Page images

To express their fincere concern, that his the House, that the House had attended his Majesty's endeavours to bring back his fub- Majesty, on the 11th, with their address ; to jects in America to a just sense of their duty which his Majesty was pleased to give this have hitherto proved fá little fuccef ful ; and most gracious answer : to assure his Majesty, that, as the state of his Gentlemen, Majesty's Government there does undoubt- • I return you my fincere thanks, for your ly well deserve the serious attention of Par- loyal and dutiful address ; I foe, with great liament, no endeavours all be wanting on pleasure, the continuance of that zeal and their part to make effectual provisions against public Spirit

, which I have always expethe unwanrantable measures carried on in rienced from my faithful Commons, in the Toine of his Majesty's colonies, which are fo assurances you give me of paying an early irreconcileable to every principle of coinmer- attention to the important objects recial fubferviency to the interelt of the mother commended to your consideration. My country that ought to prevail in colonies, and interest and those of my people must ever be which, by attempting to subject the highet the same ; and, in pursuing such measures legal authority to the controul of individuals, as are most conducive to their real happiness, tend to fubvert the foundation of all Go- you will give to me the truest and soft acvernment.

ceptable testimony of your attachment to my To assure his Majesty, that they will, person and government' with the utmost chearfulness and dispatch, There was no material business tranfeed grant the necessary fupplies for the fèrvice in the House till the 25th, when a bill passed of the current year.

for continuing an act made in the last lession To acknowledge with the warneft grati- of Parliament, to prohibit for a further time tude, that the welfare of these kingdoms the exportation of com, grain, meal, malt, has been the constant object of his Majesty's four, bread, biscuit, and starch, and allo the wishes, and the univearied rule of his actions, extraction of low wines and spirits from wlicat

To offer to his Majesty their most dutiful and wheat flour. And the same day it thanks, for the favourable opinion which his was resolved, That a number of land-forces, Majesty is pleased to entertain of the conduct including one thousand five hundred and of his Parliament ; and to afiure his Ma- twenty-two invalids, amounting to sevenjefty, that they will steadily persevere in such teen thousand fix hundred and fixty-fix principles as are most agreeable to the true effective men, Commission and Non-commilspirit of this free Constitution, and invaria- fion Officers included, be employed for the bly pwsue such measures as are most condu- year 1770. cive to the real happiness of the people. That a fum, not exceeding 624,9921. os.

To declare, that, carnestly desirous of juso 2d. be granted to his Majesty for defraving tifying to all the world his Majesty's gracious the charge of 17,666 effective men, for guards declaration of his confidence in then, they garisons, and other of his Majesty's landxvill make it their study to avoid all heats forces, in Great Britain, Jersey, and Guernand animolities among themselves, which, fey, for the year 1970, they are truly senlible, is at this time pecu- That a lúm, not exceeding 383,2481. is. ļiarly necesary, to give weight to their deli. vid. l, be granted to his Majetty, for mainberations, to establish the prosperity, and to taining liis Majesty's furces and garrimaintain in its true lustre the reputation, of fons in the plantations and Africa, including this country:

thote in garrison at Minorca and Gibraltar, And that, while they on their part are and for provisions for the forces in Nonb faithfully executing the truft reposed in them, America, Nova Scotia, Newfoundland, by endeavouring to the utmost of their power Gibraltır, the Ceded Lilands, and Africa, to promote these good ends, they truit that for the year 1770. all who live under this happy Conftitution That a sum, not exceeding 4,5331. 125, will be convinced how indispensably it is 8d be granted to his Majesty, for defraying their duty to pay that obedier.ce to the laws, the charge of the difference of piy between and just reverence to lawful authority, by the British and Irish establithinent of five which alone their own rigbts can be preier. hattalions and four companies of foot, lavved, and the distinguineu bleilings which ing in the Itle of Man, at Gibraltar, Minor: they enjoy above all other nations be render- ea, and the Ceded Ilands, for the year 1770. ed secure and permanent.

A Committee That a fum not exceeding 12,20;l. 1864 was appointed to draw up an address, to be 6d. į, be granted to his Majeity, for the pay presented to his Majetty, upon this resolu- of the General and General Staff-offices in rion).

Great Britain for the year 1770. On the 19th, Mi, Speaker reported to That a sum, not exceeding 4,513 tés. &d. be granted to his Majesty, for defraying to his Majesty, the duties upon malt, mum, the charge of full pay, for 365 days, for the cyder, and perry, which, by an act of Parliaa' year 1770, to Officers reduced, with the ment of the gth year of his present Majesty's tenth company of several battalions reduced reign, have continuance to the 24th day of from ten to nine companies, and who re- June, 8770, be further continued and chargmained on half-pay at the 24th day of De- ed upon all malt which shall be made, and cember, 1765.

all mum which shall be made or imported, That a fum, not exceeding 6641. be grant- and all cyder and perry which shall be made ed to his Majesty, for the paying of penfions for sale within the kingdom of Great Britain, to the widows of such reduced Officers of from the 2 3d day of June, 1770, to the 24th his Majesty's land-forces and marines, as day of June, 1771. died upon the establishment of half-pay in The order of the day being read, for the Great Britain, and were married to them be- attendance of Dr. Musgrave, of Plymouth; fore the 25th day of December, 1716, for and the House being informed, that the faiá the year 1770.

Dr. Mulgrave had material information to That a fum, not exceeding 123,2 331. 25. lay before the House touching an application 6d. be granted to his Majesty, upon account

made by him to the Earl of Hallifax, in the of the reduced Officers of his Majesty's land- month of May 1765, the said Earl being forces and marines, for the year 1770.

then his Majesty's principal Secretary of That a fun, not exceeding 12891. 15. 3d. State, to inquire into the truth of the account be granted to his Majesty, for defraying the given by him to the faid Earl, in relation to charge for allowances to the several Officers the means by which the late peace had been and private Gentlemen of the two trcops of obtained ; Dr. Musgrave was called in, and horse-guards reduced, and to the fuperan- heard at the har, and examined thereto : nated Gentlemen of the fourtroops of horfe- ' And several Members, in their places, gave guards, for the year 1770.

information to the House of what they knew That a fum, not exceeding 166,9841. 115. touching the faid matter; and then Dr. 5d. be granted to his Majeliy, for the charge Musgrave was further heard, and then he of the Office of Ordnance, for land-service, was directed to withdraw. The House then for the year 1770.

came to the following resolution : That a fum, not exceeding 40,9331. 105. That it appears to this House, that the in8d. be granted to his Majesty, for defraying formation given by Dr. Musgrave, in the the expence of services performed by the Ol year 1765, to the Earl of Hallifax, at that fice of Oninance, for land-service, and not time one of his Majesty's principal Secreta-' provided for by Parliament in 1769. ries of State, and now laid by Dr. Mulgrave On the 26th, a bill passed the House, to

before this House, was in the highest degree continue, for a further time, an act made in frivolous and unworthy of credit, and as fuch the 8th year of his present Majelty's reign, could not afford any reasonable foundation intitled, An act, to continue and amend an for prosecuting the inquiry demanded by the act made in the stb year of the reign of his faid Dr. Mulgrave. present Majesty, intitled, An act for impor- On the ad of February, a bill passed the fation of falted beef, pork, bacon, and hut- House for naturalising John Daniel Cailter, from Ireland, for a limited time, and for ler ; -and it was the same day retolved, allowing the importation of falted beef, pork, That 16,000 men be employed for the bacon, and butter, from the British domi- fea-fervice, for the year 1970, including nions in A.nerica, for a limited time. 4287 marines. And On the 29th, his Majesty, being come to

That a fum, not excee:ling 41. per man the House of Peers, gave the royal allent to per month, be allowed for maintaining the the tivo recited public bills.

laid : 6,000 men, for 13 months, including The same day, a bill passed the House, ordnance for sea-service. for inclemnifying all persons, tvith respect to On the 5th, three bills paffeil the House ; allviling, or carrying into execution, his the first, for natur lising John Caspar SchneiMajesty's orders of Council, made for pre- der; the second, for punishing mutiny, venting the spreading of a contagious distem- and desertion, and for the better payment of per amongit the horned catde, and for ren- the army and their quarters; and the third, dering the lame vaid and effectual; and for to enable the Right Hon. Gcorge Sackville, preventing uits in canlèquence thereof; and commonly called Lord George Sackville

, to authorise the continuing, extending, and apd his issue male, to take and use the furexecuting the fame, for a further tim. name of Germain, purfiiant to the will of And it was resolved,

the Right Hon the Lady Elitabeth Germain, That, towards saising the supply granted cocoaiel.




On the 6th, it was resolved, that a sum On the 9th, a bill passed the House for a not exceeding 406,38ol. 138. ud. be mending the road, from St. Stephen's gate, granted to his Majesty for the ordinary of the in the city of Norwich, to Block-bill

, in navy, including half-pay to lea and marine Trowse, at the angle where the rond divides Officers, for the year 1770. And to Bixley and Kisby, in the county of Nor

That a sum, not exceeding 283,68;1. be folk. granted to his Majesty, towards the build- On the 13th, a bill palled the House, to ings, an.) rebuildings, and repairs of ships of enable his Majesty to licenfe a playhouse, in war in his Majesty's yards, and other extra the town or place commonly called or works, over and above what are proposed to known by the name of Dock Town, in the be dore upon the heads of wear and tear and parish of Stoke Damafell, in the county of ordinary, for the year 1770.

Devon. On the 7th, four bills passed the House ; On the 14th, two bil's passed the House : the first, for continuing and granting to his The first, for the regulation of his MaMajesty certain duties upon malt, mum, jesty's marine forces, while on thore ; and cyder, and perry, for the lervice of the year the second, for granting an aid to his Ma1970 ; The fecond, for naturaliling Adam jesty, by a land-tax, to be raised in Great Kroll. The third, also for naturalising Britain, for the service of the year 1770. Christian Gottlieb Schuster ; and the fourth, On the 15th, it was resolved, That a to enable his Majesty to license a playhouse, fum, not exceeding 235,2641. 1os. gd. }, in the town of Liverpoole, in the county Pa- be granted to his Majesty, towards defray. latine of Lancaster,

ing the extraordinary expences of his MaOn the 8th, it was resolved, that, towards jelly's land-forces, and other services, incurraising the supply granted to his Majesty, thered to the 26th day of December, 1769, sum of 3s. in the pound, and no more, be and not provided for by Parliament. Anx raifed, within the space of one year, from That a sum, not exceeding 112,423l. the 25th day of March, 1770, upon lands, 45. 7d. be granted to bis Majesty, upon tenements, heredita'nents, pentions, offices, account, towards defraying the charge of and perfonal estates, in that part of Great out-pensioners of Chelsea Hospital, für the Britain called England Wales, and the town year 1770. of Berwick upon Tweed ; and that a proportionabie cess, according to the ninth article

[To be continned. ] of the treaty of Union, be laid upon that part of Great Britain, called Scotland.

[ocr errors]

Review of the Proceedings and Debates in the Upper Chamber of a certain

Alsembly, during the Course of the lajt Month.

, on a very great debate, in conie. Noble L-d who introducel the bill, yet he quence of a motion made by L-de-m, could not but differ with him in this point, To repeal and rescind the resi lutions of as thinking it vnpitcedented and illegal, it the Lower Chamber, in regard to the ex- being totally unbelonging to that Chamber pulsion and incapacitation of Mr. Wilkes.' to call to account the adjudication of the

L-AT- e opened the debate, and ex- other.' He observed, · That this was the patiated largely on the illegal assumption of only business of any consequence tranfacted that meline; arraigned the adjudication in there fince the follion began, and, notwithvery spirited terms; and urged the repeal of standing every determination was carsied aa grievance, that so apparently struck at the gainst it, he was surprised, at alınost the end vitals of all liberty. In this he was seconded of the session, to find the same question fil by the D-kc of Rd and Led agitated; that, for his part, he could not L-1: who added, “That, as the mode charge his memory, or his reading, whan of bringing on this question was before ob- the L-s ever interfered in a like nature; jected to, that objection could no longer and that, for these and many other reafons have any weight, as it was now introduced he was against the bill'

Lord C- -m then rose, and spoke to die L-d-gh replied to this in a very following purport : long speech, and talked a great deal of the • My L-ds inherent exclusive power of the Lower «The Noble L-d who spoke laft has been Chamber : " That, though he had a great very loud against this motion. He frems to

by a bill."


[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]


be very angry with the Supporters of this « 'Tis an unweeded garden ; things measure, but then he is angry in such a fort, • Rank and gross in nature possess it that I am sure no-body can be angry with merely? him : I shall, therefore, wave replying to fome reflections he has thrown out upon the • As for my particular part, though I faction, as he is pleased to call it, and take will not aid the voice of faction, I will aid a short review of the cause of this motion. - the just complaints of the people ; and, Here are 1143 legal, fivorn freeholders, while I have strength to crawl upon the survote a Gentleman their M-r of P-ti face of the earth, I will exert the whole of against 296 who oppose him : With this ap- my poor abilities in their honest efforts; and parent majority, he comes to take his seat I here pledge myself to their cause, as I am so given him by the laws and constitution of convinced it is the cause of truth and justice. his country. But what do the Lower 'I am afraid, my Lords, this measure Chamber? Why, they shut the door in his has sprung too near the Pce.--I am face, and, by a new State-arithmetic, make forry for it : But I hope his My will 296 a greater number than 1143.—Is not fjon open his eyes, and see it in all its dethis, my L-ds, flying in the face of all law formity. [Here L-d P-t interrupred and freedom ? Is not this apparently robbing him, by calling to order, for his remarking the freeholders of their liberty, and making so freely in the last part of his speech). On a mere farce of Englishmen's birth-rights? which L-d Comm again got up, and It is very true, the Lower Chamber had a said: "I do not retract my words,-I right, if petitioned for by C-, esteem the King in his personal capacity, I to inquire minutely into the qualifications of revere him in his political one; and on these his Opponent's Electors; to admit none as principles I hope he will see it, and see it in such, but those duly qualified by law; and, such a light, that he will redress it by the after making these deductions, then deter-: dissolution of a Chamber that could adopt mine for the majority. But, when none of such a measure.' this was even pretended to, but his leat, L-dm-d(from whom the title of point-blank, taken away from him, and the bill had been concealed, in order to given to another, it is an outrage that strikes prevent a preconcerted opposition to the at the letter, as well as the spirit of our bill; for his L p was supposed to be the laws.

Adviser of the present Miniltry) framed • It has been urged, my L-ds, that with fingular art and sophistry a few trifling there is no precedent for one Charnber ta- objections, but carefully concealed his opiking cognisance of the proceedings of the nion of thic meafure which gave rise to the other; but, if my memory serves me right -bill; faying he had carefully deposited it in (and I have very lately refreshed it) I re- the breat of one of the Royal family (meanmember one exactly parallel, in the case of ing the D- of C- -d] and should neTitus Oates, in the reign of Queen Anne, ver declare it to any other. He then went where the Commons took cognisance of the on what he called the competency of the proceedings of the Lords on that subject; Lower Chamber to determine upon the Midso that it is no new thing for one to be a dlesex election, and concluded with being check on the other, as it is not only elta. against the second reading of the bill ;blished by precedent, but by the mode of which was giving the tone (as it is called) to our constitution,

the rest of the Courtiers. • It is faid, my L-ds, that a spirit of To this it was hinted by L-C—m, discontent has gone abroad. I should be That he did not mean any thing personal to surprised if it had not; for, How can it be the Adviser of that measure ; it w26 the otherwise, when, to use a familiar expres- baneful advice that he detelted and spoke fion, C-L

--l sits in the lap of against ; not but that, if the Adviser would Mr. Wilkes ; . when a corrupt Lower step forth and declare himself, he should then Chamber invert all law and order, and deny more personally announce his sentiments. the just privilege the Electors claim by the L-C--n next stood up, and (poke conftitution of these kingdoms ? When a ma- with great spirit and energy. He compared jority in that Chamber becomes a Minister's the proceedings on the Middlesex elcation State-engine to effect the worst of purposes, to the magnitude of the violation of the and to produce such monstrous and unconsti- people's rights in the case of hip-money. tutional acts, thatone cannot helpexclaiming, He faid no-body doubted the competency of in the language of Shakespeare,

the Judges to give judgment upon that me

morable case; but their unjult judgment • Fie on it! oh fie!

was condemned by the whole kingdom, as LI


[ocr errors]

contrary to the principles of the English con- Then it was moved, that the faid bill be Ititution. In like inanner, he faid, no- rejected. body doubts the competency of the Lower The question was put thereupon. Chamber to give judgment upon contro- It was resolved in the affirmative. verted elections; but their judgment must Dillentient be according to law and the constitution. Because, the foundations of this bill being Now, their judgment upon the Middlesex fo fully laid in the reasons contained in two ekction, he affirmed, was utterly fubvertive protests entered upon the journals of this of the constitution, and directly contrary to Chamber on the 2d day of February laft, we the express letter of the law. That it was think it indispensably necessary to protett aa deeper and more dangerous wound to the gainft the rejection of the same, to the intent liberties of this country, than any which had that it may be delivered down to pofterity, been given during the twelve years absence that this great constitutional and effectual of Parliament in the reign of Charles the method of remedying an unexampled griev. First. He went into a full examination of ance hath not been left unattempted by us; the people's rights; and said, that every in- and that, to our own times, we ntay stand dividual in the kingdom was interested in men determined to persevere in renewing, au this determination, and called upon not to every occasion, our utmost endeavours to ob fit Gilent at this great and alarming crisis. tain that redress, for the violated rights of This had been his opinion a long time; the subject, and for the injured electors of that he never disguised his opinion ; that, if Great Britain, which, in the present moment, the Ministry Mill continued to deny the an over-ruling fatality hath prevented fron people redress, they would seek and obtain taking effect ; thereby refuling reparation it with their own hands. He called upon and comfort to an oppressed and anticted the Noble L-d upon the wool-pack with people. the most delicate touches of irony ; some- Chatham. Portland. Plymouth. Rocktimes deep arguments, and at all times per- ingham. Abingdon. Boyle. Grosvenor. fuafion, to give forth his real opinion upon Stanhope. Ponsonby. Suffolk. Richthis matter. But all in vain ; for, after he mond. Radnor. Archer. Fitzwilliam. had worked him in every possible shape, his Temple. Torrington. Rutland. Joha wily antagonist held his head abalheil, and Bangor. Wycombe. Fortescue. Hundurft not reply one word.

tingdon. Tankerville. Abergavenny. He further said, That, though this bill King. Ferrers. Lyttelton. Boltoo. might be fatally rejected, he trusted in the Camden. Coventry: Buckinghamshire. good sense of the people of this country, that Scarborough. Northumberland. Manthey would renew their claims of their inhe- chefter. rent and unalienable right to a true and free representation in Parliament, next feffions; On Friday, May the 4th, another great and the next after that, if necessary; and, debate came on in the fame Chamber, in conif the fame fatal influence should then conti- sequence of the following resolution being nue, he would still trust to the good sense of moved by the E-1 of Cm: Englishmen, that, at the next general elec- • That it is the opinion of this Chamber, tion, they would not lofe fight of the object that the advice, inducing his M-y to of this bill ; and that then they would make give the answer to a late humble address, resuch a compact with the elected, as to pro- monstrance, and petition, of the Lord cure an equal representation, and a full re- Mayor, Aldermen, and livery of the city of dress of the many difficulties under which London, in Common-hall affembled, is of a they at present laboured.

moft dangerous tendency ; inasmuch as Lord Ste, in a severe speech upon thereby the exercise of the clearest rights of the Ministry, endeavoured to call up L-d the subject; namely, to petition the KMd, but it was impossible.

for redress of grievances ; to complain of The E-S—pe said, He had prepa- violation of the freedom of election ; to red to go abroad, but altered his mind on pray for a dissolution of Parliament; to account of this national and great constitu- point out male-practices in Adminiftration; tional caufe ; which he was determined to and to urge the removal of evil Minifters i support, at the expence of his life, if necef- has, under pretence of reproving certain fary

parts of the said remonft:ance and petition, · L-Ger made the motion for throw- by the generality of one compendious word, ing out the bill. And, it being near ten op • Contents,' been indiscriminately checked dock, the Chamber called out for the with reprimand; and the afflicted citizens Question ; the question' was put, when 89 of London have heard from the throne itwere against the bill, and 43 were for it. fusht, that we contents of their humble ad.


« PreviousContinue »