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anmelden I. ** the powers of the Continent. But - e ces it would surely be difficult to prove

- mr of that Great Britain, who was herself . . - - . - in a state of hostility with Prussia

- - ... and when the war broke out between de mai jot Prussia and France, bad an interest

and a duty more direct in espousing .

. Pror of the Prussian quarrel than the empe. . . . if his ror of Russia, the ally of his Prussian ...

mere majesty, the protector of the north .. .mn: wes, of Europe, and the guarantee of the

ces that Germanic constitution. hem! Lissenti- It is not in a public declaration . ..4t Britain that bis majesty can discuss the po

witi a de- licy of baving at any particular period

unsels of of the war effected, or omitted to Hinwurgu; and effect, disembarkations of troops on L's causeless the coasts of Naples. But the in

vos, whose stance of the war with the Porte is - - - ction, and still more singularly chosen to illus

Es prescribed trate the charge against Great Bridel and co- 'tain of indifference to the interests

of her ally; a war undertaken by . . laments the Great Britain at the instigation of

sumues of war. Russia, and solely for the purpose

.ke is, to defend of maintaining Russian interests a

I ut unprovoked gainst the influence of France.

Oras Jasious to re- If, however, the peace of Tilsit is ELE i weld the pre- indeed to be considered as the conse. . ut is attempted quence and the punishment of the

imputed inactivity of Great Britain, E s serts that his his majesty canyot but regret that

error of Russia has the emperor of Russia should have we are 2 ans a cause in resorted to so precipitate and fatal a D N v Goat Britain measure, at the moment when he

Ban ba own; and had received distinct assurances that * - ran the charge his majesty was making the most

stan of having new strenuous exertions to fulfil the i sad support the wishes and expectations of his ally(asBet Russia. surances which his imperial majesty

W ! does justice received and ackuowledged with anisca wiginally enga- parent confidence and satisfaction);

r eat struggle a. and when his majesty was in fact,

is majesty avow's prepared to employ for the advance. les the interest mentoftlie common objects of the war ek Sow bas uniformly those forces which, after the peace of ses and fortunes of Tilsit, he was under the necessity of


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employing to disconcert a combina. the mediation was proposed, and tion directed against his own imme. which prescribed a limited time for diate interests and security. . the return of his majesty's answer to

The vexatiou of Russian com. that proposal. And luis majesty was mierce by Great Britain is, in truth, thus led into an apparent complilittle more than au imaginary grie ance with a limitation so offensive to vance. Upon a diligent examination, the dignity of an independent sove. made by his majesty's command, of reign. But the answer so returned the records of the British court of by bis majesty was not a refusal. admiralty, there has been discovered It was a conditional acceptance. The only a solitary instance in the course conditions required by his majesty of the present war, of the condemna. were,-a statement of the basis upon tion of a vessel really Russiar; a which the enemy was disposed to vessel which had carried naval stores treat; and a communication of the to a port of the common enemy. articles of the peace of Tilsit. The There are but few instances of Rus. first of these conditions was precisely sian vessels detained; and none in the same which tlie emperor of Ruso which justice has been refiised to a sia had himself ancexed not four party regularly complaining of such months before to his own acceptance detention. It is therefore inatter of of the proffered mediation of the emsurprise as well as of concern to his peror of Austria. The second was majesty, that the emperor of Russia one which bis majesty would have should have condescended to bring had a right to require, even as the forward a complaint whicb, as it can- ally of his imperial majesty ; but not be seriously felt by those in whose which it would bave been highly behalf it is urged, might appear to improvident to on it, when he was be intended to countenance those invited to confide to his iinperial maexaggerated declamations, by which testy the care of his houour and his France perseveringly endeavours to interests. inflanie the jealousy of other coun! But even if these conditions (nejtries, and to justify her own invete- ther of which lias been fulfilled, al. rate animosity against Great Britain. though the fufilment of them has

The peace of Tilsit was followed been repealediy required by his ma. by an offer of mediation on the part jesty's ambassador at Si, Petersburg) of the emperor of Russia, for the had not been in tliemselves perfectly conclusion of a peace between Great natural and necessary; there were Britain and France; which it is as- not wanting considerations which serted that his majesty refused. might have warranted his majesty in

His majesty did not refuse the endeavouring, with more than ordimediation of the emperor of Russia; nary anxiety, lo ascertain the views althongli the offer of it was accom- and intentions of the emperor of Ruspanied by circumstances of conceal- sia, and the precise nature and effect rent, which might weil frave justitied of the new relations which his impehis refusal. The articles of the trea- rial majesty had contracted. ty of Tilsit were not communicated The complete abandonment of the to his majesty ; and specifically, that interests of the king of Prussia (who article of the treaty in virtue of which liad twice rejected proposals of se

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parate peace, from a strict adherence such arrangement, after having seen to his engagements with his imperial the emperor of Russia openly transally), and the character of those pro- fer to France the sovereignty of the yisions which the emperor of Russia Ionian republic, the independence of was contented to make for his own which his imperial inajesty receptly interests in the negociations of Tilsit, and solemily guaranteed. presented no encouraging prospect But while the alleged rejection of of the result of any exertions which the emperor of Russia's mediation, his imperial majesty might be dispo- between Great Britain and France, sed to employ in favour of Great is slated as a just ground of bis imBritain.

perial majesty's resentment; bis maIt is not while a French army jesty's request of that mediation, for still occupies and lays waste the re. the re-establishment of peace beinaining dominions of the king of tiveeu Great Britain and Denmark, Prussia, in spite of the stipulations of is represented as an insult which the Prussian treaty of Tilsit; wliile was beyond the bounds of his impecontributions are arbitrarily exacted rial majesty's moderation to endure. by France from that renipant of the His majesty feels himself under Prussian monarchy, such as in its en- no obligation to offer any atonement tire and inost flourishing state, the or apology to the emperor of Russia Prussian monarchy would have been for the expedition against Copenhaunable to discharge; while the sur- gen. It is not for those who were Tender is demanded, in time of peace, parties to the secret arrangements of of Prussian fortresses, which had not Tilsit, lo demand satisfaction for a been reduced during the war; and measure to which those arraogewhile the power of France is exer- ments gave rise, and by which one cised over Prussia with such shanie- of the objects of them has been hapless tyranny, as to designate, and de. pily defeated. mand for instant death, individuals, Ilis majesty's justification of the subjects of his Prussian majesty, and expedition against Copeuhagen is beresident in his dominions, upon a fore the world. The declaratiou of charge of disrespect towards the the emperor of Russia would supply French government;- it is not while whatever was wanting in it, if any all these things are done and suffered, thing could be wanting to convince under the eyes of the emperor of the most incredulous of the argency Russia, and without his interference of that necessity under which bis on behalf of his ally, that his majesty majesty acted. can feel himself called upon to ac. But until the Russian declaration count to Europe, for having hesitated was published, his majesty had no to repose an unconditional confidence reason to suspect that any opinions in the efficacy of his imperial majes- which the emperor of Russia might ly's mediation.

entertain of the transaction al CopenNor, even if that mediation had hagen could be such as in preclude taken full effect, if a peace had been his imperial majesty from undertaconcluded under it, and that peace king, at the request of Great Britain, guaranteed by bis imperial majesty, that same office of mediator, which could his majesty have placed impli, he has assumed with so much ala. cit reliance on the stabilile of any crity on the behalf of France. Nor


can his majesty forget that the first dence and sincerity, his majesty neisymptoms of reviving confidence, ther intended, nor can be imagine since the peace of Tilsit, the only that he offered, any insult to the em. prospect of success in the endeavours peror of Russia. Nor can his maof his majesty's ambassador to re- jesty conceive that, in proposing to store the ancient good understanding the prince royal terms of peace, such between Great Britain and Russia, as the most successful war on the .appeared when the intelligence of part of Denmark could hardly have the siege of Copenhagen had been been expected to extort from Great recently received at St. Petersburgh. Britain," his majesly rendered him

The inviolability of the Baltic sea, self liable to the imputation, either and the reciprocal guarantees of the of exasperating the resentynent, or of powers that border upon it, guaran- outraging the dignity of Denmark. tees said to have been contracted with His majesty lias thus replied to the knowledge of the British govern- all the different accusations by which ment, are stated as aggravations of the Russian govérument labours to his majesty's proceedings in the Bal- justify the rupture of a connection tic. It cannot be intended to repre- which las subsisted for ages, sent bis majesty as having at any with reciprocal advantage to Great time acquiesced in the principles uip- Britain and Rassia, and attempts to on wbich the inviolability of the Bal disguise the operation of that extertic is maintained; however his 'ma- nal influence by which Russia is drijesty may, at particular periods, have ven into unjust hostilities for interests forborbe, for special reasons influen- not her owny. cing bis conduct at the time, to act in The Russian declaration proceeds contradiction to them. Such for- to announce the several conditions bearance never could have applied on which alone ''these hostilities can but to a state of peace and real neu. be terminated, and the intercourse trality in the north; and his majesty of the two countries renewed. most assuredly could not be expected His majesty has already had occato recar to it, after France has been sion to assert, that justice has in'no suffered to establish herself in undis- instance been denied to the claims of puted sovereignty along the whole his imperial majesty's subjects. coast of the Baltic sea from Dantzic The termination of the war with to Lubec.

Denmark lias been so anxiously · But the higher the yalue which the sought by his majesty, that it cannot emperor of Russia places on the en- be necessary for his majesty to renew gagements respecting the tranquillity any professions upon that subject. of the Baltic, which he describes But his majesty is at a loss to recon himself as inheriting from his imme- cile the emperor of Russia's present diate predecessors, the empress Ca- anxiety for the completion of such an therine and the emperor Paul, the arrangenient, with bis imperial maless justly can his imperial majesty jesty's recent refusal to contribute resent the appeal made to him by his good offices for effecting it. bis majesty as the guarantee of the . The requisition of his imperial maa peace to be coucluded between Great jesty for the inimediate conclusion, Britain and Denmark. In making by his majesty, of a peace with that appeal, with the utmost confi- France, is as extraordinary in the

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substance as it is offensive in the tutes the sole remaining bulwark manner. His majesty has at no time against the overwhelming usurpalioas declined to treat with France, when of France; the only refuge to which France has professed a willingness to other nations may vet resort, in baptreat on an admissible basis. And pier lines, for assistance and prothe emperor of Russia cannot fail to tection. remeniber, that the last negociation When the opportunity for peace between Great Britain and France between Great Britain and Russia was broken off, upon points immedi- shall arrive, bis majesty will embrace ately affecting, not his miajesty's own it with eagerness. The arrangements interests, but those of his inperial of such a negociation will not be ally. But his majesty neilber under difficult or complicated. His mastands, nor will he admit, the pre- jesty, as he has nothing to concede, tension of the eic, eror of Russia to so he has notlijug to require: satistidictate the time, or the mode, of his ed, if Russia sball manifest a dispomiajesty's pacific negociations with sition to return to ber ancient feel other powers. It never will be en- ings of friendship towards Great dured by his majesty, that any go- Britain; to a just consideration of vernment sliall indemnify itself for her own true interests; and to a the humiliation of subserriency to sense of her own diguity as an indeFrance, by the adoption of an insul- pendent nation. ting and peremptory tone towards Westminster, Dec. 18, 1907. Great Britain.

His majesty proclaims anew those principles of maritime law against - Order in Council. which the armed neutrality, under the auspices of the empress Catherine, At the Court at Windsor, the was originally directed, and against isth of December, 1807, prewhich the present hostilities of Russia sent, the King's most Excellent are denounced. Those principles Majesty in Council. have been recognized and acted upon His Majesty having taken into ja the best periods of the history of consideration the injurious and Europe, and acted upou by no pow. hostile proceedings of the emperor er with more strictness and severity of all the Russias, as set forth in the than by Russia herself in tbe reign declaration of this date, issued by his of the einpress Catherine.

majesty's command ; and being deThose principles it is the right and termined to take such measures as the duty of his majesly to maintain; are necessary for vindicating the hoand against every confederacy bis pour of his crown, and procuring majesty is determined, under the reparation and satisfaction, his mablessing of divine Providence, to jesty therefore is pleased, by and maintain them. They have at all with the advice of his privy council, times contributed essentially to the to order, and it is hereby ordered, support of the maritime power of that general reprisals be granted Great Britain ; but they are become against the ships, goods, and subjects incalculably more valuable and im- of the entperor of all the Russias portant at a period when the mari (save and except any vessels to which time power of Great Britain consti- his inajesty's licence has been granted,

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