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communications to congress, to bring ing against that danger; instructions them to a close. But, under a state were given to require explanations, of things which may favour recon- and, with assurances of our contisideration, they have been recently pued friendship, to admonish the pressed, and an expectation is enter tribes to remain quiet at home, tained that they may now soon be taking vo part in quarrels not bebrought to an issue of some sort. longing to them. As far as we are With their subjects on our bordlers, yel informed, the tribes in our vicino new collisions have taken place, nity, who are most advanced in the nor seem immediately to be appre- pursuits of industry, ime sincerely hended. To our former grounds of disposed to adhere to their friendship complaint has been added a very se- with us, and to their peace with all rious one, as you will see by the de- others. While those more remote, cree, a copy of which is now com- do not present appearances sufficimunicated. Whether this decree, ently quiet to justify the intermission which professes to be conformable of military precaution ou our part. to that of the French government of The great tribes on our southNovember 21, 1806, heretofore western quarter much advanced becommunicated to congress, will also yond the others in agriculture and be conformed to that in its construc- household arts, appear tranquil and tion and application in relation to identifying their views with our's in the United States, bad not been proportion to their advancements. ascertained at the date of our last With the whole of these people in communications. These, however, every quarter, I shall continue to gave reason to expect such con- inculcate peace and friendship with all formity.

their neighbours, and perseverance With the other nations of Europe in those occupations and pursuits our harmony has been interrupted, which will best promote their own and corpmerce and friendly inter- well being. course have been maintained on The appropriations of the last ses. their usual footing.

sion, for the defence of our sea-port Our peace with the several states towns and harbours, were made uoon the coast of Barbary, appears as der expectation that a continuauce firm as at any former period, and as of our peace would permit us to, likely to continue as that of any proceed in that work according to other nation.

our convenience. It has been thouglit Among our Iudian neigbouts, in better to apply the sumns' then given the north-westeru quarter some fer- towards the defence of New York, mentation was observed soon after Charleston, and New Orleans chiefly, the late occurrences threatening the as most open and likely first to need continuance of our peace,

protection, and to leave places less Measures were said to be inter- immediately in danger to the provi. changed, and tokens to be passing, sions of the preseut session. which usually denote a state of rest. The gun-boats too alrearly pros lessness among them, and the cha- vided have, on a like principle, been racter of the agitators pointed to the chiefly assigned to New York, New sources of ex.cnient. Measures Orleans, and the Chesapeak. Whe. were immediately taken for provide ther our moveable force on the wa.


ter, ter, so material in aid of the defen- couraged the acceptance of rolussive works on the land, should be teer,; and I am happy to inform auginented in this or any other form, you, that these have offered themis left to the wisdom of the legisla- selves with great alacuity in every Cure. For the purpose of manning part of the union; they are ordered these vessels, in sudden attacks ou to be organised, and ready at a mnoou: harbours, it is a malter for con- ment's waruing, to proceed to any sideration whether the seamen of the service to which they may be called, United Statng may not justly be and every preparation within the exformed into a special militia, to be ecutive power, has been warle to encalled on for tritis of duty, in de- sure as i he benefit of rarly exertions. fence of the harbours where they informiert congress at their last shall lappen to be, the ordinary session, of the euterprises against the militia of the place furnishing that public peace, mbich were believed to portion which may consist of land- be in preparation by Aaron Barr, men.

and his associates; of the measures The moment our peace was threate taken to defeat them, and to bring ened, I deemed it indispensable to the offenders to justice. Their ensecure a greater provision of those terprizes were happily defeated by articles of military stores, with which the patriotic exertions of the militia, our magazines were not sufficiently wherever called into action, by the furnished: to have awaiter à pre. fiilelity of the armis, and energy of vious and special sanction by law, the commander in chief, in promptly would have lost occasions which arranging the difficulties presenting might not be retrieved. I did not themselves on the Sabine, repairing besitate, therefore, to authorise en- to meet those arising on the Missis. gagements for such supplements to sippi, and dissipating before their our existing stock, as would render explosion plots engendered there. it adequate to the emergencies threat. I shall think it my duty to lay before ening us; and I trust that the legis- you the proceedings, and the eviJature, feeling the same anxiety for dence publicly e hibited on the arthe safety of our country, so mate- raigument of the principal offenders rially advanced by this precaution, before the district court of Virginia: will approve when done, what they you will be enabled to indge whether would have seen so important to be the defect was in the testimony, in done, if then assembled. Expences, the law, or in the administration of also unprovided for, arose out of the the law; and wherever it shall be necessity of calling all our gun-boats found, the legislature alone can apinto actual service, for the defence ply or originate the remedy. The of our harbours, all of which ac- framers of our constitution certainly counts will be laid before you supposed they had guarded as well

Whether a regular arny is to be their government against destruction raised, and to what extent, must le- by treason, as their citizens against pend on the information so shortly oppression under prelence, of it; expected. In the mean time, I have and if these ends are not attained, it called on the states for quotas of is of importance to inquire by what niilitia, to be in readiness for present means more effectually they may be defence; and have, moreover, en- secured.


The accounts of the receipts of perseded by a change in our public revenue during the year ending on relations now awaiting the determithe 30th day of September last, be- nation of others. ing not yet made up, a correct state- . Whatever be that determination, ment will be hereafter transmitted it is a great coosolation that it will from the treasury ; in the mean time become known at a inoment when it is ascertained, that the receipts the supreme council of the nation is have amounted to near sixteen mil. assembled at its post, and ready to lions of dollars, which, with the five give the aids of its wisdon and aumillions and a balf in the treasury at thority to whatever course the good the beginning of the year, have ena of our country shall thien call us to bled us, after meeting the current de- pursue. mands, and interest incurred, to pay Matters of minor importance will more than four millions of the prin- be subjects of future communicacipal of our funded debt.— These tions; and nothing shall be wanting payments, with those of the prece- on my part, which may give informading five years and a half, have ex- tion or dispatch to the proceedings tinguished of the fuuded debt, twen- of the legislature, in the exercise of ty-five inillions and a half of dollars, their high duties, and at a moment being the whole which could be paid so interesting to the public welfare. or purchased within the limits of the

THOMAS JEFFERSON. law, and of our contracts, and have Tuesday, Oct. 27, 1807. left us in the treasury eight millions and a half of dollars. A portion of this sum may be considered as a

Order in Council. commencement of accumulation of the surplusses of revenue, which, af At the Court at the Queen's Pa. ter paying the instalments of debt as lace, the 9th of December, they shall become payable, will re 1807, present, the King's most main without any specific object. It excellent Majesty in Council. quay partly, indeed, be applied to It is this day ordered by his mawards conipleting the defence of the jesty, by and with the advice of his exposed points of our country, on privy council, that no ships or vessels such a scale as shall be adapted to belonging to any of his inajesty's our principles and circumstances, subjects be permitted to enter and This object is doubtless among the clear out for any of the ports within first cutitled to attention, in such a the dominion of the emperor of Rusa state of our finances : aud it is one sia until further orler: and his mawhich, whether we have peace or jesty is further pleased to order, that war, will provide securily where it is a general embargo, or stop, be made due. Whether what shall reinain of of all ships and vessels whatsoever this, with the future surplusses, nay belonging to the subjects of the em. be usefully applied to purposes al. peror of Russia now within, or which ready authorised, or more useful to shall bercafter come into, any of the others requiring new authorities, or ports, barbours, or roads widiin any bow otherwise they shall be disposed part of his inajesty's dominions, toe of, are questions calling for the notice gether with all persons and effects on of congress, uoless they shall be su- board all such ships and vessels ;


and that the commanders of his ma-, the British cabinet has no liesitation jesty's ships of war and privateers do as to the means, so long as they lead detain and bring into port all ships to the accomplishment of its designs ; andi vessels belonging to the subjects and while this power can continue of the emperor of Russia, or bearing to enjoy the fruits of its iomerise the flag of the emperor of Russia : traffic, humanity will groan under but that the utmost care be taken for the weight of a desolating war, T. the preservation of all and every part put an end to this, and to attain a of the cargoes on board any of the solid peace, the emperor of the said ships or vessels, so that no da- French and king of Italy issued a mage or embezzlement whatever be decree ou the 21st of November last, sustained ; and the commanders of in which, adopting the principle of his majesty's ships of war and pri- reprisals, the blockade of the British vateers are hereby instructed to de- isles is determined on; and his amtain and bring into port every such bassador, his excellency Francis de ship and vessel accordingly: and the Beauharnois, grand dignitary of the right lionourable the lords commis. order of the Iron Crown, of the Lesioners of the admiralty, and the lord gion of Honour, &c. &c. Having warden of the Cinque ports, are to give communicated this (decree) to the the necessary directions herein, as to king our master; and his majesty them may respectively appertain. being desirous to co-operate by means W. FAWKENER. sanctioned by the rights of recipro

city, has been pleased to authorize Spanish Order referred to in the his most serene bighness the prince

Speech of the President of generallissimo of the marine, to issue
America.- See p. 764.7 in a circular of the following tenor:-

“ As soon as England committed TRANSLATION.

the horrible outrage of intercepting « By the greatest citrare against the vessels of the royal marine, insihumanity and against policy, Spain diously violating the good faith with was forced by Great Britain to take which peace assures individual propart in the present war. This pow. perty, and the rights of nations, bis er has exercised over the sea and majesiy considered himself in a state over the commerce of the world an of war with that power, although his exclusive dominion. Her numerous royal soul suspended the promulgafactories, disseminated through all tion of the manifesto until he saw countries, are like sponges, which the atrocity committed by its seamen, imbibe the riches of those countries sanctioned by the government of without leaving them more than the London. . appearance of mercantile liberty. “ from that time and without the From this maritime and commercial necessity of warning the inliabitants despotism England derives immense of these kingdonis of the circumtesources for carrying on a war, whose spection with which they ought to object is to destroy the commerce conduct themselves towards those of which belongs to each state, from a country which disregards the sacred its industry and situation. Experi- laws of property, and the rights of ence bas proved that the morality of nations ; his majesty minde kuowa

to his subjects the state of war, in British Declaration. .' which he found bimself with that nation. All trade, all commerce, is. The declaration issued at St. Peprohibited in such a situation, and tersburgh, by bis majesty the empeno sentiments ought to be entertain- ror of all the Russias, has excited in ed towards such an enemy, which his majesty's mind the strongest senare not dictated by honour, avoiding sations of astonishment and regret. all intercourse which might be con. His majesty was not unaware of sidered as the vile effect of avarice, the nature of those secret engageoperating on the subjects of a nation ments which had been imposed upon which degrades itself in them. His Russia in the conferences of Tilsit. majesty is well persuaded that such But bis majesty had entertained the sentiments of honour are rooted in hope, that a review of the transactions the hearts of his beloved subjects; of that unfortunate negociation, and but he does not choose on that ac- a just estimate of its effects upon the count to allow the smallest indul- glory of the Russian name, and upon gence to the violaters of the law, nor the iuterests of the Russian empire, permit that, through their ignorance, would have induced his imperial inathey should be taken by surprize, jesty to extricate himself from the authorizing ine by these presents to embarrassment of those new coundeclare that all Englih property sels and connections which he had shall be confiscated whenever it is adopted in a moment of desponden: found on board a vessel, although a cy and alarm, and to return to a poneutral, if the consignment belongs licy more congenial to the principles to Spanish individuals. So likewise which he had so invariably professed, will be confiscated all merchandise, and more conducive to the honour which may be met witb, although it of his crown, and to the prosperity of may be in neutral vessels, whenever his dominions. it is destined for the ports of England This hope has dictated to his maor her isles. And finally, his majes- jesty the utmost forbearance and ty conforming himself to the ideas moderation in all his diplomatic in-' of his ally, the emperor of the French, tercourse with the court of St. Pedeclares in his states, the same law, tersburgh since the peace of Tilsit. which, from principles of reciprocity, His majesty had much cause for

and suitable respect, bis imperial ma- suspicion, and just ground for com· jesty promulgated, under date of the plaint. But he abstained from the 21st of November, 1806.

language of reproach. His majesty ." The execution of this determi- deemed it necessary to require spenation of his majesty, belongs to the cific explanatiou with respect to those chiefs of provinces, of departments, arrangements with France, the conand of vessels (baxels); and commu- cealment of which from his majesty picating it to them in the name of his could not but confirm the impression majesty, I hope they will leave no already received of their character room for tile royal displeasure. God and tendency. But bis majesty, vepreserve you many years.

verthcless, directed the demand of "The Prince Generalissimo. that explanation to be made, pot on“Aranjuez, 19tb February, 1807.” ly without asperity, or the indication VOL. XLIX.

3 D

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