; whose emanarious, when they Dr. Wall, of Worceller; Thucydides, reach the atmosphere, are refractiu to. 2 vols. 40. 1753, reprinted in 8vo. 1781; wards the earth : anit this gives every Xenophon's History of the Affairs of thing weigbı pro ortioned to its quan Greece, in one vol. 410. 1781. In 1782 tity of matter. For the united emana he published nine Sermons on the Beations of every star, planet, sun, and titudes; and, in 1740, - Fift-fermon.moon, reach and impel every part of The poems here published were left to matter.

the care and discretion of his friend the In the sixth chapter the various kinds editor; thai on Knowley, the feat of of attractions (lo called, for this is here the Earl of Derby, was dirt printed in considered as a word without any cor our Miscellany, vol. XXX. p. 241, inresponding reality) are accounted for correarly; Verles from a Maftiff to a from the principle that is the lubject of Lap-dog, and the Answer; an Epithis inquiry.

gram; Dr. Dorine's Third Satire; Tivo The points treated of are illustrated Epitaphs, &c. by annotations, in which reference is His character is thus briefly drawn made to a great variety of experiments; by his biographer :-" He was tall and and at the end is an Appendix, contain genrecl; his voice was firong, clear, ing four D flertations on subjects con. "and melodious; he spoke Latin flu. nected with the prisciple of the preced. “ently, and was complete master not ing Eflay. The frit of thefs g.ves an only of the Greek but Hebrew lanaccount of the rides and curienes; the guage; bis mind was so replete with fecond is concerning earthquakes; the knowicdge, that he was a living li. third is on the expedled deftruction and “brary; his manner of address was renovation of the earth; and the lalt is graceful, engaging, and delightful; on the analogy between creation and “his te: mons were pleasing, informing, redemption.

convincing;-h s memory, even in age,

was wonderfully retentive ; and his 119. The Peric Horks of obe Rev. William “ convertation was polire, affable, and,

Snuith, D.D. 116 Dein of Cheter; wib " in the highest degree, improving."
jote el.Cunt of ib. L fe and IV i ino's of ib:
Auchir. By Thomas Crane, Minifler of ebe 120. An Hiftorical Report on Ramsgate Har.
Parish Church of St. Olave in Chelier, ani bour : guritten by Order of, and addressed 10,
Chaplain to the Rigbe Honouracle ibe Earl

ibe Trujies. By John Smeaton, Civil Ene Verney.

gineer, F. R. S. and Engineer w Ramsgate DR.SMITH, son of Rev. Richard S. Harbour. rector of All Saints, and minister of St. THIS is a very useful and interesting Andrew, both in Worceller, who died detail of the progress of Ramlyate liar. in 1726, was born at Worcefier, 1711; boul, which, though it was ten years educated at the Grammas-school in that ago to far cleaned of land and filt as to city; admitted at New College, Oxford, be capable of Arips of fuperior 1728 ; where he proceeded B. A. 1732, draught of water and tonnage to what M. A. 1737, D. D 1758; presented by appears to have been the object of Parhis patron, James Edit of Derby, in liament in granting the aci, and the whole family he was reader, to the rec. views of the origin : proprietors of the tory of Trinity Church, Chester, 1735; undertaking, yee it was not till the and by his son and fucceflor's intereft, Winter bietore January, 1990, that the whole chiapiain he was, to the deanıy of real pražical utility of this harbour ap. Chifter, 1758. He held the malteithip peared in full view. The advanced of Bruntivoca School, in Eficx, one year, p'er, begun 1788, was run out 1748 ; and in 1753 was nominalid by one-third of its proposed length by GENT. MAG. Augufl, 1793.


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