« PreviousContinue »
sons who came by land about eight days af- ber the 7th, 1689, that he wonld be pleased ter, but these were also discovered, as were to put out a proclamation for the apprehendseveral others who endeavoured to furprise ing of Col. Ludlow, attainted for the murthem, but were always disappointed, except der of King Charles I. Whereupon our in the case of Mr. Liile ; which affected author being informed of the motion, lifMr. Say and Col. Bifco so much, that they tened to the lea-tide, whence, after waiting removed first into Germany, and then to near a fortnight for a good wind, he return Holland; whither, upon the breaking out ed to Vevay, where he continued till his of the first Dutch war with King Charles death, which happened in the year 1693, II, they earnestly invited the Lieutenant-ge and in the 73d of his age. His corple was neral to come, in order, as they said, to beaut interred in the best church there, in which, a body of Dutch troops, with which De Witt his Lady erected a monuinent of her conjuproposed to invarie England; but, the Stetes gal affection to his memory whercon are having tamely fuffered Corbut, Okey, and placed the following icription : Barkitead, three of the Reziciies who had taken Thelter at Delft in 1661, to be trepan
Siste gradum et refpice. ned and fent prisoners to England by Sir Hic jacet Edmond Lullow, Anglus, &c. George Downing, King Charles Ild's Minifter, the Lieutenant-general would never
Stop ard bihold. hearken to any offers from the Hague or * Here lies Edmond Ludlow, an EnglishAnsterdam, unless the States would firit man, of the county of Wilts ; fon of diiclaim that action, and next promise not to Henry Ludlow, Knight and Meinber make any treaty without securing all who of Parliament, as he also was; honourashould engige with them; but as this was ble by descent, but more so by his owa fever complied with, he did not stir from virtue : : By religion a Proteltant, and Vevay, thourh he had procured a p.fs from eminent for piety. In the 23d year of the Count D'Efrades for that purpose, had his age, he was inade Colonel of a rehe received the acknowledgment he clemand giment, and soon aftur Lieutenant-geed. Whether the Englith Court had any neral of the army. In that poft, he knowledge of these negociations, or only helped to reduce Ire and ; intrepid and guessed that something of this fort might be careless of life in battle, in victory fet on foot between the fugi.ives and the merciful and humane; a defender of Dutch and French, we know not; but the his country's liberty, and a warm oprencwed and redoubled her cliligen e, thuo' poser of arbitrary po:ver ; for which the Duchess of Orleins and the Queen-mo caule, banished from that country 38 ther of England's means, to get the Lieu years, though worthy of better för. tenant-general and his friends asfaminated, tune, he took refuge in Switzerland, many attempts being made during this trea and, dying there in the 734 year ty, and even after the peace with the Dutch, of his age, regretted by his friends, fler who took no fort of care of any of the Re to the eternal feats of joy. gicides : But it plealed Providence, says he, • His most beloved, courageous, and mof to frustrate, not only all those bloody de. sorrowful confort, as well in misfortune figns, but also to bafile all the endeavours as in matrimony, Mrs. Elisabeth de uted by Charles II, and his mercenary tools, Thomas, who, moved by a greatness of to deprive any of the exiles of the protection mind, and the force of conjugal atrec. granted, and inore than once openly avo ved, tion, constantly followed him in his edile by the canton of Bern to them.' By this till his death, confecrate l this monumzans, the Lieutenant-general not only tur ment in perpetual memory of her true vived Charles II, but lived to see the ruin of and sincere affection to her deceased James II, by the Revolution, in which he husband, in the year of our Lord 1693.' eunestly delired to have been an allittant; and left his re' reat at Vevay, and came to -Her maiden nume feems to be Olf. England, in order to exert his old-age in that worth; our author frequently mentions his ciule ; having some expectations of being father-in-law by that name. She went, employed in Ireland, against the Popish and during her husband's exile, occasionally to other adherents, as he styles them, to the ab. England, to settle her affairs ; and it was dicate! King. In this design he ventured by the income of her fortune, that he was to appear to openly in London, that an ado supported. crels w.is presented to his Majesty King Ludlow's chara ?er has been driwn in Williun from the House of Coinmons, by the course of these Memoirs, to which we the han's of Sir Edward Seymour, Noyez- Mill only add an observation of Mr. Ad
dison, that, during this exile in Switzerland, Charles I, as drawn up by John Conk of though he was a constant frequenter of ser. Gray's-inn, appointed Sollicitor to the High mons and prayers, yet he would never com- Court of Justice again't that Prince, and inmunicate either with those of Geneva, or tended to have been made use of, in cafe bis Vevay. We do not find that he left any if- Majesty bad pleaded to their charge. The fue or any writings, except his Memoirs, Memoirs were foon attacked after ihey caine which were first published about five years out, by fome friend of Croniwell's puty after his death, printed at Vevay, in the can. and principles, in a pamphlet in:i:led, A ton of Bern, in 1698 ; 8vo. And in 1699, Molest Vindication of Oliver Cromwell, a third volume was published, with a collec- &c.' London 1698, 4to. The author of tion of original papers. In 1751, an edi- which published afterwards another piece in tion was printed at London, in one volume 8vo. against the 3d vol. of the Memoirs, folio, to which was added the Cale of King with the title of • Regicides not Saints.'
THOUGHTS on the Completion of the PROPHECIES of the Old and New Testaments, a sufficient Motive to convince Deists, that they were
divinely inspired, and consequently that the Religion revealed in them is true. P
ROPHECY is a miraculous history, by chance, nor by bold conjecture, but by pen, and, being therefore unquestionably a the most diftant periods. The few followbove the reach of human capacity, is a pro- ing examples may serve as a proof of this. per and convincing evidence, that the revela The wilè Lawgiver of the Jews founded a tion, in which it is given, is not a human very important part of that constitution in a production. To pretend to account for the manner extremely injudicious, and improviprescience of the actions of free agents may dent, if we suppose him not to have acted upon be wholly out of our reach in the present divine authority. What I refer to is his ftate ; but we can form fome conception of confining the priesthood, which he declares its being possible.
to be everlafting, to the single family of We commonly see instances of very found Aaron. Had he not done this upon divine judgments passed by wise men on the future authority, he must have run an obvious haconduct of others. May we not rationally zard of the downfall of the religious polity 'expect this judgment, and in a perfect degree he was setting up, by the possible failure of from him, who made us ? He perfectly male issue in Aaron's family, who had only knows our frame ; he immediately perceives two sons, Eleazar and Ithamar. This put the most fccret motions of our minds, he of the Mofaic constitution may therefore be forefees with the utmost exiends, and with considered as a prediction that, in a course of out a possibility of being deceived, the whole some thousand years, there should not be preceding and concurrent circumstances in wanting male issue proceeding froin one which any of his creatures can at any tuiure fingle family, at that time contiiting only of time be engaged ; and thall he not then form two persons. Had this prediction failed; a judgment luitable to his wili!om of the fu. had these two persons, or their potterity, been ture conduct of his creatures ? It is true, cut off, by natural death, or by an enemy, that all things are the effect of his directing the whole Jewith ceconomy mult hare funk, Providence, except the a rions of free crea for want of a prie!thood, and all the pro; hatures, to whom he has given liberty and cies had been fallified, or bad never baa power of action within a certain fphere : siven. Granted. But to imagine that this judg In the bouk of Jeremiah, c. I. and fullorment should at all a text the future behaviour ing, it is fortiold, that Babylon, the greke of the creature fécnis as groundless as to con city, and seat of the greatest empire at th= clude that one created being's judging of the time in the world, thould not only he difuture concluct of another ihould actually in- ftroyed, teit that it hould never be ag.in :: Auence and over-rule his conduct. The habited. This lait particular no mail judgment is, by the suppostion, formed upon prudence or judgment would have venter the chara ter of the person judgeil of; not his credit as a Prophet upon, when he 29 the character influenced by the judgment. have av, ided giving any luch prediction, r
With all the pretended obicurity of pro- less he had been by divine inspiration aftu phecy, there are ftili enough of unquestion- of what he affirmed. For nothing able and manitéit completions, to niew, that well be imagined more improbable, i the predictions of Scopare were given, not that the seat of that empire of toc
hould be destroyed; and fill more unlikely my, Moses threatens their disobedience with was it, that it should never be rebuilt. But judgments and plagués of every kind; parthe event thews the truth of the prophecy; ticularly that they ihould ó become an aitoand this prediction is likewise one of those of nishment, a proverb, and a bye-word in all which it cannot be pretended that it was countries ;' thae an enemy hould come upon written since the event.
them as swituly as eagles, probably alluding In Ezek. xxx. 13. it is expressly fore to their conquest by the Romans; that they told, that there should be no more a Prince should in the severity of the lege be reduced of the land of Egypt.' No man of judg: to eat their very children ; that they should ment would have ventured, without autho- be scattered through all couniries of the tity, his credit upon such an assertion, as he world ; that they should be forced to serve might have been wholly lilent on the head. Other gods ;' and that, among the nations For who could know, without inspiration, where they should be scattered, they should that there should never more a Prince, a na " have no ease nor rest,' bue a trembling tive of Egypt, sit on the throne of that king- 'he'rt,' and“ failog of eyes,' and furrow, dom? The event, however, his verificd the and continual scar for thiir lives,' with inaprediction. For, soon after the time when ny other threatening to the tame purpose. it was given, Egypt was made a province of
It is also furetold by other Jewish prothe Persian empire, and has been governed phets as well as by Moses, that, notwithever since by foreigners, having be«n, since itanling this unexamplel dispersion of the the fall of the Pertian monarchy, subject Jews into all nations, they thould be still fucecslively to the Macedonians, the Sara- preserved a diftinét people ; that God will cens, the Mamalukes, and the Turks, who not defiioy them utterly,' but that when possess it at present. This is one of those they thill call to mind, among all nations, prophecies against which it cannot be object- whither God has driven them, and thall reed, that it is polible it may have been writ turn to the Lord, he will turn their captivity, ten since the event.
and gather them from all the nations In the xxvith c, of Ezekiel it is foretold, - from the farthest parts of the earth-even that the great and powerful city of Tyre, at in the LATTPR days.' That 'though he that time the general resort of traders, and makes a full end of all other nations,' by remart of the world, thould be utterly defo- volutions, and mixtures of one people with late,' so as to be a place for the spreading another, which renders it impossible to distinof nets,' and should never more be rebuilt,' guilh their genuine delcendants ; yet he
This prediction, at the time it was given, fo will not make a fuli end of them ;' butó a utterly improbable, has been literally fulfil remnant of them' Mall be kept unmixed led, as may be seen in Maundrell's voyage. with any other people, and shall return out And Dr. Pocoke, late Bishop of Oslory, of all countries whither God has driven Lays, in his travels to the East, that as he them;' that he will • set up an enlign for the failed by the place where it formerly stood, he nations, and will ailemble the outcasts of faw the ruins of it covered with fishing-nets. Ilrael, and gather together the dispersed of
The Scriptures of both the Old and Nev Judah' (the poiterity of the ten tribes; at Teftaments are full of predictions of the dif- present, according to Scripture prophecy, unpersion of the Jews for a long period of time distinguished; as well as of the two). froin as a punishment for their vices, and of their the four corners of the earth ;' which thews being at lait restored to their own land in that the return here spoken of is not that great triumph and happiness. So early as from the Babylunilha captivity; as is also the days of Moses, whole ära profane hiftory evident from its being fixed to the latter confirms to have been about the time we days,' and from its being allo spoken of by place it, viz. above three thousand yers ago, the prophet Husea, who livel after the return we have predictions of the ruin which was to from the feventy years captivity at Babylon ; come upon ihat people in case of their dif- and by Ezekiel, who lived in the captivity obedience, and which did come accordingly, itfelf. 'fo clear and explicit, that no writer of 0:11 And in the Now Testament it is clearly times, with the help of hiitory, and particu- foretold by Christ, that Jeruiülein mould be larly Jofephus's account of the deltruction. sicitroyed with fuch a deitruction “as had of Jerufidem, and with the advantage of not been face the beginning of the world, knowing the prefent unhappy condnion of nor ever should be.' And it is remukable that pe ple almost in all the countries of the that he again exprillyrnenliun, che 'Eagles;' world but our own, could in imitation of in all probability to point out the Romins, the prophetic Byle describe their cale mere who hori eagles on their standards, for the exactly. In the xxviiith c, of Deuterono. executiones vi the divine vengeance on that
perverse people. Josephus's history of that manner be preserved unmixed with, and ea. tragical complication of events corresponds fily distinguilhable from, the people of all exactly to our Saviour's prediction of it. the countries where they are scattered ; and He also foretells that the Jews should be this in spite of the cruel usage they have had carried · captive into all nations, and that in most countries, which might have been exJerusalem should be trodden down by the pected to have driven them long ago to give Gentiles, till the time of the Gentiles should up their religion, and mix with the people abe fulfilled.' In the Epistles there are vari mong whom they lived ; and that there ous predictions to the same purpose. And should nothing in this long course of years we accordingly fee that people to this day have happened to render it impossible; but preserved dikinct from all others in the that, on the contrary, it should be proba le, world, without King, without country, with- that the remaining prediction of their return out government to inforce the observance of to their own land will be accomplished, as their ceremonial law, which yet they keep well as the rest : This gives upon the whole up with great ftri&incis, wherever they can. fuch a view as is not to be equalled by any
That through all the changes which have thing else in the world; the most amazing of happened in all other kingdoms of the earth, all phænomena ; and ihews that prophecy is from the date of the first of these predictions given by authority from the same by whom to the present time, a period of more than the government of the world is carried on; three thousand years, that people should since none but he, or whom he authorises, have had exactly the fortune that was fore- could thus declare the end from the begintold them by Mofes ; and that they should ning. now, in fo wonderful and unexampled a
Two CHARACTERS, upon EXTREMES. * To steer in the middle Path, between Enthusiasm and Infidelity, is a Mark of the highest Wisdom in a reasonable Being.'
Hosoever takes a careful and impar- his studies as many others. Being naturally
tial survey of mankind, must necef- of cool passions, and a sedentary complexion, farily observe how apt they are to run into it was believed his virtues were much indebtextremes, and to deviate from the true fixed ed to his conftitution ; and that, although point of action. The conviction men re he did not indulge himself in the fashionable ceive of having strayed too much on the vices of the age, it was because he was less right hand, often deterinines them to step fusceptible of temptation than many of his haltily across the middle path of safety and gayer companions. virtue, and to wander as widely on the left. During his residence in the University, he By this means their happiness, in this state of became acquainted with a few of the scholars being, is greatly obstructed ; and the quali- who were known to be tinctured with Me. fications requisite to intitle them to future thodisin, although the rules and orders, to felicity are too much neglected. The hu- which they were obliged to submit, preventman mind, from its natural excentricity, ed their publicly elpouling the doctrines of feldom remains long in that mediocrity Mr. Whitefield. of action, which is best calculated to pre As these youths were pretty much of the serve its present, and secure its future happi- same turn of mind with Furioso, and their ness. It too frequently turns aside from the moral conduct similar to his own, he path of safety, either into the gloomy con contracted a close intimacy with them. fines of enthusiasm, or on the dangerous pre They mutually unfolded their sentiments to cipices of infidelity.
each other, without reserve; and were there. But, as example strikes deeper than barren by mutually strengthened in their opinions. precept, permit me, through the channel of They saw the too general profligacy of your Magazine, to point out the deplorable manners that disgraced their fellow students ; effects attending these two extremes, in the and, left they should catch the contagion, ge. characters of Furioso and Libertas.
nerally kept out of their company. Furiofo was educated in the principles of By degrees, Furioso became so tired of an the Established Church, at Cambridge, and academic life, that he requested his parents doligned for the gown. He was a youth of to remove him from the University, which a good heart, and commendable moral con he represented to them as a seminary of vice d it; but, his capacity not being of the first and immorality. dals, he did not make so quick a progress in In compliance to his request, his father
gave him leave to return home. As soon most effcctually strengthen the bands of infi. as he arrived at the house of his parents, he delity. commenced preacher to a congregation of A character equally to be avoided is that Methodists in the town. Here he poured of Libertas. He allo had moderate abilities, forth his incoherent and enthusiastic effu- and the best opportunity of improving thein fions, with all the fire of an ignorant zealot, at the Univerlity. Being naturally of a gay against professors of every other denomina- and sprightly difpofition, and discovering tion. And so far did his religious frenzy more of the flash of wit, than the steady deprive him of his reason, that he not only lustıe of real wisilum, his company was excluded all others from the benefits of the fought by the beaux esprits of tbe age, and gospel covenant, but, on his parents coolly by tuch as had just tense enough to laugh at, remonstrating with him on the uncharitable but not to understand religion. ness of such principles, he (regardless of the With these he spent the hours of vacation ties of duty and natural afte tion) pro- from study ; with these he turned the nounced eternal destruction upon them alio, night into day, at the table of riotous excess, if they did not renounce the principles which or in the chamber of wanton lewdneis. they professed, and join with hin in senti. From such companions, he learned a few of ment.
those dull common-place repartees, which But as his parents were too wise to credit weak infidels have feebly squirted out against such wild irrational tencts, and too chirita- that religion and virtue which the Son of ble in sentiment to adinit such unworthy no God came to promulgate on the earth ; and tions with respeit to the rest of mankind, with them pronounced it all a cheat, or they endeavoured all in their power to recall merely the phantom of an over-heated imahim to reason. This caused lám to disregard gination. The wise restraints of virtue and their instructions, and to treat them with a morality he declared were fetters, with cold contempt, as persons unworthy his no- which no man of sense or spirit would ever tice, and who were intirely left out of the submit to be bound ; that they were only covenant of saving grace. So fond was he imposed on fools, by the power and artifice of the chimeras of his own brain, that he of Priests, to keep the vulgar in awe, while frequently boasted of having held an inter- they maintained an unlimited authority over courle with angelic beings and departed them. Libertas laid it down as an eftasaints. Nay, he has sometimes been mad blished maxim, that pleasure was the only enough to declare, that he had conversed with object worth a wise man's pursuit ;' and, by the Saviour of the world, and that he had a fillacious chain of reasoning inferred, that, assured him of eternal falvation, whatsoever as God had given man senles and faculties his future actions might be.
capable of enjoying pleasure, he could have From hence (although he still remained no desire to deprive them of that enj yment, very Itrict in the pertoimance of cere- by rettricting the gratification of those afpemonies, and what he vainly termed religious tites and senses through which it was comworship) he became utterly regardless of municated. moral vutue. He would never fit down to From these, and the like principles, he a meal, without prefacing it with a long proceeded to treat every facred subject with grace, although it was his u!ual practice to contempt and ridicule ; to deny the truth of lit over his bottle at the close cf it, till he was the Scriptures; and to allert the precepts they incapable of rising up from it a reasonable enjoined were only the refined itate policy of being; and whilit he wore the external artful men, who found their account in thus marks of a faint in public, would fecretly impoing on the ignorant and unwary. He commit almost every species ct iniquity. If represented Christ as a grand importor, and any sober, rational man took the liberty to disbelieved the immortality of the foul, a fudissent from his opinions, or to prove them ture judgment, and subsequent rewards and erroneous, he would burlt out into a fame, punishments. and be ready to add the force of his arm to Having thus freed himself from every fupply the deficiency of his other arguments; moral and religious restraint, he indulged and fight as well as dispute, in defence of himself in the unbounded gratification of what he called religion.
every passion; in one continued circ e of Thus Furiofo is at once a disturber of his profligacy and vice ; of licentious dilipation own peace, and that of others. He is a and deliberate wickedness. Regardless of 1)ave to his own prejudices, an enthufiaftic every moral, every social cbligation, he now deceiver of himself, and an enemy to man- triumphs in the ruin of virgin innocence, and kind. His pretensions to religion are a real with a lavage delight, exults in the fufferings injury to the cause of virtue; and they of bleeding virtue ; whilst the friendlifs are