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mil, the agth of Aprih 1627. He was in the they were unpopular men, and looked upor commission for exereifing archiepiscopal ju- as tools to the Court. And fuch was the risdiction, during Archbishop Abbot's le conunon cant of the cines. Atheism, Poquestration for refusing to license Sib horp's pery, Arminianism, and Heresy were usually fermon. In the third Parliament of King yxked together ; though in truth ArminiaCharles, he was voted to be one of the fac wilm and Popery have no more connexion vourers of the Arminians, and one justly fuf- with one another than Calvinism and Popected to be unsound in his opinions chat psy. And, if the Arminians agreeing upon way, accordingly his name was inserted as that point with some Papists is a sign of fuch in the Commons Remonftrance. - It Popery; fo is it, for the very fame realon, a were to be wished for the honour of the Eng- hyn of Popery in the Calvinists. Since the lith Senate, that they had duly examined the Calvinists agree therein with the Dominicans. genuine principles and opinions of the Ar- and Jansenists, as much as the Arminians minians, before they had ventured to con- do with

the Jesuits and Franciscans. And demn them. But what wrong notions were

what is a good or a bad fign, talle or true formed of them by the then House of Com- reasoning, in one case, or in one set of peomons will appear from the following fam- ple, is equally the same in the other. This ple, being part of a speech made the 26th ze lots of all parties are not aware of ; but, of January, 1628, by Francis Rouse, after- to disguise or blind their knavery, they make wards Provost of Eaton, author of Mella it a standing custom to blacken and mifieprePatrum, and Speaker of Oliver Croomwell's fent those who are not of the same opinion Parliament SI detire, says he, that we with themselves. A nult ungenerous as may consider the increase of Arminianisma, well as unjust proceeding ! But we shall an error that makes the grace of God lackey beg leave to ask, what right Mr. John Calit after the will of man, that makes the vin and his followers had, or ever can have,' sheep to keep the shepherd, and niakes a to give laws to the whole Christian Church mortal feed of an immortal God. Yea, I And, why the other opinions ought not to defire that we may look into the very belly be tolerated, at least, with meekness and paand bosvels of this Trojan horse, to see if tience ? there be not men in it ready to open the

Another cause of heart burning againt gates to Romih cyranny, and Spaniih mo- Biinop Laud was his being fupposed to be narchy; for an Arminian is the ipawn of a the maker of the King speeches, and of the Papilt

, and if there come the warmth of fa- Duke of Buckinghain's answer to his imvour upon him, you shall see him turn into peachment ; and this, railing a very great one of those frogs that rise out of the bot- clamour against him, to expoled him to potomless pit; and if you mark it well, you pular rage, that his life was threatened. For lhall fee an Arminian reaching out his hand a paper was found in the Dean of St. Paul's to a Papilt, a Papilt to a Jesuit; a Jefuit gives yard to this effect : Laud, look to thyself ; ane hand to the Pope, another to the King be allured thy life his fought. As thou art of Spain, and these men having kindled a fire the fountain of all wickedness

, repent thee of in our neighbour country, now they have thy monstrous tins, before thou be taken out brought fome of it over hither to set on at the world ; and allure thyself, neither flame this kingdom also ; yea, let us farther God nor the world can endure such a vile Search and conlider, whether these be not the Countellor to live, or fuch a whisperer ; or men that break in upon the goods and liber- to this effect. Upon which the Bishop ties of this Commonwealih, for by this makes this foliloquy: • Lord, I am a grievous means they make way for the taking away of linner ; but I befeech thee, deliver my our religion.' - Strange it is, that any one

foul from then that hate me without a cause, Thould have the privilege of venting fuch no About the fame time he was put into an torious and palpable untruths in fo august an ungracious office ; namely, in a commission Afsembly. James Van Harmin, or Ammi- for raising monies by impofitions or otherwise ; nius, was as far diftant from Popery, as Go which the Commons cailed Exciles ; but it marus, or any other of his most zealous op- seems never to have been executed. Amidf pokers. So was the excellent Philip Lime all his employments, his care did not 0:cken borch; and fo were those entinent English towards the place of his education, the Unidivines in the laft century, who dared to make. verlity of Oxford ; for, in order to stop and use of their reason, and, after a due exami- rectity the fastious and cumultuary nianner nation, embraced Van Harmin's opinions a of electing the Proctors, he fixed them to the bout Predestination and Grace.But the several collegas according to rotation ; and true reason why they, and their doctrines, caused to be collected and put in order the were condemned in the gross, is, becausé broken, crolling, and iimpuitect statutes of

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that University, which had lain fome hun. Too fevere a punifhment for one who rather dred of years in a confuled hieap. On the deserved to be lodged in Bethlem hospital ! 12th of April, 1630, he was elected Chan- „But the Bishop's prosecution of the cellor of the same University; which he made King's printers, for leaving out Not in the it his businefs, the rest of his life, to adorn seventh commandment in the English Bibles, with buildings, and to inrich with the inolt could be liable to no juft objection. valuable manuscripts and other books. On the 13th of May 1633, he set out from

After the Duke of Buckingham's fatal London, to attend King Charles, who was smurder, our Bishop became chief favourite going to be crowned in Scotland. The 3 sth to King Charles ; which sugiftented indeed of June, he was sworn a Privy-counsellor for his power and interest, but increased at the that kingdom ; and, on the 26th of July, same time the envy and jealousy against him, came back to Fulham. During his stay in' which were already too strong. In order to Scotland,

he formed the resolution of bringstop the too frequent disputes concerning ing that Church to an exact conformity with God's decrecs, he advised his Majesty, that the Church of England; and the King comthe thirty-nine articles might be reprinted, mitted the framing of a Liturgy to a felett with a royal declaration at the head of them, number of Scottish Bishops. which has been moitly prefixed to thein ever Our Bishop having, as Fuller expresses it, since. But it was much exclaimed agamft endeavoured to supplant Archbishop Ab: by some of the rigid Calvinists; as were also bot, whom he could not be contented to face some instructions published foon after relat- ceed ; upon his death in August, 1633, he ing to Bishops and Lecturers. Nor was the was appointed his successor in the Archbishop repair of St. Paul's cathedral, which he un- ric of Canterbury. That very morning, dertook, better approved of, though much' viz. August 4, there came one to him at wanted ; nay, it was afterwards imputed to Greenwich, serioully (and who avowed abihim as a crime. And so was likewise his lity to perforin it) with the offer of a Cardi. confecration of St. Catharine-Cree church; nal's hat : Which offer was repeated again which he performed January 16, 1630-31. the 17th of the famie month. And his anAbout the same time he undertok to over- swer, both times, was, “That somewhat throw the moft ufeful and charitable feoff- dwelt within him, which would not suffer ment, which some persons had newly formed, that, till Rome were other than it is.' White of buying impropriations for the maintenance lock alligns the following reason for his reof Lecturers. Upon the decline of Arch. futal ; becaufe he was as high already as bishop Abbot's health and favour at Court, England could advance him, and he would Bishop Laud's concurrence, if not over-for not be fecond to any in another kingdom. wardness, in the very fevere prosecutions car September 14, he was elected Chancellor" ried on, in the High-commiffion and Star- of the University of Dublin. One of his chamber, against several peevith and ill-na- firft acts, after his advancement to the Archtured fcribblers, or simple preachers, did him bishopric, was an injunction, October 18, great prejudice in most people's minds. Of pursuant to the King's letter, That no cler this we shall instance in but one particular in gyman should be ordained Priest without a the person of Alexander Leighton, who had title. At the same time came out his Mapublished, An Appeal to the Parliament, jelty's declaration about lawful sports; which or Sion's Plea against tlie Prelacy.' Where- the Archbishop was charged with having in he terms the Prelates men of blood, and revived and enlarged ; and that brought a enemies to God and the State ; and affirms, great odium upon him among the Sabbatta that we do not read of greater persecutions, rians and other Puritans, though, as he obor higher indignity done upon God's people, serves, at Geneva, after evening prayer, the in any nation, than in this illand; that the elder men bowl, and the younger train ; prelacy is antichristian and fatanical, and the and our good Puritan neighbours the Dutch Bishops ravens and pye-maggots that prey profane the Sunday with plays and intcrupon the State ; therefore, he advises to kill ludes, and count themselves blameleis. them all, by limiting them under the fifth However, very blameable is certainly such rib. Knceling at the sacrainent he calls the a practice ; and so were the vexaticus received spawn of the beast. And he ttyles prolecutions of such clergymen as refused to the Queen a Canaanite, the daugliter of read the declaration in their churches. Heth, an idolatress. He commends him In the years 1634, 1635, &c. the Arch. that killed the Duke of Buckingham, and bishop, by his Vicar-general, performed his encourages others to do the like, &e. For metropolitan visitation; wherein, among this liteľ he was finel 10,000l. pilloried, other things, the churchwardens in erery po whipt, had his ears cut oft, and his note flit. rich were enjoined to remove the communion

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Bable from the middle, to the east end of the dom, to the great detriment of our manu.
chancel, altar-wife ; the ground to be raised factures.
for that purpose ; and, to fence it with de This year, the Archbishop did the poor
cent sails to avoid prophaneness. Those that Irish clergy a yery important lervice, by ob-
refused to do fu were profecuted in the taining for them from the King a grant
High-comunistion or Stur-chamber Courts. of all the impropriations that were then re-
At the time of the Reformation, on purpose maining in the Crown. He also improved
to divert people's minds from conlidering and settled the revenues of the London
the Lord's fupper as a sacrifice, the name clergy in a better manner than tey were be-
of altar was turned into table, and it was fore. February 5, 1634-5, he was put into
ordered to be removed from the east end to the great Committee of Trade and the
another part of the chancel. Accordingly King's revenue, and, the 14th of March fola,
the altars were thus removed in mott places. lowing, appointed one of the Commillionere
But Archbishop Laud observing, that by of the Treatury, upon the death of Richard
this situation they were liable to leveral pro- Welton, Earl of Portland ; belides which he
phanations ; as for instince, that the church- was, two days after, called into the foreign
wankns kept their accounts, and dispatched Committee, and had likewile the fole dilpola!
parish-buiness upon them; Ichoolmasters of whattoever concerned the Church. But he
tiught boys to write upon them, who laid fell into very warm disputes with the Lord
their hats, fatchels and books thereun : Corrington, Chncellor of the Exchequer,
Many fit, and leaned irreverently against who took all opportunities of imposing upon
them during fermon-time ; dogs pilled a. him, in regard to a park his Majetty design-
gainst them, and otherwise denleil them; ed to inclose, for the purpoles of hunting,
glaziers, mending windows there, knocked between Richmond and Hampton-court.
thein full of nail-holes, &c. The Arch After having continued a year Commif-
bishop, I fay, obferving this, ordered the ta fioner of the Treafiry, and acquainted him-
bles to be removed close to the east wall, felf with the myfteries and the advantages of
with the ends north and fouth, and to be it, he procured the Lord Treasurer's Staff for
ruiled in to avoid the like prophana- Dr. William Juxon, who had, through his
tions. But this alteration was attended with interest, been successively advanced to the
violent and unreatonable opposition on one presidentitip of St. John's-college, deanry
hand, and too severe prosecutions on the of Worcester, clerkship of his Majesty's
oilier. And all might have been easily pre- closet, and bishopric of London. Bụt that
vented or accommodated only by this plain sudden and unexpected promotion greatly
expedient; that is, by setting out the com- discontented many of the laity. The Arch-
munion table, on lacrament-days, in the bishop, however, thought he was right in the
middle or some convenient place of the measure. 1 hat great place, he found, was
ehancel, and keeping it at other times within then honestly worth 7000l. a year, without
rails where the altar had ftood, conformably defrauding the King, or abusing the subject,
to Queen Elisabeth's injunctions. But in And obferving, that feveral Treasurers of
those miterable times there was no modera- late years had raised themselves from very
tion on either side.

mean and private fortunes to the titles and In that visitation also, the Dutch and estates of Earls, which he conceived couhl Walloon congregations were fummoned to not be done without wrong to both; thereappear; and injoined, fuch as were born in fore, 'he resolved to recommend such a man England, to repair to the several parilh to the King for next Lord Treasurer, who churches where they inhabited, to hear di- having no family to raise, no wife and chilvine krvice and fermons, and perform all dren to provide for, might better manage the duties and payments required in that behalf; incomes of the Treasury to the King's adand those of them, ministers and others, that vantage than they had formerly ; and tuch were aliens born, to use the English liturgy, a man in his opinion was Dr. Juxon. translated into French or Dutch. Many, (To be finished in our next.} rather than comply, chose to leave the king

THOUGHTS on several Subjeéts.
Ducation forms the brightest characters, her gifts often prove huriful to their poslef-

Sors, if education does not teach the right ftate of nature, would lie dormant and con- ule and exertion of them. cealed, and directs them to the best ends, The service of the public should be held the good of society. Nature may be more up as the firft duty of every individual. liber to fone of the hursan fpecies; but the love of mankind is the most generous

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principle of action. Comparatively to these, by passion. Mischiefs contemned lose their the gratification of pleasure, avarice, or force. minbition, are mean and contemptible mo Compassion is the sense of our own miftives.

fortunes in those of another man. It is a It is keeping the beft company, and view: wife forefight of the disasters that may befal ing human nature in the molt amiable light, us; which induces us to allift others, in orthat forms a great char.cter ; and the en- der to engage them to return it on like occatertainment it affords not only springs from fions : So that the fervices we do the infor. gencrous sentiments, but inspires and pro- tunate are, in reality, fo many anticipated motes them.

kindnesses to ourselves. History is philosophy teaching by example. Molt men are afraid of a bad name ; but

Good-nature and evenness of temper will few fear their conscicaces; yet no man ever give you an ealy companion for life ; virtue offended his conscience, but, firft or laft, it and good sente, an agreeable friend; love was revenged upon him. and constancy, a good wife or husband. It is not the daring to kick a waiter at a

It may be truly faid, that, if persons are tavern ; it is not the strutting with a coc. undutiful to their parents, they feldom prové kade, drefled in farlet; it is not the uttergood to any other relation.

ing horrid oaths and imprecations at every Ambition to rule is inore vehement, than word, that constitutes an Officer : Thefé malice to revenge. It must be confessed, may be current in taverns and brothels ; but that no passion has produced more dreadful they are no characteristics of true courage. effects than ambition ; and yet, methinks, That man only is truly brave who fears ambition is not a 'vice, but in a vicious nothing so much as doing a shameful acmind. In a virtuous mind it is a virtue, tion ; and that dares," refòlutely and unand will be found to take its colour from dauntedly, go where his duty, how danthe character in which it is mixed.

gerous foever it is, may call him. The greatest pleasure wealth can afford is Constaney of mind gives a man reputathat of doing good. All men of ettates are, tion, and makes him happy, in despite of in effect, but truttees for the benefit of the all misfortunes. distressed ; and will be fo reckoned, when Continence consists, not in an insensibility they are to give an account.

or freedom from pafsions, but in the wellIt was well said of him that called a good orlering them. The pleasure of fubduing office, done harshly, ' a ftony piece of an inordinate desire, of denying an impetubread: It is necessary for him that is hun- ous appetite, is not only nobler, but greater gry to receive it; but it almost choaks him by far, than any that is to be found in the in the going down.

njost transporting moments of gratification. There is no charm in the female fex, that None more impatiently luffer injuries, can supply the place of virtue. Without than those who are most forward in doing innocence, beauty is unlovely, and quality them. contemptible; good-breeding degenerates He who in good time firmly renounces a into wantonnels, and wit into imprudence. great name, a great authority, or a great

Make it your care to refine your fenti- fortune, delivers himself at once from a hort ments ; let them be reasonable and full of of troubles, from many restleis nights, and, honour; be fure always to keep well with what is ftill better, often from many crimes. yourself; it will be a fure income to you for If we took as much pains to be what we gaining praise and a good reputation. cught, aswe do to dcctive others, by dif

That Prince is truly royal who masters guiling what we are, we might appear as it himself; looks upon all injuries as below are, without being at the trouble of any him ; and governs by cquity and reason, not disguise. The HISTORY of ENGLAND, continued from Page 356 of our last

Supplement. With a finely engraved Head of the Princess Sophia, Elepress Dowager of Hanover,

and Mather of bis Majesty King George ibe Firs. The chief design of the Court, in the the decluing the fucceffion, had inlifted fession of the Scotch Parliament this funn- chiefly on inotions to bring their own conttimer, was to get the fuccession of the Crown tution to such a kttlement, that they might to be declared, and a fupply to be given for fuffer no prejudice b; their King's living in the army, which was run into a great airear. England." Mr. James Juhntton, who had In the debates of the former fellion, thole been Secretary of State for Scotland under who opposed every thing, nore particularly King Wilian, was now taken into the 5


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PRINCESS SOPHIA, Successor to the Crown of England after Queen Anne.

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