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nue, for a limited time, an act, made in That provision be made for the pay and the 7th year of his present Majesty s reign, cloathing of the militia, and for their subintitled " An act to discontinue, for a limited listence during the time they fall be abient time, the duties payable upon the importa- from home, on account of the annual exer. tion of tallow, hogs-lard, and grease. cile, for the year 1770.
On the 21st, it was resolved, That an On the 27th, four bills passed the House : humble address be presented to his Majesty, The first, for dividing, allotting, and inThat he will be graciously pleased to give closing the open fields, and commonable directions, that there be laid before this places, in the parish of Saddington, in the House accounts of all such Associations, in county of Leicester : The second, to contihis Majesty's Colonies and Plantations in nue and render more effectual an act of the America, not to import into the said Colo- rift year of his late Majesty, for repairing nies, from Great Britain, certain goods and several roads, in the counties of Dorset and merchandise, as have been publified in the Devon, leading to and through the borough said Colonies, and tranfmitted to his Ma of Lime Regis, and for repairing the road, jesty's Principal Secretaries of Stare, or to from the turnpike-road on Oplyme-hill, to
the Commiflioners for Trade and Planta-“ the tuimpike-road at the Three Ames, in tions, lince the first of August, 1768; the parish of Crewherne in the county of and it was ordered that the said address be Somerset ; and other roads therein menpresented to his Majesty by such Members tioned: The third, for amending the road of tiis House as are of his Majesty's most from Aylesbury, in the county of Buckinghonourable Privz-council.
ham, through Thame and Little Milton, On the 22d, two bills passed the House : to the turnpike-road between Bentin ton and The first, for dividing and inclosing the open Shillingford, in the county of Oxford : fields, c mmon meadows, common paltures, And the fourthi
, for better regulating the commons, and waste grounds, in the parish navigation of tne river ! rent, froin wilden of Waddington, in the county of the city of Ferry, otherwise Caverdin Bridge, in the Lincoln ; and the second, for naturalising county of Derby, to Gainsborough, in the John-Julius Angerstein.
county of Lineoin. The same day, it was resolved, That a On the 28th, four bills passed the House: fum, not exceeding 4800l. be granted to his The first, for repairing and widening the Majesty, upon account, for defraying the road from Upton, in the parish cf Ratley, expences of the civil establishment of his
to the north end of Bridge-Itreet, in the town Majesty's colony of Weit - Florida, and of Great Kington ; -and from thence to the other incidental expences attending the same, Guide-post at the town of Welbournefrom the 24th of June, 1769, to the 24th Hastings, in the county of Warwick: I he of Jone, 1770.
second, to continue, amend, and render That a fum, not exceeding 4750l. be more effectual, the leveral acts now subliit. granted to his Majesty, upon account, for ing, for repairing the road from Dunchurch defraying the expences of the civil establish to Stonebridge, in the county of Warwick : inent of his Majesty's colony of East-Flo The third, for repairing, widening, and rida, and other incidental expences attending keeping in repair, the road from New Chathe same, from the 24th of June, 1769, ti pel, in the county of Surry, over Copthorne, the 24th of June, 1770.
in the county of Suflex, through Lindfield, That a lum, not exceeding 30861. be to the town of Ditchling, up to the top of granted to his Majesty, upon account, for Ditchling-Bosthills, in the laid county of defraying the charges of the civil establish- Sussex : And the fourtli, to enlarge the ment of his Majesty's colony of Georgia, term and powers of an act, made in the zot and other incidental expences attending the year of the reign of his late Majesty, for refame, from the 24th of June, 1769, to the pairing the road from Leeds to Sheffield, in 24th of June, 1770,
the county of York, so far as the same ieThat a fum, not exceeding 42391. sd. lates to the road fioin Leeds to Wakefield. le granted to his Majesty, upon account, för The same day, a motion was made, and, maintaining and fupporting the civil establish- the question being put, tht an humble ada ment of his Majelly's colony of Nova Scotia, drets be pretented to his Majesty, That he for the year 1770.
will be graciouíly pleased to give ilirections, That a sum, not exceeding 188 51. 45. be that there be laid before this House an acgranted to his Majesty, upon account, for count of all the Civil-litt expenccs which defraying the expences attending general were incurred, or became die, between the surveys of liis Majesty's dominions in North 5th day of January, 1769, and the sth day America, for the year 1770. And of January, 1770, accorling to the estar
blishment and other appointments then in It was also resolved, that an humble ad. use, it palles in the negative.
dress be presented to his Majesty, That he On ihe ist of March, two bills passed will be graciously pleased to give directions, the House : The first, for repairing the road, that there be laid before this House an acfrom the Bridge on the old river at Barton, count of all monies issued by any of his Ma. to Brandon Bridge, in the county of Suf- jesty's Receivers or Collectors, or their 2folk: And the second, for dividing and in- gents, for his Majesty's fecret and special closing certain open fields and common paf fervice, from the 25th day of October, tures, in the parish of Scawby, in the coun 1960, to the 25th day of October, 1968; ty of Lincoln.
distinguishing each year. And I he same day, a petition of the coal That an humble address be presented to heavers working on the river Thames was his Majesty, That he will be graciously presented to the House and read ; letting pleased to give directions, that there be laid forth, That the petitioners have, for a num before this Houte an account of all monies ber of years, laboured und-r the greatest issued by any cf his late Majesty's Receihardships, through the cruel impositions of vers or Collectors, or their agents, for his a fet of men who call themselves Coal-un- faid Majesty s fecret and special service, from dertakers, who have obliged the petitioners the 25th day of O&tober, 1752, to the 25th to give them a very great part of what they day of October, 1760; distinguishing each eam, in order to obtain employinent from year. them; by which means their wives and
On the sth, four bills passed the House : children have been reduced to starving; The first, for dividing and inclosing an open and, in case of fickness or death, the Un- common, or tract of ground, parcel of dert.kers have never contributed to their re Mencip, in the parishes of East-Cranmore lief, but left them a hurthen to the several and Welt-Cranmore, in the county of Soparishes where they refide; and that these merset : The Second, for repairing and wiCoal-undertakers are, in their profesfiun, an dening the road from Lewes to Brighthelm. unnecessary body of men; and that the coal- stone in the county of Suflex: The third, trade can be better carried on without them, for dividing and inclosing the open com. by an Office properly establithed by Parlia- mons, witnin the manor or lordship of ment; and therefore praying the House to Brampton, in the parish of Longmarton, in take their cale into contideration, and cause the county of Westmoreland. And the an amendment to be made to an act of Par fourth, for sepairing, widening, and keepliament, parsed in the year 1758, for their ing in repair; the road leading from the relief and regulation ; which act has been Eaton-bridge turnpike-ruad, at Cockhamfound to be deficient, and ineffectual to an hill, in the parish of Westerham, in the swer the purpotes cf protecting the petitioners county of Kent, through the village of from the inpositions they labour under ; Limpsfield, to the village of Tidey, over and that such an amendment of the said act Botley-hill, Worm sheath, and Wallingmay be made, as the House shall judge ne ham common, to the turnpike-road leading cesary, to enable the petitioners to enjoy the from Croydon to Godltone, in the county fruits of their labour, without being impo- of Sury. fed on by a set of mercenary men, which, The fame day, two petitions were prethe petitionerpresume, has been the occa fented to the lioufe and read : The first, of fien of all the disturbances that have hap- the Lord-mayor, Aldermen, and Commous pened where the petitioners re.de. It was of the City of London, in Common-council ordered that the said petition be referred to assembled; setting forth, That the peti. the consideration of a Committee, to exa tioners observe, by the Votes, that the Commine the matter thereof, and report the fame, missioners for putting in execution an act as it should appear to them, to the Houfe ; for paving the streets and lanes evithin the and a Committee was appointed according town and borough of Southwark have peti. ly, impowered to lend for persons, papers, tioned for power to collect a small daily toll and records; and all were to have voices, on carriages not used in trade, and on who came to the Committee, to whom the faddle hories; and to have the said act, in taid petition was referred.
some other respects, amended and explained; Afterwards it was resolved, That the and that the Commissioners for putting in charge of the pay and cioathing of the mi execution the several acts for paving, cleanlitia, in that part of Great Britain called Eng- fing, and lighting the city and liberty of land, for one year, beginning the 25th day Westminster, have petitioned for the like of March, 1979, be defiayed out of the power to collect a inall daily toll, on every movies anunt by the land-iax granted for day in the weck, except Sundays, at the fevethe service of the year 1770.
ral gates or turnpikes mentioned in an act of
the sth of his present Majesty's reign, for have been subjected to civil adjudication, collecting tolls on Sundays ; and that the incompatible with the English constitution, petitioners conceive the additional tolls, and pregnant with hardships exceeding all prayed for by the said petitioners, will be a example ; and that the King's causing such great burthen upon the public in general, monies to be applied, out of certain Aineriand
upon the inhabitants of this city and the can revenues, as he thall think proper or liberties thereof in particular; and therefore necessary, for defraying the charges of adpraying the House, that they may be heard, ministering justice, and supporting civil geby Council, against the said petitions, and vernment, within all or any of the Colonies, may receive such relief as the nature of would be such a seizure of their immediate their case may require, and to the House civil government into the King's hands, as Thall seem meet. — -The faid petition was would be attended with unspeakable diffiordered to be referred to the confideration of culties and hardhips; would subvert, pro the Committee, to whom the petition of the tanto, the proper conftitution of the ColoCommissioners for putting in execution an nies, which are, in their nature, and by their act of Parliament made in the 6th year of instituti »n, diftinét members of the Comhis present Majesty, for paving the streets monwealth established by the wisdom of forand lanes within the town and borough of mer ages; and would be inconfiftent with Southwark, and certain parts adjacent, in the the charter granted to the province of county of Surry; and for cleansing, light- Massachuset's - bay by their late Majesties ing, and watching the same, &c. was rc King William and Queen Mary; and that ferred ; and that these petitioners be heard, the junction of the Colonies, for the purby their Council, before the said Committee, poses of civil government, is manifestly reupon their petition, if they think fit. pugnant to that standing policy of their fe
The second, of William Bollan, setting verance, whereby they have been so well goforth, that, in his present Majelty's reign, verned from the time of their existence; and measures have been devised, and laws made, that the application of monies raised in a Cofor raising a revenue for several purposes out lony, which defrays all the proper and neof American commerce ; the natural aug. cetiary charges of administering justice and mentation whereof, thus prevented, would supporting civil government there, to pay have caused a continual growing consump the charges of such adminiftration and fuption of British manufactures, with a con- port in any other Colony neglecting its duty ftant increase of British navigation, the source in this behalt, would be a plain departure of their naval power; would in circuit have from the perinanent principle of natural jul. inriched the King and kingdoin far more by tice; and that the new syitem of defending, consent, than they could he by any compul- protecting, and securing the Coloni's, defion; would have preserved in its former vised and practised by his Majesty's Mifull strength that cordial union of the British niiters, is likewile improvident, oppressive, subjects residing in Britain and the Colo. and dangerous to the kingdom and the Conies, which is apparently necessary to their lonies ; and that, in consequence of the premutual and lasting welfare; and would, ceiling and other Ministerial measures, the moreover, have augmented the abilities of British manufactures, trade, and navigation, the Britih Americans, and given fresh spirit have been discouraged, and British America to their laudable inclination to venture their reduced from a state of quiet, with chearful lives and fortunes against the public enemies, and profitable obedience, to a state of great when they shall renew their hoftilities, which, dittress and dangerous insatisfaction ; and in point of difficulty and danger, may equal that the errors and improvidence of Ministers, or exceed those that were in the late war so with the hostile designs and proceedings of happily surmounted, and which without France to undermine the British American queition, though with uncertain pace, are dominion, trade, and fishery, brought on daily approaching; and that, amongst other the late expensive and dangerous war; and measures, even British manufactures have, British America is now, in consequence of contrary to the plainett principle of com the errors and improvilence of his Majeity's merce, been made the subjects of taxation, Ministers, brought into a ft te of invitation when imported into the colonies; and that of foreign war ; and therefore praying, that regulations of Americain commerce have been he may be heard before the House, in order subjected to military execution, fitter to ex- that he may defend the rights and interest of tirpate, than to regulate, preserve, and in the province aforelaid, and give such necescreafe trade ; and that offences, accusations, sary information as this or the late Parliaand litigations, relative to laws enacted ment have not received; whereby, he hopes, touching the American trade and revenue, the House will be, in fume degree, assisted
in taking those falutary measures, which the folk, to the north-east end of the town of prosperity and safety of the kingdom and the Newmarket, in the county of Cambridge. Colonies, at this interesting conjuncture, I he same day, Mr. Charles Townshend require. It was ordered, That the said pe- reported from the Committee of the whole tition do lie upon the table.
House, to whom it was referred to consider Afterwards it was resolved, That the of the present state of the corn-trade, the Prince's tenant", capable of being Portreeves following resolution, which the Committee of the borough of Fowey, in the county of had directed him to rep it to the House, viz. Cornwall, ave such tenants only as have That it is the opinion of this Committee, been duly admitted upon the Court-rolls of That it is expedient, at this time, to permit the manor, and have done their fealty. the exportation of malt.
On the 6th, a bill pased the Houle, to A motion was made, and, the question enable William Harwood, and his issue, to being put, That the said resolution be retake and use the surname and arms of Back- committed, it passed in the negative. Then well, purluant to the will of William Back- the said resolution, being read a second time, well, deceaferl.
was agreed to by the House, and a bill was The fame day, it was resolved, That it ordered to be brought in, pursuant to the appe is to this Ilouse, that the poll, taken faid resolution. at the late election of a Knight of the Shire, On the 8th, two bills passed the House : to serve in this present Parliament, for the The first, to continue two acts of the 3d county of Pembroke, was in inany instances and 17th years of the reign of King George so irregularly taken, as to render it impof- the Second, for repairing the road leading üble for this Housi to ascertain which of the fron Galley Corner, adjoining to EndfieldCandidates had the majority of legal votes ; chace, in the parish of South Mims, in the and that, therefure, the election is void.
county of Middlesex, to Lemsford Mill, in On the 7th, fix bills passed the House: the county of Hertford: And the second, The first, to enlarge the term and powers of for dividing and inclosing a certain common an act of the 18th year of the reign of or waste ground, called Derby-hills, in the George II, for repairing the road from county of Derby, parcel of the manor of Birmingham, in the county of Warwick, Cattle-Donington, in the counties of Leiihrough Elmdon, to a lane leading by the celter and Derby. end of Stone-bridge, in the said county : On the 9th, four bills passed the House: The second, for repairing and widening the The first, for enabling his Majesty to grant road from Tonitall, in the county of Staf- the inheritance in fee-fimple of the manor of ford, to Bolley, in the county of Chester, Colham, in the county of Wilts, with the and from Great Chell to Shelton in the said rights, members, and appurtenances thereof, county of Stafford : The third, for dividing now held under a demife by letters patent and inclosing certain open and common under the seal of his Majeity's Court of fields, common pastures, common meadows, Exchequer, in trust for Paul Methuen, Efq; and commonable grounds, in the parish of unto the said Paul Methuen and his heirs, Blackbouton, in the county of Oxford : upon a full and adequate consideration to be The fourth, for amending and widening the paid for the same: The second, for amendtoad from St. Benedict's Gate, in the coun the road, from Wellibourn-Moumfort, ty and city of Norwich, to Swaffham, in to Stratford upon Avon, in the county of the county of Norfolk; and from Half. Warwick : The third, to enlarge the term penny Bridge, in Honingham, to the bounds and powers of an act, made in the 20th of Yaxlam; and allo a lane called Hang- year of his late Majesty, for repairing the njan's-lane, near the Gates of the said city: road from Cirencester, in the county of The fifth, for ainending and widening the Gloucester, to Birdlip-hill, in the said counroad from St. Steplien's Gate, in the county ty: And the fourth, for dividing and incioof the city of Norwich, to the Windmill, sing several common fields and commonable in the toivn of Walton, in the county of lands, within the parih of Bulkington, in Nortulk: And the fixth, for enlarging the the county of Warwick; and an amandterm and powers of an act, for amending ment was made by the House to the bill. . the road from Christopher's Bridge, in the
(To be continued.] korough of Thetford in the county of Suf
The Inconveniencies of a Solitary Life, an Eduy.
whom we do rot love, but even to others than a public life; because, in the former, the Heaven gives us the heart as well as the mind is not fo much disturbed by the paf- understanding to part with all fuperfluities. lions, as in the tumult of fociety; and from A man, who quits a great deal for retire- , some of the passions it is intirely exempt: ment, is nevertheless a very great gainer. Hatrei, envy, and ambition, have no hold He has satisfied his ambition ; he has of a person in retirement. He sees nobody; quenched the thirst he had for riches ; he has of whom then should he be jealous ? He de- forgot the injuries done him by enemies; in fires nothing more than what he has; whom fine, by separating himself from mankind, he Thould be envy? He hates the world and has attained to that view which he would it grandeur ; how can he be fusceptible of never have compaffed by staying longer aambition ? The multitude and plenty, mong them. days Charon, are much more frightful than Though a retired life has some advantages retirement and scarcity. In abstinence there over a public one, tending to the happiness is but one duty; but in the management of of life ; yet, it has its dangers and its inmany different things there are many things conveniencies. 'Tis especially pernicious to to be weighed, and fundry duties. 'Tis youth, to whom it often proves fatal to be much more easy to live without estates, ho- left to themselves. Crates, perceiving a nours, dignities, offices, than for a man to young man walking alone, in a solitary conduct and acquit himself in them as he place, admonished him to take care that he ought. 'Tis much easier for a man to live did not converse with a wicked man, nor single than io be incumbered with the charge give ear to his counsel. 'Tis in solitude that of a family, and live altogether as he ought weak minds contrive bad deligns, infame with his wife and children ; so that celibacy their passions, and whet their loose appetites. is an calier fate than that of wedlock.' 'Tis very hazardous for persons to be left to
There's nobody who does not assert to theinselves, unless they have a good headthe units of what Charon says. The weight piece, and a well settled mind. of his argument will be more plainly per As we ought to study every thing that ceived, if it be considered, that every neces may render us better men, for the same reafity adds to a man's unhappiness; and son we ought to hun retirement, in which that he brings cares and troubles upon himn we have cause to be fearful of ourselves, and felf, in proportion to the alliances which he are deprived of all the advantages which we forms with a great number of persons, who may expect to meet with in civil society. Ą thereby become dear to us; for their vexa man of the best understanding, he who has tions give is concern ; their uneasinesles af- the 'art of contentment, is nevertheless unA:Et us; their pains torment us, and their easy sometimes to be deprived of all manner furrows oppress us. Thus, in public life, of conversation; he changes his mind there'we are obliged not only to bear our own fore by degrees till he loses that tranquillity misfortunes, but those of persons with and of which he had a caste when he was first ré'for whom we are engaged ; and, even cluded from a correspondence with mantho: h we were not united to them by kind. Then there is some danger of his frienclip, but only by interest, we are ever falling into a milanthropy which will poison obliged to take a share in what affects them, every thing that pleased him before, and not and their aMictions rebound partly upon our- only make him averse to things which are felves. If the great man who protects us, foreign to him, but render him even hateful and to whom we are attached, not by affec to himself. tion but from political views, suffers dif The wiseft and the most eminent of the grace, we are involved in it as much as if he philosophers considered folitude as a state was really clear to us; for his fall draws on that deprived men of all manner of relish, ours with it. In fine, while we are in pub- and even rendered all pleasures infipid tothem; lic life, in what manner foever we adhere to nay, they were of opinion, that, were a man those we are related to, our tranquillity de to be lifted up to the firnament; from pends partly or tl.cirs ; and, how odd loever whence he might, at his ease, furvey the wenit may appear, tis nevertheless certain, that derful theatre of this world, he would have we are often disquieted in public life by the but little taste of the pleasure which fu: a view nu fortunes that happen, not only to perfons would convey to him, if he was to be always