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people of his own condition could make him, for the pleatures of helping the afflicted, supplying the needy, and befriending the neglected. This humourilt keeps to himself much more than he wants, and gives a valt refuse of his superfluities to purchase heaven, and by freeing others from the temptations of worldly want, to carry a retinue with him thither.

Of all men who affect living in a particular way, next to this admirable character, I am the most enamoured of Irus, whose condition will not admit of such largesses, and perhaps would not be capable of making them, if it were Trus, though he is now turned of fifty, has not appeared in the world, in his real character, since five and twenty, at which age he ran out a small patrimony, and spent some time after with rakes who had lived upon him : a course of ten years time, passed in all the little alleys, by-paths, and sometimes open taverns and streets of this town, gave Irus a perfect skill in judging of the inclinations of mankind, and acting accordingly. He feriously considered he was pcor, and the general horror which moit men have of all who are in that condition. Irus judged very rightly, that while he could keep his poverty a secret; he should not feel the weight of it; be improved this thought into an af. fećtation of closeness and couctousness. Upon this one principle he resolved to govern his future life; and in the thirty-lixth year of his age he repaired to Long-lane, and looked upon several dresses which hung there deserted by their first masters, and exposed to the

purchase of the belt bidder. At this place he exchanged his gay shadliness of clothes fit for a much younger man, to warni ones that would be decent for a much older one. Irus came out thoroughly equipped from head to foot, with a little oaken cane in the form of a substantial man that did not mind his dress, turned of fifiy. He had at this time fifty pounds of ready money; and in this habit, with this fortune, he took his present lodging in St. John's-street, at the manfion-house of a taylor's widow, who washes and can clear-ftarch his bands. From that time to this he has kept the main stock, without alteration under or over, to the value of five pounds. He left off all his old acquaintance to a



man, and all his arts of life, except the play of backgammon, upon which he has more than bore his charges. Irus has, ever since he came into this neighbourhood, given all the intimation he killly could of being a close hunks worth money: no body comes to visit him, he receives no letters, and tells his money morning and evening. He has, from the public papers, a knowledge of what generally pafles, shuns all discourses of money, but shrugs his houlders when you talk of securities; he denies his being rich with the air, which all do who are vain of being so: he is the oracle of a neighbouring justice of peace, who meets him at the coffee-houfe ; the hopes that what he has must come to iomebidy, and that he has no heirs, have that effect wherever he is known, that he every day has three or four invitations to dine at different places, which he generally takes care to choose in such a manner, as not to seem inclined to the richer man. All the young men respect him, and say he is just the same man he was when they were boys. He uses no artifice in the world, but makes use of men's designs upon him to get a maintenance out of them. This he carries on by a certain peevilliness, (which he aćts very well) that no one would believe could poflibly enter into the head of a poor fellow. His mien, his dress, his carriage, and his language are such, that you would be at a loss to guess whether in the active part of his life he had been a sensible citizen, or scholar that knew the world. These are the great circumstances in the life of Irus, and thus does he pass away his days a stranger to mankind; and at his death, the worst that will be faid of him will be, that he got by every man who had expectations from him, more than he had to leave him.

I have an inclination to print the following letters ; for that I have heard the author of them has somewhere cr other feen me, and by an excellent faculty in mimicry my correspondents tell me he can assume my air, and give my iaciturnity a flynes, which diverts more than any thing I could fay if I were present. Thus I am glad my filence is atoned for to the good company in town. He has carried his skill in imitation so far, as to have forged a letter from my friend Sir Roger in such a manner,


that any one but I, who am thoroughly acquainted with him, would have taken it for genuine.

• Mr. Spectator, : HAving observed in Lilly's grammar how sweetly

Bacchus and Apollo run in a verse: I have, to preserve the amity between them, called in Bacchus to : • the aid of my profession of the Theatre. So that while

some people of quality are bespeaking plays of me to • be acted upon such a day, and others, hogsheads for " their houses against such a time; I am wholly employed " in the agreeable service of wit and wine: Sir, I have . fent you Sir Roger de Coverley's letter to me, which

pray comply with in favour of the Bumper Tavern.. • Be kind, for you know a player's utmost pride is the approbation of the Spectator. · I am your admirer, though unknown,

· Richard Estcourt,


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« To Mr. Estcourt, at his house in Covent-Garden?'

• Coverley, December the 18th,: 1711. « Old comical Ones, TH HE hogsheads of neat port came safe, and have

gotten thee good reputation in these parts; and. I am glad to hear, that a fellow who has been laying: out his money ever since he was born, for the mere pleasure of wine, has bethought himself of joining profit and pleasure together. Our sexton (poor man) having received strength from thy wine fince his fit of

the gout, is hugely taken with it: he says it is given: ' by nature for the use of families, that no fteward's: • table can be without it, that it strengthens digestion, - excludes surfeits, fevers and physic; which green ' wines of any kind cannot do. Pray get a purc

snug room, and I hope next term to help fill your

Bumper with our people of the club; but you must : ' have no bells stirring when the Speciator comes; I • forbore ringing to dinner while he was down with

me in the country. Thank you for the little hams and Portugal onions ; pray keep some always by you.


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You know my supper is only good Cheshire cheese, bet ' mustard, a golden pippin, attended with a pipe of

John Sly's belt. Sir Flarry has stolen all your songs, and tells the story of the 5th of November to perfection,

• Your’s, to serve you,

· Roger de Coverley, • We have lost old John since you were here.'


N° 265

Thursday, January 3,

Dixcrit è multis aliquis, quid virus in angues
Adjicis ? & rabidæ tradis ovile lupa?

Ovid. de Art. Am, lib. 3. ver. 7. But some exclaim ; what frenzy rules your mind? Would

you increase the craft of woman-kind; Teach 'em new wiles and arts ? As well you may Instruct a snake to bite, or wolf to prey.


NE of the fathers, if I am rightly informed, has

defined a woman to be ζώον φιλοκόσμον, an animal “ that delights in finery.” I have already treated of the sex in two or three papers, conformably to this definition, and have in particular observed, that in all ages they have been more careful than the men to adorn that part of the head, which we generally call the outside.

This observation is so very notorious, that when in ordinary discourse we say a man has a fine head, a long head, or a good head, we express ourselves metaphoria cally, and speak in relation to his understanding; whereas when we say of a woman, he has a fine, a long, or a good head, we speak only in relation to her commode.

It is obferved among birds, that nature has lavished all her ornaments upon the male, who


appears in a most beautiful head-dress : whether it be a creft, a comb, a tuft of feathers, or a natural little


The pea

plume, erected like a kind of pinnacle on the very top of the head. As nature on the contrary has poured out her. charms in the greatest abundance upon the female part of our species, so they are very affiduous in bestowing: upon themselves the finest garnitures of art. cock, in all his pride, does not display half the colours that appear in the garments of a British lady, when she is dressed either for a ball or a birth-day.

But to return to our female heads. The ladies have. been for some time in a kind of moulting season, with. regard to that part of their dress, having cast great quantities of ribbon, lace, and cambric, and in some measure reduced that part of the human figure to the beautiful globular form, which is natural to it. We have for a great while expected what kind of ornament would be subflituted in the place of those antiquated commodes. But our female projectors were all the last summer so taken up with the improvement of their petticoats, that they had not time to attend to any thing else; but having at length sufficiently adorned their lower parts, they now begin to turn their thoughts upon the other extremity, as well remembering the old kitchen proverb, “ that if you light your fire at both ends, the is middle will shift for itself.”

I am engaged in this speculation by a fight which I lately met with at the opera. As I was standing in the hinder part of the box, I took notice of a little cluster of women fitting together in the prettiest coloured hoods that I ever saw. One of them was blue, another yellow, and another philemot; the fourth was of a pink colour, and the fifth of a pale green. I looked with as much pleasure upon this little party-coloured assembly, as upon a bed of tulips, and did not know at first whether it might not be an embassy of Indian

queens; but

upon my going about into the pit, and taking them in front, I was immediately undeceived, and saw so much beauty in every face, that I found them all to be English. Such eyes and lips, cheeks and foreheads, could be the growth of no other country. The complexion of their faces hindered me from observing any farther the colour of their hoods, though I could easily perceive by that unspeakable fatisfaction which appeared in their looks,


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