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guish the wolves into young, old, and great The common species is pretty general in old wolves ; they know them by the feet, most parts, being found in Asia, Africa, that is, by the tracks they leave on the and America, as well as in Europe. The ground. The older the wolf, the larger is wolves of Senegal resemble those of France, his foot. The she-wolf's foot is longer and but are larger and much more cruel ; thole narrower, and her heel also and nails are of Egypt are smaller than those of Greece. smaller. A good blood-kound is wanting In the East, and especially in Perlia, wolves for finding out a wolf, and he must be ani are exhibited as thews for diverting the peomated and encouraged when he falls on his ple; they are trained up and exercised from track; for all dogs have an aversion to the cubs in the art of dancing, or rather in a fort wolf, and thew but little ardour in quest of of wrestling against a great number of men. him. When the wolf is discovered, the A wolf brought up to dancing is purchased, greyhounds are brought up that are to hunt lays Chardin, for five hundred crowns. him; they are divided into two or three This fact proves at lait, that, by time and lealhes; one of these is kept for coursing conttraint, these animals are susceptible of him, and the others are led forward as relay- some sort of education. As long as they are dogs. The first are instantly let loose after young, that is, in the first and second year, him, backed by a man on horseback; the fe- they are pretty docile ; they even can fawn, cond is let loose within 7 or 800 paces far- and, if well fed, they never fall upon
fowls ther off, when the wolf is ready to pass ; and or other animals ; but, about the age of 18 afterwards the third, when the dogs begin to months, or two years, nature becomes precome up with and harrass him. All to dominant in them, and they must be chaingether foon reduce him to the last extremity, ed, to hinder their running away, or doing and the huntsman dispatches him by a ftab mischief. I have known one that was with his knife Dog's have no desire to brought up in full liberty in a yard with tear him asunder, and their repugnance for fowls for 18 or 19 months, and never ateating his feh is so great, that it must be tacked them; but, as a fample of his natudressed and seasoned in order to their making ral inclination, he killed them all in one a meal of it. The wolf may be also hunted night, without eating one of them ; anowith hounds; but, as he always drives for- ther, which had broken his chain at the age ward, and runs a whole day without being of about two years, fled, after killing a dog spent, the hunt becomes tedious and tire- with which he had been familiar ; a thesome, unless the hounds are supported by wolf, kept for three years, and though shut greyhounds to seize and harrass him, and up quite young and alone with a mastiff of give them time to approach.
the same age in a yard wide enough, To destroy wolves the country-people could not ail that time accustom herself beat about with mastiffs, lay traps and to live with himn, nor suffer him, even snares, present baits, make pits, and spread when she was in heat. Though weaker, about poisoned balls. All these expedients he was the more mischievous ; the provodo not hinder these animals from being al- ked, attacked, and hit the dog, who, at ways pretty numerous, especially in coun first, only defended himself, but at length, tries where there are many woods. The highly irritated, strangled her. island of Great Britain was formerly much There is nothing good in this animal, but infested by wolves, but the cutting down of its skin; it serves for a coarse fur, warm the woods has cleared the country of that and durable. Its Besh is bad, loathed by nuisance, though it is said fome wolves are all animals, and none but a wolf can relish Atill met with in Scotland.
wolves fesh. An infectious odour exhales The colour and hair of these animals from his throat. To allay hunger, as he change according to the difference of climate, swallows indiscriminately every thing he and vary sometimes in the fame country. In finds, corrupt fleih, bones, hair, skins halfFrance and Germany, belides the common tanned and Itill quite covered with lime, he wolves, some are found with a much thicker vomits frequently, and has often greater hair, and bordering upon the fallow colour. evacuations than repletions. In short, difaThese wolves, more wild and less hurtful grecable in all relpeets, his mean appearance, than the rest, never approach either houses or favage aspect, horrid voice, insupportable flocks, living intirely by hunting, and not finell, perverse disposition, ferocious manby rapine. In northern countries they are ners, render him detested in life, and use css found quite white and quite black; the la'- in death. ter are taller and Itsonger than the others.
The MEMOIRS of Mrs. WILLIAMS, continued from Page 253 of
our lajt. Nothing very material happened during be happy, no matter what becomes of me.' the rest of the time which I past with Lady · As the time approached for our going to Betty. The time approached when Lady London, my father fixed the week following Betty was to carry me home. It came, and for our departure from – Thire. He had hi. we arrived, without any accident, at my un red a ready furnished house for himself and cle's, where I found Sir Charles. He ap- family, in Westminster. It was agreed, that peared in raptures at the light of me. I did I hould be at my uncle's, as usual, till I was all I could in order to seen glad to see them; married. On the day appointed we all fet but I fear I acted my part very aukwardly: out. The next morning after our arrival My heart heaved with inward anguilh, and at London, I rose early, and went to my tinctured all my looks and actions with an father's, in order to inquire how they all did air of melancholy. They, liowever, attri- after their journey; when, in crolling the buted this to the concern i felt, on being le Park, it was my ill fate to meet with Mr. parated from Lady Betty Ruflel, who itay- Williams : He was walking a flow pace, ed with us but three days. Soon after the with his arms folded, and his eyes
fixed was gone, I went to my father's, as did our the ground; he did not perceive me till I uncle, aunt, and Sir Charles : During our was close to him ; when, raising his eyes, he stay there, the time was spent in every one's seemed to be vastly surprised, as well as busying themselves with, and talking of, my pleased, at meeting me thus unexpectedly. I approaching wedding. Sir Charles behaved was astonished to see him so altered; he look. with the utmost tenderness and respect to me; ed pale, thin, and dejected; I could not but I fancied I saw an air of triumph and help telling him, that I thought he was much protection in his countenance, which ren- changed, and I asked him, " If he had not dered him detestable to me, and, at the same been well ?' He replied, “That he had netime, harrowed up my heart. Thus I was ver known either peace or health since I left wietched, but they were all too busy to take Lady Betty's; and added, with a figh, that any notice of it. Sophie, my dear Sophie he thanked God his forrows would, probaalone, read my heart; the was grown a bly, be foon at an end, as he was fenfible that great girl ; but as my griefs were of a nature his health declined daily, and, confequently, not to admit of relief, 1 had never made any would soon lead hiin to his grave.' I was one my confidant. Sophie guelled that I fenfibly affected, both by his figure and con. did not love Sir Charles, but her conjectures verfation; and answered him, " That I went no farther. One night, as I was go. hoped he was a falfe Prophet"; adding, that ing to bed, and he was fitting by me, the I begged he would live for my fake, as he faid, in a pathetic tone of voice, My dear was the only friend I had, in whom I could lifter, I am much deceived, if your heart confide; and that I had much to say to don't suffer extremely; I see you strive to him, and wanted his advice. Without hide it, but the eye of friendship is penetra- waiting for his answer, I told him where I ting ; I am persuaded that you don't love was going, and that I should return tlırough Sir Charles Stanly, and from thence Iprings the Park, in less than an hour, where, if he all your uneasinets. Alas! (continued me, would stay for me, I would rejoin Irim, and with a decp righ) how capricious is fortune! renew our converfation. He bowed afTent, Why don't you see him with my eyes ? and and I went on to my father's. On my rethen you would both be happy.' I looked turn, I met Mr. Williams on the very fro: at her, and saw lier face c.vered with bluth. I had left him. I immediately began to rees, and the rear falling on her cheek. I in- late to him every thing which had palied stantly guessed that ihe was in love with fince our separation. He listened to me with him herself, but did not think it prudent to great attention, and said he was perfectly Jet her see I had made such a discovery. convinced, that it would be impoffible for When I was alons, I asked myself if I was ine ever to be happy it I married Sir Charles, not sufficiently wretched, by being obliged and that there was no way of avoiding it, to marry a man I did not love, but that, by but by making another choice. He then facrificing myself, I must plungea dagger into told me, " That he was heir to five thouland the breast of my liveet Sophie? Good God, pounds a year ; that he was an only child; I exclaimed. change Sir-Charles's leart! he confessed that his father was covetou ; Turn his affe&tions on any lister; let thema yet, when the thing is done, I a.n perlindol
he will soon be reconciled; and, as to my said, on entering my room, I am come, mother, -the will be happy, I know, in fee. Charlotte, to fetch you to spend the day at my ing me fo.' I started at this proposal, and father's: You promised us one day before replied : • I never can resolve to run away you married, and we have fixed upon this.' I from my parents, though I foresee that it is answered, “ It was very well, I consented with the only remedy for the evils which ihreaten all my heart.”. Then turning to my maid, me; if I could get their consent, I would I said: ' Make my respectful compliments give my hand to you, sooner than to any to my uncle and aunt, tell them where I other man in the universe.' He continued, am gone, and beg they won't expect me till however, to use every argument his imagi- after supper; and, if Sir Charles alks for nation could suggest, till, in hort, it was me, tell him l request that he would not high time for me to return home. I took follow me.' Sophie had told my father and hic direction down in my pocket-book, and mother, that she was coming to spend the promised him, that he should hear from me day with me at my uncle's, and begged they on any emergency.
would not come to interrupt us. Thus the On my return to my uncle's, Sir Charles old folks seemed pretty secure from suspect« presented me with some jewels, which I ac. ing our elopement till evening. Every thing
cepted, though with the most visible reluc- now being intirely settled, with an aching tance. He perceived it, and said: " My heart and an unsteady step, I leant upon angel, I am fenfible that your beauty will Sophie's arm, and set out for the Park, receive no addition from these ornaments; When we arrived there, we found Mr. but we muit, you know, conform to cuf- Williams waiting for us, with a young tom; and I fincerely wish they were more Gentleman whom I did not know. My worthy of your acceptance.' I replied: lover seeined lost in transport, and, in a « They are vastly more fo, Sir Charles, moment hurried us into a coach, which than I either desire, or deserve ; and I am waited for us, and away we drove to Mayinfinitely obliged to you for them.' 'Ah! fair, where, tremulous, pale, and dejected, Charlotte,' he exclaimed, how coldly was I pronounced that fatal • Yes,' which binds that faid! I should think the world, if I us for life. I took a certificate of my mara was Master of it, too little to lay at your riage, signed by all the parties, and then feet; the possession of you is above all price : the coach was ordered to carry us to our But I own to you, that, lovely and beloved lodgings, which were genteelly and pleaas you are, yet I should be the most mise- fantly situated. We breakfasted at our rable wretch on earth, though your hul- lodgings; after which Mr. Williams pros band, if I did not, with your hand, receive posed our going to dine at Richmond, and that invaluable treasure, your heart." Here returning in the evening : This, I found, my aunt approached us, and interrupted our had been a scheme concerted between him conversation, which, however, funk deep and his friend; for, upon looking out of into my mind. I saw by it, that, even in the window, I saw a handsome coach-and-fix charity' to Sir Charles, as well as to myself, at the door, with two livery-servants on I ought not to marry him. This reflection horseback. Mr. Williams told me, " That confirmed me in the necessity there was for it was his friend's equipage, who had been running away with Mr. Williams. This fo obliging as to offer me the use of it, till point settled, the next thing was to consider I got one of my own.' I bowed, and exof the means how to get away unobserved. presled my thanks to the Gentleinan for his My father was to buy my wed ing-gar. civility. We then all got into the coach ; ments, so I determined to stay till they were our beaux tried every means to make this made, that, at least, I might not be obliged little excurgon agreeable to us, by the most to my husband for cloathing fe. I found, lively and entertaining conversation ; they that I should never be able to execute this had really, both of them, a great share of important fcheme, without a confidant and wit and humour ; and, I think, I never faw affiftant; for this purpose, none was so pro- any body to handsome, as Mr. Williams apper as my filter. She readily came into my peared to me to be, that day, measures ; and we had our cloaths conveyed Before we left Richmond, I thought it away, in bundles, by our mantua-maker, to necessary to write a line to my uncle and lodgings taken for us by Mr. Williams, with aunt, in order to prevent their imagining whom I now constantly corresponded by that some terrible accident had happened to ktter.
us, upon my not returning home in the On the day appointed for our flight, So- evening : I begged my sister would do the phie, as had been agreed betwixt us, came fame to my father; and that the next day early in this morning to my uncle's, and they would hear farther from us, when they
should be informed of the reasons which had I was prodigiously affected at the generous induced us to absent ourselves from them. manner in whidi Sir Charles acted on this These notes, on our return to town, we sent octalion. I gave Mr. Williams the letter ; by two common porters, lired by a fer- he read it; then, throwing it carelesly upon vant, a mile from our lodgings, who could the table, faid, ' Sir Charles is a noble fel. give no account from whom, or whence, he low, and I wish him a good journey, with brought them. The next morning, I fat all my heart.' myself seriously down to make my apology, The hurry of a scene fo new, and so emand to plead my caufe, to my father, mo barrassing, as that which I had been in ever ther, uncle, aunt, and poor Sir Charles, for fince my marriage, had scarcely left me a whom my heart bled. This difficult talk moment for reflection; but the first time over, I sent the letters by my fervant, with Mr. Williams took his hat, and said he orders to inform them, if arked, where we would go to the Coffee-house for half an lived. The next morning brought an ab- hour, gave me to myself. What a chaos folute order for Sophie to return home im- of remorse, trouble, and vexation, presented mediately, and a prohibition to me ever to itself to my view! I trembled at the proapproach my parents more, as they disclaim- fpe.), and, once more, called Reason to my ed any kindred with fo infamous a girl. aid ; she came, but to upbraid me for having
These were their words, wrote upon a card discarded her at Lady Betty Russel's, from by my father. My aunt's was a letter, and which fatal moment, she convinced me, that couched in civiller terms, though much to I had gone straight on in the paths of error, the fame effect; only the added, that my which lead infallibly to misfortune. The punishment, she was afraid, would, in the hint my aunt had given me of my husband's end, be even more than adequate to my character made me carefully examine his crime ; for she knew the man I had mar- every word and action. I soon found his ried; that he was a libertine, and vastly in education to have been that of a modem fine debt; but his fine figure, and artful tongue, Gentleman, differing, however, from most had (the supposed) turned my brain. Thus of them in this, that he really was a good abandoned by all my friends, my husband scholar, and had many accomplishments. I was the cnly support I had now in life; and soon perceived the danger of being united to he, my aunt said, was a libertine. Good a man who had no fixed principles, but a God! I exclaimed (in my own mind) if few romantic ones, which were quite foreign that's true, what a wretch am I!' He read to domestic happiness ; such as a high sense these letters; and, when he came to that of honour, which was confined to the paying, part of my aunt's which spike so disrespect. with the utmost exactness, his play-debts ; fully of himself, he smiled, and, taking as also a thorough conviction of the necefhold of my hand, faid: 'My dear Char- fity of drawing his sword, whenever called lotte, I fancy Mrs. Boldhy has forgot the upon fo to do, without examining either by old adage,' " That a reforined rake makes whom, or for what. He valued himself the best husband;" ' and, as to my debts upon understanding the chances at White's, (if I have any) they are my father's affair, as weil as any man there'; and boasted, not mine; he is my steward, and, by that that he had never been taken in, but once, means, faves me the trouble of paying my at Newmarket. He never spoiled company bills myself.' The light manner, with by flinching (as he called it) though he did which Mr. Williams treated these two im- not love drinking ; nor ever objected to a portant charges laid against him, both fuir- girl, if she was introduced where he was. prised and grieved me. I was absorbed in a This was his catechifm. Whilft I was abchain of the most disagreeable reflections, forbed in thus considering my husband's when a fervant brought me a letter, which character, he came home, and brought wich I knew, from the superscription, to be from bim a Gentleman whom I did not kno. Sir Charles Stanly. He began by inveigh. On presenting him to me, he faid: “ This ing against the cruelty of his destiny, in not Gentleman, my dear, is an intimate achaving endowed him with merit fufficient quaintance of my father's; he has the good. to have engaged my aitections: He assured ness to offer himself as a mediator betwixi me, that my happiness was the most ardent him and me. Mr. Smith (for that was his with of his heart; but that the loss of me he name) advanced towards me, and withed knew to be irreparable, and, therefore, his me joy. I expressed to him the sensibility I future life must be a blank; he added, that had of his benevolence, and my gratitude he fhauld set cut on a tour through Europe, for his kind intention to serve us ; and, with in a few days; and ended with altering ine a forced firile (for my heart was ready ta of his everlasting respect and effcen.' burit) I added : • By fo good an act, Sir,
you will insure to yourself the kingdom of “ Yes, indeed, Madam, they are." Which heaven, for you know it is promised to the was the first word I had articulated since I peace-makers. Whilft I was speaking these entered the room. My mind had underwords, I received a letter from Sophie, ac gone various revolutions in that short space quainting me, that my mother irritated my of time. I began by respecting her as the father excessively, by saying, that my ill parent of my huiband, as well as on acconduct was the natural consequence of the count of her age and fi: ure; the latter of false education he had given me; that he which bad much of the Gentlewoman in it; had bred me up like a boy, rather than a and she still was handsome. Her keeping girl, and that ihe always foresaw what all her seat on my entering the room, and her my learning would come to.' She alfo Cavalier manner of accosting me, had given mentioned, that Sir Charles was set out for such a fhock to my fpirits, or, if you please, Italy, and that the parting of him and my my pride, that I was ready to sink into the father was truly pathetic. This letter caused earth; till, from the continuation of this me to turn my eyes severely on myself, who absurd and indelicate behaviour, I ceased to had rendered miserable so many worthy peo- respect her; and the then appeared to me in ple, in order to gratify my own inciina so iNliculous a light, that it was no longer tions; I was forry, truly forry, to have gi- in her power to wound me: On the conven them pain. The next day, Mr. Smith trary, I felt my own fuperiority fo forcibly, came to infurin us, That he had obtained that, from a itate of the most violent agitaleave to present me to the old folks, on the tion, I became as calm as deuh, and as inSunday following, if I would consent to fenfible; I looked at her, not without some go; but that, till they had seen me, they degree of contempt, but without feeling the would not see their son. Accordingly, on leait particle of humiliation from any thing Sunday noon he came, in my father Willi- she said. So true it is, that the senible ams's coach, to fetch me.' I thanked him, mind can be hurt only by those whom they and the coach foon stopped at their door. esteem. Mr. Smith handed me out, and a servant Mr. Smith, who had fat all this time like desired us to walk up stairs; we did so, and a person stupefied with astonishment, now were introduced into a dining-room, where looking at me, mit my eyes; I smiled, and fat a good-looking elderly. Lady, with her he seerned to recover himself a little, upon feet almost within the fender. She turned perceiving me to be fo much at my ease. her head towards us, on the opening of the My mother interrupted this filent conversar door, and, as if she had not leen me, faid, tion of ours, by faying, “ Talk, child; I with the most provoking indifference, “ Your want to know if your mind corresponds with servant, Mr. Smith, Is that George's wife?' your figure ; but I suppose not, for I am “ Yes, Madan, (replied my friend) and livre you acted like a great fool in marrying The is worthy to be the wife of an Empe- George.'. I answered, “ I hat, if the ror.” . Come hither, young woman,' says thought that a proof of my folly, I was the. I advanced. She staret at me for afraid I Mould stand condemned, in her os fome minutes, and then fud: Yes, I can pinion, for an idiot, because I was so far from forgive George for marrying you, because thinking that my judgment erred in the you are very pretty ; if you had been less to choice I had made of her son, that, if I ihan you are, I never would have seen him could pollibly be unmarried again, I would whilft I had lived; but I like you so well again give him my hand at the altar.” She (continued the) that I believe, had I been was going to reply, when my father in-law hiin, I fould have done the same thing: entered the room: He fixed his eyes
fted. But, pray (laid the) you can live upon love, fastly upon me; and then asked his Lady, child, I suppose, can't you? It is thin diet, " If I was his son's wife?' “ Yes, it is I have heard, but I don't find you are likely Mrs. Williams,” the replied. He instantly to have any other ; your husband, I can tell advanced, and taluted ine, saying, “ I am you, has nothing at present, but what his glad to see you, daughter. Then, turning father allows him, and, whether he will con to Mr. Smith, he added : " You did not tinue that allowance, now he has disobliged do her justice, Sir, when you described her him by marrying a beggar, I don't know.' person to me; she is the prettiest girl, I think,
Then, taking a second survey of me from that I ever faw; and I don't in the least head to foot, the said, “You are very fine, wonder, that the turned George's lead.' child; but I think you would have been as This old Gentleman was handsome, and well drest, if your gown had been wit out wore upon his countenance an uninterrupted any silver in it; I suppose all that trumperyfinile ;' he spoke with a softness of voice is not paid for yet ; ley II answered, which was engaging ; be poftuled, to a dee