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did not interrupt him, he embraced her with to fuftain all the attacks which a passionate transports which she was obliged to reitrain. lover could make on a woman's virtur.

The Lady's astonishment was ftill greater, The young Ofñcer made use of the privilege when the pretended Italian, speaking good the husband had given him of lying in CoFrench, made himself known for a tender lenia's chainber, and did not doubt but she and pallionate lover. He availed himself of would at length furrender. But he found the confusion the intelligence threw Celenia her unhaken, inpregnable. She conteuted into, to inform her of the different ftrata- berself in owning to him, that she was charigems he had used to get admittance into the eal with his perseverance, and that, having bahouse, and gain Sotain's confidence. He nished from her heart the love she had for pleaded his cause so well, that he destroyed her undelerving husband, she could love him the little love the still retained for her hated if the was capable of making a falle step, but husband. He ccncluded by propoling to h.r that her virtue was what was deareft to her an honest retreat, if the would but trust her- in the world; the thertfore begged he would felf to his guidance; he added, that his life delift his importunities; and, as it was was in her power ; that he well knew he neither consistent with her honour or duty to was a dead man, if she would deliver him remain in a state of continual temptation, the over to her husband's revenge ; and besged intreated him in tile name of Gal to Hy her to examine if Sotain was deferving af from her, and think serioully of making no that facrifice, and if the had purposed to more afäults on her virtue. The young wear down her youth and life amidst the Gentleman ftill urged many cogent reasons, bitter forrows the monster would still afflict but always endat in promising her, that he her with. In thort, he made her tee things would never alarm the virtue of Celenia, and consequences in so many different lights, whom he admired to veneration. that lie drew tears from her; and new pio. The love, however, he fostered in his testations of his love fully convinced her, beat, was too violent for him to moderate its that Sotain was the moft detestable of men. transports. Each day he became more en

The Cavalier thought it ad-ileable not to terprising, and the virtuous Lady begin to bring things to a further iffue ; he hoped dread bemg alone with him. She thr-atened that, at another time, it would be easy for several times to coinplain of him, but he laid him to complete his conqueit. But he had no stress on her threats, as feeing the delayed to do with a woman, whom the ill-treatment to realise them. Her importunities tired her of her husband might disgust, without gi- cut a' length to such a degree, that she begving her a right to revenge herself, ctherwise ged her husband a second time to deliver her than by contempt.

frum Julia. The earneftnels of her requef In the mean time, our jealous husband brought upon her a second refufal. Sotzia Jåw himself obliged to undertake a pretty imagined that her aversion had no otha fong journey. He gave notice of it to his foundation than the vigilance of the pretenwife but the moment only of his departure. ded widow, whose presence broke the mea. She had not yet forined a resolution how the fures she had concerted for betraying him Mould behave to her lover; but, all of a sud- Full of this notion, he reproached her in the den, took up one, quite worthy of her virtue. most bitter manner, and treated her as an inShe begged Sorain to rid her of Julia before famous prostitute. "Than he brought back he set out. This was enough to make Julia to her, faying it is enough to hate her, Julia shudder with fear, was not this fear in- that the should remain with you. If again tantly diffipated by the husband's absolute you oblige her to retire, depend upon it, 3 refusal. He believed that his wife had no close and well barricaded room will draw my Cther view in this demand, than to remove revenge down on you, as a wild and datige from her a too vigilant Argus. He an

rous beast. swered her with his

ufual fury, that she was With these words, he went out, leaving but little expert in the art of concealing her the Officer in the room, who filling at criminal designs. He added, that not only lenia's feet : You are doing all you can Julia should abide with her, but lie in her ruin you felf, said he to her; in the paneel chamber, and no more quit her than her tha- God, have pity on yourfelf. •Tis you that dow. Without giving her time for an an- seek to deltroy me, replied the, therg swer, he had a bed brought directly and fet tears ; go from me, I fay again to you, and up by the tide of that of Ceknia, whom he if you do not this day take that resolution, be recommended more than ever to julia's vigi- assured that to moitow my husband A. lance.

know that you are a man, and, though! Sotain was upwards of a month avent, might die, I shall at least have the fatefu. and during this wirode tine vus feruire had bol of having done my duty.' So fare

the entered fier closet, drawing the door close of fo near a sepuration must occasion in them. on herself.

They were together in a close embrace, and The Officer, having now reason to dread their tendernels was never before fo lively, that Celenia would put her menace in execu nor fo a recting ; but their endearments were tion, resolved at lait to yield to her heroic all of a sudden interrupted. virtues. He came to her closet, and precipi Sotain had perceived, for four or five days tating himself on his knees : “ 'Tis all over, past, that Çelenia and Julia were both deMadam, said he, yon have conquered ; your prefied by deep melancholy: This, he was virtue triumphs, and I have nothing more fure, proceeded from hatred on one side, and tored up for you than love, admiration, com ill treatment on the other. Yet, before paflion, and obedience. You would have breaking out, he would fain know it his me leave you ; I will do fo to-morrow ; fufpicions were well grounded; and, for this but consider to what perils my retreat expo- purpose, he hid himself to as to overhear poses you. What have you not to fear their most secret conversations. So soon as from the fury of your huband ? Doubt not he was alsured that the pretended Julia was a but he will require of you the reason of my man, whom Celenia lovel, he rushed into departure. I will leave you, but it is only her chamber, fivord in hand, and addresling with the design of procuring your liberty'; his wife, “Perfidious wretch! thou halt dic, and I am resolved to die by the hand of your cried he.' The Cavalier, furious to see all that perfecutor, or to revenge, by mine, the inno he loved in danger of losing life, darted sept victim of his cruelties. • Pity me, before Sotain, whom he knocked down after faid Celenia to him, with tears in her eyes ; difuming him. Celonia had recourse to love me, or, at lealt, let me believe fo ; but fight, and the victorious lover threatened his attempt nothing against my husband; I fo enemy to kill him that instant, if he made command you in the name of your love, and the leaf noise. • Take, my life, said the of the gratitude I have some pleasure to ac- furious husband, you will only be beforehand knowledge on my fide.' . I promise you with me.'. The Ofñcer, who had no desire nothing, Madain, replied he; my situation to take his life away, broke forcibly from is too painful not to seek a deliverance from his hands, leaving to him a pocket, out of x; you love, and drive me away from you! which he could not readily get the other key I love you, and you abandon me to the hor- of the padlock. The light of this key comiFors of your destiny! My heart cannot bear pleted his desperation. The young man up againit fo much violence.' Thus speak followed his mistress, and conducted her to ing, they fell into each other's arms, and some remote convent, where he left her in words interrupted by sighs and fobs, which safety, and in a few days after rejoined his re. love put into their mouth, found utterance giment. only by intervals ; but Celenia did not yield The deserted husband had the indiscretion to the last instances of her lover. All that to produce in public the evidence of his he could obtain was to remain still four days shame. Not one pitied him, and he became with her.

the ridicule of the whole neighbourhood. During thefe four days, which they con- The elopement, however, of his wife made a fecrated to the tranfpoits of their mutual great noife. She was in vain sought after, love, they were contriving means to establith during upwards of three months that her de a secret correspondence between them. No testable husband still lived. At length, unhopes of fucceeding seemed to offer, when able longer to relift his jealous rage, he died they faw come to pass the denouement of amidit the agitations of an inflammatory fetheir adventure. The young Officer, who ver, which carried him off. As he had was studying some specious pretext for going made no complaint in justice, Celenia met away, and to keep. Celenia from being lut with no disturbance. She appeared again in pected as the cause of it, pretended to quarrel public, more beautiful and more honoured with one of the domestics who had the than ever, and intirely devoted herself to her greatest regard for his master. Two days lover, whom she married on his return from were now elapsed, and the two lovers deli- the following cainpaign. vered themselves over to the grief the thoughts

ESSAY

on EN VY. T seems a hard cafe that envy Mould be of it. 'Tis however in fome measure pero time that hors BD2tually attends the want

an ulcful pallion in all the inolt heroic ba

turesi i

tures; where, refined through certain ftrain- the inhabitants of Pegu worship thole that ers, it takes the name of emulation. 'Tis a have been devoured by apes. pain arising in our breasts on contemplation 'Tis another perversion of this passion, of the superior advantages of another; and though of a less. enormous nature, when it its tendency is truly good under some certain merely stimulates us to rival others in points regulations.

of no intrinsic worth. To equal others in All honour, very evidently, depends upon the useless parts of learning; to pursue riches comparison ; and consequently the more nu- for the sake of a brilliant equipage; to covet merous arc our superiors, the smaller portion applaufe for being a connoisseur in the pleaof it falls to our mare. Considered rela- sures of the table ; to vie in jockey-thip, or tively, we are dwarfs, or giants; though, cunning at a bett: These, and many other conlidered absolutely, we are neither. How- rivalships, answer not the genuine purposes of ever, the love of this relative grandeur is. emulation. made a part of our natures ; and the use of I believe the pallion is oftentimes derived emulation is to excite our diligence in pursuit from a 100 partial view of our own and others of power, for the sake of beneficence. The excellencies. We behold a man possessed of instances of its perversion are obvious to some particular advantage, and we inmedievery one's observation. A vicious mind, ately reflect upon its dehciency in ourfelves. mstead of its own emolument, studies the. We wait not to examine what others we debasement of his superior. A person, to have to balance it. We envy another man's please one of this caft, must needs divest him- bodily accomplishments, when our mental Self of all useful qualities, and, in order to be ones might preponderate, would we put them beloved, discover nothing that is truly amia- into the scale. Should we ask our own boble. One may very safely fix our efteem on foms, whether we would change situations ? those whoin we hear some people depreciate. I fancy self-love would, generally, make us Merit is to them as uniformly odious, as the prefer our own condition. But, if our sentikun itself to the birds of darkness. An il- ments remain the same after fuch an examiluftrious man, to judge of his own merit, nation, all we can justly endeavour is our may fix his eye upon this tribe of men, own real advancement. To meditate his and fuífer bis fatisfaction to arise in due pro- detriment either in fortune, power, or repuportion to their discontent. Their disappro- tation, at the same time that it is infamous, bation will fufficiently influence every gene- has often a tendency to depress ourselves. rous bosom in his fivour ; and there are few But let us confine our emulation to points of that would not as implicitly give their ap- real worth ; to riches, power, or knowledge ; plause to one whom they pull to pieces, as only that we may rival others in beneficence.

The HISTORY OF ENGLAND, continued from Page 81 of our left.

The next morning they decamped from marched to Schonevelt; and the day followthence and marched to Hokenwert, where ing intelligence was brought that the enemy's they continued two days. During that troops had all got over the Danube ; fo that time the Duke of Marlborough, Prince the Duke of Marlborough immediately orEugene, and Prince Lewis of Baden held a dered his army to march by break of day, Council of war ; wherein it was agreed that and pass that river likewise ; which was Prince Lewis should besiege Ingolditadt,' performed acccrdingly, and, at night, the whilst the other two were to oblerve the whole army being rejoined encamped at Elector of Bavaria. On the 8th, the army Munster. On the 12th, very early in the under the Duke of Marlborough marched morning, the Generals of the Allies went to from Hokenwert to St. Sanditzel ; and on view the enemy's aimy, taking with them all the 9th from thence to Axheiin ; and at the the picquet guard, which contiitel of twentyfame time Prince Lesvis went another way, eighit squadrons. The Duke of Mariboand bent his march directly to Newberg in rough and Prince Eugene went up to the order to invest Ignoldstadt The fame day top of a tower called Thitfingen, that they the Duke of Marlborough received advice might the better observe the posture of the that the enemy had palled part of their army enerny; an: they took notice that their adover the Danube at Lewingen : Whereupon vanced squadrons which were in motion tohe ordered General Churchill to march with wards the Allies stopped thort after they lad a strong detachment over that river at Scho- perceived them. They were poflified of a nevelt, to reinforce Prince Eugene who lay very aivantagecus port on a bill near Hochincamped at. Douawext. The 10th they ftet, their right fänk being covered by the

Danube,

Danube, and the village of Blenheim, and Duke of Marlborough, in the center, com the left by the village of Lutzengen ; and manded the whole, Major-general Wilks they had a rivulet before them whole banks made the first onlèt, with five English batwere very high and the bottom marihy. talions of Hove, Ignoldīby, Mariborough, However, after fome confultation, it was Rowe, and North and Grey, and four bat, thought proper to fall upon the enemy before talions of Hellians, fupported by the Lord they had tiine to fortify themselves in that Cutts; and Major-geiseral St. Paul, with port. The Duke of Marlborough and even other battalions, and fifteen Square Prince Eugene faw the danger of being for- drons of horse, under the command of ced to lie idle in their own camp till their fo- Major-general Wood. The five English rage hould be consumed and their provision battalions, led on by Brigadier Rove, who fpent. They had also intercepted letters charged on foot at the head of his own re. from Marshal Villeroy to the Elector of Ba- giment with unparalleled intrepidity, afe yaria, by which it appeared, that he had or. faulted the villages of Blenheim, advancing ders to march into Wirtemberg to destroy to the very muzzles of the enemy's muškets, that country and to cut off the communica- and some of the Officers exchanging thrusts tion with the Rhine, which must have been of swords with the French through the palifatal to the Allies. The necessary dispoli. fadoes. But, being exposed to a fire much tions were therefore made for the next

morn- fuperior to their own, they were fogn obli. ing's action. Many of the General Officers ged to rețire, leaving behind them one third came and represented to the Duke of Marl- part of their men either killed or mortally borough the difficulties of the design ; he an- wounded, the Brigadier who commanded fwered, that he saw these well, but the thing them being amarig the last

. In this retreat, was absolutely necessary; so they were sent they were pursued by thirteen squadrons of to give orders every-where, which were re. the French gendarmerie and carabineers, ceived all over the army with an alacrity that who would have intirely cut them to pieces gave a happy prefage of the success which had not the Hefljan infantry stopped their ca. followed.

reer, by the great tire they made upon them. On the 13th of August, 1704, a day The French, being repulsed, and forced to which decided the Elector's fate by the lols fly in their turn, were chaced by five Squa, of all his country, early in the morning, the dions of English liorfe, who by this time whole Confederate army marched from Mun. had passed the rivulet; but, whilft the ene ker, leaving their tents Standing; and the my rallied themselves, fome freth brigades, Duke of Marlborough and Prince Eugene, fuperior in number, came to their affiltance having posted themselves on a rising ground, charged the assailants with great vigour, and fummoned all the General Officers to give obliged many of them to repass the rivulet them the necessary directions, in order to at, with great precipitation. Here again the tack the enemy; upon which the army adę Heffian foot performed fignal fervice, putvanced to the plain, and were drawn up in ting the French to the rout by their continuo order of battle. About nine o'clock, the al fire, and regaining the colours which enemy fired fonse cannon upon our troops, as they had taken from Rowe's regiment. they were marching to form the line, who While Rowe's brigade rallied themselves, svere anfwered from our batteries with good that of Ferguson, commanded by himself, fuccess; and both armies continued caono, attacked the village of Blenheim, on the left, nading each other till near one ; during but with no beiter succeis ; and, though which time the Duke of Marlborough order- both returned three or four times to the ed a little rivulet and morass in the front of charge with equal vigour, yet they were the enemy to be founded; and, where it both ftill sepulsed with like disadvantage, fo was found) impassable, orders were given to that it was found impossible to force the the horse of the second line of the Allies to enemy in that port, without intirely facrifiprovide themselves, each fquadron with 20 cing the Confederate infantry. Fascines, to facilitate the passage. These The English foot having thus begun the preparations being made, the Duke of Marl- eng.agement on the left, the horse of the borough gave orders for a general attack, fame wing passed the rivulet, with great which was begun about one o'clock. Prince bravery, over-against the center or main Eugene and the Imperial General Officers battalia of the enemy; as did likewise that were on the right; General Churchill, the of the right wing, laying made liverul pal Lord Cutts, Lieutenant-general Lumley, fagęs with divers pieces of wood. Aitor the Lord Orkney, and Lieutenant-general which they drew up in orier of battle, tie Ignold by, with the rest of the Englilla and French and Ravarians giving thein all the Duish Generals, were on the left ; and the tine that could be desired to that purposes

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keeping themselves very quiet on the hills, liged to have a watchful eye on Auftria and which they were possessed of, without de- Tirol, as well for the preservation of these scending into the meadows towards the rivu- provinces, as the security of a free comma. let; so that even the second line of the nication with his army in Italy: horse had time to form themselves : And to The bridges, which the Elector of Bathis capital fault of the French the Confede- varia had on the Danube, opened to him a rates were thought to have owed principally free communication with the Upper Palatitheir victory. This neglect is said to have nate. The Emperor, consequently, mult proceeded from an ill-timed haughtiness and be always apprehensive, that he would pour presumption of Marshal de Tallard, who, a body of troops into Bohemia, where the being informed that the Allies were taying people were exceedingly exasperated at the bridges on the rivulet, used this expression : severity of the Imperial government, and • If they have not bridges enough, I will where their fears were the only motives to lend them fome;' and, when they told him their fubmission : Which made it likewise that our troops were actually commg over necessary for the Emperor to maintain a the rivulet, he is reported to have said, “Let body of troops to cover Bohemia and Mothem pass; the more come over, the more ravia. Nuremberg, an Imperial city, and we fall have to kill and make prisoners.' almost in the heart of the empire, being the But, on the other hand, it is alledged by most considerable çity in all the circle of fome, that he had given positive orders not Franconia, it was incumbent on the Empa to let the enemy pass the rivulet, but to ror to preserve it in the interest of the Concharge them as they pased; which orders federates, left the Elector of Bavaria should were not executed. Monsieur de Fequieres, make himself Master of it, as he had alreain his Memoirs, observes, that the loss of ready seized Ulm and Augsburg. Nuremthat battle was owing to the inattention of berg; therefore could not be prelerved by the the French Generals to those maxims of protection of the Confederate army, which war which ought to guide men, when they consequently could not withdraw to my consider whether they have sufficient reasons great distance from that city, whose prefereither to give or receive battle; or whether vation was of the more importance to the they can derive, from the particular disposi- Emperor, since the loss of it would deprive tion of their troops, any reasonable hopes of him of al} communication with his dominideteating the enemy." In examining this ons on the Rhine, except through the coun. fubject, the Marquis points cut, first, the try on the other side of the Mein, which errors that were comunitted with reference to the situation of Nuremberg would have renthe general state of the war in Germany, dered altogether impracticable. It was likeprevious to the battle ; and then those crrer's wise evident, that the Confederate army which appeared in the particular disposition could not retreat to any confælerable distance of the French army. With regard to the from a city, where all their ammunition and first point, he asserts, that it was absolutely provisions were deposited. The Allies, in improper, at that time, to trust the decision deed, by forcing the pass at Schellenberg of the war in Germany to the event of a' and taking Donawert, had obtained a bridge single battle; and this truth was the less over the Danube, and separated the fortified doubtful, because it appeared that the Eng- places of the French on the Upper Danube lith and Dutch had almost abandoned the from those on the Lower. But, as their war in Flanders, in that campaign, to make provisions were still lodged either in Nurema decisive effort in Germany, without which berg or Norlingen, they durft not venture to the Emperor could no longer have supported quit Franconia and Suabia, to advance into himself, nor could they have drawn any Bavaria. This obvious reflection was alone fupplies of men from Germany. The Sufficient to convince the French Generals, French ought therefore to have avoided this that their inducements to engage the enemy battle, since they could have maintained their could not possibly have any weight, but that fituation, if they had only compelled the Eng. it was rather their interest to decline a genelith and Dutch either to withdraw from that ral action, especially as this cautious conduct country, or intirely to discontinue the war would infallibly have obliged the Allies to in Elanders. The Elector of Bavaria was abandon the parts adjacent to the Danubar Master of the whole course of the Danube, when they had consumed all the forage near almost from its fource to the frontiers of that river. Austria, into which he could penetrate when Marshal de Villeroy was posted with a he pleased; and therefore the Emperor, considerable army before the lines of Biel, whole attention was then employed by the which Prince Eugene had quitted, with the imakocokrenes in Hungary, was likewise ab- greatest part of his regular rivops, and an

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