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FOR JUNE, 1842.
Art. I.- Des Classes dangereuses de la , lon, we may very probably be mistaking
Population dans les Grandes Villes, et des elegancies for barbarisms. A more imporMoyens de les rendre meilleures. Ouvrage tant fault is, that our author, carried away récompensé en 1838, par l'Institut de by his great anxiety to conquer all objecFrance (Académie des Sciences Morales tions to his favourite system of solitary conet Politiques). Par H. A. Frégier, finement, has been led to falsify all the proChef de Bureau à la Préfecture de la portions of his book, by devoting a very Seine. Paris, 1840. 2 vols. 8vo., pp. undue number of pages to this one branch 985.
of his subject.
We cannot but suspect also that M. FréThe modern French press has sent forth gier's essay in 400 pages, which obtained few works more interesting than this, or the prize, may have been a more perfect better calculated to do good service, not to treatise with reference to its proper and France alone, but to the countries around specific theme than the present expanded her. To none does it offer more useful work. Seventy-fours, cut asunder and instruction than to England, similarly situ- lengthened into nineties, seldom retain their ated as she is in the progress of civilisa- firmness and solidity of structure; and tion and in many of the leading features of books, when from one trim, compact volnational character. Despite the difficulties ume, drawn out into two, have always their and annoyances, nay the dangers, which weak points ; the joinings never hold well surrounded the subject he had to investi- together—the materials have no unison and gate, M. Frégier appears to have made easy play among themselves; and the himself accurately master of it in many of whole structure is very apt to give way its ramifications. To mere literary merit when exposed to the rough sea of critihis volumes have little claim: occasionally cism. In the present instance the original we meet with passages extremely well ex- treatise, in accordance with the terms of the pressed ; but in general the style is some submitted question,* was confined entirely what complicated and redundant; and it is to the dangerous classes among the lower deformed by the perpetual introduction of orders of society. In the published work
termes de Palais,” in places where the sub- the author has extended his subject. and ject in no degree requires their use. We should say, too, that the pages are tinged * The thesis proposed was as follows:with some vulgarisms, were it not that, in ' Rechercher d'après des observations positives, the rapid strides which modern French is quels sont les élémens dont se compose à Paris, ou
dans toute autre grande ville, cette partie de la poptaking to emancipate itself from the shack.ulation qui forme une classe dangereuse par ses les of the Dictionary of the Academy, and vices, son ignorance, et sa misère; indiquer les the way
in which year by year, nay almost moyens, que l'administration, les hommes riches ou day by day, it is separating itself from the aisés, les ouvriers intelligens et laborieux pourraient language of Pascal, Molière, and Massil- a player pour améliorer cette classe dangereuse et