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council, to order, and it is hereby Portugal has been compelled to shut ordered, that all ships and goods be- her ports against the ships and goods longing to Prussia which may have of bis majesty's 'subjects, is pleased, been seized subsequent to his majes- by and with the advice of bis privy t's order of the igth of November, council, to order, and it is bereby 1906, and are now detained in the ordered, that all ships and goods ports of this kingdom, or elsewhere, belonging to Portugal, which have and all ships and goods belonging to been, and are now detained ia the inhabitants of Lubeck which are so ports of this kingdom, or elsewhere, deiained, shall be restored, upon be- shall be restored, upon being proing pronounced by the high court of nounced, by the high court of adadidiralty, or any court of vice-ad- miralty, or by the court of vice adminlts, in which they have been or niralty, in wbich proceedings may may be proceeded against, to belong have been, or shall be cominenced, to subjects and inhabitants of Prussia to belong to subjects and inhabitants or Libeck, and not otherwise liable of Portugal, and not otherwise liable to confiscation; and that such ships to confiscation; and that the said and goods shall be permitted to pro- ships and goods shall be permitted ceed to any neutral port, or to the to proceed to any neutral port, or port to which they respectively be- to Portugal. And it is further ore tong. And it is further ordered, dered, that the ships and goods be. that the ships and goods belonging longing to Portugal shall not, until to Prussia or Lubeck shall not, until further orders, be liable to detenfurther orders, be liable to detention, tion; provided such ships and goods provided such ships and goods shall shall be trading to and from any be trading to or from any port of port of this kingdom, or to and from this kingdom, or between neutral Gibraltar, or Malta, and proceed. port and neutral port, or from any ing direct to the port specified in port of bis majesty's allies, and pro- their clearance, or betweto neutral ceeding direct to the ports specified port and neutral port, or between in their respective clearances.

Portugal and the poris of her own And the right honourable the colonies, or from any port of his lords conmissioners of his majesty's majesty's allies, and proceeding die treasury, liis majesty's principal se- rect to the ports specified in their cretaries of state, the lords comniis, respective clearances; provided such sioners of the admiralty, and the ports shall not be at the time in a judges of the high court of admiral- state of actual blockade. And it is tv and courts of vice-admiralty, are further ordered, that the ships of to take the necessary measures herein Portugal shall not be considered as as to them shall respectively apper- entitled, under any treaty between tain. W. FAWKENER. his majesty and Portugal, to protect

any goods laden therein which may At the Court at the Queen's Pa- be otherwise subject to contisca

lace, the 25th of November, tion.
1807, present, the King's Most And the right honourable the lords

Excellent Majesty in Council. commissioners of his majesty's treaHis majesty taking into consider: sury, his majesty's principal secrée ation the circumstances under which tary of state, the lords commissioners

of the admiralty, and the judges of blood of Russiang was shedding in the bigh court of admiralty and the most glorious warfares; which courts of vice admiralty, are to take drew drown, and fixed against the the necessary measures herein as to armies of his imperial majesty, all thern shall respectively appertain. the military force of his majesty the W. FAWKENER. emperor of the French, with whom

England was, and is now, at war.

* When the two emperors nade Declaration of the Emperor of peace, his majesty, in spite of liis Russia.

just resentments against England,

did not refrain from rendering hier “ The grealer value the emperor service. His majesty stipulated, ulached to the friendship of his Bri- even in the very treaty, that be tannic majesty, the greater was his would become mediator between regret at perceiving that that mo. her and France; and finally he of. narch altogether separated hiiuself fered his mediation to the king of from him.

Great Britain. His najesty 11“ Twice has the emperor taken nounced to the king, that it was up arms, in which his cause was with a view to obtain for him homost directly tbat of England; and nourable conditions. But the Brihe solicited in vain from England a tish ministry, apparently faithful to co-operation which her interest re- that plau which was to loosen and quired. He did not demand that break the bonds which had connect. her troops should be united willa ed Russia and England, rejected the his; he desired only that they mediation. shoukal effect a diversion. He was “The peace between Russia and astonished that in lier cause she did France was to prepare a general not act in union will him; but peace. Then it was that England coolly contemplating a bloody spec- suddenly quitted that apparent letacle, in a war which had been thargy to which she had abandoned hindled at her will, she sent troops herself, but it was to cast upon the to attack Buenos Ayres. One part north of Europe new tire-brands, of her armies, which appeared des- which were to enkindle and nourish tined to inake a diversion in Italy, the fames of war, which she did quitted at length Sicily where it was not wish to see extinguished. ller assembled. There was reason to fleets and her troops appeared upon believe that this was done to make the coasts of Denmark, to execute an altack upon the coasts of Naples, there an act of violence of which when it was understood that it was history, so fertile in examples, does occupied in attempting to seize and not furnish a single parallel. A appropriate to itself Egypt. . . tranquil and moderate power, which

“But what sensibly touched the by long and unchanging wisdom had heart of bis imperial majesty was, obtained in the circle of monarchies to perceive that England, contrary a moral dignity, sees itself assaulted to lier good faith and the express ard and treated as if it had been forging precise terms of treaties, troubled at plots, and meditating the ruin of sea the commerce of his subjects. England: and all to justify its And at what an epoch! When the prompt and total spoliation.

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“ The emperor, wounded in bis had not ratified the convention, and dignity, in the interests of his peo- considered it as of no effect. ple, in his engagements with the “At this moment he has just comcourts of the north, by this act of municated to his imperial majesty violence committed in the Baltic, new proposals which have been made which is an enclosed sea, whose tran- to him, which serve only to infiame quillity lad been for a long period, his resistance instead of appeasing it; and with the privity of the cabinet of because they tend to impress upon St. James's, the subject of reciprocal his actions the seal of degradation, guarantee, did not dissemble his re- the impression of which they have sentment against England, and an- never borue. nounced to her that lie could not re- .“ The emperor touched with the main insensible to it.

confidence which the prince royal “ Hiis majesty did not foresee that placed in him, and having considered when England, having employed ber his own peculiar complaints against force successfully, was about to bear England; having maturely examined, away her prey, she would comnit a too, the engagements which he had new outrage against Deumark, and entered into with the powers of the that his majesty was to share in it. north-engagements formed by the New proposals were made, each more empress Catherine, and by his late insidious than the foregoing, which majesty the emperor, boili of gloriwere to connect with the British pow. ous memory--has resolved to fulfil er Denmark, subjected, disgraced, them. His imperial majesty, thereand affecting to applaud what had fore, breaks off all communication been wrought against her.

with England, he recals the whole of “The emperor still less foresaw tliat the mission which he has sent thither, it would be proposed to him that he and no longer chuses to keep with should guarantee this submission, and him that of his Britaouic majesty, that he should pledge himself that There shall from henceforth be uso this act of violence should have no connection between the two coununpleasant consequences to England. tries. Her ambassador believed that it was “ The emperor declares, that he possible to propose to his majesty's annuls, and for ever, every preceding ministry, that his majesty should be convention between England and come the apologist and the protector Russia, and particularly that entered of what he had so loudly blamed.. into in 1801, the 5th (171b) of the

“To this proceeding of the cabi- . month of June. net of St. James's, the emperor paid. “He proclaims anew, the principo 'other attention than it deserved. ples of the armed neutrality, that He thought it time to put limits to monunent of the wisdom of the bis moderation.

empress Catherine, and engages ne“ The prince royal of Denmark, ver to recede from that system. endowed with a character full of en- “ He demands of England com, ergy and nobleness, and possessing plete satisfaction to all liis subjects, from providence a dignity equal to for their just reclamations of vessels his high rank, bad informed the ein- and merchandize, delained against peror, that justly incensed at what the express tenor of treaties concluhad taken place at Copenhagen, be ded in his owu reign.

" The

- " The emiperor pligages, there continuance in the quiet pursuits of shall be no riopsiablis..ment of cone industry. The many injuries and cord between Pussia and England, depredations committed on our corptill satisfacion shall have been given merce and navigation upon the high to Denmark.

seas for years past, the successive in" The emineror expects that his novations on those principles of public Britannic majesty, instead of suffer- law which. have been established by in his ininisters, as he does, to scale the reason and usage of nations, as ter he see s ut fresh war, listening the rule of their intercourse, and the only to his own feelings, will be dis- umpire and security of their rights posed to conciulle such treaty with and peace, and all the circumstances bis majesty the emperor of France, which induced the extraordinary niisas shali prolong (to use the exprese sion to Loodon, are already known sion) nterminably (a toute la terme), to you. The instructions given to the inval able blessings of peace. our ministers were in the sincerest

“ hen the emperor shall be sa. spirit of amily and moderation. They tifiri upon all the preceding points, accordingly proceeded, in conformity and especially upon that of peace therewith, lo propose arrangements belueen France and England, with which might en.brace and settle all ou! *hich no part of Europe can the points in differeuce belween us, promise itself real franquillity, his which migit bring us to a mutual imperial majesty will then gladly re- understanding on our neutral and sune ith Great Britain those rela- national riglits, and provide for a Gions of amits,, unrer the just commercial intercourse on conditions discontent which he could not but of some equality. After loog and feel, he bas, perhaps, preserved too fruitless endeavours to effect the pure long

pose of their mission, and obtaiu ar. . Given at St. Petersburgh, 2012 rangenieuls within the limits of their (319) October."

instructions, they concluded to sizni such as could be oblained, aud trs

send them for consideration, candidly Messute of the President of the declaring to the other negociators, that

Unord States of America, to both they were acting against their instrucHouses of Congress, delivered Tues- tions, and that their government thereday, Oct. 27, 1807.

fore could not be pledged for their

ratification. Some of the articles To the Senate and House of Repre- proposed might have been aduiitted

sentatives of the United States, on a principle of compromise, but Circumstances, fellow-citizens, others were tou highly disadvantawhich seriously threatened the premie geous, and no sufficient provisi 0 of our country, have made it a duty was made against the principal source to convene you at an earlier period of the irritations and collisions which than usual, The love of peace, so were constantly endangering the peace much cherished in the bosom of our of the two nations. The question, citizens, which had so long guided therefore, whether a trealy should the proceedings of their public coun- be accepted in that form, could have cils, and induced forbearance under admitted but of one decision, even 80 many wsongs, way not insure our had no declaration of the other party

impaired impaired our confidence in it. Still relative to it, shall be made idora anxious not to close the door against to you. friendly adjustment, new modifica. The aggression, thus begun, la tions were frained, and further con- been continued on the part of the cessions authorised, tiran could be. British commanders, by remains fore have been supposed necessary, within our waters, in detience of the and our ministers were instructed io authority of the country, by habdul resume their negociations on those violations of its jurisdiction, and, at grounds.

length, by putting to death one of On this new reference to anicable the persons whom they had forcibly discussion, we were reposing in con- taken from on board the Cbesapeak. fidence, when, on the 22d day of These aggravations necessarily iced June last, by a formal order from a to the policy either of never admitting British admiral, the frigate Chesa-' an armed vessel into our harbours, peak, leaving her port for a distant or of maintaining in every frarbour service, was attacked, by one of those such an armed force as may constrain vessels which had been lying in our obedience to the lans, and protect harbours under the indulgencies of the lives and property of our citizens hospitality; was disabled from pro- against their armed guests; but the ceeding, bad several of her crew killed, expence of such a standing force, and four taken away. On this out- and its inconsistence with our pricrage no commentaries are necessary, ples, dispense with those courtesics Its character has been pronounced by which would necessarily call for it, the indignant voice of our citizens with and leave us equally free to excinde an emphasis and unanimity vever es- the navy, as we are the army of a ceeded. I immediately, by procla- foreign power, from entering our mation, interdicted our harbours and limits. waters to all British armed vessels, To former violations of mantime forbade intercourse with them, and, rights, another is now added of very uncertain how far hostilities were in-. extensive effect. The government tended, and the town of Norfolk in- of that pation has issued an order, deed being threatened with imnie- interdicting all trade by neutrals bediate attack, a sufficient force was tween ports not in amity with them, ordered for the protection of that aud being now at war with nearly place, and such other preparations every nation on the Atlantic and Mecommenced and pursued as the pros- diterranean seas, our ves.cls are tepect rendered proper. An armed quired to sacritice their cargoes at vessel of the United States was dis. the first port they toucli, or to return patched with instructions to our nie home without the benefit of going to nisters at London, to call on that any other market. Under this nei government for the satisfaction and law of the ocean, our trade on the security required by the outrage. A Mediterralieau bas been swept away very short interval ought now lo by seizures and condemnations, and bring the answer, which shall be com- that in other seas is threatened with municated to you as soon as received: the same fate. then also, or as soon after as the pub, Our differences with Spain renain lic interests shall be found to admit, still unsettled, no measure baring the unratified treaty, and proceedings been tahco on her part, since-ny last


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