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come stupified by the opiates of luxury, indo- is in the eyes of the intelligent, a state of lence
, and softness, the State talls then into a languor, the forerunner of its dissolution, consumption. The apparent calm it enjoys
The Compendious Peerage of England, continued from Page 317 of our Magazine for December last, with the Arms finely engraved, and a grnealogical
Account of the Noble Family of COMPTON, Earl of Northampton. TH "HAT this family is denominated fon and heir, who in 36 H. III. was certi
from the Lordship of Compton, in fied to hold half a Kniglit's fee in Compcom. Warw. appears from several authori- ton, of Thomas de Arden, lineal heir to ties
, being descended from ancestors, who Turchil before mentioned ; and he of the were Lords of the place before the conquest. Earl of Warwick, whole ancestors had the Sir William Dugdale, in treating of the greatest part of Turchil's lands made over to owners of the Lordship of Compton, has them by King William Rufus. given no account of their original descent ; This Thomas de Compton had issue three but from the following evidences it plainly fons, Philip, Henry, and William. Whereof appears
, that Turchil, the son of Alwyne, Philip de Compton, the eldest, was certified (cotemporary with King Edward the Con- in 7 Edw. I. to be Lord of the manor of tellor; and William the Conqueror) was the Compton, and that he held it of Thomas de ancestor of this family. The faid Turchil Arden, by the service of half a Knight's fee. relided at Warwick, and had great posseffions He was succeeded by Robert de Compron his in the county, when William Duke of Nor- fon and heir, who left illue a fon Robert de mandy invaded this realm; hut giving no Cempton, and this Robert 'had issue, by alistance to King Harold, though he was Margaret his wife, Thomas de Compton, then a person of especial note and power, and John de Compton, who was one of the being reputed Earl of the county ; he found Knights for Warwickshire in the Parliament Such favour with the Conqueror, that he con held in 6 Ed. III, tinued posielled of his lands, and among Thomas de Compton succeedled his father them the Lordship of Compton, and forty- at Compton, and left issue by Chriftian his seven other manors, as is evident from wife, Edmund his son and heir. Which Domesday-book. He was one of the first in Edmund de Compton by Agnes, his wife, England, who, in jinitation of the Normans, had fix fons, William, Thomas, John, Roaffumed a furname ; for it appears that, in the bert, Edmund, and Richard ; whereof Wilreign of King William Rufus, he wrote liam de Compton, eldest son, succeeded at himself Turchillus de Eardene, from his re- Compton. He married Joan, daughter to fidence in Arden (as it is now wrote) in the John Hobby, Esq; and departing this life afaid county, the faid King having dispossessed bout 10 Henry VI. was fucceeded by Rohim of his castle of Warwick. Which bert his son and heir, who deceased in 21 Turchil had several fons, as appears from E. IV. (1480) and, by Agnes his wife, left Sir William Dugdale's discourse on Curd- iffue Edmund, his son and heit. Which worth, part of his possessions. By his first Edmund Compton, Efq; deceasing in the wife he had iflue Siward de Arden, ancestor 8th year of Henry the Seventh, was buried at to the family of Arden ; and by Leverunia, Compton, and by Joan his wife, daughter his second wife, he had issue Olbert, his son and heir of Walter Aylworth, Efq; left issue and heir, who wrote himself of Compton a son named William, and a daughter Elitain 16 H. II, and is without doubt the an. beth, wife of Sir Walter Rodney, Knt. cestor of this family., Which Olbert had The faid Williarn Compton, being but illue three fons, Orbert, Philip, and Peter ; eleven years of age at his father's death, was the eldest whereof left only two daughters his in ward to King Henry VII, who appointed coheirs. But Philip, fécond son, writing him to wait on his son Henry, Duke of hinself Philip de Compton, was a witness, York, whereby he fo demeaned himself, that about $ King John, with William Poer he grew into his especial favour, insomuch (Sheriff of Warwickshire in 4, 5, and 6. that, when he ascended the throne by the King John) to a grant of lands lying in name of King Henry VIII, he constituted Timoe, made by Richard de Bereford, and him Groom of his Bed-chamber : And on Cecilia his wife, to the canons of Kenil. the 12th of January the same year, the King worth. In 20 H. III. he was certified to being informed that divers Gentlemen had hold half a Knight's fee in Compton ; and prepared themselves to juft, he elected Mr. to him fucceeded Thomas de Comptota hil Compton for his companion, and being fe
cretly arned in the little park of Richmond, with the sweating-sickness, which then raged came to the jufis unknown to all persons in the Court, whereby the King was also in and unlooked for, and performed fo gallant- great danger. All our historians make hos ly, that the two frangers had great praise, nourable mention of him, and by what is rebrot at length, in a course by misfortune, Sir cited it is evident he was in the highest favour Edward Nevile, brother to the Lord Aber with his Sovereign, who very much regretted gavenny, running against Mr. Compton, the loss of such an able and faithful fervant; hurt him fore, and he was likely to die. and it is highly probable would have promo
This endeared him more to the King, ted him to the dignity of Peerage, had he who foon after advanced him, viz. in the le- lived a few years longer, for he died in the cond year of his reign, to be chief Gentleman 47th year of his age, and was poslelied of a of his Beelchamber, (i. e. Groom of the very great estate in several counties, as apo Stole) as olio Constable of Sudeley-castle, in pears by several inquisitions taken after his com Glouc and on all occasions hewed the death. He was also in nomination to be great value he had for him. His Majesty elected a Knight of the Garter, in a chapter caused proclam tion to be made on the 2d of held at Richmond, April 23, in 14 Henry November the same year (2 H. VIII.) at his VIlI. as also in all other chapters, to the Court of Richmond, That he, with his two time of his death ; and from the number of aids, Charles Brandon and Mr. Comptor, votes given for him had, it is probable, been would answer all comers with the spear at the chosen on the next vacancy ; the King in Tilt, one day; and at Terney with swords, that age permitting the Knights to elect, and the other; and accordingly, on the 13th of they were instructed to nominate fuch who November, they entered the field richly ap were famed for their valour, and all manly pareled, their bafes and trappers being cloih virtues, and were without the least reproach. of gold fit with re: roses, ingreiled and em He married Werburge, daughter and heir of broidered with gold; and having valiantly Sir John Brereton, Knight, and had issue by performed before divers strangers of the her two sons and a daughter. Emperor Maximilian's Court, the Ambus Peter Compton, ellert fon, being under faders of Spain, &c. liad the prize adjudgeil fix years of age, at the death of his father, to them.
and being t!rereupon in ward to the King, In the year following, he was constituted Cardinal Wolley, then the greatest in power, Conitable of the castle of Gloucester ; and got a grant of the custody of him and his in 4 Hen. VIII, in consideration of his good marriage ; but on that Prelate's difgrace, and faithful services, had a special grant to and dying foon after, he was in ward to himse!f and his heirs, of an honourable aug- George Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury, Lord. mentation to his arms, out of the said King's steward of the Hourhold to King Henry own royal enligns and devices, viz. A lion VIII, who had him married before he was patlant gardant, or ; and for his crest, A
19 years of age, to his daughter the Lady demi-dragon eraled, gules, with a coronet of Anne, who was heir to her mother Elisa gold upon a torse, argent and vert.
beth, daughter and heir of Sir Richard Wal, In 5 Henry VIII, he led the rear-gtrard of den, of Erif (now called Earith) in Kent, the King's army at Therovenne, composed Knt. and dying before he accomplied his for the most part of the retinue belonging to full age, viz. January 30, in 35 Henry Richard Fox, Bishop of Winchester, and VIII, was buried in Westminster-abbey, Wolscy, then the King's Almoner, being leaving issue Henry his only son and heir, of 800 in number ; and having valiantly be the age of 49 weeks and five days. haved himself both in the siege, and the battle Which Henry Compton, born February that ensued, called by our historians the Bat- 16, 1537-8, was knighted by the Earl of He of Spurs, from the swiftness of the French Leicester at Arundel-house, February 10, in running away, he had the honour of 1566, and being called by writ to the House kniglıthood conferred on him by the King, of Petrs, 8 Maii
, in 14 Eliz. as Baron who is faid never to have laid his fivõrd on Compton, of Compton, was accordingly adany that had not distinguished themselves. mitted and took his place in the House. His He was also further rewarded with the office Lordship departed this life at his seat at of Chancellor of Ireland for life, which he "Compton, in the year 1589. He was twice officiated by deputies till the tine of his married. His first wife was the Lady Frandeath ; belides feveral other marks of the ces, daughter to Francis Hastings, Earl of King's favour conferred on him for his servi-, Huntingdon, by whom he had issue a daughces, and valour displayed on Sundry occa. ter, Margaret, married to Henry Lord Morfions. His death happened on the gift of daunt, William his fon and heir, and ThoMay, in 20 H. VIII. (1528) being seized mas Compton, second son, knighted at
Whitehall, March 4, 1606-7. His Lord, vereł so great a geniuis, that it was as much thip married, secondly, Anne, davghter of Sir as four several tutors, at home, at Cambridge, John Spencer, of Althorp, in com, Nor- in France, and in Italy, each taking his thampt. (widow of William Stanley Lord respective hour for the art and science he Monteagle) who survived him, and was the professed, could do to keep pace with his ed wife of Robert Sackville Earl of Derset. great proficiency: Being master of lanBy the Lord Compton the had illue Sir guages, he received and conducted feveHenry Compton, of Bramble Teigh, in the ral Ambafadors to their public audiences, parish of East Grinsted, in com. Suflex, both in the reigns of King James and King Knight of the Bath at the coronation of Charles the First. On Nov. 3, 1616, he was King James the First.
made one of the Knights of the Bath at the William Lord Compton, eldest son and creation of Charles Prince of Wales, and was heir of Henry Lord Compton, was on the afterwards a great favourite with that Prince, ad of August
, in the 16th year of the reign whom he accompanied into Spain in the year of King James I, invested with the dignity of 1622, waiting on him in the quality of MarEarl of Northampton, in a folemn manner, ter of his Robes and Wardrobe, and had in the Bishop's palace at Salisbury: In the the hononr to deliver all his presents, amountreign of King Charles I, he was installed one ing (as was computed) to 640001. He afof the Knights Companions of the most No- filted at the coronation of King Charles I. as ble Order of the Garter, April 21, 1629, as Master of the Robes to his Majesty, and, appears by a plate in the 13th ftall on the having been many years a witness of the Sovereign's sicke in the chapel of St. George King's gracious disposition, he was the more at Windsor. He rode to his installation from firmly settled in his opinion of the benefit of Salisbury-house in the Strand, with such his Majesty's government, and, in defence fplendor and gallantry, and exhibited such a thereof," hazarded his fortune, and lott his glorious Thew, that Mr. Alhmole, in his life in his service. history of the most noble order of the Gar This brave Nobleman took to wife Mater, has taken particular notice of the grap- ry, daughter of Sir Francis Beaumont, by deur of it, and the retinue that accompanied whom he had issuo fix fons, who were all him. His Lordship was a Noblepian of highly esteemed for their eminent abilities, great honour, generolity, and integrity. His. and were all heirs of his courage, loyalty, death happened on a sudden act, of which and virtue ; five of them receiving the ho$. Maldus, in a letter dated July 2, 1630, nour of knighthood, and the youngest was has given the following account of his Lord no less conspicuous. Also, two daughters. ship's decease:
James Compton, the eldest son, Earl of • Yesterday fe'nnight the Earl of Nor- Northampton, taking arms with his father thampton, Lord Preludent of Wales (after for King Charles the First, was distinguishhe had waited on the King at fupper, and ed for his bravery and conduct, and performbad allo fupped) went in a boat with others ed many gallant acts in those times of cuno to wash himself in the Thames, and, fo foon fu'on. as his legs were in the water but to the knees, During his Majesty's confinement, his he had the cholic, and cried out, “ Have Lordship, with all his family, readily enme into the boat again, for I am a dead gaged to serve under the Earl of Holland, man;" and died a few days after at his lodg- who had received a commission from the ings in the Savoy, within the fuburbs of Prince to be General of an army to be raised London, on June 24, 1630, (6 Car. I.) and for the redemption of the King from prison, was buried at Compton with his ancestors. and to restore the Parliament to its freedom; He took to wife Elisabeth, daughter and heir but this project ended in the detrus in of of St. John Spencer, Lord-Mayor of the that Earl, who thought hinself too secure in city of London, in 36 Q. Elif. with whom the affections of the city to join with him. he had a large fortune; her father, from his After this his Lordship lived retired till the great wealth, being usually called the rich restoration of King Charles the Second, and Spencer.' He left illue by her an only son Spen- was at the head of the King's friends, wło cer Compton, and two daughters, Elisabeth, subscribed the declaration to appease the manied to Robert Maxwell, Earl of Nides minds of such as were ill-difpofid to the dale in Scotland; and Anne, muried to U. King's restoration, which he took all op:0:lick, fon and heir of Richard Burgh, Earl tunities to effect, and at last had the comfort of Clanrickard in the kingdom of Ireland, of seeing those dittractions at an end, that and Earl of St. Alban's in England. had so long rent the nation. On the sea of
The beforementioned Spencer Compton, July, 1647, he was married, at ''lerkenwell, Earl of Northampton, was born at Comp- church, London, to the Laly 'fabell', ton, in May 1601, and in his youth difcipe daughter and colleis of Richard Sackvilie,
Earl of Dorset, (which Lady deceased at his On the accession of King George 1. he house in Lincoin's-Inn-Fields, on the 14th of was continued in the same posts; but, in October, 1661) by whom he had divers 1717, religned his place of Constable of the children that died young, and one daughter, Tower and Lord-lieutenant of the Hamlets. Alathea, married to Edward Hungerford, In the year 1686, his Lordship married Efq; son and heir of Sir Edward Hunger. Jane,youngest daughter of Sir Stephen Fox, ford, Knight of the Bath. His Lordship, Knt; and by this Lady (who deceased on on the magnificent entry of King Charles the oth of July, 1721) he had issue four the Second, through his city of London, sons and lix daughters. The fons were May 29, 1660, led a troop of 200 Gentle- James, George, Stephen, who died young, men clothed in
and blue. He died full and Charles. His Lordhip departed this of honour, at his seat at Castle-Ashby in life on the 15th of April, 1727; to whom Northamptonshire, on the 15th of Decem- succeeded his eldest fon, James, who dying ber, 1686. His second Lady was Mary, without issue, in November, 1754, his hodaughter and heir of the Right
Hon. Baptist nours came to his brother George, who also Noel Viscount Camben, (by his second wife dying without iffue, the earldom devolved Hesther, second daughter and coheir of Tho- fuccellively on the two sons of Charles the mas Lord Wotton) by whom he had issue fourth brother, and the younger of these three sons and two daughters. His Lord- fons, Spencer Compton, is now Earl of ship’s three sons were George, James who Northampton. died young, and the Right Hon. Sir Spen He fucceeded his brother Charles, who cer Compton.
died without male issue, in O&tober, 1763. The Right Hon. George Compton, Earl TITLES.] Spencer Compton, Earl of of Northampton, was constituted Lord Lieu. Northampton, and Baron Compton of tenant of Warwickshire, &c. by King James Compton ; Recorder of the town of Northe Second, on the 29th of March, 3686; thampton. but refusing to come into the measures for CREATIONS.) Baron Compton of Comprepealing the penal laws, &c. his commission ton in com. Warwick, by writ of fummons was fuperfeded, and the Earl of Sunderland, to Parliament, May 8 (1572) 14 Eliz. and on the sth of December, 1687, was again Earl of Northampton, Aug. 2 (1618) 16 made Lord Lieutenant and Cuftos Rotulo- Jac. I. rum of the said county.
ARMS.] Sable, a lion passant-guardant In the next reign, on the 16th of March, or, between three helimets argent. 1688, he was again constituted Lord Lieu Crest.) On a wreath a mount vert, tenant of Warwickshire; and, at the coro and thereon a beacon, or, inflamed on the pation of King William and Queen Mary, top, proper ; about the fame a label, infcrifore the King's scepter with the cross. On bel, Niti Dominus.' the accession of her Majesty Queen Anne, SUPPORTERS.] Two dragons with his Lordship was swom one of the Privý. wings expanded ermin, collared with ducal council on the 21st of May, 1702 ; and, on collars and chains of gold. June 24, 1702, again constituted Lord Lieu. Motto.) JE NE CHERCHE QUE tegant and Cuftos Rotulorum of the county of UNG. Warwick; likewise sworn of the Privy-coun CHIEF SEATS.) At Castle-Ashby, near cil, accor.ing to the act of union Dec. 13, Towcefter, in Northamptonshire; and at 1711; and, in 1712, was constituted Confta. Compton-Vinyates in the county of War. ble of the Tower of London, and Lord Liewo wick. tenant of the hamlets of the said Tower.
The BRITISH Mufe, containing original Poems, Songs, &c. An EPISTLE from a YOUNG LADY; complaining of the las
jury done ker by a faitbless Lover. T O Heaven and you repentant I confess From spotless innocence, from meek-ey'dpeace; At once my shame, contrition, and dis. A prey to horror, victim to disgrace. grace ;
A youth by nature and by ari polless'd And, Oh ! if pity may await a crime of all that melts the sympathetic breast, That fullies honour to remotcft time,
Such sweet persuasion on whose accents bung, Judge from this faithful picture of my ffate, That while he spoke, I thought an angel Whether that pity should my crime await ;
fung; Cover'd with crimson blushes, while I tell Whose kneeling vows in fond profufion From white-rub'd truth and virtue how I