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Cingrazdóba T A DEAN, from

T A DEAN, from a Painting by J.FACH SON RA

Piiblished by GB.Whittaker for La Belle Aisemblée new series / 142, fortuin

The proofs by _1.inlanghe Corkspur S?

LA BELLE ASSEMBLÉ E,

FOR JUNE, 1828.

ILLUSTRATIVE MEMOIR OF THE RIGHT HONOURABLE

HARRIET, COUNTESS OF SHEFFIELD.

The Right Honourable Harriet, Coun- || Gawthorpe and Engholme Grange; and, tess of Sheffield, whose portrait, from subsequently, those of Stank and North Jackson's original painting of her Lady- | Allerton. ship, now in the exhibition of the Royal Daniel Lascelles, of Stank and North Academy, at Somerset House, we have Allerton, was father, by his first wife (Marthis month the pleasure of presenting to || garet, daughter of William Metcalf, of our subscribers, is the eldest daughter of North Allerton, Esq., by Anne, daughter the Earl of Harewood. Her Ladyship of Sir George Marwood, of Little Bucksby, was born on the 19th of June, 1802; and, Bart.) of Henry Lascelles, of Harewood, on the 5th of June, 1825, she was united whose son, Edwin (by Jennet, daughter in marriage to the Right Honourable of John Whetstone, of Barbados, Esq.) George Augustus Frederick Charles Hol was, on the 9th of July, 1790, created royd, Earl of Sheffield, Viscount Pevensey, || Baron Harewood, of Harewood Castle, in Baron Sheffield, of Dunamore, in the county | the county of York. He died, however, of Meath, and Baron Sheffield, of the county withou issue, in 1795, and the title beof York, in the peerage of the United came extinct. Kingdom.

The above-mentioned Daniel Lascelles, The family of Lascelles, ancestors of Esq., had, by his second wife (Mary, Lady Sheffield, are of ancient standing daughter of Edward Lascelles, of London, and respectability in the county of York. Esq.) a son, Edward Lascelles, of BarRoger de Lascelles received summons bados, Esq., whose second son (by his amongst the peers in the year 1293. John || wife, Frances, daughter of Guy Ball, of de Lascelles, of Hinderskelfe—now called Barbados, Esq.) was, Castle Howard-in the wapentake of Bul Edward Lascelles, first Earl of Haremer, in the North Riding of Yorkshire, || wood. He was born at Barbados in the held divers lands in that place in 1315. year 1739-40; was elected M.P. for the John, one of his descendants, living in borough of North Allerton, in 1761, 1768, 1492, was named in deeds, “filius Jo- and 1790 ; and, having succeeded to the hannis, alias Jackson.” Amongst the | large family estates, on the death of his family possessions, were the manors of || cousin, Edwin, Lord Harewood, in 1795, No. 42.-Vol. VII.

2 K

he was,

on the 18th of June, 1796, elevated | antiquity in the West Riding of the county to the peerage by the title of Baron Hare- || of York. They take their name from the wood, of Harewood Castle, in the county | hamlet or manor of Holroyd, or Howroyd, of York. On the 7th of September, 1812, || in Bark-island, six miles from Halifax, of he was advanced to the dignities of Earl which they were in possession as early as of Harewood, and Viscount Lascelles.- || in the reign of Edward 1.* Hugh de His Lordship married, in 1761, Anne, Holroyd, of Bark-island, and Gracia, his daughter of William Chaloner, of Gis- || wife, granted two oxgangs of land to borough, in the county of York, Esq., by || John Faber, in the year 1407. To the whom he had two sons–Edward, died | grant, a seal is appendant-a rose, enunmarried in 1814; Henry, his son and circled with the words S. Hugonis de successor, the present Earl; and two Holroid." This ensign was afterwards daughters. North Allerton being what increased to five roses in saltier, now borne is termed a proprietary borough, his Lord- | by the family ; a circumstance which ship's eldest son was one of its represen- || shows the antiquity of the coat. tatives in three Parliaments. Enthusias Isaac Holroyd, Esq., settled in Ireland, tically devoted to the Pitt interest, his where he acquired considerable possesLordship was desirous of carrying one of sions in the reign of Charles II. He was the seats for the county of York. He, || an ardent supporter of the revolution of therefore, caused his second son, the pre- || 1688. sent peer, to stand for the county. The John, his great-grandson, first Earl of contest is said to have cost him upwards Sheffield, and father of the present peer, of £100,000; but, having to meet the two succeeded, 'on failure of male issue, to the powerful interests of Lord Fitzwilliam and estates of his mother's family, in YorkMr. Wilberforce, he was not successful. | shire, Buckinghamshire, and Middlesex; His Lordship died on the 3d of April, || and, pursuant to the will of his maternal 1820, and was succeeded by his only sur- | uncle, he took the name of Baker, as a viving son,

prefix to that of Holroyd. He was bom Henry Lascelles, second and present in the year 1735. He was not educated Earl of Harewood, Viscount Lascelles, for any profession; but he entered into and Baron Harewood, now Lord Lieu-the army in the year 1760, and obtained tenant of the county of York.—This | a troop of light horse in the Royal Fornobleman was born on the 25th of De- || resters, a regiment raised by the Marquess cember, 1767. He married, on the 3d of Granby.t After the peace of 1763, he of September, 1794, Henrietta Saunders, sister of the present Sir John Saunders • Antiquaries derive the name of Holroyd, or Sebright, Bart., by whom he has had | Howroyd, from the Anglo-Saxon How, a hill; a issue :

word which signifies, when applied to land, such 1. Edward, Viscount Lascelles, born July 13, || that account, paid only two-pence per acre, and

as was barren and uncultivated, and which, on 1796 ;-2. Henry, M.P. for North Allerton, born June 11, 1797, married, in 1823, Lady

was freed from the service of grave and other Louisa Thynne, second danghter of the Mar.

This etymology accords with the soil quess of Bath ;–3. William Saunders Sebright,

and situation of Holroyd (now the property of M.P. for East Love, born October 29, 1798, | district called Black-stone-edge, which separates

the Horton family) adjoining the mountainous married, in 1823, Caroline, eldest daughter of

Lancashire from Yorkshire. The name Holthe Earl of Carlisle ;-4. Edwin, born December 25, 1799 ;~5. Francis, born April 12, 1801, | denroid is also to be found in Holstein, &c., the died in 1813 ;~6. Frederick, born June 27, | country of the Anglo-Saxons. 1803, died in 1823 ;-7. Arthur, born January

+ Isaac, his eldest brother, had died in in. 25, 1807 ;-8. Harriet, now Countess of Shef- fancy. His younger brother, Daniel, distinguish. field, born June 19, 1802, married, June 5,

ed himself on the breaking out of the war with 1825 ;-9. Frances Anne, born June 2, 1804 ;

France. In 1756, he was appointed Ensign in 10. Emma, born March 16, 1809 ;-11. Louisa, the 18th, or Royal Irish Regiment of Foot; and, born September 10, 1812.

in 1759, Lieutenant in a newly-raised regiment

of infantry—the 90th under the command of The Holroyds, Earls of Sheffield, to | Colonel Morgan. He also “distinguished himself whom we now turn, are a family of great at the capture of Belleisle, and at Martinico,

taxes.

MEMOIR OF THE RIGHT HON. HARRIET, COUNTESS OP SHEFFIELD.

233

travelled, during three years, over the ed himself as an active magistrate and principal parts of Europe, visiting the useful country gentleman. He became a courts of France, Italy, and Germany. farmer upon a large scale ; and, that he It was in the course of these travels, that was both practically and theoretically ache first became acquainted with Gibbon, | quainted with agriculture, has been abunthe historian.

dantly shewn by numerous tracts, which Having entered into the marriage state might be consulted with advantage even in 1767, he resided partly at Greave Hall, || at the present day, by our numerous in Yorkshire, but chiefly at Sheffield | writers, debaters, and lecturers upon poHouse,* in Sussex; where he distinguish- || litical economy and the corn-laws. where he commanded the grenadiers of the re

In 1778, when the war with France giment, particularly on the 24th of January, at

broke out, the militia of the county of the bold attack of the heights, which were thought | Sussex was embodied for the first time, impregnable, and commanded St. Pierre. From | under the command of the Duke of RichMartinico, the regiment went to the siege of the || mond. Mr. Holroyd entered the regiment Havannah ; the difficulties and success of which as Major, and was indefatigable in the are well known. Four officers, of which he was performance of his duties. In the summer one, and thirty-six men of the regiment, on an of 1799, when the combined fleets of outpost, repulsed a body of five hundred Spaniards, || France and Spain were upon the coast of by whom they had been attacked on the 24th of England, he, in the course of a few weeks, July, just before day-break; for which service, || and without expense to the public, raised they were thanked in orders by General Lord Albemarle. At last, through the length of the

a regiment of light dragoons, to which he siege, and the ravages of the climate, the army

was permitted to nominate all the officers. being greatly weakened, and its situation become

This was called the Sussex, or 22d regidesperate, it was resolved, as a last resource, to

ment; and it was distinguished no less by storm the Moro Fort. Notwithstanding the || its military discipline, than by its men, health of the gallant officer, of whom we have || horses, and appointments. been speaking, was at that time much impaired In February, 1780, he was elected M.P. by fatigue and the disorders incidental to the for the city of Coventry without oppoclimate, yet he offered himself to command a sition. His parliamentary conduct was detachment of the regiment, to act as a forlorn | marked by spirit, clearness of judgment, hope. He was obliged to pass to the breach || and a manly boldness of expression. (which would admit only one man abreast) along During the memorable riots of that year, a narrow ridge of rock, hanging over the sea on when Parliament was besieged and inone side, on the other side was the ditch, upwards sulted by an intoxicated mob, and when of sixty feet deep. The Spaniards had placed a

Lord George Gordon, the person who had thirty-two pounder opposite to the breach, behind

caused that mob to assemble, had frea traverse, loaded with the parings of ball, &c., which being fired, killed about ten men'; the || quently gone out and represented, or detachment forced its way into the fort ; Velasco, | rather misrepresented, what was passing the governor, was mortally wounded; the gar.

in the House of Commons, Colonel Holrison gave way, but a priest, with a dozen men, royd stopped him, with some threats; got into a tower, and firing from thence, this promising young man was shot dead on the spot ; Sussex, are considerable, and give name to the he fell highly regretted by the whole army. Of hundred. The house, large and elegant, is the forlorn hope, which consisted of about forty, situated in an extensive park, midway between two of the three officers, and two-thirds of the East Grinstead and Lewes. It is in the best men, were killed ; but they were the whole that Gothic style ; and, in a battlemented frieze, fell in this extraordinary attack, the boldness of which goes round the house, are introduced the which entirely confounded the Spaniards. The arms of the possessors of the lordship or manor of sustaining party followed the forlorn hope, and Sheffield, from the time of Edward the Con. four hundred of the eight hundred Spaniards in fessor, when it belonged to Earl Godwin. It the fort were put to the sword. It is well known, was granted by William the Conqueror to his the Havannah being commanded by the Moro, half brother, Robert de Mortaigne, Earl of surrendered in consequence of this successful || Cornwall ; from whom it passed, in succession, attack. Daniel Holroyd was buried on the glacis | through numerous families, to that of Lord Delaof the Moro fort.”

warr, and next to John Baker Holroyd, Esq., • The estates and manor of Sheffield, in afterwards Earl of Sheffield, by purchase.

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