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bjugation of a large portion of its in the unconquerable valour and most considerable estates, Prussia discipline of his fleets, and armies found herself still more nearly threa- the unimpaired sources of our pro tened by that danger which she had sperity and strength ; and the unity vainly hoped to avert by 20 many in sentiment and action of the Bri. sacrifices. She had therefore, at tish nation. The conclusion of th length, been compelled to adopt the whole was, “ with these adrantages resolution of openly resisting this and with an humble reliance on thi unremitted system of aggrandize. protection of Divine Providence, hi ment and conquest. But neither majesty is prepared to meet the ex this determination, nor the succeed. igencies of this great crisis ; assure ing measures were previously con. of receiving the fullest support fron certed with his majesty : nor had the wisdom of your deliberations any disposition been shewn to offer and from the tried affection, loyalty adequate satisfaction for those and public spirit, of his bray aggressions which had placed the people. two countries in a state of mutual An address, in answer to the hostility. Yet in this situation his speech from the throne, was move majesty did not hesitate to adopt in the house of peers, by the ea without delay, such measures as were of Jersey. It was the first time i best calculated to unite their coun. his addressing their lordships. ] eils and interests, against the com. adverting to the topics of his m mon enemy. The rapid course of jesty's speech, the first to be notici the calamities which ensued, oppo. was, the negotiation between th sed iusurmountable difficulties to country and France. As the pape the execution of this purpose. In respecting this subject, would shoi the midst of these disastrous events, ly be laid on their lordship's tabl and under the niost trying circum. it would not now be necessary stances, the good faith of his majes- enter into any detailed discussi ty's allies had remained unshaken. respecting the progress and res The conduct of the king of Sweden of the negotiation. It must ho had been distinguished by the most ever be evident to their lordshi honourable firmness. Between his from what had transpired, that majesty and the emperor of Russia, had been broken off in consequen the happiest amity subsisted. It of the imperious conduct and ex had been cemented by reciprocal bitant demands of France. If proofs of good faith and confidence, French government would not c The speech proceeded to declare, sent to treat on equal terms, the necessity of public burthens; fault was theirs. We had dee to recommend as great economy to lament the heavy calamities wh as was consistent with those efforts had fallen upon Prussia. But which it was necessary to make the same time, it was no small sa against the formidable and increa. faction to us, that the councils sing power of the enemy; to de- Prussia had not been precipita clare his majesty's satisfaction, in into rash measures, by the inst witnessing an increasing energy and tion, or advice of this country. Somness, on the part of his people; was scarcely possible to find in
aistory, an instance of a great pow. The address was er so totally overthrown, we might lord Somers, exactly in the same almost say annihilated, in the course train of observation, and strain of of a few days. Prussia, which had sentiment, re-cchoing liligirasig, made sacrifice after sacrifice to and confirming, what had been ad. France, apparently with a view of vanced in the speech from the Bertiog war, at length rushed pre. throne. cipitately into bostilities, and met Lord Hawkesbury, while he dis. with an unexampled fate: an awful claimed all party-svirit, and heartily lesson to other states. It was, concurred in every general seni. borerer, a source of great satis. ment expressed in the address, could faction that this country, when not let it pass without offering some Prussia actually made an effort observatioos on the speech which against the common enemy, did not had occasioned it. The first point hesitate, immediately to step for. on which he should observe, was ward, to afford her every assistance one not openly mentioned in the that circumstance would admit. speech, but only alluded to, namely, The kiog of Sweden had displayed the dissolution of parliament. He a firness and energy, which con. admitted the king's power to dis. ferred the highest honour on that solve parliament, in its fullest extent mooarch. The contemplation of and plenitude. If it were possible the conduct of our faithful ally, that parliament could acquire legal Russia, and particularly her refusal permanence for ever so short & to ratify the rash and inconsiderate time, independent of the crown, act of her ministers at Paris, had there would be no Security for the also afforded the utmost satisfaction. monarchy. But this, like every It was true we had, in the course other part of the prerogative, should of a twelremonth, lost two men of be exercised with a sound and pre-empinent talents. But there was wholesome discretion. What was still ability left, amply sufficient to there in the state of the country, čirect the energies of the country. to have justified the late unexpected The valour which had continued and premature dissolution of par. to be displayed by his majesty's liament? of a parliament which kad fleets and armies, was an undoubted sat only four sessions, and had near. pledge of our superiority. With ly three to run? From the passing of all these advantages, and with the the Septennial act in 1715, there was great sources of our prosperity and no instance of a parliament being strength unimpaired, we might look dissolved under six sessions, except forward with confidence to the re- in the precedent of 1784, which was sult Relying upon ourselves, and vnavoidable. At that time a mis. united in sentiment and in action, understanding subsisted between the We might set our enemy at defiance, crown and the house of commons, and finally, he trusted, bring this with respect to the governmentgreat contest to a successful and The opponents of ministry were glorious issue. The noble earl con. supposed to be more earnest than doded with moving, “ that an hum. his majesty's government, for the ble address be presented to his ma. prosecution of the war. If the rup. jesty. “This address, as usual, was ture of the negotiation overwhelmed an echo of his majesty's speech. ministers, with any apprehension of Vol. XLIX.
ficulty, the fair mode would have the point of being involved in a con seen, not to dissolve parliainent, test with France, although he coul but to have sobmitted to the exist- not account for the delay whic ing parliament, the whole grounds took place in communicating wit of the negotiation. Mr. Wind- her. It was not until the beginnir ham, who was the last person in the of October, when hostilities were world he should suppose capable of the eve of commencing, that min deceit, in an address which was sters had endeavoured to open published, told the county of Nor. coinmunication with Prussia. Bu folk, that as far as he knew, there by this time, events had occurre was no intention of dissolving par- which prevented the noble lor Jiament; and a proclamation ap- Morpeth from fulfilling his impoi peared, in which a day was fixed tant mission. They had afterward for the meeting of parliameut for sent out a military Inission, at th the dispatch of business and yet, head of which, was a noble lord notwithstanding these repeated as. Hutchinson, a member of th: surances, a dissolution was announ. house. But this was not till thre ced, to the surprise and astonishment weeks after the return of his pri of the whole kingdon. He would decessor, at a time when it was ui not accuse ministers of any intention certain whether this expensive mil to deceive the country, but the dis. tary mission would be able to di solution certainly had the effect of cover the Prussian head-quarter surprising it.
or, even a port to land in. LOI With respect to the disasters of llawkesbury in the course of h · Prussia, lord Hawkesbury admitted, speech, introduced some stricturi with the noble lords who had moved on the military measures of ministr and seconded the motion for the ad. to which replies were made by loi dress, that they had risen wholly Grenville. But, as these becan from the narrow policy within which afterwards subjects of formal di she had encircled herself. Had his cussions, it would be improper ! Prussian majesty, or those who ad. notice them in this part of our na vised him, consulted history, they rative, which aims not to give a would have discovered, that they who account of all that was said in pa lent their aid to have others devour. liament, which would swell this a ed, would be at last devoured them. ticle altogether beyond bounds, : selves. lle approved of the pro- which it should be limited in t1 ceedings which had been adopted history of Europe ; * but to rela towards Prussia, in consequence of the principal proceedings in parli ber unjust aggression of Hanover, ment, and state the grounds and the measures to which she sube which these were founded.--Lo mitted against the commerce of this llawkesbury, in conclusion, assen country. He approved also of the ed to the address, because it did n manner in which we suspended our pledge their lordships to any particular quarrel when she was on those points which might possib
→ Even the most succinct account of our most important debates in parliame that cin be given, may at first sight appear to take up more than a just portion such a history. But let it be recollected, that this is the only council that discuss with freedom the greatatrs; the only quirror that relucts with any tularable degr of crush the transautions of Europe
become the subjects of future in. Doble example of the vigour of a qairy.
people who understand the blessings It was on this ground that lord of independence, and who are resol. Grenville asked their lordship's ved to maintain it. . support to the address. As to the With regard to what had fallen question whether his majesty had from lord Haukesbury respecting been well or ill advised in dissolving Prussia, lord Grenville assured him, the last parliament, sacred as he held that he was very much misinformed, every prerogative of the crown, he if he supposed that previously to considered his majesty's servants as the mission of lord Morpeth, there Zauerable for the advice which existed any means of communicathey give his majesty for the exer. tion between that and this country.
ae, or abstaining from the exercise, From the moment of his majesty's vetery one of them. In no case declaration against Prussia until
be conceive the exercise of lord Morpeth proceeded to the "2 undoubted prerogative to have continent, there did not rernain for his been more wise, more salutary, or majesty's government any means of zore attentive, on the part of his communicating, or of acting in con. Fajesty, to the feelings of his peo. cert with Prussia. At the same time,
e than the dissolution which had had there been any disposition in the istely taken place. When a nego court of Berlin to communicate with ration, by which his majesty's en this country, means were not want. Cearguns to restore the blessings of ing for that purpose, on their part, face, not merely to the people of The Prussian minister having been enGreat Britain, but to the nations couraged to stay until the end of Au
Earope, had failed of success, it gust, was recalled by his court, pur. ** sorely a wise measure in his posely that there might not be, majesty, to appeal to the sense of through him, any further communica. Ls people, to refer to them the tion. The plain fact was, that Prussia dvadect of his servants, and there. had gone on from year to year, from by to call upon them to pronounce, month to month, and at last from a the eyes of the world, their week to week, under the same illu. sense as to the farther prosecution sion as to her safety from France,
the contest. From the exercise and still pursuing ihe same selfish
the royal prerogative in calling policy, until she found that she was i new parliament on the late occasi. placed in a situation of the most bn, the empire had gained this great imminent da, ger. Then she dis. and important advantage, that the played as much precipitaocy as she degree of unanimity which had been had before evinced of indifference to szaifested by the people from one the fall of Europe, and acted with end of the united kingdoms of that want of caution and foresight Great Britain and Ireland to the that had brought on all her disasters. other, so the subject of the war, on If lord Grenville stated all this re. the necessity of vigorous exertions, specting Prussia, it was not for the and the determination to persevere purpose of reproaching that power, na the struggle, had given strength, nor for drawing a parallel between coatidence, and spirit to the govern. her conduct and that of other coun. Biol, and axbibited to the world a tries. But, as observations had been
ade on this subject for the purpose appointed to prepare and bring in 1 of withdrawing the confidence of samc; which was accordingly doi the people of this country from On the same day an address, his majesty's ministers, it became a conseqnence of the speech from duty he owed to his own character, throne, was noved for in the ho and that of those with whom he of commons by the honoura acted, to throw off all disguise, and William Lamb, son of lord to avoid those imputations which count Melbourne, who after pri concealment only could sanction. tory observations on the awfulr At the first moment when there ap- of the present period, the importa peared any serious disposition in of the present meeting of parliam Prussia to co-operate with Russia and the qualities which ought, a against the common enemy, his ma- he trusted, would distinguish its jesty's ministers thought it their duty liberations, remarked that in to shew that this country would not majesty's most gracious spet be wanting in fidelity to its ally, or in which had just been read from any efforts that might advantageous. Ghair, their attention was pri ly be made for the safety of Europe. pally drawn to two topics.
It had been asked, 'why lord first was, the fruitless negotia Morpeth was not sent ou his mission with France. Nothing could until October ; or, if it was right not farther from his intention than to send him until that time, why did revive political differences, now he not remain? Why did he return in most lost in the disasters in whicl November? Why he was not sent were so nearly interested. Bu until October, he had already suf. thought, that without any hazar faciently explained. And as to the such a revival, he might say, whe reason of his return, he asked the pacific system so strongly rec why he ought to have remained ? mended during the last war was p The king of Prossia did not remain; ticable or not, that when the at his army did not remain. Was it cates for that system eame into thought that lord Morpeth ought, er, it was at a time when their h merely for the glory of the affair, to of carrying it into effect, must | have remained on the field of bat. been considerably diminished. tle? The fact, however, was, that not though at an earlier period Fr only before the battle of Jena, but might have been successfully even after it, lord Morpeth found sisted by the pursuance a it impossible to get any satisfactory pacific system, yet the case bei answer from the king of Prussia, or far different when so many i his ministers, on the subject of his lay at her mercy; when their mission. .
sources were exhausted; y Lord Hawkesbury begged leaveto their territories were dismembe observe, that not a word had fallen when their armies were overco from him in the least disrespectful and when their spirits were al to lord Morpeth, of whose merits ed and dismayed before the he entertained the highest opinion. whelming superiority of Fr
The question being put on the Under these inauspicious cir motion for an address, it was car. stances, so little calculated to ried nem, diss, and a committee was duce a pacific disposition or