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and expence of the building where they With these the opposite Nonjuring meet for public worship; and oben we party cannot bear a shadow of comparithall be enabled to form a just judge- son, neither in numbers nor in rank; ment of their real fituation. This and their clergy are, as might be ex. Scheme, Mr. Urban, is neither unrea pected, the most respectable of any of fonable nor impracticable. The infor-' their community in Scotland. One of mation, I am persuaded, any clergyman them, who is at present, I believe, en. (the bishops must know it exactly al. gaged in building a meeting. house caready) of the Scotch communion could pable of containing two of their congre. very easily produce, if he pleased; and gations together, is a physician of confi. he would produce it too, if he thought derable eminence, and a clergyman of the account would prove favourable to real candour and moderation. But even
But perhaps it may be this person, so ụnpopular is the cause, thought that such a lift would expose will be obliged to lower his seats far betheir declining state too much to the low the current price of seats in the eyes of the publick, who are, I assure English chapels. Some families indeed you, whatever your correspondent may there are (not a few, I believe) who allert to the contrary, no friends to the cannot afford to take such expensive Jacobite cause.
seats, and therefore are necellitated to I have formed my opinion (as I think attend in the Nonjuring meeting-houses, every man would naturally do) of the where they are frequently disgusted comparative numbers of the two orders with hearing the service performed in from the fate of their churches, such different ways, sometimes wild, and churches, I mean, as are visible, in the sometimes withoui, the Usages, as they great and capital towns. And here the are here calied, which are real profamajority is evidently in favour of the nations of Holy Scripture, and relicks English communion. Let us, Mr. Ur of Popery. Such latitude, it seems, do ban, briefly examine a few of them, ac these Scotch bilhops allow their clergy!! cording to the plan before laid down.
If we proceed to Dundee, the seat of Such an examination will immediately another bishop, we shall find the differ thew you what class of people they are ence ftill greater. I heftate not to say, who support the English chapels in that balf of the respectable members of Scorland,
the English chapel in this place are men Your correspondent, I presume, be of more consequence and importance fore this time knows that if Mr. C. in in the country than this bishop and the the New-town of Edinburgh advertised whole of bis congregations in all bis dia. for hearers, he has advertised to very cese. The chapel here is new, an ele. good purpose ; for his congregation is gant building, and a great ornament to already very numerous, and itill increas.
the town. It was built by subscription ing; and, as for their respectability, of the congregation and others; amongst you may have some idea yourleif, Mr. the reli, Mr. Uiban, your late learned Urban, when you are informed that and venerable bishop, Dr. Louih, was each firer pays at the rate of a guinea a a liberal.contributor, at the very time year for his feat. This sum, whatever another truly respectable correfpondent it may.
be considered with you in Lon of yours (at Canterbury) was dilcourago don, is esteemed no tifle for a stat in
ing, as tar as his weight and influence church in Scotland. In the New Cha as a Dignitary of the church could reach, pel, which is an elegant structure, and the laudable undertaking. The groundcon more in building than ibe whole rent alone of this building coft Sool.; Jaccoule meeling-boujes in the kingdom, what the fuperfiructure amounted to I fome of the seats let for 25 or 26 fhile am not certain; but I think it may be Jings a year each fitter, most of them reckoned at 1ocol, at least. for a guinea ; and there is not, I be At Arbroath the English chapel, just lieve, this day, a single seat empty in built, will most likely foon leave the the whole chapel. Besides these, there Nonjuring minister of that town to is another place of worship, belonging preach to the bare walls, or perform the to the Englith church, in that city, Tervice to a few luperannuated old wowhich is a kind of chapel of eale to the men (no uncommon cale) in his own New Chapel latt mentioned. The cler. gymen's salaries, with the organisi's, At Montrole, the congregation of the &c. are so well known that they need English church is truly respectable, and put here be repeated.
exceeds the other party ten for one ; I
believe I might safely say, twenty for spondent for contradicting my informaone. The building is handsome, and tion, as he is at me for asserting it. cost near 200cl.; every farthing of The result of this altercation, Mr. which was raised by voluntary contri- Urban, ought evidently to be this. bution of the hearers : an intance of Produce the lift, such an one as is menpublic piety, Mr. Urban, that can tioned above, and then the dispute will hardly be equalled by any class of Dis- be settled at once. It will be defireable fenters in a small provincial town, even on many accounts; among others, it by our wealthy neighbours in England. will afford me and many other people, The organ here formerly belonged to a if wrong, an opportunity of correcting parish church in London, St. Martin's our mistake. Or, if this will have no in thé Fields, I believe, but am not effect, I would endeavour to provoke certain, and is supposed, by some, to be some of the party to engage in the unthe best-toned organ in Scotland. dertaking, by instancing another reason
If we go to Aberdeen, where Episco. for its immediate appearance. It would pacy prevails most, and where, accordo operate as a check upon the account of ing to your correspondent, primus Sco- the Episcopalians which will be tranf. tiæ Epifcopus presides, the difference in mitted by the Established Clergy to Sir favour of the English church is equally John Sinclair, to be in terted in his Sta. manifeft. The congregation of St. tistical Tables of Scotland, now pube Paul's chapel '
may be justly reckoned lithing. It must likewise be very acthe first one in Scotland; and alone, not ceptable to such of the English bishops to mention the other congregation who (for some such there are) as wild to exare buildiog a new chapel for them. ert their good offices in uniting the two selves, far exceeds, in numbers and orders. Such a statement can easily be rank, the followers of this primate of procured in Scotland; much easier than Scotland. of this bisbop himself I with you, Mr. Urban, in England, and know nothing; but of the conduct of a for this evident reason :—che Scotch Mr. S. no body in the county of Aber- clergymen, before administering, the deen can possibly be ignorant. But Sacrament, always distribute tokens, perhaps it may be thought in vidious one to each person who intends to comand uncharitable to proceed. There municate, in order not only to know are some actions, perhaps, in every how much bread and wine to prepare, man's life which the fond partiality of but to stop intruders and improper per• friends would kindly with to cast a veil sons. This custom prevails, I believe, over. I fhall not attempt, therefore, universally throughout all Scotland, arudely to pull it off.
mongst the Episcopalians of both kinds. In every town, Mr. Urban, where it is impossible, therefore, but that each the Qualified Clergy have a chapel, the clergyman musi know the exact number congregation of the Nonjurors have of his congregation at that time, all of gradually dwindled away. Where then, whom communicate at least once in the I akk, are these numerous congregations year, generally at Easter. And if the your correspondent speaks of?" In other circumstances are added, we shall The Highlands,” he says, “at the Orke have as accurate a state of the num. neys, or the Lord knows where."
bers, opulence, and zeal of each conI am not confueus to myself, Mr. gregation as can be wished for. Urban, that I have in the least mifre Your well-known impartiality, Mr. presented the matter. I am sure I have Urban, will, I trust, indulge me a little noc done so wilfully. I have taken, further before I conclude this shamelikewire, all due pains to be rightly in- tully long letter.--I mark well what formed. If I am wrong, I am wrong, your correspondent says, “that their in this case, with the multitude, -with principles” (mcaning Jacobite princi. every body, with whom I have con ples) “ will most likely increase WHEN verséd, of both parties, who pretend to LEAVE IS GRANTED.” In reply, I know any thing at all about the matter. hope leave never will be granted, if it The fact appears to me notorious; and, cannot be granted without offering an though I am not one of those, Mr. Ur. insult upon the whole body of Englih bao, who affe at an hypocritical regard clergymen, and their respectable con. for people when I do not feel 11, I Tutt gregations, in Scotland. I may add too, take the liberty of saying, that I am inat if the Ninjurors' periton be of a just as much lurprized at your cone. timilar nature to the one which has ex.
O Etober 7.
there is mild less danger from their I be thinks, perhaps
, you can tell
perienced so recent a refusal, the Eng. lish Liturgy (though many of the delith Clergy and their congregations (at luded followers of the former think least all whom I have seen) are deter. there is little or no difference at all) is, mined to petition to be heard by counfel though on a different subject, viz. the against it, and to oppose it in every ftage Lord's Supper, equally great and imof its progress; and they have no doubt portant. but that their exertions will be equally If you think, Mr. Urban, that it successful as before.
would afford any kind of instruction to There is no danger of Jacobite prin your English readers, who are probably ciples spreading in Scotland. Your un acquainted with this particular, i correspondent's letter seems to convey a shall, in some future letter, communia libel upon the country. The Scorch cate the moft material alterations of, are as much attached to the principles and additions made to, our excellent of the Revolution as you are on the Liturgy, by these Scotch Episcopalians; opposite side of the Tweed. In proof, and what name your correspondent may I might mention the centenary of that be pleased to give these communications glorious event, which was, if not so will, I promise you, be to me a matter Ip'endidly, yet as warmly and sincerely of perfect indifference. CLERICUS. celebrated in every corner of Scotland as in England, with the exception of a few moping old
N the . 1189, religious principles, which are treated, wherever they are known and tho a country correspondent whether the joughly understood, with perfect abbor. bust of Charles I. is removed from rence and contempt; for they contain Westminster-hall to a more safe and bosuch a firing of Popish usages and un
monrable place. More is laid of this bust fcriptural do&trines as it is really afto. by D. H. in p. 221 of your present vo. nishing any let of men, towards the lume, but nothing touching the removal clole of the eighteenth century, would thereof; which circumstance, perhaps, have the face io attempt to disseminate you are not acquainted with, or, as i in a Protestant country.
should judge from your communicative What are the reasons that induced disposition, you certainly would by this the Inverness and Bamff congregations, tiine have furnished P. c. with that inwith their respective ministers, to depart
formation. from their engagements to the English
This bult is supposed to have been exchurch and unite themselves to the ecuted by Bernini. I am not sufficiently Scotch communion, who are really acquainted with the performances of more iban balf Papists, I confess I do this artist to prelume adjudging it to not know; weighty ones, surely, they him. I have carefully examined it, but mult be, that could authorize such an
can find no name or mark which can de. extraordinary dereliction of principle. termine. Mr. Mazell's engraving is a And though I profess myself as much a very true copy of the subliance; and friend to an union of the two orders as this gentleman, I thiok, would do well any man in Scotland, yet it muit be up
to represent the bust of James II. which on scripture terms, as I can never agree
is an excelient performance (placed in to communicate at the same altar, and the pediment over the inner side of the at the same time, with a man who, ac
door to Whitehall chapel), after the cording to my ideas, contaminates the
fame correct manner. piain and simple form of our excelicot
The former is now under the care of Liturgy with the addition of several Mr. Woolfe, in Scotland-yard, Clerk Popish and unscriptural doctrines; and of his Majesty's Works there. I cannot conceive what instruction such
CHARLES THORNDON. an unnatural union can afford to any confcientious Christian congregation: A Mr. URBAN, to'al abolition of these mult, with me at
ALLOW me to hazard an answer to least, form the basis of tuch an union. the question advanced by your What would you in England, Mr. Ur correspondent J. A. p. 820. I conceive ban, say, were you to fee Doctors Pricit. that there is just foundation for the exley and Hordley cominunicating at the preflion he alludes to, which may be lame table? The difference between fimply islolved thus : When any one is the Scoich Epifcopalians and the Eng suddenly frighted, it occations a general
contraction of the outermoft skin of the an allegation which does not come withhead, which immediately affects the in the definition of worthleffness. He hair, by removing it from its proper was saving, but not avaricious; he was place; this constantly occasions it to painfully anxious to keep his own, but ere&t or turn the wrong way. If J. A. never panted for the wealth of another, will take the trouble to firip the feather The desire of hoarding was inftilled into from a quill, and bind the innermost him by the precept and example of his fide thereof round his finger, he will uncle; as he increased in age, it became perceive the same effect produced on the a confirmed habit, which appeared the feather by the contraction of the mem worse and more conspicuous for his mobranous part of the quill. I therefore ral character being so spotless, and his prefume, that the expression may be general deportment fo amiable. sometimes used literally. Doubtless an He fulfilled, in favour of his fons, anatomift will defcant more scientifically the dictates of Nature, conscience, and on the derivation of this very common justice; he allowed them the use of his phrase.
name, and access to his person; he estaJ. A. will find a very learned disqui- blished them in the world, and be. firion on the hair in your vol. LX. pp. queathed to them, in an equal and im513-14 CHARLES THORNDON. partial manner, his accumulated riches.
With the fruits of his unnecefsary forMr. URBAN,
bearance he provided for the offspring WHEN a man is living, the bufi of his pleasures: in the end, therefore,
ness of effecting exculpation it cannot be denied but he made a profrom any unfounded aspersions thrown per and good use of them. Many a on him is his own; but when ill-nature man, thought respectable, conceals'his is exerted against the dead, a vindica- illegitimate children in the darkest cortion of the deceased may be entered into ners, and consigns them to ignorance by any one who will cake the trouble, and penury. though the office raay belong more Mr. Elwes's extreme parsimony, conespecially to his nearelt surviving rela trafted by the extreme profuteness of the tives. Neither relationship, friend thip, age, like a thick cloud, partly obscured nor connexion, entitle me to dub my the refulgency of those conscientious felf the champion of the late John and benevolent principles which existed Elwes, esq; but common justice impels in his heart. These, however, at in. me to notice the illiberal misapplication tervals phone forth conspicuoully, as is of the adjective wortbless, affixed to his both acknowledged and proved even by name and character by L. E. p. 693 of that ungenerous companion of his dos your laft number. Left your readers mestic hours, who, for the sake of gain, should imbibe a dread of being surfeited, has exposed the private infances of his as they lately were, by a tedious contro. foible, and the melancholy weakness of verly on a matter something limilar, I his dotage, to the prelent generation, promise that this shall be the only letter and preserved the remembrance of item I will trouble you with on this lubject. to the future. This species of inhuma.
It is easy for your readers to refer to nity (excuse a short digreffion, Mr. UrL. E's letter; therefore, I need not ban,) impreilcs the reflečiing deeply. trespass on your page by extracting the The very best of us have foibles; and exceptionable part, which is the whole every year we live these foibles gain on of the last paragraph.
us; nay, often with old age come addi. We apply the epithet woriblefs, Mr. tional ones! We may all have our witty Urban, to pertons guilty of cruines, and or our neceilitous biographers, however most frequently to those who infringe immaterial to the publick our deeds may the right tuum : a crione more cominon appear in our own eyes;-deaciency of than any other, because generally anting matter may be fupplied by colouring from neglect of meum. When a man has and wit; a flight foundation serves the walted all his own, want oftentuines painter or the poet. To return. Never trampes upon principle, and he appro. did Mr. E. do the unfair thing. Extraprates to himiihin a manner either
vagant as was his propensity to hoarddirect or indirect, the property of ing, he never incrcalcd his flore by unothers in substitution of his own. All jult acquifitions; the only means he that can be alledged against Mr. Elwes uted for accumulating wealth were luch is a parial excess of attention to meum; as himteli was the greatest fufferes froin. GENT. MAG. October, 1791.
Ridiculous as his excessive penurious. ADDITIONS TO THREEKINGHAM. ness made him appear in many respects, (Coniinued from p. 795.) he was infinitely more respectable than the man who lits down in Parliament to
LATE II. is the view of the church PLAT
which was promised last month. protect himself from creditors, and who
This church is 74 feet long within ; 42 next sells his constituents and his conscience to obtain the means of fupport.
broad, including the nave and two hide
ailes. Chancel, 20 feet long; 141 broad. ing further profusion. Yer this man
Fig. 2. is a drawing of a curious may be berejicent and benevolent, but
arched door-way, now over the entrance cannot come, with Mr. Elwes, 'within
of my dovecote. I bought it when the meaning of Pope (in the line allud
Sempringham chancel was taken down ed to by L. E.), because deficient in bo.
a few years ago by order of Lord Fornelty; though, according to L. E's fys
tescue. It was over the South door of tem, his beneficence and benevolence
that building. exalt him to the level of angels:-according to the notions of good and evil Transation of the Part of Domesdaygenerally received, he is inferior to the Book relating 10 Threekingham. noblest work of God.”
In Threckingham is the inland of Mr. E. was eminently distinguished
Newton *, 5 bovates of land and the for courtesy, and gentleness of manners;
sixth part of a bovates at geld; there
are i fochman and 3 villans, having two vir ues that contribute much to.
half a ploughland: there the Bishop of wards making others happy, and, there
Durham has the twelfth part of one fore, two continuent parts of benevo
church, St. Peter's, and the sixth of one lence. Pain arising from insult is of a kind the most severe a generous, suscep.
church, St. Mary's, and the sixth part
of 4 bovates of land, which lay near the tible, reflecting mind, can feel; and
church of St. Mary's, in the same hun. much of the uneasiness of life ariles from
dred; in this same town, one Ulviet it. Though fashion, ar present, gives has of the King's gift as many parts of refined rudeness the preference, the close
the land, churches, carucates, and men, connexion which courtesy holds with humanity, decency, order, and gentili
as the bifhop before-mentioned is faid
to have, for the middle of Newton (ety, will in time refiore it to the honour
parates what belongs to each. able place it held formerly. L. E has been unfortunate in feleet.
Land belonging to ibe Abbey of St. Be
nedict of Rouen. ing John Howard as a capital example of benevolence, fince such of that gen
In Threekingham, St. Benedict of
Rouen had and has half a ploughland tleman's actions as were laudable pro. ceeded not from benevolence, but from
at geld; the land is 4 bovates; there eccentric entbufiojn, which in him hap- the time of King Edward it was worth
one villan has half a ploughland. In pened to take a fortunate turn, the gratifications of his private taste producing
51. and is still the same.
In Three kingham, one ploughland at falutary consequences to the publick.
geld; the land consists of one plough. Nevertheless, had Mr. Howard been a
land. There is a fair (which returns monarch, he never would have had the honour of being compared with faints
405.), and is lochmen and 8 borders, and angels; as, in that Itation, he
In Toreekingham, 14 bovates and the would have rendered the lubjects mile
third part of one bovat at geld. The rable, by exerciting on them that spirit there is one lochian and s villans, and
land is a ploughland and half, inland ; of delporitm which he lo unnaturally manifelied towards his fon ; a lpirit 3 bordars with one ploughland and
half. which he would have indulged, had he
In Threekingham, 10 bovates of land had power, with as much infatuated ardout as he did his pallion for visiting The land contilts of that number of
and a third part of 2 bovates at geld, and rectifying gaols, &c. &c. It was particularly unlucky too, that L. E, by has 2 locimen evith one ploughland,
bovates. Berewic, in Newton; there Odo Puiting up M. Elwes as a worthleis
and 2 bovates in a ploughland. To this bugbear, thouid be deviating from be
belongs a fixth part of one church, nevolence whilst profeffing his venerarion for it.
* This place adjoins the West part of this Youis, &ic.