Page images

June z. T.

MINUTES OF THE PROCEEDINGS OF THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OF FRANCE, from the Day of the King's Flight; wirb a View to transmic

ibe Minutiæ of bat memorable Transeation. HE President announced to the It now was thought necessary to concert

National Assembly the flight of measures by which the correspondence with the King, Queen, and Royal Family, from Foreign Powers might best be carried on their Palace of the Thuilleries at Paris, without interruption ; and a very long ena which occasioned a momentary consterna- quiry took place concerning the Itate of the tion.

Royal Treasury. The King left a proclamation behind him, M. de la Porte, in whose hands the King's in which he apologizes for his conduct, and Proclamation already mentioned was found solemnly revokes all the acts to which he deposited, again appeared at the bar, and was had set his name while in confinement, be- questioned as to the manner of his receiving ing advised so to do by General Bouillé, who, it. Being asked, he answered, that he reit since appears, was the principal contriver ceived it from a servant who acted as the of his retreat.

King's valet, and who was fled. Sume day.] M. de la Fayette, on the first M. de Rochefoucault appeared at the bar, intelligence he received of the escape, hay and excused himself from taking upon him ing difparched an Aid de Canıp in pursuit of the guard of the frontiers, because of his the King, that officer appeared before the Al great age, being near seventy ; but allured sembly, and complained of being stopped and the Allenibly that they might depend on his ill-treated by the populace. Two Members zeal and fidelity. His resignation was rewere therefore commiflioned to accompany jected. him without the city gates.

A Deputation from the Department of Orders were then given, that an embargo Paris presented themselves at the bar; la. be laid in all the sea-ports; ard it was menting the departure of the King, and exmoved, that an order should be issued for all pressing their confidence in the Assembly not Citizens to arm, and hold themselves in rea to desert them. dinefs to preserve the peace; that all official M. de Maubourg, observing that the oath seals thould be fequestered, to prevent frauds; the Assembly had already raken was equally and that all Public Ministers should be called unsuitable to them and to the army, probefore the Assembly, to give an account of posed a new one, that was generally aptheir conduct.

proved. And it being past ten o'clock, the M. Montmorin apprized the Assembly, Assembly adjourned for one hour, intending that lie was a prisoner in his own house. to continue their fittings during the night.

M. Duport acquainted the Allembly, that The Decrees palled at this fitting were: he had that morning received the King's ex 1. To stop all perfons from going out of press orders not to make use of the seals the kingdom. without his Majesty's permission.

2. 1 hat all Citizens hold themselves ready In conseqnence of this communication, to preserve the public peace. the Assembly decreed, that such laws as are 3. That the Ministers of War do issue the already paised, but cannot be sanctioned by necessary orders for the defence of the fronthe King because of his absence, do fill re tiers. tain his name; and that the Chief Minister 4. That all the feals of office shall be got of Justice be empowered to affix the teals to together, and placed under the direction of such other Decrees as necetlity requires. Commithioners.

In the mean time it was ordered, that the 5. That the Public Ministers do repair to doors of the Royal Apartments in the Thu their several offices, to illue orders for the illeries be secured.

execution of the above Decrers. And, M. Montmorin, being released, appeared

6. That the Ministers thall be empowered at the bar, as did M. de la Porte. They to communicate with the Allembly upon all made their report, and received their in- ficting occasions. Itructions with respect to the business of Wednesday 22.] Commissioners were aptheir offices.

pointed to inspect the Royal wardrobe. • M. Gouvion, the principal officer on gaard They reported, that several jewels were when the Royal Family effected their eicape, milling fince 1784. confefsel before the Allembly, that he had In order to preserve the friendship of Fobeen told in secrecy of a design formed for reign Powers, Ministers were ordered to the Queen to make her escape; that he had correspond with Foreign Ministers and Amthought it his duty to acquaint tlie Mayor bail:dors in their several departments as with what he had heard; and that thereupon urual." the guarıls liad been doubled : so that it was Decreed, that whoever should counterfeit not pellible for him to conceive by what the Great Seal shall be punished with immeans their Majeu les could accompliin their prisonment for fifteen years. parpofe.

A report was made, containing an oath te GENT. Mac. August, 1794.


be taken by the Commissioners appointed to At the same time all the National Guards watch over the frontiers; and that twelve swore to employ the arms with which they Commiflioners, from among the Members, were entrusted in defence of the Country be instituted for that purpose.

and Confticution. These ceremonies being M. de Gowy stated, that three letters, found over, the musick resumed their tune, and on the King's Physician, had been sent him the detachment left the Hall. The President from Senlis, addressed to Refugees abroad. again took the Chair, and the Afsembly

The fitting of this day was about to be formed ittelf into a deliberative body: suspended, when news reached the Allembly A letter was read, from three Citizens of that the King was in custody.

Paris, offering a voluntary contribution toOn receiving this news, M. de Laeth wards the defence of the frontiers. proposed :

M. Mangin, a surgeon, who had been 1. That the King should be brought back aiding in apprehending the Royal Family, to Paris.

made bis appearance, when a confused mur2. That the Citizens who had been in

mur ran through the Hall, “ He is taken ! strumental in preventing his escape do re he is taken !” A packet was then put into ceive the thanks of the Allembly.

the hands of the President. It was a letter 3. That the Marquis de Bouillé be fuis from the Municipality of Varennes, stating, pended from the command of the troops; and that the King was now in their hands, and that three Commiflioners, Mell. Barnave, that they had authorised M. Mangin to conPethion de Villeneuve, and La Toure Malte firm their report, and to learn how they were bourg, do proceed immediately to Varennes, to proceed. Another letter was then read accompanied by a body of National Guards, from St. Menehoud, giving an account of to escort their Majesties to Paris.

various orders ifsued by M. Bouillé, Com. The Royal Captives were treated with all mander of the troops, to send him reinpossible respect. They were lodged the first forcements. night at Varennes, and the second at Cba The President announced M. Mangin's wish lons, where they were met by the escort, to give the Assembly an account of his miswho afterwards conducted them to Paris.- fion, which was readily granted (nearly the Monsieur (the King's elder brother) and his fame with Drvuet’s, p.665). His account was Confort, having taken a different road, ef- received with loud applause ; and orders caped the purfuers.

were issued, that the most inviolable regard June 23:] M. la Rochefoucault appeare! Nould be paid to the safety of the King's at the bar, and reported the difficulties that person ; that information should be conveyed attended the execution of their Decice re to the whole kingdom, that his Majesty was fpecting the futting the ports, which, he in safe cattody ; that M. Bouillé fhould be said, prevented completely the supply of pro- arrested, if found; that orders thould be isvisions,

sued, that nobody depart the city ; and that M. Douchy observed, that the object of no horses should be allowed to be hired by the Decreu was the ftopping Suspesied pire

any person uhatever. fons from making their cfcape. As that was A letter from the Mayor of St. Menehond now too late, he moved, That this restraint

was then read, stating, that he had promised he taken off, and that the pallage of the br. the King to be an werable with his head for riers be free, provided the travelicis are fur the safety of his Majeity's person ; and praynished with patiports.--Agreed.

ing, that orders should be ifined to the Citie One of the Secretaries ruid two letters, zens of Paris, to take every method to reone from the towns, the other from the

ceive the Roval Family without tuinult. friends of the Constitution at Valenciennes, Afternoon.] The Commillioners fent to requeiting arms and ammunition, that those meet the King, in their letter, dated from of the interior parts night join those of the “ La Forte-sous Jouare, nine in the mornfrontiers, for the common duicnce of the ing,” acquaint the President, that the King kingdom.

left Chalous last night, escorted by the NaM. Reboud, who had occupied the Chair tional Guards; that the sentiments of the during the absence of the Frendent with the people are every whicre the same, magnania oiber Miembers by order of the Atembły, mous and tranquil; and that they, the Comannounced their return. Immediately mili- millioners, have received repeated testimonies tary musick was heard at the sites of the of respect and confidence in the National Afiembly, playing, ab! ça ira. Anoat 2co Allembiy. of the Allembly then entered, attended by a Other letters were read, from diff:rent denumerous detachment of grenadiers, wlio partments, expreilive of the same sentiments. were drawn up in ranks in the iniddle of the M. Roberijpierre moved, that a civic Hall.

crown Mould be voted to M. Mangin and
I. le Preident. Tlie detachment of the the other two Nacional Guards who stopped
National Guard which escurted the deputa- tle Royal carriages; but this was referred
i'on from the Alfenlly desire permillion to to future confideration.
tal.ctne ufiicial onth.

Report was made, that an inventory had
M. bubbelsiu made the sanje request.


[ocr errors]

been taken of the Crown Jewels, and that

A letter was then read from the Commiss every thing was found safe.

fioners sent to protect the King, dated Dore M. Tbouro: reverted to the night of the mars, me :4. “ The King lay the pre2:1t, when, he said, a great crime was com ceding night at Dormans; this night he will mitted. Whether the King was carried off lie at Meux ; and to-morrow will reach by violence, or misled by perfidious sugges. Paris." tions, it is indispensably requisite that the M. M.nor, in the name of the Military crime 1hould he characterised, and the guilty Committee, made a Report on the neceflity delivered to the vengeance of the laws. He of augmenting the number of General Offitherefore moved, that the Affembly declare cers, &c; tee p. 66-. On this occasion it all those persons traitors, who either add was ordered, that a list of the General Ofi. vised, or were anywise concerned in, that cers who have incurred difmitsal be laid betransaction.

fore the Alsembly, with the reasons for such M. Roberilpierre. Points of the utmost dismiilil. importance are prejudiced by the above pro

M. Menon at the same time stated the Mi. positions. In the first instance, nothing is litary Arrangements as they then stood; see discernible but a fevere difpofition against the p. 665. advisers of the flight of the King. It is un A Deputation of the Municipality of Paris becoming to suppose that any criminal inten- presented to the Assembly the two Cittzens tions have exifted against the person of the who stopped the King. See Drouet's detail, King. To foresee crimes where none exist, p. 66;. is to create them. It is the duty of all per The Prefident congratulated these Citizens fons whatever, holding any civil or military for the service they had done their country; employment, to avail themselves each of his and the Assembly adjoursed. respective power to protect the return of June 25.] A dispatch from Verdun was the King, and to seize and arrest all those read, stating the arreft of four officers, who who shall dare, in any degree, to violate the comanded detachments sent by force to respect due to the Royal dignity.

protect the Night of the King. These were A numerous Deputation of the National Mellieurs Choiseul, Damas, Rami, and FloGuards was admitted; when M. de la Fay- rife. It was decreed, that they should reette, their Speaker, addressed the President main prisoners till the Assembly should take in terms the most expressive of supporting this business into consideration. the cause of Liberty and the new Constitu The Allembly then passed the following tion.

Decrees : The President, in return, made the fol 1. That the King, on his return to the lowing reply: That all France was sensible Thuilleries, fhall have provisionally a guard, of their obligations to his virtue ; and shouhl subject to the direct order of the Commandour enemies forget that the people of France ant General, who Mall be responsible. are free, they will be taught by you, that 2. In like manner a guard to the Prethe power of freemen is as formidable as sumptive Heir, who besides thall have a Gotheir valour.

vernor, nominated and appointed by the The Parisian National Guards, to which National Allembly. were added great numbers of Volunteers, 3. That all who accompanied the King's marched across the Hall, exclaiming, “ We fight shall be arrested and examined; and swear we will live free, or die !"

that the King and Queen shall be heard in An Address, or Proclamation, in the name their vindication. of the National Assembly, was now ordered 4. That, till it be otherwise ordained, the to be dispersed throughout the kingdom, by Minister of Justice shall be authorised, as he way of answer to that already mentioned has alreat.y bee!, to affix the feal of State left behind him by the King.

to the acts of the Legislative Body. “Are the people," say they, “ to fear 5. That Ministers, and the Commissioners the consequences of a writing forced before of the King, are authorised to exercise, behis departure from a deludeó King? It is ing respondible, the functions of the Execuidifficult to conceive the blindness and igno- tive Power. rance that dictated this writing, which may Half after foun.] Great agitation in the be reserved to be discussed hercaster. At Hall, on the repor i that the King was crorpresent, your Representatives are more use- fing the Thuillenes; and twenty minutes fully occupied."

elapfed before the Allembly could resume June 24.] The fitting was opened by the their deliberations. Report of the Commissioners charged to ex M. Lecouteux announced, that the three Couamine the conduct of M. Montmorin with riers who had attended the King in his flight regard to the pitsport already noticed that were then on the King's carriage, surrounded was produced by the King ; see p. 665. by the populace, wiio Ilireatened to hang

The Minister came to thank the Assembly them. Twenty Commissioners went out, by for the Decree pafled in his favour on that order of the Allembly, to restore order. occasion, in which he was highly applauded At sight of these the agitation ceased, and for being found faithful to the Constitution. the National Guard succeeded in making way

for the Royal Family, all of whom entered pointed, without delay, by the Tribunal of the Palace. The three men who acted as the Districts of Thuilleries, to take inforCouriers were likewise taken into custody; mation, wherever it may be found, respecto and one of them at fall a pocket-book, ing the events of the night between the zoth which was instantly taken up, and given to and 21st of June; as also of such anterior M. Lecoulteux, who laid it on the table, to facts as may relate thereto. be sealed up.

2. That such Commissioners shall proceed M. le President. You have heard the ac. without delay to interrogate all those persons count that has been just given. Louis XVI. wiro are in custody in virtue of the Decrees is at present in the Palace of the Thuilleries, of the 25th instant ; also of such witnesses as are likewise the three men wlio accompa- as may appear to be necessary in the course nied him.

of the said examination. M. Blagou. They are Merr. Valori, Man. 3. The National Assembly shall appoint tale, and Melsan, three Gardes du Corps. three Commissioners to hear the DeclaraI move, that the pocket-book be sealed up, tions of the King and Queen, which Ihall be that nothing be added to its contents. taken separately, signed by their own hands,

M. le President. The key of the King's and laid at large before the Allembly carriage has been given to me. I learn, that After balloting, Mefl. Tronchant, Dan. crowds of people surround the carriages, dre, and Duport, were declared duly elected. determined to open them.

The election being uver, the President M. Voideil. The United Committees have moved, That the National Guards at Vataken care of that.

rennes, who had behaved with so much forAt this instant the Commissioners who citude in the arrest of the King, might be brought back the King entered ; and M. admitted. This being granted, and having Barnave gave a particular detail of all that renewed their oaths, the President addressed had palied, resigned their commiiliou, and them in terms of the highest panegyrick; received the thanks of the Allembly ; who and concluded with wishing them to assure immediately adjourned.

all the inhabitants in their neighbouring Surday, June 26.] M. Dufoni, in the name towns, lliat the National Atiembly know how of the Committees of Criminal Jurispru. to value the services rendered them. dence and of the Constitution, presented the The Allembly then determined, that there plan of a Decree, as a mode of proceeding was no farther neceflity for extraordinary against the persons who had participated in fittings; and therefore ordered, that the fita the flight of the King and Queen.

tings Mould rise as formerly. M. Cbebroud thought the cause ought to be M. Morean de St. Merry, after compliment. brought before he High National Court; ing Mayor of Menehoud for guaranteeing but that the Assembly Thould first receive the safety of the King and Queen, moved, evidence of some leading facts, and, after That this circumstance might be recorded in they had determined that the prosecution the annals of France, that posterity might ought to be instituted, they might then direct contemplate the period, when a King of the what tribunal should take cognizance of it. French, delivered over to all the alarms

Some debate then took place as to the arising from perfidious counsels, had been mode of procuring evidence, which in- consoled by the promise of a simple Municis volved two articles; one for the section of pal officer, whose word was venerated at a the Thuilleries, to examine all the accom distance from the place where his legitimate plices; the other, to inititute Commissioners authority exited. This proposition was from the National Allembly to go and 1e- unanimously acceded to. ceive the Declarations of the King and June 27.) Numerous addresses were this Queen.

day received from different parts of the kingM. Robertspierre opposed this mode :“ and dom, expressive of zeal for the new ConitiI oppose it,” he said, “ for this reason : tution ; and several Deputacions from difWhen they are to give an account of their ferent districts. conduct to the Nation, the King and Queen Ordered the Diplomatic Committee to are no more than Citizens. It is faid, we draw up a Proclamation, permitting foreignought not to disgrace the Royal dignity. I ers to quit the kingdom.---Some patriotic think we ought not. But who can be dif- contributions for defence of the kingdom graced by submitting to the Law? I think were made by zealous Citizens. -D'Estaing's that the King and Queen 1hould be interro- leiter was read ; see p. 667. zated by the faine liibunal as those who for M. T on bel, in the name of the three the fame action are in a ftate of arrest.”-- Commisioners appointed to receive the DeThe Assembly were of a different opinion ; clarations of the king and Queen, gave an and three Cominitioners were appointed to account of the manner in which they had receive the Declarations of the King and executed their commifiion; see p. 666. Queen ; see p. 667.

Letters from the Commiflioners sent to On this occasion the National Assembly Douay and Arras, to take measures for the decreed :

security of the frontiers, were read, and a 1. That (wo Commiflimers shall be ap, number of articles were decreed,

A letter

A letter from M. Simolin, the Russian ance as to enable Ministers to give assurances Ambaslador, in which he apologises for the to our merchants, that they may now carry concern he had in procuring a patsport for on their trade with safety, appears by the the widow de Korit by a false pretence, notice that has been authentically delivered which it was impollible for him to detect; to them; but that they no way tend to terwith the note which he received from the minate the war between the Turks and Rura Baroness, which entirely clears his Excel- íians appears from this, that both parties are lency from any blame in that business. left at full liberty, without any foreign inCopy of the note :

terference, to carry on the war till the re“ I am inconsolable. Yesterday, in burn. fources of one or both shall be so far exing several useless papers, had the misfor- hausted as to render a cessation of hostilities tune to throw into the fire the paliport abfoluiely neceffary. which you had the goodness to obtain for The Empress of Russia has openly deme. I am, indeed, athamed to beg you to clared her terms, from which it does not apo repair my blunder, and of the trouble which pear that the will easily recede. And while I occasion you.

the Turks have a foot of land in Europe, Paris, June 20, 1791."

they will not surrender their most fertile (To be continued.)

provinces, without which they cannot exist.

The objects to which men's eyes are now STATE OF AFFAIRS ABROAD. directed are chiefly the Revolution in PoPolitical speculators are not yet agreed as land, and the fate of the French King. The to the termination of the war between the first seems to have obtained the suttrage of Rullians and Turks; nor are the advices we the neighbouring States, while that of the receive by the way of Vienna, of the almost second seems yet in suspence. The unconuninterrupted successes of the former over cern of the National Allembly about the latter, always to be depended upon. Itrengthening the frontiers zikords fome rea. That the advant.ige of the war has, upon fon to conclude that the King will accept of the whole, been in favour of Rullia, appears the Crown on the terms tha will be granted incontestably tile ; but it is equally true, him; while tie withes of the friends of the that, at the beginning of the war, when the former Government itron ly militate against Turks stood alone against the combined a compromie. A few days will probably powers of Ruflia and Auftria, they defendeil derei mine this grand question. themselves with an obftinacy that astonished Europe: and it does not appear that even

EAST INUIFS. now they are reduced to despair.

The latest news from the East Indies was “ Ministerial nutes,” we are told, in the brought by the E.irl of Aberzavenny, lately London Gazette, “ have been delivered at arrived hom Cisima, bit ut from St. HeSt. Petersburg by Mr Whitworth and ir. leni, wlere he left the Worcester from Fawkener, and Count Geltze, on the part of Bonb.y. This last ship had letters on board his Majesty and of the King of Prutlia, and from njengo, on the count of Malabat, so by Connt Offerman, on the part of the Em- late as the 29th of Mac), which allure, press of Rullia, relative to the terms of pa that General Abercrombie had successfully cińcation between Rutlia and the Porte. effected his march up the Gharts, and was

“ In these notes, the Ministers of his Ma- within fifiy miles of Sering patam, the cajesty and the King of Pruthia agree, on the pital of the iyrur: 1);})0) ; that Colorel part of their respective Sovereigns, that their Hartley had marched til nearer, and was Majetties will propose to the l'orte 10 con- ravaging the country; that Carl Cornwallis clude a pence with Rullia on the terms of by fome brilliant minceuvres had decvived the ceflion of the district of Oczkow, fiom the enemy, and ascended the Ghuts, withthe Bog to the Dniester; her Imperial M

out fufti

caining any loss, and was close to Banjesty engaging not to disturb the free navi- galore, where it was expected he would be gator of the latter river, but to favour and juined by General Abercrombie; that the protect it (to which condition the forte is Pahua, with large remforcements, had to be equall: and reciprocally bound); and joined the Mahra'ta forces, and a detaciher Imperial Majesty being also to restore to ment of Gooo cavalry was sent to the aliist. the Porte, at the conciution of the peace, ance of Eail Cornwallis; that the important all other corquells whatever. The Mini- fort of Durwar bid at le:igth surrendered to fter of her Imperial Majeity agreti, on the the combined forces of the English and part of his Solcreign, to make peace on Niabiattas; so that there was not now any these terms; and the Ministers of his Mäe fort of consequence between Darwar and jelty and the King of Frulia agree, on le Seringaratam, near which the cavalry of the part of their respective Sovereigns, that, if latter had even penetraieu ; that Tirpoo, in the Porte ihould decline to enter into nero- despair, bad quitted B.11g tlore to its fate, cition on this basis, their Majeities will 2nt, trembling for the fate of his capital, leave the termination of the war to the had not fcrupled to make the most humi@ourie of those evenis to which it may lead' liating overtures to fail Cornwallis ; which, I bal the above notes are of sucha import, bowerçi, were rejected with the contempt

« PreviousContinue »