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Chrilmas 1789, and received 160 Thips wasting, that probably it will not be many and vessels at one time. Ramigate years before expedients will be found necesa Harbour was first projected and begun sary to preserve it. There have already been in 1749; Ropped, by contracting the complaints that it is grown so low, that at plan, 1755.

It was begun again in neap vides the vessels (on account of its being 1761. In 1773 effe&tual measures for overflowed) cannot get their ballast there cleaning the harbour were thought of, readiness has lately been ordered by the trus

and the expedient of filling barges in and Mr. Smeaton's report on it adopt tees, for a remedy of that defect. At a ed. He visited it again, 1782 and 87, spring tide there is now 13 feet water over and represents the present sta e of Rams. it, so that a number of the smaller vessels gate Harbour to be as follows: ,

may occasionally lie upon it. “ The operation of the suices, as has been * Besides the completion of the advanced described, has gradually cleared out a broad pier, and works now in hand, there is obvispace, or channel, through ihe middle of the ously a number of article, of confiderable Outward Harbour, from the gates to the expence, that would greatly tend to improve, pier-heads; and the bottom lying upon a strengthen, and confirm the whole work, gentle Nope, there is above six feet more and which may very well be expected must water in that material part now than in the be the case when the various councils, turns year 1774; so that veisels drawing from 10 of fortune, and changes this work has underto 11 feet water can go into the Bafon in

gone, are considered : and, afier all, an harmrap sides, and in spring rides those drawing bour, that must fubfift by ihe artificial power from 14 to 15 feet.

of Juices, must be subject to a continual exo, “Under the curou of the East pier, the perce, and will require great care, to keep Nuices have now cleared a rhannel capable of every thing in repair and in order ; but if taking two ships abreast, with clearance for every thing is duly, properly, and attentively paffage, wliere, at neap tides, there is from performed, I doubt not but to see the time 15 to 16 feet water, and at spring tides from when it will be said, notwithtanding its about 20 feet, and often 22; so that not only misfortunes, and the otlequy that has been oce vel/cls of 300 tons, the primary obj.či of this cationally cast upon it, to be a work worthy barbour, may come into it in all istóes, but at of the expence it has incurred. I will conSpring rides larger thips thin are generally clude with saying, that, according to my inemployed in the merchants' service. It is formation, 139 fail of Mips and velsels were here, in reality, no meliriol oljeflion, that a at one time in the Harbour, in January 101, vefsel cannot come in from the Dawns at low driven in by stress of wether; amongst waler; hecause she is not in distress ibere, which were four #1 ft Indiamer richly laden, till the tide is risen to that point of height from 350 to goo tons: and if we are to supwhen it begins to run Norrkward; and then, pose that the whole, or the greatest part, of it has been mewn, that there is always water these 130 Thips and vesels would have been 10 go into Romsgale: and that, with every riding in the Dewuns during this formy weawind whereby the can be annoyed in the ther, we need not be at a loss to judge what Downs, she will run right before it into a number of addition:l dangers and difficulRamgale; and every wind that will be fair ties must have been in the way of those for ships to proceed upon their voyages, from which actually did ride there. I understand the Diwns, will be also fair for their failing the number of veilels ia the Duwni rid one froin Remsgate.

time has rarely ever exceeded 300 lail; but “If, therefore, it is really eligible to have in the bad weather in the beginning the an harbour for the reception of mips in dif- year 1790, and the present year, the Downs tress, from the Dirons, it must be upon the were in a great degree cleared, there being Har jore of the Isle of Tbanet; and nu place in reality few ships left riding in them.” has yet been pointed out so proper as Ramlyale.

"A List of the Number of Ships and “It probably will be thought by many Vessels that have taken Shelter in who cursorily view the place, and arę not Ramsgate Harbour in Stormy Weather. fully apprized of the requisites of an artificial

« In 1780 barbour, to be a defect that this harbour is not

1781 entirely covered wirb watır, all over its area,


140 at low water ; but the Bank is really of the


149 greatest utility, as will appear when the pi


159 lots' representation, p. 57, is fully considered.


213 However, notwithstanding that, for the reafons already mentioned, none of the Nvices


247 have been brought to play upon the Bork,


172 yet it has in reality so much wafter', that the


320 highest part of what now remains is lower by


387. five feet than the middle of the harbour was “ Among tlie above were several from in 1774; and indeed it is so far wasted and 300 to soc tons but then, and upwards..

“ Within





“ Within the last seventeen months up. « Thou lov'lt to range the fields at dawn, wards of fix bundred sail of ships and vessels Or meet the thepherds on the lawn, have taken shelter in the Harbour, of which At leisure Eve's advance; ebsve sbree bundred were bound to and from Brisk Sport comes iripping o'er the mead, the sort of London.

And sweetly sounds his oaten reed, “ Evidence can be produced, that the Har. And joins the rural dance. bour has been, this Winter, the means of sav

“ Not e'en hour Winter's dreary (way, ing a great many ships and veliels, and pro. Nor freezing blist can thee dismay, perty to the amount of between two and three

Nor change thy sprightly mien; hundred thousand pounds, with a great num 'Tis then thou seek'st the focial band, ber of valuable lives, which otherwise would

And o'er their minds, with gentle hand, have been driven upon the Hats and rocks,

Diffus'it a joy serene. and, in all probability, loft.” There are prefixed a plan of Ramf. Though absent Sol his ray denies,

Round the bright name which Art supplies, gace Harbour and a map of the Downs,

The friendly train regale;

Some firy legend each iaiparts,
121, Genuine Poetical Compositions. Whilft rapt Attention, gazing, Itarts
By E. Bentley, of Norwich.

At ev'ry wondrous tale. THIS is certainly an extraordinary “Thy presence charms ftern Grief to rest, performance. The authoress is a poor, Thy ligiit illumes th' untainted breaft, uneducated daughter of a journeyman

Sweet ter of Content; shoemaker, who, without any allistance Like her thou fly'st th'abandon'd mind, from books, or even the opporcunity of Where Guilt, Despair, and Shame, combin'd, improvement from conversation, has

Their hapless prey torment. exhibited strong marks of a polished “What magick in thy aspect dwells! and fuperior mind. The present is That Melancholy's mist vispelis; with equal truth and energy called the What graces round thee shine! Age of Benevolence; and we are very

Sweet Ple::sure ever near thee ftands, happy to find that the humble merit of With Transport, whose high finul expands,

And ioars to realms divine." Mrs. Bentley has excited the interest, and obtained the patronage, of an opy 122. The Evidence of ibe Refurre&tion of Jesus Tent manufacturing town. Her early

considered; in a Dicourse for delivered in ebe talent for poetical composition has been

Allembly-room ar Buxton, on Sunday, Sep. eagerly encouraged and generously re

tember 19, 1790. To which is added, an warded, as a long list of subscribers suf.

Address to ibe Jews. By Joseph Priestley. ficiently teftifies. When we say of her

A Discourse on such a subject, delipoems, that they are always correct, vered in such a place, may well awaken frequently animated, and often above the curiosity of the publick. It is but mediocrity, we hope that many of our fair to presume the preacher meant it readers will be induced to contribute to

Thould do so; and being “ an object of the purpose the authoress has in view, of " disike, as” he says « he is, to the printing a second edition. To strengthen

Clergy of the Church of England," such a propensity, it gives us pleasure to prudence and caution are no parts of add, that the emoluments of the present his character. He braves all that cenand future publications are designed for sure on the score of prudence, caution, the support and comfort of an aged and

or propriety; and wonders Mr. Beringinfirm parent. The following is fub.

ton, who, if we mistake not, is not only joined as a specimen of her abilities:

a Catholic priest but a Catholic prelate, “ODE TO CHEARFULNESS. May, 1790. fcrupled to do the same when delired to

preach a lermon for the (ive suppose “ Hail! Virgin of therial birth,

diflenting) Surday-school at BirmingThou more lovely far than Mirth,

ham. M.B. is not so precipitate, and O hither bend thy way! Come, beauteous Nymph, serenely smiling,

pays more regard so prudential realons Ev'ry anxious thought beguiling,

than Dr. Prieliley. This part of the Thou mak'lt each prospect gay.

introduction will be sufficient to thew

the spirit of the whole transaction, “ Thine eye with joy young Spring beholds,

without entering into the objeЕtions of When Nature ev'ry charm unfolds,

the dignified clergyman, or the preacher's And spreads thy fav’rite hue ;

detence. In the Address to the Jews, When Eurus to his cave retires, And Zephyr fans those glowing fires Dr. Priestley represents the Unitarians That verdant life rencw.

as more numerous char., " from timi.


“ dity, or some other motive, which he “ The original record of the communi. “ does not undertake to defend, they do “cation of this most important truth not make a public avowal of their “having been loft, ic pleased the Divine • sentiments." "He is “happy to find Being to renew it by Jesus Chrift, the “ his Letters to the Jews have not dir. founder of our religion, &c. &c."

pleased them,” when all the world Though we have no fcruple to admit knows his lowering of Christianity the improbability of the high priest's could by no means bring it down to the evasion of Chrift's resurrection, we do level of the orthodox Jews. To such not think that Dr. P. obviates it in the unworthy arrifices does this chimpion bet manner; and he yields too much of truth descend. But the truth is, Dr. to vulgar prejudice when he objects to P. has gone too far, and is reduced to the more public appearance of our Sahis own good word. His Atrong holds viour after bis refurrection. His apare broken down, and he has no re. pearance to Paul was a lingular infance, fouice but a good face and big founding and for a singular purpose, the converwords. Can any man give hiin credit fion of the Gentiles, by the previous for his aftertion, p. xx, you ought to conviction of a most inveterate lew. “ declare yourselves Christians, though The rest of the fermon contains good “ without cealing to be Jel's, or discom. arguments for the credibility of Chrif's tinuing any of ibe observances of your returrection, and for the being of a God, "Oun law, which Christ came not to from miracles; and concludes with a

defiroy but to fulfil, Matt. v. 18?" as suitable app ication, in which the Doc. if these words applied to any other ob tor asserts his well-known doctrine of servances than the moral law; or for the sleep of the soul after death to the his other afiertion in the same page, refurrection. that they may, if they please, call “ David anoiber Mofa), or a perfon 123. Specimens of a new version of Telema.' 16 anointed of God for a great purpose

chus: ro wbieb is prefixed, A Defence of “respecting your nation ?" as if that Poetry, addreljed 10 James Pye, Eq. Poet


By T. D'Israeli. Tbe Second was all that was intended by that folenin character. It is deinonftrably a gross

Edi'ion, correčied. mistak that "all the perfecutions of

WE reviewed the first edition in our “ the Jews have arisen from trinitarian,

vol. LX. p. 437. Not one of the cor"i. e. idolatrous Chriltians." p. xxili.

rections then pointed out has been made The fundamental difference between

in the second. The title is iaverted;. Christians and Jews is the denial of the

and the “Specimen of a new Transla-, Melliabhip to Jefu Chrift by the latter,

“tion of Telemachus" takes place of who profess to be full looking for an.

the “Defence of Poetry;" but the or.. other Melliah, of a different character felf. Mr. D'l. perfills in holding an

der is the fame as before in the book itfrom a cruciñed Saviour; and, without entering into metaphyfical discullions of opinion different from the criticks, in his nature, deny his prophetic claims, as

their journals; and we must leave him the Doctor himseli admits, p. 9.


now to the judginent of his readers at affirming, p. 5, that "in what manner

la ge. Gud was pleated to impart to man.. "kind the first information concerning 124. Profpe?s and Observations on a Torer to a future life we are not now acquainte

England and Scotland, natural, æconomica', "ed, as we have no account of it in the

and direraryo By Thomas Newic, Esq.

THE writer of these Obfervations Wmuings of Moles, or in any orlier " writings now extant; but we see the

firit presented himself to the publick in efici of it in the Jews, who to this

1788, anonymously, as if afraid to meet day are all firm believers in it, and,

the public eye in propria perfonâ, or “ with a few exceptions, appear ativa's

withing to truit to incut without a name, "to have believed io ii," he adds,'

We then offered our opinion as freely " that where thould be a proper rejur.

as we fall do now to Mr. Newte, to "rection of the dead, which is the faith whom the work was from the first

alcribed. Soine of our criticisms he “ of Jews and Chrians (being, I must

has attended to, and lias ietrenched "s now p.clume, the clear doctrine of “ both the Old and New Testament), I

much of the bombal deteniption of the "Nill vencuie to jav, must ever have

talls of the Clyde, p. 57 of the second

edition. " appeared in the highest degite inn* piotavit, and therefore incredible.

* See vol. LVIll. p. 803.


P. 62. Mr. N. has made matters P. 57. Stone byers fall. P. 75. View worse, by saying Blantyre rafile was from a hill above Loch Lomond. P. 88. formerly a monastery. We meant to On Leales of farms. P. 90. Of Gialsay there were both cafille and monaßery gow degrees. Plan of herring-fi shery, at Blantyre. Into his account of Glar p. 93--112, much improved and enlarge gow University he has interwoven a ed. P. 115. Particulars of DunaffenGlly flixy of the facility of granting de age. P. 124–134: Of the management grees for two Louidores.

of estates in Scotland. P. 143-147. InP. 68. Mr. N. is determined never to vernels, and its environs. P. 145–150. quit the Scotiih prejudice and vulgar Caulder caille, and cultivation round it. error about the Yew-tree at Cruek. P. 154. more of Forres. P. 153–54. ftone, adopted by Mr. Cardonell against Murray frith. P. 156. Piuscardin ab. Anderson, both nuinilmatic writers of buy. “I have been repeatedly told, Scotland.

“ibat the best fruit-trees in Scotland P'. 113. The ungrammatical phrase, “ are found in the gardens of the old that I had for as, or because I had seen, “ religious houses; and that they are ftill continue; and, p. 137, aller for al. “ all planted on circular causeways of der; which, p. 414, he explains by “ fat fiones. This practice, which at arne; also, ferpentinizing, p. 248 ; its “ first light appears to be rather a charm wbole members, p. 272 ; general excite " than any part of rural aconomy, was meni, p. 284; rubbage, p. 321; built, founded on a physical cause. The ved. or a-building, p. 324.

of stone prevented the roots of the As a vindication of himself from the “ trees from striking downwards, gave mis-tranllation of Cuningham, pointed “them an horizontal direction, and out by us, he contents himself with “ brought them into a wider contact saying, p 270, “ The juxta position of “than they would have otherwise felt “s two sentences in this quotation re “ with the genial mould at the surface “ conciles an apparent inconsistency “ of the earth, fertilized by the infius " that has been noticed by some who ences of heaven. It is in a fimilar, " call themselves 'criticks.” Mr. N. “ though inverse ratio, that vines, and only increases the difficulty; for it was “ other fruit-bearing shrubs and trees, not the inconffiency of the author, but are greatly improved by checking the incorredness of his translator, that their perpendicular growth, and leadwe pointed out. The note in the first ing them, by espaners, along the edition is made tex! in the present, with ground." P. 157. Ofreligious houses @crut for tbe criticks.

in Scotland. P 158.. Burgh of Moray. Nothing but the hope of being in P. 159. Mr. N. juttiy condemns the fome degree beneficial to mankind planiing Scotch firs initead of corn. P. “ would have induced the author to 160. more of Gordon calie. P. 162. 66 offer the views and observations con. Of the Spey, and the furrounding coun“ tuned in this volume to the publick. try. P. 166. Oid caftie of Findlater. " Part of them were published tivo P. 168-172. Fraserburgh and Caerna

years ago, in a small octavo, intie bulig castles. P. 174. more of Peter" tuled,

Tour in England and Scoto head. Buchan countv. P. 176. French aldrich, by an Englijb Gentleman. As language used in Scotland.

P. 178. "i thar book was honoured with some Haddo. P. 179-181. Cultivation and “ thure of public approbation, he has the linking fund. P. 182–194. Kild. “ been encouraged to increase the ruinmy cattle. Monymusk. Aberdeen" work very conliderably by the revi fhire. P. 197. Aberdeen harbour, 199. fion of many notes that he had fup- and manners; 200202. and univer"p.clicd, and the recollection of va- fity. P. 217--221. Perth. P. 224-5.

nou, facts and scenes that he had Creiff, &c. P. 227–247. Benvonioch

pulled over udgoricud, He begs leave mountain, Gleinalmon, and the High" to acknowledge inis obligations to fe- lands, and Ollian's poem and romb. P. “ veral learned and ingenious Scotch- 256--S. The Ochilis. P. 259–262. " men, who llave donc him the honour Arduch, and bills about it. P. 293of cominunicating to himn much im. 300. Of navigable canais in general, and portant information."

Advertisement. that of Languedoc in particular, comADDITIONS. P. 32. Iinportation of pared with the Carron navigation. P. Staffordshire ware clay, trom Teigns 291. “A silver coin of Robert Bruce, mouth. P. 50. Wathing and fiamming “ value half a mark, was given by a before marude, in Scotland and Pusha. “gentleman in Aisylethire to Mr. G.

“ Demplier,

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“ Dempfer, and loft by him at Pool. “and the natural man would have out“ Ewe, in Rossshire, with this inscrip: “done the philosopher." Nothing can « tion: Robertus Dei Gratia Rex Scoio, be truer than this observation. It thews

rum, Princeps Pictorum. This fact, the folly of the French theorists in at« which is authenticated by Mr. Demp- tempting to equalize men after they “ ster and Dr. Thorkelin, professor of have lived for centuries in a state of ci“ history and civil law in the University vilized society. Yet Mr. N, p. 431, “ of Copenhagen, is curious, on two ac- compliments the National Aslenibly “ counts. Firšt, it shews that the Pi&tith for what they have effected. He cona

origin of the people on the Eastern cludes, in p. 427-437, by proposing “ fide of the country, in those times, the gradual investigation of the Natural “ was still remembered ; and, secondly, History of Scotland, by the parochial “it is an instance, among many others, clergy, under the direction of a commit“ of the Scorish imitatiog the English, tee appointed by the Royal Societies of “ as the English imitated the French. London and Edinburgh, and an annual “ Edward II. of England, contemporary council of deputies, rather than by cor66 with the Great Robertof Scotland, was respondence of the clergy addressed to 6 called the Prince of Wales, a coun an individual, who,“ however diftin“ try subdued by the English. Robert, "guished by genius, rank, or fortune, • it seems, alluined the title of Prince or even by a happy or rare 'union of “ of the Piats, a people that had fallen “ all these advantages, cannot possibly " under the dominion of the Scots.” “ be considered by a whole nation as a We cannot help wishing this anecdote “ fit centre «of such general co-ope. in the coinage of Scotland had been

“ ration." better authenticated; especially as in Mr. N. has considerably improved Mr. Cardonnell's accurate account of his work in this second edition; to the Scotish money, we find not the which he had added 18 new plates, and most distant hint, nor does there appear a map of the contour of Scotland, and room for this addition to the commonly- dedicated it to the King, "ambitious of received legend. Perhaps it is a lucky“ bringing under the review of the facircumstance that this unique is loft. “ther of his people the unfortunate cire P. 300 – 2. Camelon. P. 347–361. E “ cumstances which in the Northern dinburgh professors and degrees. P. part of the united kingdum discou. 365. On the study of physick there. P. rage agricultural improvement, ferter 372-5. Of the Nonjurors, and the commerce, and subject the labouring laws of Scotland. P: 381-392. Of poor to hard and rapacious treatment lands, land-holders, and entails in Scot? “ from their superiors.” land. P. 393. Melrose. P. 394. Populousness of Scotch borders, and con 125. General Regulations for Inspection and languinity of the Scous and Welsh, Controul of all obe Prisons; rogerber wirb ibe proved by the word Penn, the Celtic Rules, Orders, and Bye-Laws for the GoBenn, for a mountain. Hume's account

vernment of ibe Gaol und Penitenciary-bouje of the battle of Flodden omitted, and

for ebe County of Gloucester, made, publifball about the Danes and Northumbri

ed, and declared at a General or Quarter ans, and Profeffor Thorkelin, who, it

Sefions of ibe Peace, bolden, by Adjournment,

on ebe içib of July, 1790, and confirmed by is believed, will not thew himself so

ibe Judges of Allize, ai ibe Alizes beld for com in udicative to this country as the

ab: Jame County, on the 6th Day of August, civilities he received in it seemed to de.

1790. Tbe Tbird Edition. mand. A geographical anatomy of THE spirit of Howard survives and Scotland fills up pp. 402-419. Civil actuates in this instance, we trust, among society divided into tour periods. A many others, the management of thote necdotes of two Indian chiefs.

unhappy members of society who, in “ In the country of the Illianois, a spire of every incitement to virtuous in. “ chief, I think, of the Calcafkias, duttry, prefer mischievous idleness, and “ whose name I do not remember, con forfeit their lives to folitude or death, “ ceived the lublime idea of uniting all those miserable lubftinutes to involun. " the Indian nations and tribes into one tary labour. The present regulations “ grand alliance, offensive and defen- extend to gaols, and prisons adjoining, " live. If this had been realized, Dr. and their wretched inhabitants, who are “ Franklin's confederation of the Thire divided into different classes of male and "teen States would have cut but a poor female felons, king's evidences, the “ figure on the American continent, condemned to die, male and female

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