Page images
PDF
EPUB

Fig. 6. The fame magnified, viewed on Fig. 8. The male glow-worm, viewed a the under part ; the two rings that terminate the upper part. the belly of the animal, and yield light, are Fig. 9. The fame, viewed on the under of a different colour ; on the infect, they dil part : Vt appears that the belly of the male play a beautiful citron-colour.

is composed of rings intirely resembling in Fig. 7. The lampyris os glow-worm of form those of a glow-worm. (Fig. 7.) France í It is the female that emits light.

terhber 1766, the weather being mild head where there are two small filaments, and ferenc, two women faw a light descend fig. z. and rest on the cross-work of a calement of a The corslet forms a fort of long square, house in the fuburbs of St. Anthony at Pa- of which the two angles derud in a very Iharp ris. This light they compared, by its fplen- point: It terminates underneath by a long dor, to those fures which are commonly point o (ibid.). Which, entering into a cae known by the name of falling fars; and, wity placed at the upper part next the belly, perceiving it to last without diminution, they gives it that spring and elafticity, which perapprised of it the people of the house. They mit the animal to dart into the air, to leap went to the casement, and found that it was when placed on the back, and to return to an infect which emitted the light, and their place itself on its legs. The spring, which eyes could scarce bear its brightness. They characterises this genus of infect, has acquire catched and shut it up. Several law it ed for it the naine of marechal ; but there without being able to determine its class is no occafion to explain a mnotion fo well and genus ; and it was then given me in known in this kind of infect, fo that we sharge.

may confine ourselves chiefly to the light it This infect Having been found in the time caits. of the Acaderay's vacation, I was deprived The body f of the infe&t is rr lines long; of the pleasure of their fentiments in regard it is furnished with two hard scales, that to the splendid appearance it made. I cover two membranous wings; it is of a hewed it, however, to M. de Juffieu, who coffee-colour, bordering upon cinnamon; it was much taken with the beauty of its has fix legs, of which two are on the corllet light.

and four on the thorax.. After comparing this infect with those The glow-worm is almost the only of preserved in the cabinets of the Curious, 1 terrestrial infects that emits light in our cliwdged it to be originally from Cayenne. mate. I do not here speak of the ScolopenThe singularity of finding at Paris an infect dra or millepedes, which, fometimes bruised, that was an inhabitant of fo remote a counc yields alto light in darkness; none of these try deserved to have some mention made of sights is comparable to the brightness of that it, and I believe that the beauty of the phof- ofiche insects of Cayenne phoric lig'it it yields, which few authors have The part, from whence the light iffures, is spoken of, required I thould have a more placed on each side of the collet g, and near exact drawing of it taken, than had been the points of horns of the corllet; the form hitherto. Brown in his Natural Hikory of of the luminous part varies according as the Jamaica, page 432, plate 44, fig. 10, has animal emits a more or less strong light: It giver a drawing of it and delcription under is nearly of the same colour with that of the name name of « Elater major fuscus phof- glow-worms, but by its vivacity and fplenphoricus.

dor resembles the most beautiful emerald. This beetle, called by M. Vor-Linne Thelė two luminous parts are two real lan* elater,' is known .commonly by the name thorns. The animal, put into a corner of of 'marechal' and by M. Geoffroi, under paper in a dark place, yields fufficient light, that of taupin.' The genus of elaters is cam- for reading the smallett character, and spreads mon in the invirons of Paris, but the species about it an atmosphere of light of upwards described here is peculiar to Cayenne ; a finale of four or five inches in diameter. The ler but luminous species is known also at St. upper part of these lanthorns runs a little Domingo.

upon the infect's corslet, and they are covered That of Cayenne is 18 lines long, (fig. 1, with finall thin plates, through which the 7, and 3:) Its head is foinewhat broader than phosphoric light finds a passage ; on the core

ong a; it has two lines of hrcadth; its eyes îlet, above these two luininous parts, appear b are large and black ; its feelers chave ten two finall cavities. articulations, and are 2 lines į long ; they When the infect is lield between two

[ocr errors]

fingers, and looked at under the belly, there stance. (fig. 8 and 9.). See the observations
Sometimes passes out a very brisk light near of Richard Waller in the Philofophical
the separation of the corslet, and between Tranfactions, and the Theatre of Insects of
the firit ring of its belly. This light would Mouffct.
have appeared also undoubtedly between the The female, (fig 7.) called pyrolampis,
rings of the body, as M. Brown observed, if cicindela, has lix very thort fect

. The body che

scales had been taken away; but we did is fomewhat flat and composed of s2 rings not dare to subject our insed to that trial, for which are very difinet. Some of these in fear of too much harrassing him.

sects are of different length and bulk. The We know that this infect is originally male (fig. 8 and 9.) has longer legs than the from Cayenne ; but how could he abandon female. The corflet is divided from the bothe hot climates of the torrid zone, and come dy, He has four wings not fo long as his to furprise us with his appearance ? This body; the two that are scaly are thin and question I believe I can answer without leav- flexible: The head is flattish, the eyes: ing any room for doubt.

This infect, before becoming a beetle, is are intirely like those of the female : Hereby known to remain some time under the form he is distinguished from several others that of a maggot, and to feed upon wood which he resemble him in other respects. gnaws into, baving introduced himself therein This glow-worm is allo common in Italy, when quite young. There are several in the but is not the only luminous one known suburbs of St. Anthony that work in the wood there ; for there are others that have the of the islands, and there are in the fame part power of moving about in the air, and prewarehouses for the wood of Cayenne till it is lent us with this phosphoric phænomenon in a fold off. Might not it be faid, almost with more complete manner. certainty, that the insect we speak of had pas-, The first time that, in Italy, I faw thefe fed the leas in a warm and favourable seafon Boating fires, sometimes disappearing, in an under the form of a maggot fublisting in the infant after much brighter, when the infect's Cayenne wood; and that at Paris he under- wings displayed or hid the luminous part, I went the metamorphosis he was destined to had the greatest defire of knowing what gave by nature, being there changed into a beetle, occasion to this pretty fight. to permit us to admire and judge of the beau It is no difficult

' matter to multiply at ty of his phosphoric light?

Rome observations on this luminous infect : The life of this insect lafted at leaft thirty The parterres, the bottoms of walls, have days, for I cannot know how many he lived plenty of thein. At dusk the infect apbefore the discovery I made of him. If one pears ; he flies low and flow; he emits a had at the fame time the other individual, it gleam of light at every stroke of his wings, would have been perhaps poffible to inrich and, as this light serves for discovering him, the natural history of our country with a new it is easy to catch him. The children in the species of infects, and be under no apprehen- Areets lay them on their face and cloaths, and lion that its multiplication would be prejudi- to divert themselves. cial to our productions.

The character of this infeet greatly refemWe may be in a great measure assured that bles the genus of cantharides of M. Vona every country has its luminous infect. There Linne, and the cicindela of M. Geoffroy ; is in France a worm mentioned by several but it seems to me to be still more conformaauthors. It is well known that the female ble to the character which determines the gecreeps and remains always underthe form of a nus of lampyris, and that the lucciola of worm; that it is she alone that emits light, Italy bears lome resemblance, in the upper whilft the male, which flies under the form part of the body, to the male of our glowof a beetle, is no ways luminous. The light worm : The part of the thorax of the latter points out to the male the female's habitacion, is that which diftinguishes it effentially from and invites his approaches.

the male of our lampyris. I often catched the female in the evenings The lucciola (hg. 4, 5, and 6.) is about of the spring-season with the male, and they five lines long ; the scaly wings (4) are soft copulated on my hand : Then it was that I and of a brown colour; the cornet (3) is of could observe a' fact, which has hitherto, I a red cinnamon colour, fiat, and rides to believe, been unnoticed. This beetle, which the scaly wings; the head (1) is large and is not commonly, luminous, emits light black, the feelers are Dender, the belly (s) is when catched a little time after. copulation. composed of rings of the fame colour as the

I made a drawing of the glow-worm, which fcaly wings, and, towards the point of that is the female (fig: 7.)

and of the male that part, the two lat (5 and 6) are of a citron gives light only in the above-cited. circum- colour; it is thefe that hine or diffufe ligla

Ааа 3

whca

[ocr errors]

when the animal pleases; and then the phof At night, we did not see ever a glow phoric matter, which is internal, appears and worm in the place where great numbers of makes that part very luminous. The ani- of the lucciola were found, and in the day. mal has fix legs (6 and 7,) two of which time, notwithstanding the molt diligent have their insertions on the corslet, and the search, we could not find the latter, fo comfour others on the thorax ; 'he five articula.' mon in the evening and at night. Attendtions of the lampyris to all the legs diftin- ing, however, to the eflential differences in guish, according to M. Geoffroy, that genus' the thorax of our lampyris and the luc. from the cantharides. One of these infect, ciola, there is no room for belief that the being bruised, leaves a train of light on the lacciola is the male of the lampyris, which hand or paper, and this light continues to would distinguish itself in Italy by emitting appear for some minutes.

light, whilit in France it exhibited nothing of I endeavoured to put some of that lumi the like. nous liquid into oil of cloves, without being It was still cold when we firft found lucable to dil!olve it, and so make the oil lumi-. ciola's in Italy. That evening we had but nous. Brandy is unfavourable for preserv- between 9 and 8 degrees of heat. When ing the light of these insects. They have we afterwards observed it at Rome, the wealived three days shut up in a bottle and ther was mild and serene. Shined in it. Paper rubbed with the body of From Naples, and undoubtedly beyond, the infect gives light. By wetting the paper as far as the Alps, the fame infect is found. that does not mine, the light appears again to I therefore believe it would be poslible to indisappear afterwards totally.

rich the Natural History of our country with All these insects appeared to us in the this new species, by helping it to pass the feas fame figure and size, and intirely alike. We or mountains, if it was proved that this lugreatly

desired to see them copulate, or go in ninous infect, by procuring so pretty a fight quest of the other individual; but we were not in the evenings, wherever it should take up fortunate enough in this respect, and I know its abode, did not hurt the fruits of the earth of no author who has inipefied into their preferably to that amusement. metamorphosis. The British Muse, containing original Poems, Songs, &c.

The SNAKE and the WORM, & Fable,
Qui fil Mecenas ut nemo quam fibi fortem,
Seu xario dederit, jou fors objecerit, illa
Contentus vivai
I.

Fix'd in some dreary cave, I wafe
UPA
PON a bank, with mass yclad,

A life of care and pain :
A snake indoiging lay,

VII.
And in centinu'd folds returnd.

For when the summer suns exult,
His tribute to the day.

Anu Sirius burns the plain,
II.

On me, ye Gods, your lightnings dart,
The lighi'ning's quick and lambent Same For I'm content to die.
Shot from his piercing eye;

VIII.
His cbequer'd fides in luitre shone

Or, if perchance ļ creep for air,
With scales of beauteous dye.

Then man arrests my fight;
III.

And in some pot, with moss well 611d,
Now coil'd in various artful folds,

I pine away the night,
A while repos.d he'd lie,

IX.
Tben rouse with quick elastic spring, Soon as Aurora gilds the eaft,
And chace the heedless fy.

For carp I'm doom'd repast,
Iy.

And tortur'd on the savage hook, •
An envious worm, from darkness crept, I writhe away my last.
His lucid charms survey'd,

X.
Aind, mov'd with rançour at the sight, When winter with its icy chains
He thus indignant said:

Has bound the captive earth,
V.

Then in some frozen cell I pine,
Why am I form's of worthiess clay,

With anguilh, cold, and dearth. The vileit reptile fure?

XI.
Curs'd with fatigue, with heat, and cold, While this luxuriant snake aboundo
l'ev'ry pang endure.

With ev'ry wished delight,
VI.

Ranges by day the fertile fields, 'Talk of diftress, there's not an elf

And seeks his hold by night : He wretched Ture as I;

XII. Frisks

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

THYRSTA

XII.

If the group'd figures false connexions show, Frisks o'er the plain with wanton bound, And glaring colours without meaning glow, And circumspective eye;

Your wounded feelings, turn'd a different way, Feels not a want, nor feels a care,

Will juftly damn-th' abortion of a play. Tho' worms unpitied die,

As Farquhar bas observ'd, our English law, XIII.

Like a fair spreading oak, the Mule Ahouli With vigour and with beauty blessid,

draw, He's uncontrould and free;

By Smiling equity and wisdom made But be it 10, ye partial Gods!

För honesty to thrive beneath its fhade; And sain your ills on me,

Yet from its boughs some reptiles (helter find, XIV.

Dead to each nobler feeling of the mind, Scarce had he spoke, whea o'er the dale Who thrive, alas ! too well, and never cease A trusty plowman came,

To prey on justice, property, and peace. Tending his course to distant wake,

At such to-night, with other legal game, To meet his ruddy dame,

Our vent'rous author cakes satiric aim ;
XV.

And brings, he hopes, originals to view,
The wanton snake's expanded length Nos pilfers from the Old Magpie, nor the
Soon caught his wand'ring eye,

New.
Straight to my rage, the rustic cry'd, To candour then he'll chearfully submit;
A victim thou shalt die.

She reigns in boxes, galleries, and pit,
XVI.
Quick o'er his head the weapon flew,

A SONG
The blow retards his Aight,
His eyes their prisine luftre lose,

HYRSIS, a young and am'rous In endless, gloomy night.

swain, XVII.

Saw two, the beauties of the plain,
The snake, which late in gambol play'd,

Who both his heart subdue :
Now writhes with thudd'ring death, Gay Cælia's eyes were dazzling fair,
And, on the bank where late he frisk d, Sabina's easy shape and air
He now resigns his breath.

With softer magic drew,
XVIII.

He haunts the stream, he haunts the grove
The boift'rous clown the worm alarm'd, Lives in a fond romance of love,
Who shrunk into his cell,

And seems for each to die; And there, on cool reflection, found

Till, each a little spiteful grown, A heaven in his hell.

Sabina Cælia's shape ran down,

And the Sabina's eye. Prologue to the LAME LOVER, Their envy made the shepherd find

Those eyes which love could only blind; Written and spoken by Mr. Gentleman.

So set the lover free:

No more he haunts the grove or stream, find,

Or with a true-love knot and name Moft as unmeaning as politely kind ;

Engraves a wounded tree. To beg a favour, or to plead excuse,

Ah Cælia! fly Sabina cry'd,
Of both appears to be the gen'ral use.

Tho' neither love, we're both deny'd;
Shall my words, tip with flattery, prepare Now, to support the fex's pride,
A kind exertion of your tend'reft care ?

Let either fix the dart.
Shall I present our author to your light,

Poor girl, says Cælia, say no more; All pale and crembling for his fate this night? For Mou'd the swain but one adoré, Shall I follicit the most pow'rful arms

That Spite, which broke his chains before, To aid his cause the force of beauty's

Wou'd break the other's heart. charms? Or tell cach critic, his approving taste A HYMN 10 CONTENTMENT.. Must give the fterling lamp, wherever plac'd ? This might be done-but so to sçck applause

Sweet delight of human kind !
Argues a conscious weakness in the cause, Heav'nly born, and bred on high,
No let the Muse in fimple truth appear, To crown the fav'rites of the sky
Reason and Nature are the judges here: With mure of happiness below,
If, by their frict and self-dcfcribing laws, Than victors in a triumph know!
The fey'ral characters to-night the draws ; Whither, O whither art thou fed,
If, from the whole, a finish'd piece is made, To lay thy meck, contented head?
On the two principles of light and thade : What happy region doft thou please
Struck with the barmony of jaft design, To make the seat of calm and ease ?
Your eyes, your cars-youş lacarts will all Ambition searches all ite sphere
combine

Of pomp and state, to meet choc there.
To grant applaufe, but if a dan ber's hand Increasing Avarice would find
Grota disproportioa warko ia aietley beado Thy presence in its gold iqihria do

p Rologues like cards of compliment we

The

Now

The bold advent'rer ploughs his way,
Thro' rocks amijt the foaming sea,

An Evening Thought.
To gain tby love ; and then perceives
Thou were not in the rocks and waves.

Tow down the Ateep of hear's the

fource of day The filent heart, which grief afails,

Pursues unwearied his diurnal way; Treads soft and lonesome o'er the vales,

Mild thine his rays, bis beams ferene deSee daisies open, rivers run,

scend, And seeks, (as I have vainly done,)

And o'er the earth a sweet effulgence feod. Amusing thought; but learns to know

The bluft'ring winds a pleafing filence keep, That Soli: ude's the nurse of woe.

And in their caves with folded pinions fleep. No real happiness is found

No longer from the clouds descends the rain, In trailing purple o'er the ground:

But a clear azure spreads th' ethereal plain, Or in a foul exalted high,

A solemn pleasing blence hovers round, To range the circuit of the sky,

And peace with downy wing o'erspreads the Converse with stars above, and know

ground; All nature in its forms below;

While filver Cynthia sheds her milder light, The rest is seeks, in seeking dies,

And ushers in the awful reign of night. And doubts at lait for knowledge rife.

So when the lamp of life shall dimly burn, Lovely, lafting Peace, appear!

And this frail frame to kindred duft fhall This world itsell, if thou art here,

turn; Is once again with Eden bleit,

May the rudé Atrife of earth, born paffions. And man contains it in his breast.

cease,

And life's short journey terminate in pexe. 'Twas thus, as under thade I Nood, May then'no cares terrestrial break my reft, I sung my withes to the wood,

Or keen reflections discompose my breaft. And, loft in thought, no more perceiv'd May then no fear, no dread of ills to come, The branches whisper as they wav'd : Make 'me Ahrink back with terror from the It seem'd, as all the quiet place

tomb ; Confess'd the presence of the Grace.

But when the awful mandate from on high, When thus the spoke-Go, rule thy will, The scntence shall proclaim that bids me die; Bid thy wild passions all be fill,

Resign’d and peaceful let me bow my head, Know God and bring thy heart to know And Iteav'n enjoy when number'd with the The joys which from religion flow?

dead. Then ev'ry grace thall prove its guest, And I'll be there to crown the rest.

On TRUE and FALSE NOBILITY. Oh! by yonder mofy feat,

TOT all that are accounted great In my hours of sweet retreat ;

Deserve to bear that name : Might I thus my soul employ,

The wicked, tho' in highest seat, With fepse of gratitude and joy:

To Greatness have no claim. Rais'd as ancient prophets were,

The far that shines on guilty breaft, In heav'nly vision, praise, and pray'r;

Or an illustrious pearl, Pleasing all men, hurting none,

May decorate the outward veft, Pleas'd and bless'd with God alone :

And tell us, "There's an Earl! Then while the gardens take my light,

But brip him of the brilliant veft, With all the colours of delight;

And ihew the real man: While filver waters glide along,

And, when the borrow'd light's suppress'de To please my ear, and court my rong:

Admire him, if you can. r's lift my voice, and tune my string,

A fervile world may cringe and bew, And thee, great: Source of nature, fingu

And homage pay to names ; The fon that walks his airy way,

A fervile world, we can't but know, To light the world, and give the day;

Are mean in all their aims. The moon that lines with borrow'd light; 'Tis Virtue folid worth-imparts, The fars that gild the gloomy night;

And dignifies the Peer: The feas that roll unnumber'd waves;

Ye Nobles, then ! prepare your hearts,
The wood that spreads its shady leaves ;

And grasp true goodness ibere !
The field whose cats conceal the grain,
The yellow treasure of the plain.;

Written under a Lady's Name in a Windre.
All of these, and all I fee,
Shou'd be Surig, and lung by me :

THREE brilliants fair Celinda gracid, They speak their Maker as they can, Bul want and all the tongue of man.,

One from her snowy. hager blaz'd,

Two sparkled in her eyes
Go, fearch among you idle dreams, The firft, wbich fhone with fainter says,
Your bufy, or your vain extreams ;

Could bere her name impart;
And find a life of equal bliés,

The other drew her chasching face QI own the next begin in this

More deeply an soy deasu

« PreviousContinue »