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Royai, Artillery.—Sergeant Thomas Walsh—Served in the trenches from November, 1854, until the fall of Sebastopol, and displayed on all occasions great bravery and coolness under fire, setting a good example to young soldiers.
Bombardier John Trotter—Cleared an embrasure in the advanced trenches on the 17th of August, 1855, under a heavy fire.
Corporal Thomas Betts—Showed great zeal and coolness under fire from the 18th of April to the fall of Sebastopol.
Gunner and Driver Thomas Margree—Showed general zeal and attention to his duties, and great coolness under fire.
Bombardier J. Bower—Gallant conduct at the assault on the Redan on the 8th of September, on which occasion he was wounded. Has always behaved well under fire.
Gunner and Driver E. O'Brien—For gallantry in the trenches, and volunteering for the assault on the Redan on the 18th of June and the 8th of September.
Gunner and Driver Hugh Davis—Served with gallantry at Alma and Inkermann. Specially mentioned by the late Lord Raglan for his conduct with the two heavy guns at the latter engagement, where he lost both his arms by a round shot.
Sergeant Samuel Ewing—Showed great zeal and energy in command of a gun in the June bombardment. Volunteered for the spiking party, and lost a leg.
Gunner and Driver William Hovendon—Strongly recommended for his zeal and gallantry throughout the siege. Lost his leg in the trenches.
Gunner and Driver T. Reynolds—For gallant conduct throughout the siege. Was wounded, but remained at his gun until ordered away by an officer.
Bombardier William Ramsey—Strongly recommended for gallant conduct under fire, and general attention to duty in the trenches.
Sergeant J. M'Kown—Served with great gallantry in all the bombardments since November, 1854.
Royal Sappers And Miners.—Corporal John M'Murphy—Served in the Crimea five months. Was present at the capture of the Quarries, 6th of June, 1855; assault on the Redan, 18th of June; bombardment of the 17th of August, and capture of Sebastopol. Distinguished himself by carrying into the trenches a wounded soldier from the open, under a heavy fire from the enemy, before Sebastopol, in August, 1855, for which act of gallantry he was awarded the sum of £9 by the Commander-in-Chief of the Forces.
Corporal William James Lendrim—Served in the Crimea from November, 1854, and has been several times recorded as having displayed great skill and coolness under fire.
NAVAL AND MILITARY APPOINTMENTS AND VACANCIES.
The honorary appointment of Aide-de-Camp to the Queen, vacant by the promotion of Captain Codrington, has been conferred upon Captain the Hon. J. R. Drummond, C.B.—The Greenwich Out-Pension vacant by the promotion of Captain Hillyarto flag rank, has been conferred upon Captain William Turner.—The Good Service Pension, vacated by the promotion of Sir George Back to the Reserved List of Rear-Admirals, has been conferred upon Captain T. M. C Symonds, C.B., late in command of the Conqueror, and Captain of the Arethusa at the attack on the sea defences of Sebastopol. —By the recent death of Major Ellington the situation of Major of the Tower of London has become vacant. Lord Conibermere has conferred the appointment on Colonel Whimper, who, having received several severe wounds at the battle of the Alma, has been rendered unequal to active service. —Lieutenant-Colonel Ford has succeeded Colonel Crawley, Royal Engineers, of the Pembroke district. The latter officer is appointed to the command of the Royal Engineers at Aldershott.—Lieutenant •< 'olonel Douglas is appointed Assistant Adjutant-General for the Militia at the War Office, in succession to Lieutenant-Colonel Pipon, now on the Staff at the Horse Guards.—The Rev. ". 8. Bnwdier, Chaplain at Sheffield, is appointed Chaplain to the Camp at Colchester,vice Rev. II. II ulcatt,to embark with the expedition to China.—LieuUnant-Geneial Sir Richard England, G.CB., baring proceeded on leave of absence, Major-GeneralJ. B. Gough, C.B, has assumed the command of the Curragh Division.—Rear-Admiral the Hon. Sir Frederic Grey, K.C.B., has been appointed Commr i iler-in-Chiefof the Cape of Good Hope Station, which will include, as formerly, the West Coast of Africa. Mr. Harrington Jones, Paymaster, has been appointed Secretary to Sir Frederic.—Master Gunners Henry McElsander and Colin Anderson have been placed on the Pension List. The former, after a service of fifty-three years, has been granted 3s. 2d. per day, and the latter, with forty-three years' service, has been awarded 3s. per day.—Captain Stokes, of the Royal Pembroke Artillery Militia, and formerly of the 53rd Regiment, has been elected Chief Constable of the County of Pembroke Police Force.—By the decease of Lieutenant-General Bunbury the Colonel Cuminandantsbip of the 1st Battalion 60th Rifles, has become vacant. —The following changes in the Staff of the North American command are to tnke place from the 1st of May, viz.:—Lieutenant-Colonel Holdsworth, at present in Halifax, to be Deputy Quartermaster-General to the Forces in North America, vice D'Urban, whose period on the Staff has expired, to be stationed at Montreal. Lieutenant-Colonel Fordyce, Assistant QuartermasterGeneral at Kingston, to be Assistant Quartermaster-General at Halifax, vice Holdsworth. Lieutenant-Colonel the Hon. R. Rollo, Assistant AdjutantGeneral at Kingston, to be removed to Head Quarters of Division at Montreal. Captain G. F. Macdonald, Deputy Assistant Adjutant-General, now at Montreal, to proceed to Kingston to assume the duties of the Assistant AdjutantGeneral's and Assistant Quartermaster-General's Departments.
Captain Sir David Baird, Bart., 98th Regiment, is Aide-de-camp to LieutGeneral Sir Colin Campbell, Inspector-General of Infantry.
Captaiu Smith, of the 2nd Dragoon-Guards has ceased to be Major of Brigade to the Cavalry Brigade at the Curragh.
Capfain Ornie, 85th Regiment, has ceased to be Aide-de-Camp to Lieutenant-General Sir James Jackson, at the Cape of Good Hope, and appointed Deputy Assistant Quartermaster-General at Graham's Town.
Brevet-Major Hamilton, 67th Regiment, has succeeded Brevet LieutenantColonel Finucane as Major of Brigade in the Ionian Islands.
ITEMS OF MILITARY NEWS.
The will of the late Lieutenant-General Sir John Owen, K.C.B., K.H., has been proved, and his property sworn under £7,000.—Captain Harrison, Barrackmaster at Jamaica, is about to return to England on sick leave of absence, and his duties will be carried on by Lieut. Grant, of the Royal Engineers.— Miss Florence Nightingale has in the most generous manner forwarded to the principal Medical Officer at Fort Pitt Hospital, J. R. Taylor, C.B., the handsome sum of 50 guinitas, to be applied towards the Soldiers' Wives Compassionate Fund at Chatham.—Colonel Simmonds, C.B., who was with Omar Pacha in Asia Minor, has set out for the East for the purpose of proceeding beyond Kars, to fix the boundary of the Russian territory in Asia. Colonel Stanton has been for some time in Bulgaria making similar arrangements in reference to the Russian frontier in that quarter.—We understand it to be Her Hajesty's present intention to distribute the Victoria Cross in person to those appointed to receive the decoration, of which due notice will be given by the authorities at the War Department and Admiralty.—Corporal James Cray, of the Royal Engineers, has been granted a special pension of Is. 6d. per day in consideration of his gallant conduct in the Crimea.—Lord Panmure has presented to the corporation and inhabitants of Colchester two Russian guns, to be exhibited in such a manner as may be thought proper. Lord Panmure requests that these guns may be suitably and correctly mounted and carefully preserved. They will soon be sent down from Woolwich; and the Mayor is about to take the opinion of the town as to the best and most suitable position fur placing these interesting trophies.—The Society of Antiquaries have been alarmed at the report that the ancient church at Dover Castle was to be demolished, but Lord Panmure has written to them to say that he has no intention of disturbing the ruins.—The whole of the Woolwich Division of Royal Marines, who were in the Baltic during the late war, have now received their medals.— Count de Persigny has obtained from the English Government the concession to France of Napoleon's house and tomb at St. Helena. The Emperor intends to restore them as far as possible to their original stale.—General the Hon. George Anson, Commander-in-Chief of the army in India, was, by the last accounts, suffering from severe illness. A carriage was sent out from Shnhjehaupore, to bring him in on the last march, he being unable to mount his horse.— It is the intention of the Horse Guards' authorities to move the depots of regiments serving in China to Chatham Garrison, as soon as barrack accommodation can be made for them, to join the provisional. The depots 26th and 37th Regiments have already left for other stations.—Colonel McMurdo, Commandant of the Military Train, has removed from the depot at Horfield Barracks to Loudon, at the express desire of the General Commanding-in-Chief, wlio thought it would be more convenient for the present to have the Colonel near the Horse Guards. The War Minister has sanctioned the gift of a horse and equipment to each officer of the corps.—We are glad t» find that, by the accounts received by the last mail, the troops stationed in the islands in the West Indies are remarkably healthy.—The Bengal Military Fund is in a melancholy state. The Board of Control and the East India Directors refuse to take the steps solicited of them to relieve it of its embarrassments.
The Chelsea Board Of Inquiry.—Last week was published, by order of the late House of Commons, a Memorandum and explanation in regard to a section of the Report of the Board of General Officers appointed to inquire into certain statements contained in the Reports of Sir J. McNeill and Colouel Tulloch. The explanation was called for by the First Lord of the Treasury and the Chancellor of the Exchequer with relerence to the alleged insufficiency of the I .anil Transport Service and the supply of forage, the want of which, it is intimated in the Report, was owing to the omission on the part of the Treasury to send out a proper supply of that article from England. This explanation was called for last August. Sir C. E. Trevelyan's explanation occupies a space of some twenty-two pages. Having completed his narrative and explanation of the proceedings of the Treasury with reference to the series of Commissary Filder's letters, Sir Charles thinks " he may justly state that so long as those letters were suggestive and indefinite, and not immediate, the Treasury proceeded towards the fulfilment of his suggestions and recommendations with a proper reference to the circumstances before them. But when, as in the latter letters, the suggestions had the character of requisites, and became precise, pressing and urgent, they were immediately acceded to by the Treasury, and distinct directions were given to carry them promptly into effect." "In this view of the proceedings," he adds, "they are entirely free from the blame implied in the Report of the Board of General Officers in respect to the nonsupply of forage; and accordingly, even if the want of forage had been the proximate cause of the failure of the Land Transport, and consequently of the sufferings of the Army, the Treasury could not justly be held in any degree responsible for those sufferings." There are copious appendices.
Aiimt Clothing Stores.—The new clothing establishment situated near Vr'oulwich Common will shortly be in full operation. Each Battalion has its own workshop, with a room for cutting out the work in the rear. The Serjeants of Companies will be the master tailors, and these have already been selected. The master tailor of the Royal Horse Artillery will act as SergeanlMajor of the establishment. Lieutenant and Quartermaster Grant has been appointed superintendent. The whole of the clothing required for the Army will be manufactured here.
Royal Artillery Reductions.—Tn conformity to a general Regimental Order, founded upon the last Army Estimates, the following reductions have recently taken place in the Royal Regiment of Artillery:—Sergeants—Two from each Troop and Adjutant's Detachment, Royal Horse Artillery, 18; one from each of the 85 Companies numbering from No. 1, 1st Battalion, to No. 5, 11th Battalion, 85; two from each of the 27 Companies numberiug from No. 6, 11th Battalion, to No. 8, 14th Battalion, 54; from Adjutant's Detachment, field Batteries—Sergeant Farriers. 15; total, 172. Rank and File.— From Adjutant's Detachment Royal Horse Artillery—Gunners, 50; Drivers, 50; from each of the 85 Companies—numbering from No. 1, 1st Battalion, to No. 5, 11th Battalion, 2 Bombardiers, 170; from each of the 27 Companies— numbering from No. 6,11th Battalion, to No. 8,14th Battalion—1 Bombardier 27; from each of the 70 Companies—numbering from No. 1, 1st Battalion, to No. 6, 9th Battalion—17 Gunners and Drivers; 1,190; from each of the 42 Companies—numbering from No. 7, 9th Battalion, to No. 8, 14th Battalion— 18 Gunners and Drivers; from Adjutant's Detachment field Batteries—Shoeing Smiths, 85; Collar Makers, 43; Wheelers, 29, 157; total, 2,400. Hortn —From Adjutant's Detachment, Royal Horse Artillery, 80; five Batteries, 104 each, 520; three guns and small arms ammunition reserves, 81 each,243; from depot, Woolwich, 70; Dublin, 40, 110; Adjutant's Detachment, field Batteries, 47; total 1,000.
Reduction Of The Royal Artillery.—A still further diminution is to be progressively made in the numbers of the Artillery Regiments by reducing 172 Sergeants, 2,400 Rank and File, and 1,000 horses. The Companies thus reduced are to be Continued as Supernumeraries in reserve until absorbed by the Corps. All recruiting for the Service is suspended for the present.
Sea Pay Of Naval Officers.—An Order in Council dated the 20th March has been obtained, authorising the introduction of a new plan of paying Officers of the Navy while on service. The Memorial from the Admiralty upon which the Order in Council has been obtained is to the following effect: —
"Whereas we have had under our serious consideration the present system of paying full pay to the Officers of your Majesty's Fleet by bills of exchange drawn by themselves on the Accountant General of the Navy, and being humbly of opinion that great advantage would accrue to your Majesty's Service if the present mode of paying Officers were discontinued, and that in lieu thereof periodical payments were made by the Paymasters of each of your Majesty's ships in commission, whereby, in addition to others the following advantages would be gained, viz:—a safeguard against forgery, regularity in obtaining a knowledge of the time to which an Officer has been paid, and the protection of the Officer from pecuniary loss on foreign stations. We beg most humbly to submit that your Majesty may be graciously pleased by your Order in Council to sanction the payment of Full Pay to the Officers of your Majesty's Navy being made by the Paymaster of each of your Majesty's ships, and to authorise us lo issue the necessary instructions for carrying the same into effect. We Ho humbly further submit that this change, if approved by your Majesty, may come into operation on board your Majesty's ships at home at the end of the quarter (30th June, 1857), commencing the 1st April next, and in your Majesty's ships on foreign stations at the end of the quarter in which the instructions issued by us may be received." Her Majesty having taken the said Memorial into consideration was pleased, by and with the advice of Her Privy Council, to approve of what is therein proposed; and the Right Honourable the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty are to give the necessary directions herein accordingly.
Physical Qualities Of Continuous Service Men And Boys.—An Admiralty Circular, dated the 4th March, has been issued, directing that in consequence of the size and heavy armaments of Her Majesty's ships, their Lordships consider it of great importance that the men entered for continuous service should be strong, able-bodied, and physically fit for the duties required of them. No man is to be entered for continuous service unless upon a certificate from the Medical Officer of the ship for which he may desire to enter, approved by the Officer in command, stating that the man is strong, able-bodied, and in all respects physically fit for service. A similar certificate is to be required in the case of boys before they are rated seamen for continuous service.
Entry Of Boys.—An order has been received from the Admiralty at the various seaports to stop all fresh entries and re-entries of men and boys from the shore.
Lowering Boats At Sea.—Captain A. F. Kynaston, C.B., has been ordered to institute a series of experiments at Devonport upon a plan recently proposed by him for lowering lioats from a ship at sea. Captain Kynaston's plan will be tested with that of Mr. Clifford. We look forward to the result of the experiments with much curiosity.
NAVAL OFFICERS WHOSE NAMES HATE BEEN REMOVED FROM THE LIST.
Lieutenants—Edward Barkley, dismissed Service by sentence of CourtMartial; Charles L. Pearson, resigned ; Thomas L. Pearson, resigned.
Masters—James Rusden, discharged Service (since reinstated); Gilbert E. Green, name removed from List.
Mates—Edmund Morgan, acting, run; Christopher Borthwick, acting, run; Francis F. G. Holmes, discharged Service by sentence of Court-Martial.
Assistant Surgeons—Patrick W. Dillon, resigned; John Stuart, M.A. resigned; David Shannon, acting, resigned service; Patrick H. Keon, name removed.
Second Master—Robert O. Marcon, acting, resigned.
"Meander."—Notice has been given that the distribution of proceeds arising from the salvage services rendered to the barque British Princess by Her Majesty's ship Maander, on the 29th of September, 1856, will commence on Thursday, the 9th inst., at Somerset House.
The following are the shares due to an individual in the several classes :—
£ -. a.
jjeeond Class 11
Third class 9
Fourth class 6
Fifth class 3