« PreviousContinue »
cording to the sentence against her. The W. Prynne, by a warrant from the tiofo next day he had the good hap to apprehend Committee, came and learched his room, both her and Sir Robert; and, by order of and even rifled his pockets ; taking away the High-commission court, imprisoned her his diary, private devotions, and twenty-one in the Gatehouse, and
him in the Fleat. But bundles of paper wbich he bad prepared for Sir Robert, bribing the turnkey of the pri- his own defence. Prynne promised a faithi fon, conveyed the Lady away to France in ful reftitution of them within three or four man's apparel. Thereupon, in the next fit- days, but he never returned quite three of ting of the High-conmission, the Archbi. the bundles of papers. In the mean time, shop ordered him to be close prisoner till he the Archbishop not complying exactly with brought the Lady forth. So he continued the ordinance abovementioned, all the tema close prisoner about two or three months. poralities of his Archbishopric were feques• For this the fine above-mentioned was im- tered to the Parliament, June 10; and he posed upon the Archbishop, 'as being a most was fuspended from his office and benefice; unjust and illegal imprisonment. Whereas and from all jurisdiction whatsoever. After the Parliament, had they any sense of justice he had continued above three years a close and morality, ought to have approved of the prisoner, he was at length brought to his Aschbithop's proceedings, and severely pu- trial, which commenced March 12, 1643-4, nished the vile adulteress and fornicator. and lasted twenty days, ending the 29th of
The 25th of June, 1641, he sent down July, 1644. to Oxford his resignation of the Chancellor In October 1643, the Commons added thip of that Univerlity, to be published in ten other articles to the fourteen of accusaConvocation. In order to take from him the tion against him, carried up by Sir Henry disposal of all his benefices, the House of Vane from them to the Lords. The subLords fequeftered, the 23d of October fol. ftance of them was : 1. That he had trai: lowing, his jurisdiction, putting it into the teroully endeavoured to subvert the fundahands of his inferior Officers; and injoined, mental laws and government of the king that he should give no benefice that was in his dom of England, and instead thereof to indisposal, without first presenting to the House troduce an arbitrary and tyrannical govern. the names of such perfons as he nominated to ment again law; and to that end had adi it, to be approved by the House before colla- vised his Majesty that he might at his own tion or institution. The zoth of Jan. 1641-2; will and pleasure levy and take money of bis the Lords ordered his arms at Lambeth-pa- fubjects, without their consent in Parliament, lace, which had cost him above 300 l. to be 2. That he had advised and procured fermons taken away by the Sheriffs of London. Be- and other discourses to be preached, printed, fore the conclusion of that year, in purluance and published; in which the authority of of a resolution of Parliament, all the rents Parliaments and the force of the laws of and profits of his Archbishopric were leuer- this kingdom were denied, and an absolute tered for the use of the Commonwealth ; and unlimited power over the perfons and and his house was plundered of what money estates of his Majesty's fubjects was maini ít afforded, by two Members of the Houlė tained and defended, not only in the King, of Commons. What was very hard, when but also in' himself and other Bishops, above he petitioned the Parliament afterwards for a and against the laws and that he had, in maintenance, he could not obtain any i nor like manner, endeavoured to advance the even the least part of above 200 l. worth of power of the Council-table, the canons of his own wood and coal at Lambeth, for his the church, and the King's prerogative, as necessary use in the Tower. On the 25th of bove the laws and fatutes of the realm. 3. April, 1643, a motion was made in the That he had, hy letters, meflages, &c. to House of Commons, at the instance of Hugia Judges and other ministers of justice, inPeters and others of that stamp, to fend or terrupted and perverted the courle of justice transport him to New-England; but that in the Courts at Westminster and elsewhere. motion was rejeeted. And, on the oth of And, to advance the canons of the church May, his goods and books in Lambeth-house and power ccclefiaftical, had opposed and were seized ; and the goods sold scarce for stopped the granting writs of prhibition the third part of their value. All this be- 4. That he had fold justice to thote that had fore he had been brought to any trial ; which causes depending before him, and had taken was condemning him unheard. Seven days unlawful gifts and bribes. 5. That he had after, there came out an ordinance of Parlia. traitercully caused a book cf canons to be bent, injoining him to give no benefice, void composed and published, and to be put in or to be vaid, without leave and order of execution, in which were many matters conboth Ilculear This 3ift of the fame month, trary to the King's prerogative, to the funa
damental laws and statutes of the realm, to Scots ) refusing to fubmit to such innovations, the right of Parliament, to the propriety and he advised his Majesty to fubdue them by liberty of the subject, &c. and had caused a force of arms ; and, by his own authority, molt dangerous and illegal oath to be therein did procure several persons, and inforced the made and contrived. 6. Í hat he had assumed clergy to contribute towards the maintenance to himself a p.pal and tyrannical power, both of that war, and, when his Majesty had in ecclefiaftical and temporal matters; and made a pacification betwixt the two kingclaimed the King's eccleliaftical jurisdiction, doms, the faid Archbishop did cenfure that as incident to his episcopal and archiepifcopal pacification as difhonourable to his Majesty, office in this kingdom, denying the lame to and so incense his Majesty against his subjects be derived from the Crown of England. 7. of Scotland, that he did thereupon, by the That he had endeavoured to alter and sub- advice of the faid Archbishop, enter into an vert God's true religion by law established in offenfive war against them. 14. That, to this realm, and, instead thereof, to set up preserve himself from being questioned for Popish fuperftition and idolatry; and to that these and other his traiterous courses, he had end had declared and maintained divers Po- laboured to subvert the rights of Parliaments, pilh doctrines and opinions, and urged and and the ancient course of parliamentary proinjoined divers Popish and superstitious cere- ceedings, and, by false and malicious ilanmonies; and cruelly persecuted those who ders, to incense his Majesty against Parliaopposed the same, and vexed others who ie ments. fused to conform thereunto. 8. That he The Archbishop, even by the confession had in cruded upon the places of divers great of his enemies, made as full, as gallant, as Officers and others; whereby he procured to pithy a defence, and spoke as much for himhimself the nomination of sundry persons to self as was possible for the wit of man to ecclesiastical dignities, and the recommenda- invent; and that with so much art, vivacition of Chaplains to the King who were po- ty, oratory, and confidence, without the least pishly affected, or otherwise unsound and acknowledgment of guilt in any thing.-corrupt both in doctriné and manners. 9. He complains of the bad usage he received That his own Chaplains were fach, and, he from W. Prynne, with regard to the mahaving committed the licensing of books to nagement of the evidence against him.- It them, by that means, divers false and super- is well known, says the Archbishop, that he ftitious books had been published. 10. That kept a kind of school of inftruction for such he had endeavoured to reconcile the Church of the witnesses as he durst trust, that they of England with the Church of Rome; and might be sure to speak home to the purpose for that purpose had conforted and confede. he would have then. And this an utter rated with divers Popish priests and Jefuits, Barrister, a man of good credit, knows, who, (particularly one Sancta Clara, alias Dam- in the hearing of men beyond exception, port, or Davenport, and one Monsieur St. said, “ The Archbishop is a stranger to me, Giles ;) and kept secret intelligence with the but Mr. Prynne's tampering about the witPope, and had permitted and countenanced nesfes is fo palpable and foul, that I cannot a Popith hierarchy to be established in this but pity him and cry shame of it.' He obkingdom. 11. That he had caused divers serves also what sort of witnesses were in gelearned, pious, and orthodox preachers to be neral employed against him: “Many of the filenced, suspended, deprived, &c. without witnesses, faith he, brought againft me in any juft or lawful caule; whereby he had this business are more than suspected sectarics hindered the preaching of God's word, caused and separatists from the 'Church, which, by divers of his Majesty's loyal subjects to for- my place, I was to punish, and that exas fake the kingdom, &c. And that he had perated them against me; whereas, by law, caused the feoffment for buying of impropri- " no schismatic ought to be received against ations, for the maintenance of preaching in his Bishop.” And many of these are witner. several churches, to be overthrown. 12. That ses in their own causes, and pre-examined he had fuppreffed and abrogated the privi- before they came in Court. At which preleges and immunities granted to the French examination I was not present, nor any for and Dutch churches in this kingdom. 13. me to cross-int rrogate. -A pack of fuch I hat he had plotted and endeavoured to stir witnesses were never produced against any up war and enmity between the kingdoms of man of my place and calling ; messengers England and Scotland, and to that purpose and pursuivants, and such as have shifted had laboured to introduce into Scotland di- their religion to and again; pillory-men and vers innovations both in religien and govern- bawds, &c.'-It pl.inly appears that he fell ment, all or the most part tending to popery a sacrifice to the revenge of the Scottith na. and superftition : And for their i. c. the tion ; for his trial was haftened ur retarded,
according to the motions of their army in was buried in the church of Allhallows Bars England; and Mr. Ludlow frankly owns, king, London ; but his remains, being afthat he was beheaded for the encouragement terwards taken up, were deposited in the chaof the Scots.
pel of St. John's College in Oxford, July, Every unprejudiced person, after a cool 24, 1663. and serious perusal of the whole proceedings Such was the tragical end of William against him, must own that he had net com- Laud, Arcibishop of Canterbury! As to mon justice. And, notwithstanding all the his person, he was low of stature, but well endeavours of his enemies, it plainly appears, and trongly made ; and of a ruddy and that nothing he had either faid or done was chearful countenance. In his temper and reason, by any known established law of natural dispo iticn, ile was full of fire and this kingdom.
vivacity, which too often degenerated into The trial being over, it remained now choler and passion, and made him not to that he should be left to the verdict of the have so strict a guard over his words and House of Peers, or of a Middlesex Jury; actions, as he ought to have had. He was but, to all appearance, his prosecutors durft a man of strict integrity, fincere and zealous; not venture is upon that issue. Therefore regular in his life, chalte, sober, and temthey proceeded to what inuit be called a cru- perate, and humble in his private deportd, if not an illegal, method ; that is, an ment. But, in some respects, he was inordinance for his attainder; which was firit discreet and obstinate, eagerly purfuing mata read in the House of Commons, November ters that were either inconsiderable or mil13, passed the 16th, and was immediately chievous. The rigorous prosecutions in the fent up to the Lords. There it ituck till the Star-chamber and High-commission Courts beginning of January, 1644-5, when, by are generally imputed to him, though every the violence of the Earl of Pembroke, and unprejudiced person will think they ouglit. the threatenings of the mob's coming down. not to be imputed to him alonc. As he to force them, it was passed the 4th of that heartily hrated the Puritans, fy he was as hearmonth, in a very thin House, only fix Lcrds' cily hated by them. He formed the airy prehaving concurred in it. And indeed, after ject of bringing all the inhabitants of Great the exclusion of the Bishops, and the wil. Britain and Ireland to an exact uniformity ling or forceri absence of the loyal royalists, in religion and worship. An impracticable the attending Peers were feldoin twenty, and project, often attempted without fuccess. oftener dij not exceed twelve or fourteen ; An impracticable project cfpecially among and frequently did not come up to that finall the free people of England, whom either number of this hardship the Archbishop conscience or education, or perverfeness and complains in the following words : Tho obstinacy, cause and induce to have different my hopes under God were upon the Lords, sentiments and opinions in most points, elpeyet, when my trial came on, it did fome- cially in religious matters. The pressing of what trouble me to fee fo few Lords in that some ceremonies and other like things, which great House. For, at the greatest presence he imagined to be the only means for this that was any day ot my hearing, there were uniformity, brought him under the odious pot above fourteen, and usually not above imputation of Popery and of being popithly eleven or twelve. Of these one third part, affected; but that seems to be an ill-ground at least, each day, took or had occasion to ed imputation. He was more buly in tem. be gone,
before the charge of the day was poral affairs and matters of State, than his half given. I never had any one day the predecessors in the fee of Canterbury of later fame Lords all present at my defence in the times had been ; and even thought he cald afternoon, that were at my charge in the manage the place and office of Prime Mia morning : Some leading Lords scarce pre- nister, without the least condescension to the fent at my charge four days of all my long arts and stratagems of the Court, and withtrial, nor three at my defence; and, which out any friendship, or support, than what a is molt, no one Lord present at my whole pious life and his unpolished integrity would trial, but the Lord Gray of Wark, the reconcile to him: Which was an unskilful Speaker, without whose presence it could not measure in a licentious age, and ill-judged le a House.'
in him, who was unfit for a Court, having By the juft-mentioned ordinance, he was never learned to dissemble. The Lord Clato luffer death as in cases of high treason; rendon concludes his character with this canbut, upon his repeated petition, the sentence did observation, " That his learning, piety, was altered to beheading, which he fuffered and virtue kave been attained - by very few, with great cor posure, January the roth, and the greatest of his infirmities are comen a fcaffold erected upon Tower-hill, being mon to all, even to the best of men.' His ngad 71 ycus, 4 months, and 3 days. He 'benefactions and writings were many.
RIDICULOUS TREATMENT, by the Chinese, of their HOUSHOLD GODS,
ESIDES the various representations make him ample amends for the loss of his under
. principal Gods in their temples, they have resentment, proved deaf to both; and, after an innumerable variety of others of all fizes several hearings, carried his point. The and forms, which they set up in their houses, idol was condemned to perpetual banishment Atreets, thips, fields, burying-places, and as useless to the nation ; the temple from fuch-like, to whom they burn incense and which it was brought to be demodihed; and other per fumes, and offer up their prayers the bonzes that attended it to be feverely and other parts of the fame worship that is chastised, though not degraded from officiperformed by them in their temples. They ating at some other pagod. These stories are styled, by their votaries, their hou hold are not indeed fo consonant with what these deities, and are to be found among the poor- authors elsewhere tell us of the Chinese learneit as well as among the richest, and are of. ing and politeness, and would induce one ten treated in the same contemptuous and vin- to believe them to be told by tho e reverend dictive manner as the Portuguese are said to authors with a design to palliate the superstiuse some of their favourite faints, that is, tions of their own church, by exaggerating after having prayed to them a good while, those of the Chinese: But, whether so or and with fome inportunity, if they do not not, it is allowed on all hands, that these exanswer their petitions, they first upbraid them travagancies are delpiled and condemned by for their neglect and ingratitude, and then the wiser fort. proceed to chastife them. I his laft is com No doubt, religious cheats are the growth monly done by bastonading, dragging them and practice of moft countries, and, on this along the streets through dirt and mire, dung- account, though not on the above subject of hills, &c. which de ne, they throw them by, the ignominious treatment of unpropitious as useless, into some obfcure corner of their gods, it will
not be amiss to produce another houtes : But, if they liappen to obtain the ef- instance of Chinese folly, credulity, and fufeet of their prayers, they then fetch the poor perftition, Hol out with great ceremony and respect, and The doctrine of the transmigration of reftore him to his place with a promise to have the soul is a never-failing source of gain to him new painted or gilt. They then fall the Chinese bonzes or priests. They pretend down and adore him ; confess that they have to know precisely the present state of the been as much too hasty towards him as he dead, and the future one of the living ; that hath been remiss and negligent towards is, into what kind of bodies the former åre them ; beg of him to forget and forgive what transmigrated, and even to know the very is pait, which cannot now be recalled ; and identical creature or person into which they that he will be more diligent and kind to
and into what kind of one the them, and they will be more careful of their living will shortly go. In the first cale, duty, and more lavish of their incense and which they feldom fail of representing to the perfunes to him,
surviving friends as either dreadful, miseraSome might be naturally inclined to be- ble, or uncomfortable, they extort money lieve there to be fables, were they not con from them to procure the deceased a speedy veyed to us by fome eminent Jesuit Mifficna- release and paffage into a better state; as out ries, one of which, viz. Le Compte, tells us of a dog, in ke, or infect, into an elephant, a a long, and still more surprifing, itory, which philofopher, mandarin, and the like. In the happened at Nan-king, during his stay there, other, by threatening the living with an unthe fubftance of which is : That a man who happy transmigration, they cither get money had lost his only daughter, notwithstanding to procure them a happier one, or leave them his moft fervent prayers, facrifices, offerings, to live in dread of the fatal change. &c. to a ged brought to him from a pagod, Le Compte tells us a story of an old man, and the promifes of the bonze that she would whom thefe bonzes had made to he'ieve that recover, resolved to fue the idol before a Ma- his foul should, in her next migration, pats giftrate, either as a faithless or impotent, and into the body of one of the Emperor's posttherefore an unwortity or infignificant deity. horses. They had likesvile advised him to The cause was dragged from one tribunal to eat fparingly, and bear it patiently, that fo another, and the judges, bribed by the they might the sooner send him into a better bones, ftill advised him to drop his prole- habitation. The poor man, unable to recution; whilft the priest endeavoured to per concile h'inself to such a change, could neifuade hin that, if tre did, the god would thor fleep day nor night, through the dread
of it, but grieved at such a rate as would young Prince of the blood, being inconfofoon have ended his days. Happily for him, sable for the loss of one of his molt amiable be Icarned that the souls of the Christians companions, applied himself to them, to know had a particular exemption froin these kinds into what state his soul had pailed. To of metamorposes ; upon which he applied which they answered, that he was now tumhimself to one of the Jefuit missionaries, and ed into a Tartar boy, whom, they told kim, earnestly begged of him, that he would make they could procure, for a sum of inoney, to him a Christian ; assuring him, that he would be brought to him. The Prince readily arather be of that, or any religion, than be greed, and a Tartar boy was accordingly turned into a post-horse. The good father, presented to him, as the person into whole who could not but pity his fimplicity, took body the foul of his favourite was transmicare to inspire him forst with better motives grated ; and he was accordingly received infor becoming a Christian, and then readily to favour as formerly, to the no small comgranted his request.
fort and satisfaction of the Prince, who failHe relates another instance of the knavery ed not to give those jugglers fome tokens of of the bonzes, to the following effect: A bis generolity.
The PILGRIMS, a NOVEL. Translated from the Spanish.
OME Pilgrims, of a more illustrious crowns. Take, added he, in delivering to
birth than they appeared to be by their them a bundle, take this pledge which I cangırb, had set out from Badajoz, to re- not set a value upon, and, when you arrive at pair to our Lady's of Guadaloupe. They Truxillo, you will give it into the hands of walked on so flow, that they had not per- one of the two cavaliers I hall name to you, formed above five leagues of their journey at who are both equally rich, generous, men the end of the third day. Night surprised of honour, and well known ; the one is them on the road, as they were passing over Don Francis Pizaro, and the other Don a mountain covered with oaks, and other John d'Orellana. Tell them that they are
trees of different kinds. The time of the intreated to take care of that innocent crea: autumnal equinox then approached. The ture, (for it was a new-born child he had
heat was temperate, and the cold scarce felt. delivered to them) and that they will foon They could, in case of necessity, pass the learn the name of those who gave life to it. night in the open air, as well as in a village. Pardon me if I leave you fo hastily. My That, which they intended to lodge at, ap- enemies are in close pursuit of me. If they pearing too far distant, the whole company meet, and question you, be to good as to anwere unanimous in not proceeding farther, swer them, that the darkness hindering your and, espying a Nepherd's cot near them, they seeing any thing, you had only heard three deputed one of their number to go and re or four cavaliers, one of which cried to the quest admittance for them into it.
rest, Let us, friends, take the route of PortuSoon after so thick a mist arose, that our gal, let us fave ourselves in Portugal. I pilgrims did not know where to step along. ħave only one thing to add : The child has A dini light they saw near the Shepherd's ha not been yet haptised, and fo you will inform bitation served to guide them towards it. the persons it is addressed to. With these But, the darkness growing still greater, and words he departed, and disappeared as a flash fome noise being heard, they stopped Mort to of lightning. put themselves on their guard against a lur-, Behold then these pilgrims having charge
of a deposit which they judged to be precious Their uneafiness did not last long. They by the present it was accompanied with. A perceived a man on torseback, who riding up woman of the company took the child, to them, asked if they were of that country. which seemed to be jutt born ; and endeaNo, answered they, we are of a distant pro- voured, by her indearments, to appease its vince, and are making a pilgrimage to Rome, cries. They continued walking on through intending to pass through Guadaloupe in our the darkness and fog, and at last reached the route. It matters not, continued the man shepherd's habitation. They had scarce on horseback. Generosity is of all coun entered, when they saw another person ar. tries. There may be some honest foul a rive. She wiped away her tears, checked mongst you capable of an act of humanity. her fighs, and strove to hide the fortow of All having assured him they were ready to her dittress. Though almost naked, it was serve him: Take then, said he, this gold observed that the few cloaths she had on were chain ; it is worth more than two hundreds of value. Fain would lhe have hidden her