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him, and who, it is not improbable, was rent parts of his body, had almost cut off an active instrument in this 'atrocious crine; his nose, and maimed his hand, yet they fled for he was to receive, as a reward, his life before they were certain he was dead, and one rent in the farm he occupied, besides a new left behind him his hat and wig, and another fet of farming utensils, with horses and other his tuck, which, though not immediately necessaries; whereas the most that appears to known, led afterwards to identify the vil. be given to any of the rest was a guinea each, lains who actually did the murder. During and to some of them only a little drink. this whole transaction it does not appear that
All things being now in readiness, on one word was uttered in the houle, except Sunday night, the 7th of January, they all that Powell, when first seized, cried out, o met at Morgan's, and ftaid there a great God!' Williams, Morgan, and Spiggot part of the next day, drank ale, and confer- had fortified themselves with brandy before red about the business they were to do at they could have courage to perpetrate the night; and, in these conferences, Williams' murder; and, when they had mattered the often declared his intention of killing Pow. object of their fury, and had got him upon ell, and that in the presence of all the pri- the floor, they repeated their thrusts so fast, foners, except William Thomas, John Spig- that those who were lookers on could hardgot, and the little boy Charles.
ly think they had accomplished their purThat, about six or seven o'clock in the e- pose, when by their sudden return they bevening, they set out for Powell's; that they gan to retreat. blacked their faces; and some of them took On their road back to Morgan's, heated carters frocks, in order for a disguise; and with liquor, and reeking with blood, those armed themselves with piftols, guns, fwords, who were the actual murderers boasted of langers, and tucks; that upon the road they their courage, and reproached the others with met John Spiggot pretty near Mr. Powell's cowardice; and Williams actually beat one. house, who, being a fervant, could not at whom he suspected to be faint-hearted. As tend their meetings, and seemed to be whole foon as they had reached Morgan's, their ly ignorant of any other design than that of fears for their safety began to take place ; executing the writ for debt. When they and then it was that Williams discovered approached the house, William Williams and some symptoms of remorse. He dispersed William Spiggot put on the frocks, and the them all from Morgan's, and let none re, whole body, twelve in number, advanced turn to Llandovery but himself
. It happento the back-door, where Williams having od, however, unfortunately for thein, that a knocked gently, it was opened by a little deep snow had fallen in the day, and that a girl, and then five or lix of them rushed in, hard troft had taken place in the night. In among whom were Williams, William Spig- the morning the whole country was alarmed got, Llewellin, Morris, and Evans. E. on the report of the murder, and the track of vans kept guard at the kitchen-door, while the murderers was traced to the house of Morthe others broke into the parlour. Llewellin gan, from whence they set out, and to which was the firft that seized Powell by the breast, they returned. The prints of two remarkwhile Williams, Spiggot, and Morgan, stab- able feet were particularly observed ; one, by bed him in several parts of his body. That the clumsiness of the nails with which it was Powell's servant, hearing from the kitchen clouted ; the other, by the neatness of the what was passing, and fearing for the life of make by which it was diftinguished. A withis matter, made one generous effort for his ness (Mr. William Pogfon, one of the perrelief, and, having no other weapon but a fons who was in company with Mr. Powell fire-fliovel, endeavoured to knock down E- when the assassins entered the room] declared, sans, who guarded the door; but, Evans that, as soon as he faw this latter print, he Calling out to fire, and a pistol being imme- immediately concludod that Williams was diately discharged, the man was intimidated, concerned, and the reason he gave was that, nd instantly retired. The three neighbours being in company with Williams, at Caer
ho were in company with Powell, when the marthen, hefhewed him a pair of boots he anassins entered, retired also, but not with had then on, which he said were made by Qut danger to their persons, one of them ha- the completest workman in London, and eing received a severe cut in the face, and made off the same last as the King of being otherwise much hurt.
Denmark's. And this circumstance, he adThe villains, however, numerous as they ded, struck him, the moment he saw the mere, seem to have been under the utmost print. fror of mind; for, though they were deter The principal witness was Watt Morgan, mined to kill, and, with that intent, had an apprentice to William Walter Morgan, a Labled the unhappy victim in twelve diffe- ravelling tinker. This fellow was an ac
complice, and one whom Williams had been wages of an hireling alfaffin.' And how privately tampering with before to murder hardened, how determined the preparations Powell privately; but the fellow, as he said you made for that bloody work! Day after himself," being perpetually drunk with the day projecting the horrid design, till, at lalt, money with which he was from time to time deliberately putting on the ruffian frock and fupplieci, very probably might imagine, that blackened face, you daringly entered the it was better he should live than be killed ; doors of the deceased; and in his own house for, when the patient was dead, there would murdered him, most inhumanly murdered be an end to the door's fees. He, there- him, with every circumstance of favage barfore framed various excuses for omitting of barity: Yet he had never done the leaft that which he never intended to perform, and wrong to you, not the smallest provocation which, perhaps, never would have been per- or offence. That unfortunate man is now formed, had not Williams formed the refo- in his grave, and in two days you will be as lution of heading the party himself. cold and lifeless as he. But how different
The prisoners, when upon their trial, seem- your departure! By your bloody hand he ed not to be much affected; but, when they was wickedly murdered. You for that murwere found guilty, the solemnity with which der will juftly die: It is now my duty to Sir Joseph Yates pronounced the sentence, pronounce that dreadful sencence; an office though they did not understand a word he which to me is ever painful. I feel for the faid, roused them; William Spiggot appear- melancholy condition you are in, wlio are fo ed in great agonies, 'but Charles David foon to die by the hands of justice; but how Morgan had the appearance of a confirmed, little did you feel for the man you murdered! hardened villain, and did not shew the least Friday next, the day after tomorrow, will concern at the lamentations of William in this world be your last : But think of the Charles, his fon (who was acquitted) who more dreadful day to come, when you will clung about him with such cries of diltress appear before a far more awful tribunal, beas greatly affected every one. After con fore the great Judge of all mankind. Think demnation they were cinveyed back to the how you will stand before him, covered over gaol, where they were attended by several with the blood of your fellow-creature, Clergymen, and, in particular, by the Or- whom you so wickedly murdered, moft dadinary, and the Rev. Ms. Williams, who, ringly presuming to destroy that life which being a Welchman, by his exhortations in the Almighty gave, and which he alone had their own language, endeavoured to persuade a right to take away. You have now but them to make an ample confession of their two days to live, and in that short time have respective crimes, as being the best method much work to do. I therefore moft earnest. they could take towards demonstrating the ly intreat you to employ every moment that fincerity of their repentance, and a very ne is left you in imploring God's mercy and cellary step towards making their peace with forgiveness
, that your foul may escape that God.
dreadful punishment which lafts through all The particular things which they confeffed eternity. At this bar you muft expect no to the Clergyman, more than what have been mercy. The fentence of the law will moft before mentioned in this narrative, the Prin- certainly be executed upon you ; and that ter of the Trial says he cannot with safety fentence is, “That you must be taken from publih, probably because it may affect lome hence to the place from whence you came, peifons not yet under prosecution.
and from thence on Friday next to the place
of execution; that you be there hanged by The Trial over, the Hon. Mr. Justice Yates the neck till you are dead; and that your
addressed himself to William Spiggot as body afterwards be delivered to the surgeons follows :
to be diffected. And the Lord have mercy
on your soul ! William Spiggot, you have been tried, and The Judge then proceeded to print out mpon evidence that leaves not the smallest the remarkable and material circumstances of doubt, have now been found guilty of the each remaining cafe. Upon the whole, the moft wicked, the most favage, and the moft Jury acquitted John Spiggot, William Thohorrid murder that ever stained the hand of mas, aļias Blink, and William Charles; man.-A cool, deliberate, concerted alaf- and found William Morris, David More fination !--Without a quarrel to provoke, gan, Walter Evans, Charles David Morgan, without a passion to incite, without a motive and David Llevvellin, guilty; and, as they to tempt you, but the blackest that ever dif- did not underftand English, the fentence graced human nature,-A willingness to was repcated to them in Welch by the Intercam the wages of iniquity, the exccrable preter.
On Friday about twelve o'clock they were them by his own untimely end, how they conveyed to execution by the Sheriff, and listened to the perfuafons of bad men, and between one and two they were all turned suffered the artifices of such seducers to draw off. Morris was so deeply affected that he them aside from the plain path of virtue. fell into a fit, and was totally fenseless when Four of them were delivered to the surgeons he came to the gallows, where he was obliged for dilection, and two are hung in chains in to be held up whilst the halter was placed some part of the county of Hereford. Beround his neck. - Spiggot's concern was
fore their execution they appeared very peniabout the disposal of his body, which he beg- tent, and made ample confessions to the ged might be buried in a church-yard. Clergyman who attended them; but it was They all fubmitted to their sentence with the particular order of the Judge, that those much resignation.-David Morgin made should not be made public at that time. a fpeech in Welch to the fpectators, warning
To the GENTLEMEN, CLERGY, and FREEHOLDERS of the County of
titude, when I thus employ the first mo harth confinement were not uselessly employments of my liberty to thank you for the ma ed in the common cause of public freedom. ny favours you have conferred on me, during I have enjoyed in prison the fruits of my . a long, cruel, and unmerited imprisonment. long labours, the glory of destroying that My lutferings the two laft years were in- dreaded engine of arbitrary power, fo cruelly deared to me, as well as rendered truly ho- einployed of late, and so often fatal to our nourable, by the support and protection of countrymen, a General Warrant. After the friends of freedom. The trial was in- every delay of privilege and chicane from deed long and severe, but the most happy May 1963, an upright Jury, in last Novemconsequences have followed. The favoura- ber, declared a late Secretary of State guilty. ble opinion you were pleased at first to en- No punishment however has reached that tertain of my integrity and fortitude has first and great offender. The Treasury paid been confirmed on a variety of occasions, and the fine and whole expence of the profecu.. I have experienced as frequent proofs of tion, and he has been even rewarded with your unwearied zeal for your country, and the custody of the Privy Seal. The very fusteady regard to me. I will go on with the perior abilities of my worthy colleague, Mr. same fpirit in the cause of a brave and free Serjeant Glynn, were exerted through the people. To their service, to the defence of whole of this important cause. To his inthe laws, and to the preservation of the reli- defatigable zeal and love of legal liberty gious and civil liberties of the whole British every subject of this empire has the most elempire, the remainder of my life shall be de- fential obligations. I have taken care that dicated. I rely solely and intirely on your all the proceedings in this great struggle of protection, and I will form no connection, the people against the usurped power of Mi. which may in the finallelt degree warp mé nisters Thall be entered in the proper Court, from my duty to you, either as the depen- and I hope the Record will remain unaltered dent of a Minister, or even as the servant of to our latest pofterity, as a complete triumph the Crown ; for, I think a Representative of liberty over despotism. I feel with in of the people ought to be perfectly free and dignant forrow that I have not been equally
unbialled, in order more effectually to keep fuccessful in another national concern which every Minister in awe, and to oppofe every I had at heart, I mean a strict Parliamentary incroachment of the prerogative, against inquiry into the horrid massacre of our counvhich the House of Commons was establish- trymen in St. George's-fields on the fatal ed as a firm barrier. I will therefore know tenth of May, 1968. I gave to the public ao influence in Parliament, but that created all the original papers respecting that wicked -y the Constitution, that of the constituents fedding of innocent blood, by which the ver their Representative ; 2nd I do not mean land is defiled; and I offered to bring the evi
acknowledge any other constituents than dence to the bar of the House of Commons. pole patriotic friends, by whose favour I am The only hope which now remains to us is, ac legal Member for the county of Middle that the virtue of a future Parliament, faith
ful to the trust reposed in them by the pcoI reflect, Gentlersen, with great fatisfac ple, will foon pursue the murderers, that jiwa
tice will at length overtake them, and that fice, and they regard the present of the most shocking of all crimes will not be as no longer a just and fair Repreleft unpunished. The horror of the action sentative of the collective body of the electors is still freth in the mind of every man of in this united Kingdom. humanity, and I hold it to be the greateit I am happy, Gentlemen, to leave a hatereproach of our age and nation, that to many ful prison without the lealt spark of anger or of our fellow-lubjects have been basely mur- resentment against the authors of all my fuf. dered by an inhuman soldiery in St. George's- ferings. I have no malice nor revenge to fields, and other hired rustians at Brentford, gratify. I feel no passion but that of grati-. without a single victim to the public justice tude to my friends, and my only enemies of our country, to the future security of our fhall be those of my country, those who ftill lives, or to the violated laws of God and manifest a rooted, unrelenting malice against man.
the liberties of this kingdom, and who endea-The state of this county, Gentlemen, is vour to intail Navery on us and our posterity. truly alarming. The H- of C -s If my perfecutions are not yet ended, I will have not only rejected a Member chosen by continue to bear up as a man, firm and dea majority of the freehollers, but likewile termined in the best of causes ; nor for your obtruded upon you a person, whom you never fakes will I scruple to dare all the vengeance ele&ted. They have openly assumed the whole of those wretched Ministers, who are now Legillative power. By their vote they have the rulers over us, but polless neither the declared an incapacity, where the law of the confidence, nor the esteern of the people. land, and common right, rendered the party If his Majesty be graciously pleased to liiten eligible to Parliament. This proceeding is to the cries of a loyal but injured nation, and a direct attack hoth on the form and essence to remove a moft corrupt and despotic Adof the Constitution, a flagrant violation of the ministration, who are every day bafely and fundamental privileges of Englishmen, and desperately stabbing the very vitals of the a robbery committed on every elector of the Constitution, I shall then hope to live among kingdom, even in the most invaluable of all you in the enjoyment of the first blessing his possessions, the right of representation in and the most sovereign good, liberty, both the House of Commons. You have peti- personal and political, and when I can mo tioned, you have remonftrated, in the fpirit longer be useful to my country, to die happy of true fons of liberty, but in vain. The in the applause of the friends of freedom and reason is most manifest. The measure of of England. my expulsion and incapacity was previously I am, with deference and regard, settled in the cabinet, and only brought to
Gentlemen, Parliament by the Minifter, in order to go
Your faithful and obedient through the common forms, as other buli.
humble servant, ness in the usual course of the session. The April 18, 1770.
JOHN WILKES. nation however are not the dupes of this arti
To the wortby Inhabitants of the Ward of Farringdon Without. Gentlemen, Freemen, and Fellow-citizens, when, in support of your rights, I mean to
lay claim to, and insist upon, the being adI
plaud the presevering spirit and chearful- honour of being elected by the general voice ness, with which you have struggled through of so considerable a part of the city. the various difficulties arising from my ina It is a particular fatisfaction to me, Genbility to attend the duty of this great and re- tlemen, that I am to enter on my duty at a spectable ward. My future conduct will time when we are governed by lo excellent beft thew the fenfe I have of fo fingular an a chief Magistrate, and have Sheriffs of the obligation. The tedious imprisonment, to most liberal principles, zealous promoters of which I was sentenced for the firm opposition the public good, and of approved virtue. I made to a wicked Ministry, is at length But above all I rejoice that the high spirit of happily pased. By regaining my liberty liberty, joined with prudence, temper, and this
day, I hope to acquire the power of ren- intrepidity, in fo peculiar a manner now anidering you real services, and from the supe- mates the whole body of the livery of Lone rior rank you have conferred on me, of be don. The late petition and remonstrance coming more eminently useful. I shall not will reflect honour on them to the remoteft fail to attend the next Court of Aldermen, ages. The English histery does not give a
kronger Instance of the uprightness of our the exclusion of placemen and pensioners, fur countryinen, nor an example of any body of the short duration of Parlianients, and for men more untainted by corruption, more un an equal representation. influenced by every consideration of fear or I know, Gentlemen, how much the power interest, and more calm, yet determined, in a and wealth of this great city depend on its great cause. In the time of the ladt Stuart trade and commerce, which have always King, in the general confusion, when the flourished moft in the freelt States, and never daftardly tyrant fled, the principal Nobili y arrived at perfection but under the patronage and Gentry resorted to our Guildhall for of liberty. I Mall therefore be ever ready to protection, and concerted with our ancestors, receive your directions on these important the citizens of this metropolis, that generous points, and in whatever relates to the prosperity and equal fystein of power, which was esta- of this city, and the particular interest of our blished by the people at the glorious Revo. ward. Every probable plan for the adlution, and confirmed by the lucceeding Par- vancement of the common welfare, as well as liament in the Bill of Rights. We have every mercantile consideration, shall have its seen the most valuable of those rights, the due weight in my mind. I will ever be a right of representation in Parliament, openly zealous defender of the rights and privileges violated. 'On this important occasion the lin of the livery, and of all the freemen of Lonvery of London have thewn themselves the don. In the concerns of this extensive ward worthy descendants of such ancestors. The I hope to have the advice and affiftance of my petition and the remonftrance have carried conftituents, every one of whom may be afthat enormous grievance to the Throne in a' fured of that attention and regard, which I spirited and becoming manner. I trust that owe to those, by whose delegated power I their public virtue and firmness will at last act, and for whose interest I accepted this triumph over the tyranny of the present Ad- 'important trust. It shall be my constant and miniftration, and that our Sovereign will re- earnest endeavour to justify to the world the store the Constitution, thus shaken from its choice you have been plealed to make of me foundation, by the speedy dissolution of the as your Alderman, and to approve myself an of
Such a consequence, upright Magiftrate, and a good citizen of I think must soon follow from the noble con the capital of the British empire. duct of this city, and of other great and pub I am, Gentlemen, lic-spirited bodies of men. After that happy Freemen, and Fellow-citizens, event the people of England may expect from
With gratitude and respect, their true friends, in a future honest Parlia
Your affectionate, and ment, the three effential and only effe tual
obedient, humble Servant, reinedies of this distempered State, acts for April 18, 1770. JOHN WILKĖS,
Abfract of an ACT to repeal so much of an A&t made in the 7th Year of his
present Majesty's Reign, intitled, “An Act for granting certain Duties in the British Colonies and Plantations in America; for allowing a Drawback of the Duties of Customs upon the Exportation, from this Kingdom, of Coffee and Cocoa-nuts of the Produce of the said Colonies or Plantations ; for discontinuing the Drawbacks payable on China Earthen-ware exported to America ; and for more effectually preventing the clandestine Running of Goods in the said Colonies and Plantations, as relates to the Duties upon Glass, Red-lead, White-lead, Painters Colours, Paper, Pasie-boards, Mill-boards, and Scale-boards, of the Produce or Manufacture of Great Britain, imported into any of his Majesty's Colonies in America ; and also to the Discontinuing the Drawbacks payable on China Earthen-ware exported to America ; and for regulating the Exportation thereof. HE preamble to this act recites the act manufakture of Creat-Britain, do in their
, , is hereby repcaled as to the duties upon the ment thereof, and are therefore contrary to articles specified in the title, because the said the true principles of commerce; and the duces, in fo far as they affect the produce and part of the afore:aid act, disallowing a draw.