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P.685. Dr. Blacklock, who is characterised the physicians in that city; who had the by Ma Spence as “ one of the most extraor goodness to fupply him with every thing new dinary characters that has appeared in this or cellary for his living and studying in the any other age,” was born at Annan, in Scot- university therę. Dr. B. looked on this geno, Jand, in 1721. His father (a poor tradesman) tleman as his Mecenas; and the poem placed and his mother were natives of the county of at the entrance to his works was a tribute of Cumberland, where his paternal ancestors gratitude addreiled to him, in imitation of the lived from time immemorial. They gene- first odle of Horace to his great patron. He Tally followed agriculture; and were ditlin had got some rudiments of Latin in his guished for a knowledge and humanity above youth, but could not easily read a Latin alltheir sphere. His father had been in good thor till he was near (wenty, when Dr. Stecircumstances, but was reduced by a series of venson put him to a grammar-school in misfortunes. His mother was daughter of Edinburgh. He afterwards studied in that Mr. Rich. Rae, an extensive dealer in cattle, university; where he not only perfected a considerable business in that county; and himself in Latin, but also went through all was equally esteemed as a man of fortune the best Greek authors with a very lively and importance. Before young B. was six pleasure. He was master of the French lanmonths old, he was totally deprived of liis guage, which he acquired by his intimacy eye-light by the small.pox. His father (who in the family of Mr. Provost Alexander, by his son's account of him must have been a whose lady was a Parisian. -After he had particularly good man) had intended to breed followed his studies at Edinburgh for four him up to his own or some other trade; but years, he retreated into the country, on the as this misfortune rendered him incapable of breaking-out of the rehellion, in 1745; and any, all that this worthy parent could do was it was during this recess that he was prevail. to Mew the utmost care and attention that he ed on by fonie of his friends to publish a little was able toward him in so unfortunate a fi collection of his poems at Glasgow. When tuation; and this goodness of his left so that tenpeit was blown over, and the calm strong an impression on the mind of his son, entirely restored, he returned again to the that he ever spoke of it with the greatest University of Edinburgh, and pursued his warmth of gratitude and affection. What studies there for six years more. The second w3s wanting to this poor youth, from the edition of his poems was published by him Jors of his fight and the narrowness of his there, in the beginning of 1754, very muchi fortune, seems to have been repaid him in improved and enlarged; and they might 'the goodness of his heart, and the capacities have been much more numerous than they of his mind. He very early thewed a were, had he not shewd a great deal niore strong inclination to poetry in particular. niceness and delicacy than is usual, and kept His father and a few of his other friends several pieces from the press for reasons used often to divert him by reading; and, which seemed much stronger to himself than among other things, they read several par- they did to his friends, some of whom were fages out of our poets. These were his chief concerned at his excess of scrupulousness, and delight and entertaiument. He heard them much withed not to have had him deprived DConly with an uncommon pleasure, but of so much reputation, nor the world of so with a sort of congenial enthusiam ; and, many poetical heauties as abounded in them. from buving and admiring, he soon began Dr. B, during his ten years studies at the to imitate them. Among these early elsays miversity, “not on!y acquired,” as Mr. of his genius there was one which is in Hume wrote to a friend, “a great knowserted in his works. It was composed when ledge in the Greek, Latin, and French lanhe was buit twelve years old ; and has some guages, but also made a considerable progress thing very pretty in the turn of it; and very in all the sciences;” and (what is yet more promisins, for one of fo tender an age.--In extraordinary) attained a considerable ex1740, his father, being infornied that a kiln cellence in poetry; though the chief inlets belonging to a son-in-latv of his was giving for poetical ideas were barred-up in him, way, his solicitude for his interest made him and all the visible beauties of the creation venture in below the ribs, to see where the had been long since totally blocked out of his failure lay, when the principal beam coming memory. How far he contrivcıl, by the undown upon him, with eighty bushels of malt, common force of his genius, to compensate which were upon the kila at that time, he for this vast defect; with what elegance and was in one moment crushed to death. Young harmony he often wrote; with how much B. had at this time attained his nineteenth propriety, how much sense, and how much year; and as this misfortune necessarily vc emotion, are things as easy to be perceived in cafioned his falling into more hands than be reading his poems, as they would be difficult had ever before been used to, it was from to be fully accounted for. Considered in eja that time that he began, by degrees, to be ther of these points, he will appear to have fomen hat more talked of, and his extra a great Mare of merit; but if throughly conordinary talents more known. About a fidered in all together, we are very much year after, he was sent for to Edinburgh, by, inclined to say (with his friend Mr. Hume), Dr. Stevenson, a man of wate, and one of "he may be regarded as a prodigy."-of his
moral character Mr. Hume observed, “that was satisfied with his own condition, but that his modesty was equal to the goodness of his he coull discover fome very great blettings difpofition, and the beauty of his genius ;" in it; and through the general course of his and the author of the account prefixed to his other poems one may difcern such a juftneis works, sjenking of thic pieces which Dr. B. of thinking about the things of this world, would not ruiter to be printed, and which, and such an easy and contented turn of mind, he said, ahoined with so many poetical as was every way becoming a good Chriftian heauties that nothing could do lim greater and a good plijiofopher. This was the chahonour. correcting himself, alded, " yet I racter given of our author by Mr. Spence, mit fillesreptius private character, which, who, in the year 1954, took upon belf were it generally known, would recom the patronage of Dr. Blacklock, and succeil. mend him more to the public esteem than thie fully introduced him to the notice of the imitei talents of an accomplished writer." publick. In that year he published a pamAmong his particular virtues, one of the lust phlet, intituled, “An Account of the Lise, 10 he admired was luis ease and contentedness Character, and Foems of Mr. Black lock, of mind under for many circumstances, ang Student of Fhilosophy in the University of ene, almift, of which might he thouglt ca Edinburgh,” 8v0); which, with fume impahic of depreiling it. Considering the mean provements, was prefixed to a quarto edition pirts of luis hi'th, the owners of lus fituation, of Dr. Blacklock's Poems, publisheil by subthe defpic.bleness (at least as he himself to fcription. By this publication a considerable poke of it) of his person, the narrow neis sum of money was obtained, and foxon after and citiculties of his fortune, and, above all, our poet was fixed in an eligible situation in his to early loss of fight, and bis incapacity. the University of Edinburgh. In his dedicafrom thience, of any way relieving himseif tion of the second part of “Paraclelis” to uder i hele burthens, it mit be reckoned Mr. Spence, he says, “It is to your kind 10 (0:3) degree of virtue in fim, even not to patronage that I owe my introduction to the have been generally depirited and complain. republick of letters; and to your benevomi, bach of thefe lumiliating circumst inces lence, in fome measure, my prefent comhe spoke of in ieme part or other of lus posa fobibie fruation." In 1760 he contriam's hot what he divelt upon with the most bured fonde poems to a Scotch collection dating cast of melancholy was his lots of publithed at Edinburgh in that year ; and fight; but this is in a piece written when being there ftyled “the Rev. Mr. Blackluis fpiries were particularly depreiled! by lock," it appears he had then entered into an incident that very neviy Unreatened his holy orders. About 1766 he obtained the life, from which lie had hue just escaped degree of D. D.; and in 1767 published with a great deal of viticulty, and with all “ Paraclesis; or, Consolations deduced from the terrors of to great a danger, and the dle Natural and Revealed Religion, in Two Dir. jection ecc banner by thein, juft treth upon sertations,” Svo. in 1768 ile printed “Two his mind. See the beninning of his Soliloquy, Discuries on the Spirit and Evidences of p. 13; ? poeni ( 25 he there 1:29°) occafioned Chriftianity;" translated froin the French of by luis etcape from falling into a deep well, Mr. James Armand, and dedicated to the where he must have been irecoverably lost, Rev. Mioclerator of the General Allenibly," if a favouritelap dog had not (hythe foun! of 8vo.; and in 1774 produced - The Cralam; its feet upon the board with winch the well an Ileroic Pallax', in Four Cantos,” 4to. In was covered) warned him of his danger. In 1776 appeared! “Remarks on the Nature the fame melancholy poem he feeling ty ex anti Extent of Liherty, as compatible with pretled 175 alread of (t!!ing into extreme want : the Genius of Civil Societies; on the Princi. “ Dejecting profpect!--19on the hapless hvor ples of Government, and the proper Limits Mycome-poihars, this moment it impends! of irs Powers in Free Sia'es; ard on the Whicheveives me forth to penury and cole!; Justice and policy of the American War; Naked,and be:xi by aliche Aurins of Beaven; occntioned by piruling the Observations of Frendless, and guidelets to explore my way: Dr. Price on these Subjects. Evinburgh." Tilion coldearththis poor, imihelter'd head 8vo. This, we have been aflued, was writ. keclining, vanly from the rut! less blast ten hy our author; who at length, at the age Reipite i beg, ind, in the shock, expire." of 50, died on the 14th of luiy last.
tiis good iente and religion enabied him to P.791. The character of Mr. Tulke, ve get the better of these tears, and of all his are desired to lay, on the authority or those other calimitics, in his calmer hours; and, who knew him belt, is totally misrepresented indirev, in this very poem (which is the most by the ill-timed malice of fume illiberal per. gloun of any he liad written), he feemed to fon, whom, in some co,cerns of in extensive have a glerni on light fall in upon his mind, buluess, Mr. T. bad probably ortended. and recovered limfeli enough to exprets his P: 782. While the lute unfortunate Mr. hores that the core of Providence, wluch had Sutherland is the fubject of convertation, it hitherto always protected bia', would again may not be linivieresting to the world to interfere, and disipate the couls that were bearn, what it is but juftise io bis memory to fatliers over l'm. Towards the close of publish, the opinions of him, whicho, for a 11.c lame pauct, he thewed not only that he les les of yeus, have been entellaned by all
those who ever had an opportunity of form- Military Governor, and the strong arm of ing any with accuracy. Spirit and high- Power, can only be exerted with impunity inz mindedness had ever been his characteris. other climes than these. On his first trial ticks. A life marked by activity and gene- with General Murray they gave him 300-1. rous firmness would have fufficiently proved damages ; upon the second they gave him tiis, without the sad convictiou of it which scool. As his mind, however, was formed the marner of bis death so forcibly imprelles. to honour, it was noc money that could His station had heen honourable, for in him restore him to happiness; he still languished had been repored one of the highest trusts under the idea that he continued to be miswhich a man can receive from his fellow. represented to those whom he had not of creatures, the power of deciding upon the fended. The last effusions of his mind thew rights of property. As a judge of the Admi- what was uppermost in it, nor have they ralty Court at Gibraltar, he obtained and perhaps been in one point unavailing. He preserved a character ivighly distinguished for who could be so anxious for fixing the belief integrity and faithsulness, for clearness and of his attachment to one little community; precision : few of his decrees were appealed when he was going to a state where nations, from, and those few were always confirmed. and even worlds, are lost in the infinitude of Upon the cettion of Minorca, at the peace of space and of eternity, could never have been Paris, with an honest ambition to promote other than loyal and dutiful. In the mass of his fair fortune, he embraced the same fitua- mankind his anxiety for his own fame will tion in that illand. But, however disappoint not perhaps be much regarded; but let us ed in his hope of receiving superior advan not forget that it is this individual anxiety tage, the character he had raised accompa- which is the great spur to the general pracnied him thither; and though the accumula- tice of honour, and that men will cease to be tion of misfortune, at the end of a life which virtuous when they cease to be ftadious of bad once known eale and tappiness, de. character. Of his particular claims upon preiled him into fuch glooms as deprived Government it may not be improper decerisly him of his reason; yet the respect of thote to speak. He had been charged with dire who knew him attended him, after those patches of high consequence from Lord Weye things had been lost which in general are mouth to the Governor of Minorca ; they nece dary to command it. He was a man were of magnitude enough to employ the whose heart was largely extended ; his be strictest attention of the French. To avoid nevolence led him to confider mankind as discovery he proceeded by a circuitous jout his friends; and for his friends were never to his destination; and in Italy, for his better wanting his abilities, his good ofħces, nor concealment, he hired a Savoyard vessel to (while he had one) his fortune. Many who convey him. But he was so carefully watchare gone before him to their great account, ed that he was immediately arrested in his many who now survive, and have patied voyage, and the enemy thought his million him in the race for fortune and honour, of sufficient importance to justify the violacould afford strong testimony of this. In tion of an amicable fiag. He destroyed his garrisons of such importance as those in dispatches, but was forced to pay the price which he served, a large portion of the army of the veisel, which he, in fact, nad been are settled in succeflion; and not a few the means of losing. He remained many among the military, as well as the navy, months in the horrors of a French prison; will perhaps willingly bear witness, that his and to this day his expences from his deparhouse, his tabic, and his purse, were open to ture from England to the end of his captiall who deserved thein. Probably, liad his vity have never bçen reimbursed.
His virtues been of a kind more prudent and less claims have been allowed, and the justice of fhining, he would not have been driven to the Ministry would certainly have relieved the only act of his life which his friends will him; but the loss of his place, and the failures he wobappy in remembering. But poverty he experienced in occupations to which he alone was not the only cause of his defpera was wholly a ftranger, and which he had tiva. The bravery of his heart, and the spi. begun when sunk into the vale of years, had rit of his mind, had formed him to be pecu. reduced him to what was in no wile congeliarly and even fiercely jealous, when his nial with bis mind, to importunity, which wa claims to the characters of a patriotic citizen only urgent because it was necellary. Thus and loyal fubject came to be attacked; and it depreciated with his Sovereign, and pressed may be said, that his fenfibility never reco by poverty, his fpirit hegan to uroop, his invered the wound that had so been given to it. tellects became deranged, and he perithed in By whom, and for what purpose it was in a manner which, however it may be blame. ficted, it would be now as needless to enquire able, must always be affecting. as to discover. It may, however, be truly The following lines on liais melancholy said, that an arbitrary removal from his office event have been sent us by Dr. Crane: was the root of all his misfortunes, What a “ Ill-faced Sutherland! lamented friend! British jury thought of his case, is upon re Whose foul indignant burits its fetters here, cord; and he has been one among leveral in No herald's leave i alk to weep thy end, luruments of proving that the language of a Or point out to the crowd the Itricken deer.
“ IIl-fated Sutherland! from Time's dark womb ter which he sent to General Murray, re. Truth may emerge, and vindicate thy fame; speeting his being suspended from his ap. When every Briton will revere thy tomb, pointment li states, as the cause of the And future poets hail thy honour'd name.” General's displeasure, that, on the evening
The following is the substance of his letter when the news arrived in Minorca of the to the King, and an extract of one which he taking of Charles-town, there were general Iome time ago sent to Mr. Pitt.
illuminations and rejoiciurs. Mr. Sutherland “ To the King.
was among the foremost in demonstrating his “Sire,
joy on that occasion, by a large bonfire, &c. " To the moment that my heart's blood is His daughters,l.mieli, and an officer, walked leaving it, l'express my sorrow that you have through the town to see the lights; and in allowed yourself to be imposed upon, and passing the General's house, without any de. that you should still perfift in retaining such fign in the world, they happened to laugh prejudices against me. With sprited and louder than usual, which, he supposes, gave dutiful appeals, and humiliating supplications, offence, as, next morning, although it was I have addressed you and your Ministers. Sunday, he received notice that he was sufo. Allegiance and protection are constitution- pended from his appointment. As it require ally reciprocal; and as the former never was eli a court martial io casier the officer, he forsaken by me, I had a right to expect that met with no punithment.) you would afford the latter.
“ Extract of a letter which I wrote to Mr. “ The idea of a stake being driven through Piłt, when my petition was thrown out my body, has not terror to make me wish of Parliment. that the act which I now perform thould be « Froin the 2117 of December last, the day considered in any other light but of deliberate on which my petition was presented (but not reasoning:
accepted) to Parliament, I have existed by “ Instead of going abroad, the means of selling every little thing of value I had; and which were not left me, I have long intendo now I have nothing left to sell. Let me then, al to shoot myself. I did not merit .degra. Sir, implore you, by every thing you hold dation. My conscience told me I was en dear, to preserve from the effects of despair a titied to honour, favour, and reward. I fore person who, since he is driven to egotize, give General Murray; but cannot refift, even holds himself up as a man of worth and ho. at this time, the with I have to set your Ma nour, ar«I who merits nothing from his King jefty right with respect to myself. The sub and Country so much as favour and reward ; joined extract will sufficiently explain to and who aduls, that, were it not that he is a your Majesty my innocence. Parliament ac- faiber, would rather perish than be imcepted the petition of General Wurray, but portunate.
J. SUTHERLAND." repeatedly threw out mine ; for the stern See his « Letter to the Electors of Great commands of Prerogative were obliged to Brita n," in our Review, p. 943. yield to the milder ones of Influence.
P. 782. A false and invictious account “Let me recommend, Sire, to you to col. having been given in a public paper of a relect the letters written by me to Mr. Ste- fpectable character, now no more, we are phens of the Admiralty; you will there fee requested to lay before the publick a more The abuse of authority and irregularity of Ge- just and honourable testimony, where the neral Murray. I did not at that time know reputation of a lare very diguified Prelate is that none should reside in the island of Mi so nearly concerned. Dr. T. is said by this norca but such as pleased the General. But ill-natured writer “ to have been first struck I was willing to sacrifice every thing but with her charms when she was weeding a justice and honour to keep hiun quiet. At garden belonging to a goatieman with whom his instance i filled up but one commision he was dining; and that, after having liad instead of two, for iwo privateers to cruize her called into the hall, the, with her fingagainft the two staces we were then at war ing and vative beauty so much enraptured with; by which I was some hundreds of him, that he sent her to a boarding school, pounds out of pocket.
and soon after married her." -That such “I had long determined that my diffolu was the situation in which the worthy Pretion should take place in the same manner, late found the future partner of his comforts and on the same spot, that I now fall. When and hi forrow's is ahsulutely false. He my hard case shall be publithed, how will the found her an adopted daughter, in a genworld be shuddered to hear that inhumanity tiemau's family; a well-educated, polite, had deprived me of every resource but death. and aniable member of it, with a very Yet, in the midst of all my misfortunes, 1 genteei fortune: pofleffed of charms, toth subscribe myself your Majesty's loyal sub- persor I and intellectual, which'fully justified jedt,
JAMES SUTHERLAND. the preference which he gave to her “ Written on the 13th, though dated the cept that ihe was ten years younger than 17th, of August, 1791; it being the day on might have been withed. His Lordship's which I intend to thoot myself in the Green- enquiries wert not back to her origin; the park, as the King passes to his levee." was what the appeared to be; elegant in her
(Here he quotes a long extract from a let- person, affable in be. .eportment, engaging
in her manners, polite in her accomplish. 12. The Lady of William Frazer, esq. of ments, and calculared, as he believed, and as Queen square, a danghter. experience afterwards proved, to render his 13. At Northumberland-house, Charinglife as happy as its viciffitudes allow any rea cross, her Grace the Duchess of NorthumSonable person to expect to he. Every day berland, a daughter. of her life justified the opinion which his 14. At Duifield, near Derby, Mrs. HarriLordihip had formed of her: as a wife, me fon (late Mifs Cantelo) a daughter. was most dutiful and affe&tivnate; as a 15. At luis house in Bidlun-street, Picca mother, most unwearied in her attention dilly, the Lady of Scrope Bernard, esq. M.P. to her lovely and numerous otfspring; the for Aylesbury, a fin. was indefatigable in her endeavours to in In New Burlington-Areet, the Lady of culca e principles of religion and virtue in Col. Glyn, of the first regiment of foottheir tender minus, and personally arteirtire guards, a daughter. even to the miorie of their foo', their drer, 19. At Ramíbury, Wilts, the Lady of Col. and all thore necessary circunstantiils, which Reid, a daughter. servants, left to themselves, would too fre. 20. At his Lordihip's house in Hill- Itreet, quently disregard. In the course of a tedions Berkeley square, Lady Herbert, a daughter. and painful lickner under which her much. The Lally of Henry Gill, efq. of Ething, love! ar.d respected lord languished and died, Surrey, a son. ber toillome days and Deepless nights did ho 21. The Lady of Wm. Cooke, esq. one of nour to her feelings, but proved deltructive the directors of the Bank, a son. to herself, and, nu doult, fo fatally impaired At Weemyss caftie, Mrs. Wemyss, of her constitution as to re der her an early f... Weemyss, a fon. crifice to the calls of doiy and aifection. A. 22. At Chatham-barracks, the Hon. Mrs. midst these cares and surrows the found Henry Fox, a son. amuseinent in some of the most curious arts, 24. In Brook-street, the Lady of John by which the distinguished herself among Moore, esq. a lon. ber female acquaintance; and pecimens of AC las Grace's house, in Clarges-street, the her fkill will attract the admiration of the Daches de la Paine, a ftill-born child., curious, whenever th:v are inspected : yet Ine Lady of Alexander Davison, esq. of noite of thele ornamental employments were Harpur-street, a daughter. suffered to interfere with her fivff duties; in these the conscientiorilly perfiled to the list
MARRIAGES. day of her ability to attend to them. The June IN the West Indies, Arthur Leith, esą. Sunday which preceiled her ditsolution was 21. I captain in the 69th regiment, and devoted to her children's improvement in major of brigade in the Caribbee illanils, to the principles of religion; the blellings of Miis Charlotte Seton, daughter of Guvernor which the is now receivins, and is, happily, S. of the 11.snd of St. Vincent. far beyond the reach of that malevolence Aug. 17. By special licence, Richard Edgewhich dictated an a ticle in the neves-paper, worth, esq of Dunleary, to Miss Julia Bute calculated only to mišlead and misinform, ler, of Kild re-fieet, Dablin. and in which there is fc riely a lingle par 19. At Lurgan, in Ireland, the Earl of ticle of truth, from the place of her death at Darnley, to Miss Eliz. Brownlow, daughter Wanstead in Sull*, to the Juration of her of the Right llon. Wm. B. zine hours' Hincís, and the swelling under her 21. At Ruthin, the Hon. John Campbell, breast, which no ore, except this well-in. one of the senators of the College of Juítice, form. i wriser, ever knew was the cause of to vifs Lloyd, daughter of the late Hugh L. her death; the immediate cause of which elq. of Berth, co. Denbigh. was an inflımmarion in her bowels, succeed 22. At Burton upon Trent, Mr.T. Worthed by a rapid mortification.
S. G. ington, jun. fon of Mr. Wm. W. an opulent P.783, col. 2, 1.35,16“ vice Henn, resigned." brewer of that town, to Miss Sarah Evans,
one of the daughters of Mr. Henry E. of the BIRTHS.
fame place. HE Lady of Charles Bridges Wood 23. Win. Pagan, elg. of the inand of Do
cock,efy, of Brentford Butts, a dau. minica, to Miis Catherine Hart, daugi ter of 30. At her hunse in Park-lane, Lady the late Rev. John H. miniiter of Kirkinner. Petrie, a ftill-born child.
24. Mr. Edw. Sargeant, of Tower-nill, lo The Lady of Air. Mills, of Harley-stret, Miss Wilkinson, daughter of the lanis Mr. Cavendth-square, a danghter.
Geo. W. of Biliiter-squire. Sept. 1. Mrs. Higginion, of Harley-street, 25. Capt. Paget Bayley, of the royal navy, a daugh!c
brother to the Earl of Uxbridge, 200 ivá iss 3. In Albemarle-street, the Lady of Har. Colerepper, of Old Palace-yard. vey Alton, el a diughter.
Ai Neuport, in the isle of Wight, John5. At luis fcat at Lehim.green, near Robeit Cocker, ely. of Nailau-stretl., SohoSi vines, the Lady of W. William Wraxill, square, lo Mifs Harriet Roberts, of Newport. el M.P. for Walhagford, a ton.
Mr. Thomas Moore, jun. brewer, to Miss 11. At Cat Ata, Middictex, the Lady Martin, both of Windíor. of Dr. Hull, a fun.