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a civil prosecution, it is a defence to say the room, and went to Lord Mansfield's house charges in the publication are true, because in Bloomsbury-square, where they gave thie plaintiff there sues only for a pecuniary their verdiet, ' guilty of printing and pubfatisfaction to himself; and that this is the lithing Only.' diltination as to that nature of detence. It is remarkable, that Lord Mansfield, in His Lordihip said he was afraid it was too his charge to the Jury ventured to afiert, true that few characters in the kingdom · That Mr. Serjeant Glynn had maintained, escaped libels : That m ny were injuriously that TRUTH was very immaterial in any treated and, if so, that the best way to prosecution whatever for libels;' on which the prevent it was by an application to the law, Serjeant rose, and with great spirit declared, which is open to every man: Thit the liber- "That no such declaration had ever been By of the press confitted in every man having made by him; that he had only referred to the power to publith his fentiments, without what were denominated private libels, hut first applying for a licence to any one ; but, that, in all papers named public libels, the if any man published what was against law, truth was not only of the utmost importance, he did it at his peril, and was answerable for but would serve fully to justify the party, it in the fame manner as he who suffers his and might be gone into in every case, or elte band to conmit an assault, or his tongue to how should the public be informed of what utter blafphemy.
was most material for them to know, and in The Jury went out at twelve o'clock, and what they had an immediate interest, and at a quarter past nine, came out of their ought to be inforined ?'
Extract of a LETTER from Boston, in New England, April 21, giv
ing an Account of the Trial of Richardson, for Killing young Snider in the late Riot there.
Committee of the Town-meeting having appear on his behalf at his trial. Fitch made ing the Judges to proceed on the trial of cuse himself; which the Court did not judge Capt. Preston, and the other military delin- fufficient : He concluded with saying, that, quents; that Court found it neceflary, in or since the Court had peremptorily ordered liim der to keep the people quiet, to arraign Ri. he would undertake it. The Couit alfo orchardson for the killing of young Snider. dered the High Sheriff to give particular inRichardson was arraigned on the Monday, structions to his Officers with respect to the and directed to prepare for his trial on the summoning the witneries. Friday following Accordingly on Friday • The Čurt the same day adjou!ned to he was brought to the bar, and asked by the the Wednesday fortnight following. Since Court if he was then ready. He observed to the Court met after the adjournment, kithe Court, that he had made application to chardion had been twice brought to the bar; almost every lawyer in town to undertake but his well disored Council, Mr. Fitch, his cause, which no one would do; that the was sick both times : In consequence of Conftables had refused summoning his wit which, the Court appointed Juliah Quincsy, nelles; that the gaoler had ufer him in fo jun. to supply his place, and Richardson was cruel a manner, that he was even frequently yesterday upon trial, and continued till twelve debarred the liberty of converting with his o'clock iaft night, and the Jury fet till eight friends ; that every news paper was crouded o'clock this morning : After the witneilis with the most infamous and falle libels a were examined, and the lawyers done pleadgainst him, in order to prejudice the minds ing, the Judges gave their charge to the of his Jury; that, without Council, with. Jury with great fpirit and good fenie. Judge out the privilege of calling upon his witnesles Oliver said the priloner had been guilty of to fupport his innocence, he was now to nothing but man-fughter, and expatiated be tried for his life. The judges, moved upon thed ingerous tendency of encouraging with compassion at this representation, put off mobbing, and on the inherent right of manthe trial to a further day. The Court then kin i to desend themselves when attacked. made application to the several lawyers pre All the Judges were agreed, that the prilent to appear as his Council, but this one foner had done nothing more than nccelli and all of them declined.
had confirained hiin to ; and made no doubt • The Court, finding that a requisition but the Jury would acquit him: Vast crounds had no effet, exerted their authority, and or- of people attended, during the whole trial
. dered Ms. kitch, the Adyocate-general, to After the judges had delivered dicir opinil,
the mob grew very outrageo!is; they repeat prison ; but the Judges kept him for upedily called out to hang, and were sure no wards of an hour in the Court, until the Jury dared to acquit hin. They some- mob were principally dispersed, At eight times called out, Remember, Jury, you are o'clock this morning, the jury brought in upon oath; blood demands blood.' It is their verdict, Guilty of murder : The faid, they had yot a halter ready to hang Judges immediately adjourned the Court to him in his way from the Court-house to the the 29th of May, without passing sentence.'
A port CHARACTER of the late Sir Joseph Yates.
o day himself to the study of our laws, not as the leady, inpartial observance of it, formed the generality of students do, either from the ap- invariable rule of his conduct. pointments of parents, or the mere motives His charges to Juries were not the charges of drawing pecuniary resources from the of an Asiatic Cadi delivering his own will, profeífion, but froin the more liberal princi- but the charges of a Britih Judge in the ple of informing himself in a science, which land of liberty, and will be remembered for only appeared important to him from being many years with pleasure by the lovers of capable of defending the lives and properties freedom and oratory. In these he appeared of individuals. With this open and en more the guardian of the people, than an Oflarged turn of mind, he pursued his inquiries ficer of the Crown ; and hit that nice mewith a perseverance and precision almost pe- dium, as a distributor of justice, fo ftri&tly, culiar to himself, till the profession repaid that the offending party, whilst they felt the him, by storing his mind with an universal chastisement, could not refrain applauding knowledge of its laivs, which very rarely the chastifer. falls to the lot of the greateit talents, or most Though universal in his knowledge of diligent researches. His invincible modesty, the laws, his forte confessediy lay in coinmon however, repelled him the notice of the pub- pleadings, with which he was the most milic for many years, till at last the repeated nutely acquainted of any one man of his justness of his opinions, and forcibility of his time. Sensible that his talents drew him pleadings, procured him a coif, from more strongly this way, be, on the late rewhence he was some time afterwards pro- fignation of Judge Clive, follicited to change moted to be one of the judges of the King's from the King's-bench to the Cominon. bench.
pleas, which he succeeded in, but which he In this charaler he always conducted did not long live to enjoy, his death dehimself with a dignity and impartiality that priving the world of one of the greatest reflected honour even on that respectable fi- Judges of that Court England perhaps ever tuation. The right of the subject, and the boalted of. dignity of the Crown, were never occasionalZARXZXZXZYXZZ* 2K
From the Weisel, May 13.
Kaminieck, April 24. The Tattars, after E have an account from the Grand passing the Nieter, near Balta, began to carry
Rullian army, that they will have their ravages into Poland, but were repulled intirely passed the Neister about the middle of at the first onset. Nevertheleis, on the 16! this month. The Ruffians will now hasten past, they rallied again, and endeavoured to reall their operations against the Turks on gain their own frontiers ; but a detachment, every fide, viz. The Generals Romanzow at commanded by Capt. Stukulow, came up with the Danube, Panin against Bender, Berg a them in the neighbourhood of Buda, attacked gainst Crimea, Tottleben againıt Natolia, and defeated them, seized their cimp, and whom the fleet at Aloph will aid, and after took all their baggage. A Suiran, two Mir. wards in the Morca, and the head squadron zas, and 236 private men were killet upon of the Russian fleet in the Archipelago, and the spot ; the booty in hories and cattle was against Constantinople itself. Major-general considerable; and 362 Christians and Jews Storitch has beaten a corps of Tarlars near were relcued from lavery. Bender in such a manner that they few no Warsaw, May 16. We have the follow. defire of serving any more against the Ruf ing intelligence from the grand Russian army, fians.
and also by letters from Kaminieck, viz. a into which he got, with all who fled to hire corps of 20,000 Turks ventured to cross the and arrived safe at Zante. The wbole city is Danube, with a view to attack Lieut. Gen. destroyed, together with all the villages 2. Stoffeln, who was in the environs of Bucha. round, and most of the inhabitants mure reft, but he was apprised of their coming by dered. his light troops, and took his measures ro - Venice, May 19. The face of affairs well, that he attacked the Turks at a time seems intirely changed in the Morea. Coroa when they had the least thoughts of it, which is again in the hands of the Turks, who are lucky event put them all to flight; 3000 recovered of the consternation into which were killed on the spot, and many taken prithey were thrown on the first descent of the foners : The Rufians took likewise all their Ruflians. While they were bufied with the baggage and artillery. This battle happened Epirotes in retaking Patras, advice was the 5th inftant, not far from Brahilow. . brought them, that 4000 Mainotes were
Trieste, May 19 The following account marching towards Achaia. "The Ottomans is now given us of the demolition of Patras, directly advanced to meet them, and killed wbich is destroyed from the very foundations. 2000 of them on the spot, the rest being to. The garrison in the castle, which was blocked cally dispersed. By this victory the whole up, made, on the 13th of April, at seven in Duchy of Claren, of which Patras is the ca. the morning, a fally, which being supported pital,' is again subject to the Ottomans All by 6:00 foot and 4000 horse, they made ihe letters likewise received from that penin. themselves masters of the city, and put all in fula, as well as from Zante, bring, that an it, able to bear arms, to the sword. The
army of 6oooo men, headed by a Seraskier, refiftance made to them was very small; for is already arrived at Corinth. the Turks having set fire to the city in many Vienna, May 19. By letters from Condifferent places, such of the unfortunate inha. ftantinople we learn, that the Russians, who bitanıs as could not escape became a prey ei. made a descent on the Morea, having been ther to the flames, or the sword of the barba- joined by a great number of Greeks on their rians, This carnage lasted for several hours. advancing into the country, were attacked by The foreign Consuls had the good fortune to a body of Ottoman troops, which defeated escape to Zante, all except the son of the and cut many of them in pieces; 10 cos Englith Conful, who had a good deal of diff.
Greeks were left on the field of battle. They culty to get out of the hands of the Turks.
add, that there has also been a sea fight in the For this young Gentleman being retired to his Archipelago, between the Turks and Rur. hotel with two Neapolitan travellers, and se. fians, in which four ships belonging to the veral women and young Ladies, belonging to latter had been funk, and another taken by the principal persons of the city, to the num the Ottoman squadron. ber of about 70, a body of Albanians, armed Otranto, May 30. They write from the with hatchets, endeavoured to force his gates; Levant, that the Russian squadron, commanbut, he representing to them that his pation ded by Admiral Elphinston, arrived on the was in alliance with the Porte, they con coafts of the Morea about the 15th or 16th ducted him to the castle, together with all of last month ; and that a Turkish Seraskier that were with him., In this fortre's he saw had entered that peninsula with an army of a great number of persons beheaded, and, but 30,000 men, having massacred during his for the arhval of the Turkish Commander, march all the Greeks, excepting women and who knew him, would have undergone the children. fame fate. The Turkish Officer ordered him
Verona, June 1: All the letters received to be conducted to his own apartment, where at Leghorn from the Morea, agree that the he remained till five in the evening, when he calamities and plunder increase there mure ordered him to be reconveyed to his hotel un and more; that since the carnage at Patras, der a strong escort, but on his arrival there, he the Grecks were taking vengeance for the found it reduced to ashes; fo that about dusk blood of their countrymen, whilt the Turks he withdrew to the sea-five with all his reti were destroying by fire and sword, every thing mue and one domestic, and, after three hours belonging to the Greeks in the places of march on the shore, happily found a bark, which they have re-taken puffeffion.
council, set out from Guildhall with the a N account of the Queen's safe delivery, dress : When Alderman Harley came to
a little before one, the Lord Mayor, Temple-bar, the gates were thuta-ainst him, the Aldermen, the Sheriffs, and Commun and he was obliged, to quit his chariot, wbk
prevented his going to St. James's. As soon fincere congratulations on the happy delivery as the Lord' Mayor heard the gates were shut, of our most gracious Queen, and on the birth he sent Ms. Gates, the City Marshal, back, of another Princess, and to assure your Mawho opened them without any obftru&tion, jesty that there are not in ali your dominions and the whole procession (Mr. Harley except. any subjects more faithtul, more dutiful, ed) arrived at St. James's about ten minutes and more affectionate to your Majesty's pero before two, the time appointed for their re. fon and family, or more ready to sacrifice ception.
their lives and fortunes in the maintenance After the Lord Mayor had waited in the of the truc honour and dignity of your Crown. antichamber at St. James's a considerable • Long may your Majesty reign the time, the Lord Chamberlain came ont with a trne guardian of the liberties of this free paper in his hand, and rtad to the following country, and be the instrument in the hands effect : ' As your Lordship thought fit to of Providence, of transmitting to our portespeak to his Majesty after his answer to the rity, these invaluable righis and privileges, Tate remonftrance, I am to acquaint your which are the birth-right of the subjects of Lordsh ip, as it was unusual, his Majcfty' de- , this kingdom.' fires that nothing of this kind may happer.for
To which the King gave the following graa the future. The L. Mayor then desired the
cious answer. paper might be delivered to him. The Lord " I receive with great satisfaction your Chamberlain said he acted officially, and had congratulations on the happy delivery of the it not in orders to deliver the paper. The Queen, and the birth of a Princess; and I Lord Mayor then desired a copy : To which return you my hearty thanks for the duty and the Lord Chamberlain replied, he would ac affection to my person and family, and the quaint his Majesty, and take his directions ; zeal for the true honour and dignity of my but he did not return until the order was Crown, which you express upon this occabrought for the wbole Court to attend with fion. the address.
• The city of London, entertaining there Sir Robert Ladbroke complained to the loyal sentiments, may be always assured of my Lord Mayor, that stones were thrown at his protection,'_They all had the honour of coach. The Lord Mayor called Mr. Gates, kissing his Majesty's hand. the City Marshal, face to face with the Fa
June 2 ther of the city, and asked him, if that was Yesterday came on at Doctors-Commons, fo, who contradicted Sir Robert; he then before the Worshipful John Betresworth, said, dirt was thrown; the Lord Mayor an Chancellor of the diocese of London, a cause fwered, there was no dirt in the street ; Sir of divorce, brought by Mr. N. surgeon, against Robert then said, that the mob spit in at the his wife, by reason of adultery. It appeared windows of his coach.
by the evidence, that the place the Lady and In the Presence Chamber, Mr. Rigby at her gallants resorted to was Reading, in tacked the Lord Mayor, telling him he had Berkshire: Among the witnefies examined promised in Parliament to be answerable for was a chambermaid at an inn, who gave an the peace of the city, and that he was in account of her seeing the Lady and a Gentle formed by Sir Robert Ladbroke, that there man in bed together, with many other cire had been a great riot in the city, which his cumftances, and the was supported by more Lordship had taken no care to quell.
witnesses ; when the Judge, after a hearing - The Lord Mayor immediately replied, that of two bours, was pleated to pronounce for he should be ready to answer for his conduct the separation sued for by Mr. N. at all times, in all places, and on every proper
June 34 occasion.
At a monthly meeting of the Alderman, Mr. Sheriff Townsend ftanding by the Deputies, and Common.council of BishopiLord Mayor, told him, Mr. Rigby says there gate-ward, a few days ago, it was proposed to 'has been a great tumult the city ; M. make a subscription to the bill of Rights for Rigby, replied, Sir Robert Ladbroke says so. Mr. Wilkes, which was agreed to, when the Mr. Townsend asked him, if Sir Robert Lad. Alderman subscribed 20 guiness, the two broke was not a Magistrate And why he Deputies so guineas each, and each of the had not appealed the tumult, if there was Common. Council present, seven guineas and one? Mr. Rigby said, the Magistrates had been mobbed. Mr. Towosend replied, tdk.
June 4. ing the whole together, in his opinion, the Friday a tradesman at Guildford was brought people had been inobbed by the Magiftrates, from thence to the New-gaol in the Boand not the Magistrates by the people. rough, for coining 5 s. 3 d. pieces. The following is a genuine Copy of the
June 5. Address :
Yesterday Charles Stevens, Henry Holy. To the KING's Most Excellent Majesty, oak, and Henry Hugbes, were executed at The humble ADDRESS of the Lord Mayor, Tyburn, pursuant to their sentence, for the
Aldermen and Commons of the City of murder of Mr. Shaw, and afterwards carried London, in Common-council atfemblea. to Surgeons-ball for direction : The two laro Most Gracious Sovereign,
ter declared, that Stevens had brought idem 6'WE wait upon your Majesty with our into a band course of life.
Saturday the sessions ended at the Old- attorney in this kingdom, was brought againk Bailey. At ibis sessions 83 prisoners were the defendant, for illegally, and in an outtried, 13 received sentence of death, 3 to be rageous manner (affifted by ten or twelve men transported 14 years, 24 for 7 years, two armed with great clubs, hired on purpose) were brasded, and four whipped.
ruhing into a room in the King's-head-taYesterday the purser of the Deptford East vern in Fenchurch-ftreet, where a cause was Indiaman, Capt. Tryon, came to the India- then on arbitration between one Capt. Smith, house, with an account of the above thip be a client of Mr. Reynolds's, and Mr. T-, ing arrived off Portland from Bombay, who the defendant's partner, and taking and carrybrings an account of the Speaker, East India- ing away Mr. Reynolds's bag, which con..an, Capt. Scott, being arrived at St. Helena tained his client's papers. The fact wat from Bombay ; affo that the Marquis of clearly proved; and the Judge having sommed Rockingåram, Capt. Hamilton; the Duke of up the evidence with great impartiality, and Cumberland, Capt. Savage; the Lord Cam. told the jury, in an excellent charge, that it den, Capt. Smith, from London, are arrived was a matter of very great importance ; that at Bombay.
it did not concern only Mr. Reynolds, but The Speaker failed from St. Helena two every Gentleman in the law in this king. Jays before the Deptford, and the Granby dom ; that it was of a most serious nature, was well at the Cape; the Fox, Mitchel, is and that no Gentleman would be fafe in in. arrived at Anjango; the Princess of Wales, trusting an attorney with any papers, if such Court, at Borrbay; the Houghton, Smith, at daring acts of violence were committed ; that the Cape ; all from London.
he could give the method which the defenThe Egmont East-Indiaman, Capt. Meares, dant had taken in feizing the bag no other from London to the East-Indies, left the Cao term than stealing, and that the jury should naries the 17th of March.
give such damages as might deter persons June 6.
from doing such Hagrant acts of violence for The supplies granted by Parliament for the the future ; they withdrew for about two present year amounted to 6,943,932 l. 16 s. minutes, and brought in a verdia for the zd. The Ways and Means to 7,327,6561. plaintiff in 100 l. damages, besides costs of 78.8.4.to
uit. June g.
Yesterday the following Address, Petition, Yesterday morning, about half past Gxo' and Remonstrance from the freeholders of clock, her Royal Highness the Princess Dow the county of Surry was presented to his MSagis of Wales set out, with a grand retinue, jesty at St. James's by Sir Francis Vincent, from Carlton-house, Pall-Mall, for Dover, in Bart. one of the Representatives of that order to embark for France.
county in Parliament, attended by the Hon. Yesterday came on before Lord Mansfield Peter King, Sir Robert Clayton, Sir Joseph in the Court of King's-bench at Guildhall, a Mawbey, Barts. and Benjamin Hayes, Esq. trial on an action brought against a stone. To the KING's Moft Excellent Majesty.. mason, for putting bond timber, contrary to The Humble ADDRESS, REMON. act of Parliament, into a public house he lately STRANCE, and PETITION, built in this city; when the jury gave a ver of the FREEHOLDERS of the COUNTY OF diet for the plaintiffs, with 401. damages and SURRY. colls of fuit.
May it please your Majesty, On Wednesday was tried before Lord Chief WE, your Majesiy's most dutiful and Justice Wilmot, at Guildhall, a cause in loyal subjects, the freeholders of the county which the asignee of a bankrupt was plain of Surry, in full confidence that your Majela tiff : The plaintiff's case confifted in a charge ity will at length turn a favourable ear to the against the defendant, for having encouraged just complaints of your subjects, beg leavt, the bankrupt to purchase goods on credit with all humility, to renew our earneft sup(under false pretences) of a linen-draper, to plications to your Majesty, in behalf of your the amount of sool, and upwards, in order to much injured and amicted people. faise money thereon to answer his present exi. We humbly hope that our ftrenuous endes. gencies, which goods it appeared the bank vours for the restoration of our conftitutional rup? fold to the defendant at the same price, rights will not be deemed inconsistent with though he only received half the moncy; for our zeal for your Majesty's Government, nor which the defendant forced the bankrupt to our ardent love of liberty contradictory to our give him a reccipt in full; buł, notwith- dutiful affection for your royal person. Aarding these receipts, the jury found a ver We consider the right of election as coeral dict for the plaintiff to the amount of the with the first forms of government in this thort payments, viz. 2581.
country ; a right which has been rendered Yeilerday a very important cause came on dearer to us by the happy exercise of it to be tried in the Court of Cominon Pleas at at the great æra of conftitutional liberty, the Guildhall, before Lord Chief Justice Wilmot, glorious Revolution; in consequence of which wherein Mr. Reynolds, of Lime-ftreet, Under your Majesty's royal ancestors were establishei Sheriff of the county of Middlesex, was on the Throne of these realms; and we canplaintiff, and a brewer at Stepney was defen not but think that the proceedings respecting dant, This action, which concerned every the Middlesex election are a fagt-at violation