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obliged to furnish us with what lights he can, to expose the pernicious arts and practices of those unnatural

women called bawds. In order to this the inclosed is ' sent you, which is verbatim the copy of a letter written ' by a bawd of figure in this town to a noble lord. I • have concealed the names of both, my intention being · ' not to expose the persons but the thing.

I am, Sir,

Your humble servant.' « My Lord, :I Having a

great esteem for your honour, and a better opinion of you than of any of the quality, makes me acquaint you of an affair that I hope will oblige you to know.

I have a niece that came to town about a fortnight aĝo. Her parents being lately dead she came • to me, expecting to have found me in so good a condi• tion as to set her up in a milliner's shop. Her father gave « fourscore pound with her for five years : her time is

out, and she is not fixteen : as pretty a black gentlewoman as ever you saw, a little woman,

which I know your lordship likes : well shaped, and as fine a com

plexion for red and white as ever I saw ; I doubt not « but your lordship will be of the same opinion. She

designs to go down about a month hence, except I can provide for her, which I cannot at present: her father was one with whom all he had, died with him, so there - is four children left deftitute ; fo if yoar lordship thinks • fit to make an appointmev.t where I shall wait on you « with my wiece, by a line or two, I stay for your ans fwer; for I have no place fitted up since I left niy • house, fit to entertain your honour. I told her the

should go with me to see a gentleman, a very good « friend of mine; so I desire you to take no notice of my letter, by reason the is ignorant of the ways

of the 6 town. My lord, I desire if you meet 6. alone; for upon my word and honour you are the first « that ever I mentioned her to. So I remain,

• Your lordship's

most humble servant to command. I beg of you to burn it when you have read it.' VOL. IV.

Tuerlay,

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US to come

275

Tuesday, January, 15.

tribus Anticris caput infanabile

Hor. Ars Poet. ver. 300.

A head no hellebore can cure.

I Was yesterday engaged in an assembly of virtuosos,

where one of them produced many curious observations which he had lately made in the anatomy of an human body. Another of the company communicated to us feveral wonderful discoveries, which he had also made on the same subject, by the help of very fine glasses. This gave birth to a great variety of uncommon remarks, and furnished discourse for the remaining part of the day.

The different opinions which were started on this occafion, presented to my imagination so many new ideas, that by mixing with those which were already there, they employed my fancy all the last night, and composed a very wild extravagant dreain.

I was invited, inethought, to the diffection of a beau's head, and of a coquette's heart, which were both of them laid on a table before us. An imaginary operator opened the first with a great deal of nicety, which, upon a curfory and fuperficial view, appeared like the head of arother man; but upon applying our glaifes to it, we made a very odd discovery, namely, that what we looked upon as brains, were not such in reality, but an heap of strange materials wound up in that sbape and texture, and packed together with wonderful art in the several cavities of the skull. For, as Homer tells us, that the blood of the gods is not real blood, but only fomething like it: so we found tha: the brain of a beau is not a real brain, but only fomething like it.

The pineal gland, which many of our modern phiiofaphers suppose to be the seat of the foul, smelt very itrong of efience and orange-flower water, and was encompated with a kind of horny substance, cut into a 5

thousand

thousand little faces or mirrors, which were impereertible to the naked eye, insoniuch that the soul, if there had been any here, must have been always taken up in contemplating her own beauties.

We observed a large antrum or cavity in the finciput, that was filled with ribbons, lace, and embroiderv, wrought together in a most curious piece of net-woik, the parts of which were likewise imperceptible to the naked eye. Another of these antrums or cavities was stuffed with invisible billet-doux, love-letters, pricked dances, and other trumpery of the fair.c nature. In ano. ther we found a kind of powder, which set the whole company a sneezing, and by the scent discovered itself to be right Spanish. The several other cells were stored with commodities of the same kind, of which it would be tedious to give the reader an exact inventory.

There was a large cavity on each side of the head, which I must not omit. That on the right side was filled with fi&tions, flatteries, and falshoods, vows, promises, and protestations ; that on the left with oaths and imprecations. There issued out a duct from each of these cells, which ran into the root of the tongue, where both joined together, and passed forward in one common duct to the tip of it. We discovered several little roads or canals running from the ear into the brain, and took particular care to trace them out through their several passages. One of thein extended itself to a bundle of Tonnets and little musical instruments. Others ended in several bladders which were filled either with wind or froth. But the large canal entered into a great cavity of the skull, from whence there went another canal into --the tongue. 'This great cavity was filled with a kind of spungy substance, which the French anatomifts call galimatias, and the English nonsense.

The skins of the forehead were extremely tough and thick, and, what very much surprised us, had not in them any single blood-veffel that we were able to discover, either with or without our glasses ; from whence we concluded, that the party when alive must have been intirely deprived of the faculty of blushing.

The os cribriforme was exceedingly stuffed, and its some places damaged with snuff. We could not but take

notice in particular of that small muscle which is not often discovered in dissections, and draws the nose upwards, when it expresses the contempt which the owner of it has, upon seeing any thing he does not like, or hearing any thing he does not understand. I need not tell my learned reader, this is that muscle which performs the motion so often mentioned by the Latin poets, when they talk of a man's cocking his nose, or playing the rhinoceros.

We did not find any thing very remarkable in the eye, saving only, that the musculi amatorii, or as we may translate it into English, the ogling muscles, were very much worn and decayed with uie; whereas on the contrary, the elevator, or the muscle which turns the eye towards heaven, did not appear to have been used at all.

I have only mentioned in this dissection such new difcoveries as we were able to make, and have not taken any notice of those parts which are to be met with in common heads. As for the full, the face, and indeed the whole outward shape and figure of the head, we could not discover any difference from what we observe in the heads of other men. We were informed, that the perfon to whom this head belonged, had passed for a man above tive and thirty years; during which time he eat and drank like other people, drefied well, talked loud, laughed frequently, and on particular occasions had acquitied himielf tolerably at a ball or an assembly ; to which one of the company added, that a certain knot of ladies took him for a wit. He was cut off in the fiower of his age by the blow of a paring-shovel, having been surprised by an eininent citizen, as he was tendring tome civilities to his wife.

When we had thoroughly examined this head with all its apartments, and its several kinds of furniture, we put up the brain, such as it was, into its proper place, and laid it alide under a broad piece of scarlet cloth, in order to be prepared, and kept in a great repository of aiections; our operator telling us that the preparation would not be so difficult as that of another brain, for tha he had observed several of the little pipes and tubes which ran through the brain were alrcady filled with a kind of mercurial subitance, which he looked upon to be true quick-silver.

He

He applied himself in the next place to the coquette's heart, which he likewise laid open with great dexterity. There occurred to us many particularities in this dissection ; but being unwilling to burthen my reader's memory too much, I shall reserve this subject for the speculation of another day.

N° 276 Wednesday, January 16.

:

Your pa

G

Errori nomen virtus posuiset honeftum.

Hor. Sat. 3. lib. 1. ver. 42. Misconduct screen'd behind a specious name. Mr. Spectator, Hope you havę philosophy enough to be capable of bearing the mention of your faults.

pers which regard the fallen part of the fair-sex, are, I think, written with an indelicacy which makes them unworthy to be inserted in the writings of a moralist who knows the world. I cannot allow that you are at liberty to observe upon the actions of mankind

with the freedom which you seem to resolve upon; at • least if you do so, you should take along with you the • distinction of manners of the world, according to the ' quality and way of life of the persons concerned. A man of breeding speaks of even misfortune

among

la• dies, without giving it the most terrible aspect it can

bear : and this tendernefs towards them, is much more to be preserved when you speak of vices. All mankind are so far related, that care is to be taken, in things to which all are liable, you do not mention

what concerns one in terms which shall disgust ano" ther.

Thus to tell a rich man of the indigence of a • kinsinan of his, or abruptly inform a virtuous woman • of the lapse of one who until then was in the same de

gree of esteem with herself, is in a kind involving • each of them in some participation of those disadvantages. It is therefore expected from every writer, to treat his argument in such a manner, as is most proper to entertain the sort of readers to whom his E 3

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