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upon him. As foon as the enemy got out In a letter froin an Officer on board the fleet of the reach of our guns, and the battle con- in this engagement, are these words : · AU tinuing pretty hot a-ltern, and fome of our the while we were daring the enemy, we ships in the Admiral's squadron towing out went on the careen by turns, to stop our of the line (which I understood afterwards shot-holes; fo that, had they engaged a lewas for want of thot) I ordered all the thips cond time, we must have engaged them of my division to lack all their fails, to close board and board, and either have carried the line in the center ; this working had that them, or funk by their lides. In a word, good effect, that several of the enemies Mips we were obliged to leave them, left they a-itern, which had kept their line, having mould suspect our weakness, and force us to their top-fails and fore-fails fet, thot up a be desperate.' breast of us, as the Rear-admiral of the White and Lilue,' and soine of his divilon; During the action, were killed and woundand the Vice-admiral of the White and some ed, of the English, two thousand three hun, of his division; but they were so warmly re dred and fifty-eight; of the Dutch, four ceived, before they got a broad-lide, that, hundred; Sir Andrew Leake, Captain of with their boats a-head and their fprit-lails the Grafton; Capt. Cow of the kanelagh, set, they towed from us, without giving us Lieut Jennings of the St. George, the third the opportunity of firing at them.
Lieutenant of the Shrewsbury, and the first • The ships that suffered most, in my di- Lieutenant of the Lenox, were all the Offivision, were the Lenox, Warspight, Til. cers of their rank that were killed ; Capt. bury, and Suvift-fure ; the reit escaped pret- Myngs, Capt. Baker, Capt. Kirton, Capt. ty well, and I the best of all; though I ne Jumper, Capt. Myghels, Lieut. Edisbury, ver took greater pains in all my life to be and Lieut. Leftock, were wounded; as were Soundly beaten ; for I set all my fails, and two Lieutenants of the Barfleur, and the rowed with three boats a-head, to get a- Chaplain ;* feven or eight Lieutenants more, long side with the Admiral of the White three Masters, and about as many boatand Blue ; but he, outíailing me, shunned swains and carpenters. fighting, and lay along-side of the little On the French side, were killed the Baily thips : Notwithstanding, the engagement of Lorrain, Commodore of a Iquatron, and was very sharp, and, I think, the like be- the Count de Thoulouse's fecond ; five Captween two fleets never has been in any time. tains, of which three were Knights; a There is hardly a ship, that must not shift one Commiliary of marines, fix Lieutenuis, and malt, and some mult shift all: A great five sea Enligns. Among the latter, the many have suffered much, but none more Marihal de Chateauregnault's son, and the than Sir George Rooke and Capt. Jennings Sieur de Bollen Villers, the Count de in the St. George. God send us well home: Thoulouse's Gentleman: The Count himI b:lieve we have not three spare top-malts, felf was wounded in the forehead, thouider, nor three fishes in the fleet; and I judge and thigh; the Count de Relingnes had his there are ten jury-masts now up. After the leg hot off; tirc Marquis de Herhault, Infight, we lay two days in the light of the tendant of the ficet; Monsieur du Casse, enemy, preparing for a second engagement; Commc.'ore of a squadron ; Monsieur de but the enemy declined and stood from us Chateauregnault, the Count de Philepaux, in the night.'
the Count de Cominges, Monsieur de Va
lincourt, the Count de Thoulouse's SecreAnother writer expresses himse!f thus : tary; fcven Cptains, eight Lieutenants, and • The fea-fight, though very bloody, was about one hundred and fifty other Officers; far from being decisive, not a fhip being lot were wounded. on either side. 'Tis certain the enemiy were Sir George Rooke, after the engagement, superior to us, both in weight and number; failed to Gibraltar, where he staid eight days and, however many among us blamed the to rafit; and, having supplied that place conduct of the Admiral, he came off, when with men and provisions, failed from thence, all things are impartially considered, much and returned home with the great thips, better than could have been expected. Both leaving behind him eighteen men of war, fides claimed a victory, which in truth nei- under the command of Sir John Leake, born ther of them had; both pretending to seek for the defence of the coast of Portugal, and out the other, and to come to a second en to be in readiness to fuccour Gibraltar, if gagement, for which neither of thein cared; there should be occasion. and the want of fufficient ammunition, on The success of affairs in Portugal, thus our fide, argued a weakness, to say no year, was by no means answerable to the ex. worse, and ought not easily to be pardoned.' pectation of the Allies.
After several Councils of war, held in the in disgrace with them. Their alliance with pretence of their ,Catholic and Portuguese heretics, and bringing over an army of them Majetties, which passed not without some to maintain their preten.ións, had made all disput:s between Duke Schomberg and the their former fervices be forgotten. The Portuguese Generals and Ministers, the governing body at Rome did certainly enauxiliary forces of England and Holland be- gage all their zealots every-where to fupport gan to land, the 16th of March, N. S. that interest, which was to determined on the Duke Schomberg had warmly intifted, that destruction of heresy. The English and thele auxiliaries might keep in a body; urg- Dutch Generals were likewise upon ing the inconveniencies that might attend with the Portugucle. Duke Schonberg, by their separation. But, the King of Portugal his title of Captain-general of the Queen of being unwilling to trust the defence of the Great Britain's forces in Portugal, ought frontier towns to his raw and undisciplined certainly to have commanded, at least, all troops, and there happening fome coldnels the English and Dutch auxiliaries : And it betiveen the English General and Monf. had been no bad policy, in the King of PorFagel, who commanded the Dutch forces, tugal, to have made him, likewise, Comat their very first interview, the English in- mander in chief of all his forces; a post fantry had their quarters assigned in Oli- which the Duke's father had forinerly exevenza, Elvas, Portalegre, and other places cuted in that kingdom with such success, that in the province of Altejo,; and the Dutch he rescued the crown of Portugal froin the were sent up the Tagus towards Abrantes. Spaniards, and fixed it in the family that The King of Portugal, by his treaties with wear it at present. But, though few, if England and Holland, had engaged to fur- any, of the Portuguese Officers had the nenith horfes to mount the cavalry and dra- celiary qualifications to be made Generals, goons of these two nations ; but, whilst the yet the King of Portugal would not break King of Spain, Charles, was detained in the established rule of that kingdom, whereHolland and England by contrary winds, by the Governors of provinces command in the French Ambassador in Portugal, with chief all the troops within their districts. He great industry, had bought up the best horses had, indeed, made Duke Schomberg Veltof that kingdom; lo that, most of the marshal-general of the Portuguese forces; horses, which his Portuguese Majesty's Offi- but then his conferring the fame dignity cers afterwards provided for the English and upon Monsieur Fagel, General of the Dutch Dutch auxiliaries, being' neither of a fize forces, rather lellened than honoured the nor strength fit for service, scarce one third- Duke, and made Fagel unwilling to obey part of the troopers and dragoons were one, to whose level the King of Portugal mounted this campaign. Neither was there had railed him ; so that there was little conbetter provision made for fick soldiers, who, currence of Councils and designs between after lo tedious a passage, could not but be these two Generals. To all this may be very numerous, and of whom many died for added, that a French Lady, married to the want of attendance and necessaries. Ano- Duke of Cadaval, the principal person in ther cause of the ill success of the campaign the Court of Portugal, was not a little inwas, that, though the King of Portugal Arumental in retarding the preparations for himself expressed the belt intentions possible, the campaign. he was much governed by his Ministers, Upon information that the auxiliaries, who were all in the French interests. They which the King of France had sent to his had an army, but they had made no prepa- grandson, Philip V, consisted, for the most rations for taking the field; nor could they part, of Irish soldiers, Duke Schomberg, bring their troops together, for want of pro- pursuant to the Queen's warrant, April 25, vifions and carriages. The forms of their N. S. published a proclamation, promising government made them very low, and not her gracious pardon to all such of her subca..ly accessible. They were too proud to jects, who, being now in the service of her confess that they wanted any thing, when enemies, would quit the same, to come over they had nothing ; and too indolent to exert 10 Charles III, King of Spain, or any other themselves, in order to execute what was in of her Majesty's Allies ; and that such of their power to do; and the King's ill health them, as were qualified to serve in her Mafurnilhed them with an excuse for every thing jöfty's forces, should be received and enterthat was defective and out of order. The tained in the same quality as they enjoyed in priests, both in Spain and Portugal, were the service they left; and that such as, by so universally in the French interest, that reason of their religion, could not serve in even the House of Austria, which had been her Majesty's forces, should be employed in formerly so much in their favour, was now the sservice of the King of Spain, or of such
other of her Majesty's Allies, where they Duke of Berwick, and, after a brare deshould best like.' Charles 11), and the fence, most of them taken prisoners, with King of Portugal published likewise their Major-general Welderen. After this ficrespective manifestoes, April 30, N. S. the cess, the Duke of Berwick palled the Tafirit fetting forth his title to the crown of gus, joined another hody of Spaniards comSpain, and promising his pardon to all manded by Prince Tsercloes de Tilly, and fuch of his subjects as Thould declare for him King Philip, being arrived in the anny, inwithin three months time. The other • juf- vested Portalegre, the inhabitants of which tifying his Portuguese Majefty's taking up forced the garrison to surrender at difcrearms to restore the liberty of the Spanish na tion; and, among them, an English regition oppressed by the power of France, and ment of foot, commanded by Col. Stanhope. to affert the right of his Catholic Majesty, From thence King Philip brought his vicCharles III, to that monarchy.' Their torious army before Caftel-davide, which, Majekies had intended to be in a readiness though almost an open town, yet refused to to enter Spain by the middle of May; but open her gates, the garrison being encou. it was the beginning of June before they raged to defend themselves by the resolution reached Santarem, where they continued the of the English regiment of Lieutenant-generest of the spring campaign.
ral Stuart, commanded by Lieutenant-coloThe poffessor of the crown of Spain, nel Husley. By this time, King Charles styled by the Allies Duke of Anjou, though and the King of Portugal being come to the last in proclaiming war, was yet the first Santerem, it was resolved, that the Marquis in maintaining his title by the sword; and, das Minas, Governor and General of the having invaded Portugal, before his enemies arms of the province of Beira, should make were in a condition to oppose him, the Duke an irruption into Spain, and, by that diverof Berwick, nis General, (who began to shine fion, endeavour to draw King Philip's forces there, though he had passed elsewhere for a from before Caftel-davide. The Marquis
, man of no very great character) took the having gathered a body of about fifteen town of Sogura by a stratagem, and so inti- thousand men, marched accordingly towards midated the Governor of Salva-terra, that he the Tagus; took by storm a Spanish place delivered up the place, May 8, without ma- in Castile, called Fuente Grinaldo ; defeatking any defence, and consented, that him- ed a body of French and Spaniards, coinfelf
and his garrison Mould remain prisoners manded by Don Ronquillo ; and made himof war. From Salva-terra the Spaniards felf Master of Manfeinto. But, though advanced farther into the country, and; King Philip fent the Duke of Bervick, without any resistance, made themselves with a strong detachment, to observe the Masters of C'ebreros. Pera-garcia stood fome Portuguese, and it was from thence conjecdischarges of cannon, and then surrendered tured, that he would give over the attack of to Count d'Aguilar. The inhabitants of Caftel-davide, yet the Duke of Berwick, Zebredo abandoned the place at the approach finding that the Marquis das Minas did not of the Spanith troops ; and the town of move forwards, returned foon after before Ihana la Viella, rejecting the fummons of Caftel-davide. Hereupon Colonel Hulkes Don Joseph Salazar and the Marquis de proposed to the Portuguese to retire into the Puysegur, was stormed and carried fword in castle, and defend it to the last extremity; hand About the same time, the Marquis but the militia opened the gates to the Spade Jeoffreville, having entered Portugal on niards, and so the whole garrison were made the side of Almeida, put several villages un- prisoners of war. The weather being, by der military execution ; and Prince Tfer- this tine, exceedingly hot, King Philip cloes de Tilly, having advanced to Aonches, sent his wearied troops into quarters of re raised great contributions round about, freshment; and, not thinking it possible to whilst the Marquis de Villadarias pene- preserve all his conquests, ordered his meil trated into Portugal another way. These to abandon them, except Maroan and Salva uninterrupted successes of the Spaniards caft terra, and to raze the walls of Portalegre, the Portuguese into great consternation; and Castel-davide, and some other towns. AGeneral Fagel, who was posted at Castel- bout the same time, the remainder of th: branco with four Dutch battalions, not English forces marched from Alantejo into thinking himself safe in that place, retired the province of Beira, and the Portuguese towards Abrantes with two battalions. The and Dutch into quarters of refreshment other two he posted at Sovreira Formosa, about Pena Major. where they were foon after attacked by the
(To be continued.]
Observation by the Doctors GARMAN and GRESELIUS on FEAR, a Rea
medy in the Tertian and Quartan Ague, with an Account of other EffeEts of
. in , Sometimes cured epileptics: There are proofs bones were as fmail as those of a young girl, that it has likewise helped the gouty, and the and his muscles extremely weak, thin, and examples I am going to relate are a demon- rather membranous than tieshy. As I inade ftration, that it has often banished the ague- these observations on the dissected body, a fever.
brother of the deceased, who had been abA woman of condition, who was afflic- fent for sixteen years past, was of the line ted with the tertian ague, was fo terrified by lize, the same constitution, and a like habit
the explosion of a bomb, which was fired off of body, entered of a sudden. Having seen 1 during her fit, that the fainted away and was the body of his brother in that condition,
thought to be dead. Having been sent for and heard a detail of the circumstances of his to see her, finding her pulle still pretty strong, death, of which he saw with his eyes the I prescribed fome slight cordials for her, and cause, in so extraordinary a conformation, the foon recovered from her state of weak after having realoned for some time in a senpels,without any appearance of a fever, which üble manner, on the mournful event, he aphad afterwards no return.
peared all of a sudden as quite astonished, A young Lady, who had a quartan ague became speechless, and fell into a fainting fit, for several months successively, was invited from which neither balsıms nor fpirituous by fonie of her acquaintance to take a plea- liquors, nor any of the means usually emsuring on the water, in the view of dissipating ployed in such cases, could recover him. I the melancholy ideas occasioned by her ill counselled the opening of a vein, but that ness ; but they scarce had got into the boat, advice was not followed, and consternawhen it began to fink, and all were terribly tion had occasioned the greatest confusion
hocked with the dread of perishing. After among the assistants. The sick person of escaping this danger, the patient found her- seemed to have neither pulse nor respira
self cured, and the had no return of her tion; his body felt all over in a cold sweat, ague.
his limbs began to grow stiff, and, in Nort, A man, aged 42 years, of a hot and moist we judged he was going to expire ; but of constitution, subject to a colic, but the fits what is not an imagination, forcibly Atruck, not violent, was seized about fun-let with an capable of ? I do not know why I took it internal cold, though it was very warm that in my head to say aloud, · Let us replace the day. Different remedies, but all unsucces, parts of the dead body and sew it up; in fully, were administered to him. He died the mean time, the other will be quite dead, within eighteen or nineteen hours, without and I will also dissect him.' I scarce had the least agitation, or any of the convulfions faid these words, when the Gentleman in the that accompany the agony of death, fo that fainting fit role briskly off of the best, roarit seemed to be as a placid Neep. Hising out prodigionly loud, and, whipping up friends, furprised at fo fudden and fa:al an ac his cloke, took to his heels with all possible cident, engaged me [Greselius] to open his speed, as if nothing had happened to him ; body, and I found that he died of a mortifi- and since that time he has enjoyed a good cation of the pancreas. He was an extra ftate of health.
The following Memoirs of Mrs. WILLIAMS, being of a very inte
refting Nature, will, we hope, be acceptable to many of our readers. M
Y father was a Gentleman of an an- Gentleman, who had more beauty than for
family in the West of England, tune. and one of the Representatives in Parliament I was the first-fruit of their union. Nefor the county in which he lived. He had ver, fire, were two people of more different an estate of three thouland pounds a year. characters. He was, in theory, a philosoHe married the daughter of a neighbouring pher, loved reading, had a liberal education,
was born with Arong natural sense, some science of thinking and acting with judgment wit, and violent paflions. He read man and propriety. Young, as I was, I foon kind with too critical an eye, which naturally found the utility of his lessons on these tivo led hiin to disike them, the consequence of important subjects. I saw, however, with which was, that he was satyrical and morose. infinite concern, that I was a theme of perMy mother was, in every respect, the leaft petual contention between my parents; and calculated of any woman living to make him one day, being alone with my father, I inhappy. She was gay, giddy, illiterate, treated him, with the utmost energy, to cease good-natured, and vain to an excess ; The Chewing any partiality to me. He answered had just that share of understanding, whichna- me, with some warmth, ' That he was malture seems to have disposed of, in equal, but ter of his own time, and should dispose of it finall parcels, amongst my sex. she could as he pleased ; and that he should not alter, keep up a conversation, for a day together, nor suffer me to change, either the manner or with life and spirit, without saying any nature of my studies, on any consideration thing ; and was, what the world calls, a whatsoever. Thus I was condemned to very agreeable woman; but what my father suffer what I could not avoid ; however, the thought a very trifling one. She was, how- affiction I felt on being the cause (though ever, a good breeder, for in the course of an innocent one) of the daily diffenfions, and seven years he had brought my father as increase of coolness between my parents, many children. The education of the boys wrought at last upon my conftitution, and I was easily decided, as it was left intirely to became thin, pale, and languid; and, instead my father's direction ; but that of the girls of that flow of fpirits which was natural to (of which we are two) occafioned violent de- me, I grew pentive, inactive, and melanbates between our parents. My father asserted, choly. My father was the first who perthat women were rendered foolith and ridi- ceived the declining state of my health, and culous by their education, and that, if their asked me, one day, with great tenderness, minds were properly cultivated, they might what was my complaint ? And whether ! be made rational beings as well as the men. was really ill or no I answered him, that I My mother, on the contrary, insisted, that was certainly far from being well, but that I they were, without education, more rational did not know what was the matter with me. than their matters; and that learning (as He replied, with vivacity, · But I do! it is the termed it) only served to render a girl your mother's ill-treatment of you that ridiculous in the eyes of her own sex, and breaks your heart ; she would be glad of is contemptible in those of the men. How- but I mall take care to prevent her having ever, as I was now near seven years old, it that satisfaction, by removing you out of the was necesary to decide the affair; so they reach of her malice.' So saying, he left compounded matters, and it was agreed be. me. I judged, from his words, that I was tween them, that my father should bring me destined to leare honie foon, for some time; up actording to his own plan; and that the and I was not sorry for it. That day, at hould have the intire direction and disposal dinner, my father, looking at me with an air of my fifter Sophia, who was one year younger of more familiar goud humour than ufuat, than myself. From this moment I becaine said, · Charlotte, my dear, should you like the favourite of my father, and the averfion to sue London ?' I answered, Yes, Sir; of my mother. I had already shewed a taste there are many things in it which ! often for reading. He taught me the elernents of wished to fee, and if you was to go with me, geography, and made me read history, with the I think I Mould be delighted with fuch a globes before ine; always making me point journey. "I don't answer for that, replied out upon them the part of the world I was he, but I promise you that you shall go there, then reading about : In short, I took as if it is agreeable to you. I will write to. much pleasure in learning, as he did in teach- morrow to my filler, to inform her of my ining me. I had also masters to teach me tention of letting you pass the winter with French, writing, arithmetic, drawing, and her : She has often asked you of me, but, dancing ; music, he said, was fuch an in- till now, I thought you too young. I law chantress, that if I had a taste for it, I Mould in my mother's countenance, that she was dedicate too much of my time to it; and, if I not pleased with my father's intention of had none, I luuld never make any profici- fending me to my aunt's. She was jealous ency in the art; and that it would als of the improvements I might makein London, wavs be in my power, in a short time, to by having better masters than could be prolearn to ting a ballad, and thrum the guitar- cured in the country, as well as from being re, after I had learned what he thought much introduced into a larger circle of gentec) mue e leptial, and which he called the company than I had hitherto been : These