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moment the chamber he liy in appeared fil- ful: It, being a most subtile and refined mato led with lighxning, which instantaneously ter, will fometiines burn a person's eloaths vanished, leaving behind it a remarkable while his body remains unhurt. And, on phosphorine Imell. From that point of time the contrary, it will sometiines break a man's he thought he found his natural facul- bones while his cloaths and flesh receive no: ties more alert; and his feelings so greatly harm. in like manner it has been known altered, that be fancied his cure to be ac to melt or break the blade of a sword, and the complished ; which he was induced to per- sçabbard remain untouched. It has drank tuade himself of, from a sudden sensation up vessels of water, the cover being left undescribed by him to be, as if some oh- touched, and no other token remaining Gold, Itruction in his chest, or a great adhesion silver, and brass have been melted, and the therein, had been suddenly removed, and his bags wherein they were contained not burnt, breast had then recovered its former full li nor even the seal of wax defaced. Marcia, berty of expansion: The oppression and Queen of the Romans, was thunder-struck conßnement he had there before suffered when she was far gone in her pregnancy. The seeming to be intirely gone. And he now. child was killed in her womb, and the reenjoyed, in imagination, at least, the agrec- ceived no harm. The fishes in ponds have able opinion of reportelling perfect health. been frequently Nain by lightning. But how much greater was his joy when he The reason of these strange and contrary arose in the morning, and began to move a- effects philosophers can but conjecture ; imbout, upon finding the fancy he had indulged, puting it to the different figure and qualiduring the night, fully verified by the intire ty of the particles of the lightning, or to the ease and complete health be then really en- rarity and thickness of the fire, for the more joyed. His head was quite serene; his break subtile penetrates more easily, and the thickunloaden of its wonted oppression, and eased er with more difficulty ; whence the latter of its habitual pain; He could move all his does more harm than the former, and though limbs with as much steadiness and agility as it produces various and wonderful effects, he used before his complaint': Torpors, yet it is of such singular use to the inhabitremblings, and the long unhappy train of tants of the earth, that they could scarce fubemiseries which before afficted him were now lift without it; for it clears the air, destroys gone : The joy of health was, like the dawn and consumes all the redundant and noxious of the morning, renewed; and every para- fteams and particles that float in it, breaks lytic symptom, with his delpair of recovery, the clouds, and sends down rain upon the vanished like the preceding night ; and he a earth. vers that, though the day before he was un Electricity, applied to the animal body, able to walk more than half a mile, and that acceerates the circulation of the blood; greatwith great difficulty and pain, he could, the ly quickening the pulse, it rarefies it, and morning after the mock the lightning gave enlarges its volume. Hence we find by exhim, have walked with ease ten or twelve perience, that it often removes obstructions, miles; fo propitious was that event. And, and is a temporary remedy or a perfect cure on the roth of September, 1762, he was, in many disorders proceeding (as moft do) and I believe still continues, in a perfect state frum obftrutions; and it is applied with peof good health. To eltablish and secure culiar success in some female complaints, vihea blesling, io signally recovered, he was which arise from that common origin. then rrturned to a course of the Tunbridge On the contrary, by withdrawing this fire waters; where this account was delivertu by froin an healthy body, or from one in a fehimself of bis disorder and the cure. ver, the circulation is retarded, and the pulse

li may not be improper here to observe, rendered flower. that, as Mr. Wincer is well known to be i it has a further effect on animals ftruck Gentleman of strict veracity, and found, with it, similar to the effects of lightning ; plain sense, we cannot firspeet therefore either for such as are killed with the electrical shock his head or his heart to be capable of deceiv aic thereby inclined to almost instant putreing us in this relation, which himself deli- factiun : fó it is with bodies liain by lightning, Väed, and which I was very careful to note which acquire therefrom such a putrescent elown as circum tantially as poinble, that it dilpolition 25 to offend almost iinmediately might be fatistidiory to all isto may think attcr. And from this property in electricity it of so much importance as to be favoured it is, that we find fowls or cattle killed by with their atten::0).

lightning or a thuck of electricity, if eaten

directly afterwards, prove tender as if OBSERTATIONS. they had been killed two or three days. 1h e ci ofie ve very wonder Since the publication of the above case, in


the course of my conversation with the in- part) and dried up and confumed the roots
genious and learned author of many new and of the cancer in such a manner, as totally to
curious discoveries in ele&tricity, Dr. Frank- prevent its farther progress ; fo that, when by
lin, I was informed, that some time ago, art abandoned to depair, her perfect cure
when an house in America was struck with was, I may say, miraculousy accomplished
lightning, two people in the fame were struck by accident.
dead, and one rendered paralytic, which he I am informed by good authority, that a
continued to be to the end of his life. Gentlewoinan in Great Ruffel-itreet had a

I am assured, by a very worthy Lady, pally communicated by lightning, which was
that she was told, by a late Dignitary of the cured again, some time after, by a fath of
church in Ireland, that he knew for certain lightning.
a Gentlewoman in that kingdom, who was And I am told the Apothecary at St.
cured of a most deplorable cancer by a sud- Thomas's Hospital recovered a paralytic pa-
den fialh of lightning, which struck her up- tient by the electrical fhock, which being
on the disordered breast (as if attracted thi- afterwards repeated, the disorder returned
ther by some hidden property then in the and continued incurable.

Afort CHARACTER of the late Lord Chancellor.

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the office of Attorney-general, he Ministers thought, in that situation, his ianever failed to be an advocate and protector Hexible integrity, and love of the Conítituof the liberties of the people. His conduct tion, could never interfere with their politics. then in Parliament will do him honour when But in that station there foon came on before he is no more. As the Law officer, to him a great and national question in the whom the exercise of the prerogative was de- person of Mr. Wilkes. His conduct on legated, he will ever be revered : No harsh that occation is too well known, and the tyrannical profecutions were set on foot by business tco recent, to need a recapitulation. hiin; and the mandate of a Trea'ury Board, Suífice it to say, that it is engraved on the for sheltering under the prerogative an extor- grateful breast of every honest and unbiased tionate servant, or false witness of the Crown, Englishman. was regarded by him as walte paper. On From the Common-pleas, let us pass on a langular occasion, his answer to such a to the Cout of Chancery. It will not be mandate

was, • His Majesty has delegated denied, that he has given the most perfect that part of the prerogative to me, and I and intire satisfaction. Were it possible to will exercise it in such a manner as I can forget his paft conduct of a Lawyer and a answer to the King, my conscience, and my Statesman, his conduct upon the political country'. An mliver that one may venture question, that now occupies the attention to lay had not been given for some tiine be- of every thinking man, being of the last imfore by the King's Attorney-general to the portance to our liberties, would indear him Treafury Board, nor may happen to be to his country. That a full conviction of {peedily given again. No wonder their his being right was the fole ground for his Lordhips were surprised at the boldness of having taken the part he has, no man can rethe reply, it being novel to them, from a ally doubt, for he was in the first office the man in such an office ; but their submission Crown could bestow --could be no greater, to his determination added to his honour, and was liable to be removed theretrom at and was no diminution of their own. pleasure--Herifqued all, and gained nothing

View him next placed out of the way, in but the blessings of a grateful people. the Court of Common-pleas, whither he was BERNAMPIRATE


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This fellow pus ined by Prince Herachi

HE following is a translation of the Georgia, to declare to the whole world, the

firm and immoveasle resolution they have us, against the Ottoman Porte :

taken to disannul a law, which appears in A juftifiable defire of liberty, natural to have been framed rather by brutes than reaall nations, and the shame of paying a tribute sonable people. It is true, we are the tribu imposed on us in the time of cur adverfity, caries, but not the saves of the Porte. We are the natives which determine ibe people of are willing to do homage for part of our


Boods; but this haughty Power, as a tribute, saine, that he may be at hand to oppose any ide demands the prostitution of our daughters, to cursions which the Tartars may make upon the pleasure of their Prince From this mo the frontiers. We learn from Zytomiers, iment we abolish such a scandalous custom, that the Haydamacks, to the number of 3000, and are determined to get rid of this tax, even strengthened with cannon, begin a new their at the price of the laft drop of our blood. At inroads; but Mr. Stembkouki, quarter-malleast, we shall erect a monument to our glory, ter of the Crown, has been sent against them, and oblige posterity to acknowledge, that a with his detachment of Polish troops, and people, who were termed Barbarians, sacri. fome hundreds of Ruflians. We are in. ficed their lives for the preservation of their formed from good authority, that on the soth honour, and the support of their liberty. And, of this month Major Drewitz attacked the that it may not be thought this effort is the Confederates near Konskic, killed 300 of offspring of presumption, I, Prince Heraclius, them, and made 150 prisoners, among whom do hereby declare, that, being animated in the are nine foreign Officers. • caufe, I am ready to put myself at the head of An affair has likewise happened at Petrififty of our ships, and five thousand men. kau, where several Marshals of the ConfedeSuch of the neighbouring Princes, who prefer rates had assembled with their troops, amountdeath to ignominy, convinced of the justnessing to 5000 men. These, being informed that of our cause, will join their troops to ours, in Colonel Ronne was marching towards them, order to abolish a fax, which at once makes us quitted that town, into which Captain Cara Naves, and disgraces humanity'.

telli entered with about 250 men, the greater Conftantinople, Nov. 18. On the sth, part of them horse. The Confederates, being 6th, and oth of this month, very long conse: informed of the smallness of this detachment, rences were held at the Mufti's, in regard to returned dire&ly and attacked them. Cap. the measures to be taken by the Porte in the tain Castelli took his measures so well, that present circumstances. The Grand Seignior he forced his way through the gardens, tho appears ftill dispored to continue with vigous they fired upon his men out of every winthe war against Ruflia. The preparations dow ; however, when he came to the Jesuits making for the ensuing campaign leave no Convents, he was killed. room to doubt but it will be extremely inte In the mean time the Confederates learn. refting. It is ftill believed that his Highness ing, that not only the remainder of the Van: will command his army in person. The land guard, but also the Colonel himseli, with all forces are to be fuperior to those employed in his forces, was coming up, they took theit the last campaign, and the naval force no less customary resolution of retreating, after let confideratle. The ships lately returned un ting fire to both the suburbs, throngh which 'der the Captain Pacha are to be careened and Mr. Ronne was to pass. This obliged the refitted, after which part of them will be sent Ruffians to make a circuit, and gave the Conto the White Sea, to join those which have federates time to retire. The Ruflians had been there fince the beginning of summer. about 30 killed, and as many wounded.

Petersburg, Dec. 5. A few days ago the The Jesuiis are suspected, with a good deal Court received from Gen. Count'de Panin, of foundation, of having facilitated the reCommander in chief of the second army, a entry of the Confederates through their concircumstantial account of the expedition of the vent and thickets, well known to them. It Count de Witgenstein, near Bender, at the is even said, that many of those religious were head of four battalions of grenadiers, 800

taken with arms in their hands. hunters, and two regiments of fufiliers. In Warsaw, Dec. 20. The Confederates unseveral little engagements he had with the der Marshal Zaremba attacked on the 12th 'enemy, the latter were always defeated, and init, in the neighbourhood of Petrikau, the the Ruffians, besides prisoners, took from advanced guard of a body of Russian troops, them five pair of colours, a General's staff of commanded by General Weymar, and took command, a pair of kettle-drums, 264 ca some prisoners ; bu? upon the approach of mels, 21,000 horses, 10,500 oxen, 67,000 that body they ran away with precipitation, sheep.

and set fire to the suburbs of the town, so that Leghorn, Dec. 14. Some of the Russian the Jesuits church was reduced to afhes. They ships of war have put in at Sardinia, in order write from Cracovia, that the Confederates to wait there the remainder of their ficet. had reccived orders from their Chiefs to eva. The Dutch Vice. admiral Roermer is collect. cuate the place and come there no more. ing his squadron, which is to congift of twelve We learn that, among other advantages vefsels of war, with which he is to scour the fucceflively obtained over the Turks, Colonel Mediterranean, but we know not for what Colpakow has lately defeated a body of 500 reason. The ships and galiots of the Grand Tartars of the Crimea, under the command of Duke of Tuscany have likewise received or two well known partisans near the frontiers ders to hold themselves ready to fail, under of Bohemia, when upwards of too men were the command of Captain Smith,

cut to pieces, among whom were the two Warsaw, December 16. The Count de Commanders, and their fandards were taken Romanzow, General in chief of the Russian with 160 horses. forces, has fixed his head-quarters in the Uk. Warsaw, Dec. 23. The Chan of the Tas.

tors has quitted his residence at Kaulany, not and Krasinski are guarded at night by the Ot. thinking himself in safety there, and is reti. tomane, and the greatest dillensions reign ared farther into the country. The Turkiih mong the Confederates, one part of whom army, which is on the other side of the Da. have chosen the Sieur Krasinski for their Dube, leffens every day in its numbers, the chief, and the other part of the Sieur Mof. janiffaries deserting by whole platoons at a towski. The Chunt de Romanzow is set out time. In the mean while it is certain, that for Petersburgh, in order to aflift at the conthe Russians are masters of the Danube, and sultations which are to be held there con. also of Ilaccia, which puts them in a condi- cerning the operations of the ensuing camtion of opening the campaign with advantage; paign, and the command of the Russian army for which purpose they have formed large ma- is delivered up till his return to Count Olitz, gazines in Wallachia, The Counts Potocki

Historical Chronicle, January 1770.


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January 1.

lishment, the public credit and the safety of LETTER from Philadelphia, dated this kingdom.

November 30, says, • By Capt. Miller, "When I first met you in Parliament, as I from Savanna-le-Mar, in Jamaica, we learn, knew, and could rely upon it, that nothing that on the 20th of October a Noop was could move from his Majesty but what would brought in there by two Englishmen, which be expresive of his conftant and ardent defire had been taken fome time before by a Spanih to maintain and preserve every constitutional guarda costa, who put fix Spanish soldiers, right to his people, I little thought that any and an Officer, on board, and left only the thing would happen, during the course of this two Englishmen to affift in working the vef- feffion, that could possibly affect the just sel, with orders to follow the frigate that rights of his Majesty, and of the Crown of tock them to Carthagena ; but the English- Great Britain, so as to afford his Majesty any men altered the Doop's course in the night, just cause of disfatisfaction, and make it neand feered to the northward; the next day, cessary for me, specially, to assert and vindi. when the Spaniards loft Gght of the frigate, cate those rights. they were in great confufiua, as they did not • It is therefore with great concern that I know which way to look for the land, and have seen and observed, in the votes and jourodenred the Englishmen to carry them into als of the House of Commons, printed by your fome Spanish port, which they readily promi. order, d late proceeding by you, of such a nafed to do, but brought her safe tu anchor at ture, and of such effect, with respect to the the above port; the Spaniards were so igno. rights of his Majesty, and the Crown of tant, they did not know it was an English Great Britain, as to make it necessary for me, port, till they went on shore, and, to their on this day, and in this place, to take notice Sreat surprise, found none but English about of, and animadvert thereupon : I mean the them. The soop belonged to Kingston.' vote and resolution of the twenty-first day of January 5.

November last, by which you, Gentlemen of The Society for encouragement of Arts, the House of Commons, declare, that a bill, Manufactures, and Commerce, gave a gold intitled, An act for granting to his Majesty medal to Mr. James English, for ihe cultiva- the several duties, rates, impositions and tion of rhubarb in England.

taxes, therein particularly expressed, to be apJanuary 8.

plied to the payment of the interest of the Dublin, December 26.

sums therein provided for, and towards the His Excellency George Lord Viscount Town. discharge of the said principal fums, in such

fend, Lord Lieutenant-general, and Ge manner as is therein directed, which had Deral Governor of Ireland, his Speech to been duly certified from hence to his Ma. both Houses of Parliament, at Dublin, on jesty, and, by his Majesty, had been transTuesday the 26th Day of December, 1769. mitted in due form, under the great seal of My Lords and Gentlemen,

Great Britain, and which had been read a THE Attention you have thewn to the first time by you, and which was rejected by great obje&s which have been particularly re- you on that day, was so rejected, becaule it commended by me to your confideration, and did not take its risc in your House. the provisions which have been made for the · This vote, and this resolution of yours, safety and security of this kingdom, call upon declaring that the said bill was rejected, beme not only to express my approbation of, cause it did not take iis rise in your House, but to thank you, as I now do, for your con being contrary to the acts of Parliament of du& in these particulars.

this kingdom of the roth of Henry, the Gentlemen of the House of Commons. VIlth, and the 3d and 4th of Philip and

IT is with great pleasure that I thank Mary, and the usage and practice ever since, you in his Majefty's name, for the supplies and intrenching upon the jufi rights of his which you have granted, and the provision Majesty, and the crown of Great Britain, to which you have made for che present estab. transmit such bills to be treated of and con


fidered in Parliament here : I am now to af. it absolutely necessary, with the advice of say fert his Majesty's royal authority, and the Privy.council, to give immediate directions rights of the Crown of Great Britain, in this for every step to be taken that appeared most refpect, and in such a manner, as may be most capable of checking the instant danger of the public and permanent; and therefore I do fpreading of the infection, until I could have here, in full Parliament, make my public an opportunity of confulting my Parliament protest againft the said vote and resolution of

upon some more permanent measures for secuthe House of Commons, by which you, Gen ring us against so great a calamity: And to ilemen of that House, declare that the said your immediate and serious confideration I bill was rejected by you, because it did not carnestly recommend this very important obtake its rise in your House, and against the jeet. entries of the said vote and resolution, which "I have given my Parliament repeated af. remain in the journals of the House of Com- furances, that it has always been my fixed mons: And I do require the clerk of this purpose to preserve the general tranquillity ; House now to read my said protest, and to en maintaining at the same time, the dignity ter it in the journals' of this House, that it and honour of my Crown, together with the may there remain, to future ages, as a vindi. just rights and interests of my people. The cation of the undoubted right and authority of uncommon burthens which my subjects have his Majesty, and of the rights of the Crown borne fo chearfully, in order to bring the late of Great Britain, in this particular.

war to a happy conclusion, most be an addi• In this protest, I think myself warranted tional motive to make me vigilant to prevent in all respects; and if it needed, as I conceive the present difturbances in Europe from exit doch not, any other strength than that tending to any part, where the security, ho. which it derives from the fiatutes which I nour, or interest of this nation may make it have mentioned, and from the usage and prac. neceffary for my Crown to become a party. tice ever since, it would be found in that pre The assurances which I receive from the other cedent which appears in the journals of this great Powers, afford me reason to believe, House of the 3d day of Noveniber, 1692, ud. that my endeavours will continue to be suca der the reign of that glorious and immortal cessful. I fall still make the general intePrince King William the Third, the great rests of Europe the object of my attention : deliverer of these kingdoms, and the constant And while I ftcadily lupport my own rights, I and magnanimous affertor and preserver of the fall be equally careful not to acknowledge the civil and religious rights of mankind.' claims of any other Powers contrary to the ti. After which the Lord Chancellor, by his Ex- mitations of the late treaties of peace. cellency's command, said,

It is needless for me to recommend to My Lords and Gentlemen,

the serious attention of my Patliament the IT is his Excellency the Lord Lieute. fate of my government in America. I have nant's pleasure, that this Parliament be pro- endeavoured on my part, by every means, to rogued to Tuesday the 20th day of March bring back my fubje&to there to their duty, next, to be then here held : And this Parlia and to a due sense of lawful authority. It ment is accordingly prorogued to Tuesday the gives me much concern to inform you, that 2oth day of March next.

the success of my endeavours has not an. January 10.

swered my expectations, and that, in some of Westminster, Jan. 9.' This day his Ma. my colonies, many persons have imbarked in jefty came to the House of Peers, and being in measures highly unwarrantable, and calculabis royal robes feated on the throne with the ted to destroy the commercial connection be. usual folemnity, Mr. Quarme, Uther of the tween them and the mother country. Dlack Rod, was sent with a message from his Gentlemen of the House of Commons, Majesty to the House of Commons, com I have ordered the proper estimates for the manding their attendance in the House of service of the current year to be laid before Peers. The Commons being come thither you. I am persuaded, that your affection for accordingly, his Majesty was pleased to make my person and government, and your zeal for the following moft gracious speech:

the public good, will induce you to grant such My Lords, and Gentlemen,

supplies as are necessary; and you may be ala IT is with much concern that I find fured, that, on my part, they shall be manamyself obliged to open this fefion of Parlia. ged with the strictelt economy. ment with acquainting you, that the distemper My Lords, and Gentlemen, among the horned catile has lately broke out As the welfare and prosperity of my people in this kingdom, notwithftanding every pre. have always been the object of my wishes, caution that could be used for preventing the and the rule of my actions ; fo I am pesfuainfection from foreign parts. Upon the firft ded, from my experience of your conduct, that norice of its actual appearance, my next ate you will be governed in your proceedings by. tention was to endeavour to stop, if poflible, ihe same principles. My ready concurrence its farther progreis ; and, as the success of and support, in every measure that may ferve those endeavours mult, in all probability, have to promote those ends, you may always depend bren intirely defeated by any the least degree upon. On you it will be now, more than of delay in ihe application of theid, I thought ever, incumbent, most carefully to avoid all


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