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miles from shore, an Indian canoe came off to The next morning early they were fees them. They made ligns for it to come on proftrated before their idols, making burnsboard, which the min to whom she belong. offerings. et readily agreed to; and was accordingly In the mean time, Roggewin, with about well received. As he was naked, the tuit 150 seamen, was preparing to land ; just as prelent made him was a piece of cloth to co- they were entering their boats, a large fleet ver lum; then they gave him toys, such as of canoes, with every commoclity the island glals beads, knives, and other things; with afforded, came to the lide of the ship. A. all which be was overjoyal. His body was mong these was the friendly Indian they band all over painted with tigues of different ani- so kindly treated on board, who returned mals. His natural complexion, as far as with fymptoins of the strongest joy, which he could be discovered through the cover of expressed by some ridiculous capers and skips paint, was a dawk brown, and his ears ex- along the deck. There was likewise one cellively large and long. He was tall, well man perfectly white, with large pendants in nude, robust, and of a happy countenance. his ears, of a grave and folemn deportment, His fpirits were good, his libs active, and and an air either of deep melancholy, or of his temper disposed to cheartulness, as ap- gloomy religion; from which the Dutch p.a.ed by his geltures, and the agility with conje&ured he was a Priest. During this which he traverted the ship. They gave him state of friendly offices, one of the natives a glass of wine to drink, which he threw a was shot dead in his canoe, which spread way, probably for fear of being poisoned, fuch a terror among the reft, that they kcapor, perhaps, being accustomed to di ini wa ed into the sea, and fwam to shore with the ter, the smell might be offensive to him. utmost precipitation. They were followed They next clothed him from head to foot, by the Dutch, who, finding the shore croudputting a hat on his head ; with which he ed with these miferable creatures, th ught appeared to be grcatly incu'nbered and un themselves under the neceffity of brutally caly. They gave biin victuals, of which he making their way through them by force. ezt heartiiy, but could not be prevailed on to This they did by a discharge of finall arms, ule either k:ife or fork, They then ordered which initantly cleared the coast. Nothing their malic to play, which highly delighted, could be more imprudent, barbarous, or insoand fit him a skipping and daixing. As lent, than this unprovoked act. By their own they could not get to an anchor that night, ackn:wledgment, the Dutch were received they thought it proper to let the Indian in with all possible demonftrations of friendthip; his cmoe again, letting all the presents they wlay then unneceffarily commence hostilities had given remain with him, in order to in- and thed the blood of those very inen who duce others to come on board. But, fo far were płying them all pofsible inarks of refrom expressing a desire to return, he was un- gard and devotion! The natives, forfooth, casy, and feemingly affronted, that it Rould had presumed to Itand in their way, and ebe required of him. He held up both his ven, out of curiosity, to touch their arms ; hands, looking withfully; then, pointing to which atrocious crime mult cancel all the the island, cried out, Oderoga! Oderoga! obligations received from their hospitality. Oderogal in a diftinct and articulate voice.' No arguments, indeed, can paliate the com This they imagined to be his god, because det of the Dutch on this occasion ; for it they found a number of idols erected on the appeared equally devoid of religion, humm-' fore. On Roggewin's entering the gułph nity, and policy, too much a-kin to that on the Ealt side of the island, the ship being brutal pride and over-weening infolence they close to land, several throulauds of the natives had thewn in all their settlements in the tra came on the beach with loads of fruits, soots, dies, both to natives and Europeans, and other fresh provisions, particularly trouts. By this discharge a great number were Many came on board and were civilty treat- killed and wounded; among the former of ed. As the Mip drew nearer, the natives which was the poor Indian who had been erouded down to the tea-side, facrificing to twice on board to welcome them with fo their idols, probably to protect them against much cordiality. Upon this the natives kepas the strangers, whose formidable and unusual at the distance of ten yards, fuppofing that appearance greatly terrified them; for those, space sufficient to secure them against the efwho were huld enough to come on board, be- tects of the musquetry ; nor did the Dutch trayed marks of fear, that made it obvious chufe to repeat their wanton. cruelty. Althey were dessous of conciliating the favour though the consternation into which they hack of the Europeans rather from motives of been thrown was very great, as was apparent terror than ot love, or any particular liolpi- from the difinal fricks and howlings they tclity to itsangas.

pered, yet, finding that no further attempt

were made against them, they foon laid aside and, in the day, as a defence against the their resentment, to resume those acts of be- piercing rays of the fun. The stuff was Aevolence more agreeable to their disposition. Imooth and soft as tilk, appearing by many Men, women, and children presented them- tokens to be absolutely of their own manufelves before the proud ufurpers with branch- facture. es of palm, in token of peace, and with of. As to the persons of the natives, they were ferings of fowls, fruits, and the belt pro- in general an active, stender, itraight, and well duce of their country. Even their women made people, extremely swift of foot and awere given to the Dutch, and nothing re- gile. In point of temper, they were of a fused that could either demonstrate the atfec- liveet, mild, modeft, and agreeable difpofiLion, the fear, or the submission of the inha- tion, timid and faint-hearted to a degree of bitants. Softened with such tokens of deep weakness and effeminacy. Whenever they humility, the Atubborn hearts of the Dutch- brought the Dutch any provisions, they in. men deigned to treat them with kindness, ftantly fell down on their knees, and then an I even to return their presents by a num- haftily retired; nor, indeed, can we be surber of toys and baubles, by way of atoning prised at this fear, after the proofs of gratifor the innocent blood they had spilt. tude the Hollanders had already given. In

The natives, perceiving that no further in- general they were of a brown complexion, jury was intended, brought them soo live or rather of the olive copperish colour of a towls, large quantimies of red roots and po- Portuguele Indian, though many of them tatoes, which they use instead of bread ; le were absolutely black, and others almost fair, veral hundreds of sugar-canes, and loads of if not completely white. Another cast or Pifans, or Indian figs, of the fize of a gourd, tribe of them had a complexion intirely red, and covered with a green rind. The pulp of as if their skins had been scorched by the this fruit is sweet as honey; the figs grow fim. Their ears hung down on their shoulin branches, sometimes an hundred on a ders, and some wore white pendants or earbough, and faded with leaves fix or eight rings of an enormous fire, which they confeet long, and three broad. No animals, fidered as very ornamental. Their hodies besides birds, appeared on the island ; of were painted with the figures of birds, ferthese there were great numbers, and an infi- pents, goats, hogs, and other animals ; a nite variety, Some the most beautiful the Itrong presumption that sich were not unDutch had ever beheld. But they thought known to thein. Of these several of the fiit probable that fome parts of the county gures displayed a happy talent at the imitawere not without cattle and other beasts, be- tive art, being lively representations of the cause the natives expressed as much by signs. life.

They dressed their food in earthen pots of As to their women, they had an artificial the manufacture of the island ; and their bloom on their cheeks, of a crimson far surmost common food is drawn from vegetables passing any thing known to us in Europe ; raised by cultivation. The Dutch imagined nor could the Dutch, by any means, diicothat every separate tribe or family among ver the composition. On their heads they them had its peculiar village. I hé huuts or wore

. little hats neatly made of reeds or straw, cabbins which compose them were 40 to 60 with no other covering than the coverlids afeet in length, and 6 or 8 in width, formed bove-mentioned. They did not excel in eiof poles Ituck perpendicular in the earth; the ther modelt coyness or chastity; for they of. fpices between which were filled with a kind ten beckoned the Dutch into their houses, of loam or fat earth, and the roof made of throwing off their mantilets when they fat by palm and pisan leaves. All their plantations them. Wlwat is very singular among these were staked out, neatly divided, and finely ilanders, is, that not the linallest vestige or cultivated. When the Dutch were there, al appearance of arins was to be seen amongst most all their fruits, plants, herbs, and rocts, them. When they were attacked, they imwere in full maturity ; fo that nothing could mcdiately fled to their idols for protection, present a more rich and beautiful prospect to and implored their atliftance with a pathetic the eye than the whole face of this inand, and warm devotion. What pity that minds blooming with the clezant verdure of the so excellently dispoleil were not directed to spring, and the plentiful mellowness of au- the knowledge of the true God! The Itatumn. The houses were but indifferently tues of their deities were of stone, representfurnished, yet fufficient to prove that the arts ing a human figure, with a crown on the were not wholly unknown to the natives. head, large ears, but the rest nicely proporThe chief ornaments were red and white co- tioned, and so highly finished, that the verlids of a pretty fancy and neat execution, Dutch wer: ftruck with amazement at the which, at night, they used as bed-cloaths, progress they had made in culpture. Round


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those ilols were erected palisadoes of stone meeting with some part of the Southern con well-cul, at the distance of 20 or 30 yards. tinent; but, by changing his course, he ran Some of the natives appeared more zealous 300 leagues ont of the way, and, at least, and frequent worthippers than the rett; and 150 leagties farther than Schouten. 7 hat thele the Dutch imagined to be their priciti, faino:is fcaman one day gave chace to a small both for this reason and because they wore vellel, that bore away directly South from many maks of distinction, such as their him; whence he naturally inferred, that there heads closely haved, and large white balls must certainly be lanci on that fide. Indeed, ftispendel to the cars, with a bonnet of white from all the lights of reaton and experience, and black feathers, resembling those of a there can hardly be any doubt of there being stork; from whence the Dutch concluded, a continent of at kart 2000 leagues in exthat, when thcic birds leave their usual place tent; to which the direct course from Europe of residence, part of them, at least, take up is certainly S. S. W. and from America their abode here.

N. E. or N. E. and by N. The CommoNo appearance of civil government or sub- dore ranged through this ocean for the space ordination could be discovered in this island, of 800 leagues, sometimes one course, loinemuch less any Chief, Prince, or King, who times another, in hopes of falling upon the had doininion over the rest. On the contra- premised land, but none could be found but ry, they all tjoke and acted with equal free- islands. At last they fell in with two of dom; and yet no inconveniency was ob- large extent, to which they gave the names served to result from this natural order ; for Groninguen and Tichoven. Many of the they lived in the greatest tranquillity and har- Oficcis on bcard were fully allured that the mony imaginable. The father, indeed, in forner was no illand, but a part of the great each' family, had an apparent fupremacy, Southern continent they were sent to discover. and his authority was readiiy obeyed. Some Pursuing his course, Roggesvindoubted not marks of horour and ceremonies of refpset but he should loon fall in with the coast either were likewise paid to the aged; pure nature of New Guinea or New Britain ; but, after and good fenfe seeming to dietate those dil- failing m ny days, no land was discovered, tinations. The old men wore on their heads and he began to be satisfied of the vanity of bonnets or cips, fringed round with feathers his calculations. To this difippointment like the down of ostriches, and truncheons, was superadded the disagreeable circumstance or short thick iticks in their hands, which of a fickly crew labouring under inexprell. the Dutch naturally supposed to be some ble anguith. So that he thaped his course to maks of dezree and authority. This illand, the Dutch sectiements in the Eaft-Indies. it was thought, migt be served in 28 deg. But his want of success ought by no means 30 min. Scurth latitude. In short, the Dutch to deter men from profecuting fo important a must undoubtedly have made great discove- di.covery; fince it is certainly possible for ries here, as well as on the continent, which ihips to reach thufe countries without sustainihey had reason to believe could not be a ing the lofses and hardships of Roggewin's freut way diftant, had they not been driven The coast of New Britain is well from their moorings, just as they were prep- krown, and to accurately describect in our ring to penetrate into the heart of the island, charts, that there is no danger of an expat and to make a kind of fitlement, to which feaman's milling it If, therefore, a fall they might return for refre:hments from their squadron tiled from hence directly to that inquiries on the continent.

coal, in all human probability, we should, Leaving the island of Pascha, it was not in a short time, be maflers of a country elong before Rog sewin found himself in the quivakunt to the Spice iilands, and our loss Hught of the iríand called Badwater by at Amboyna. Schottun. Here he was in expectation of


The History of ENGLAND, continued from Page 23 of our lafl.

Thus this act of security was passed him. It was not poflible to prove that he after the battle of Blenheim was over, but had advised the Queen to it; and therefore severni days before the news of it reached fome to k it by another handle, and retolEngland. Win the act palled, copies of vedd to urge it an init him, that he had not it were fint to Eogland, where it was toon perfuaded the Queen to reject it; thongh printed by trole who were oneisy at the that focmed a great itretch, for, he being a Lord Gaisiphia's holding the white 11 24t; firanert Scotlanci, it might have been liand resolved io make use of this again ab.e tv wie ofjcction, it ile liad pictureid

to advise the Queen to refuse a bill passed in relating to the plot might be laid before the Parliament of that kingdom, which all them against the next tellion. the Ministry there advised her to pass. Se This was the ttate of that nation, which vere censures were patied upon this act. It was aggravates very odioully all over Engwas said, that the two kingeloms were now land. It was confidently, though, as was divided by law, and that the Scots were afterwards known, very filtely reported, purting themselves in a posture to defend it; that great quantities of arms were brought and all faw by wholc advices this was done. over, and dispersed through the whole kingOne thing, which contributed to keep up an dom. And, it being well known how poor ill humour in the Parliament of Scotland, the nation was at that time, it was said those was more justiy imputed to him. The aims were paid for by other hands, in imitaQueen tad promised to fend down to thein tion of what it was believed Cardinal Richeall the examinations relating to the plot. lieu did in the year 1678. Another thing If these had been fent down, probably in the was given out very maliciously by the Lord first heat, the matter might have been car- Godolphin's enemies, that he had given diried far against the Duke of Queensberry. rections under-hand to hinder the declaring But he, who staid all the while in London, the succession ; and that the secret of this got it to be represented to the Queen, that the was trusted to Mr. Johníton, who they faid lending down these examinations, with the talked openly cne way and acted secretly anperions concerned in them, would run the other, though there never appeared any cofellion into lo much heat, and into such a lour of truth in those reports. Great use was lengtli, that it would divert them quite from to be made of the affairs of Scotland, be. contidering the fucceffion, and it might pro- cause there was no ground of complaint of duce a tragical scene. Upon these fuggef- any thing in the administration at home. tions, the Queen altered her refolution of all the Duke of Marlborough's enemies sending them down ; and, though repeated faw that his chief strength lay in the applications were made to her, both by the credit which the Lord Godolphin was in at Parliament and her Ministers, to liave them home, while he was so fuccessful abroad; lo lent, yet no anliver was made to these, nor, that, it being imposible to attack him in such was so much as an excuse made for not a course of glory, they laid their aims against sending them. The Duke of Queen (herry the Lord-treasurer. The Tories resolved to having gained this point, got all his friends attack him, and that disposed the Whigs to to join with the party that opposed the new preserve him ; and this was fo managed by Ministry: This both defeated all their pro- them, that it gave a great turn to all the jects, and softened the spirits of those who Councils at home. were so set against him, that in their first Immediately after the adjournment of the fury no stop could have been put to their Parliament, the Courtiers repaired to Lonproceedings. But now the party, that had don, where the Marquis of Tweerlale was defigned to ruin him, was fo much wrought made Chancellor of Scotland ; the Earls of on by the allistance that his friends gave Seafield and Roxburgh, Secretaries of State ; them in this fession, that they resolved to pre- , the Earl of Rothes, Lord Privy-leal ; the serve himn.

Earl of Cromarty, Justice - general ; Mr. The Parliament having granted a fix Bailie of Jervis-wood, Treasurer-deputy ; months cess for the pay of the army, they and the Earl of Selkirk, Lord Belhaven, and were entering upon debates about the plot Sir Sohn Hume, Loris of the Treasury: and the proceedings of the English House of Sir William Hamilton was also made jur. Lords in that affair, as an undue intermed- tice-clerk ; but he lived not to enjoy that dling with their concerns, and an incroach- office many months, and was fucceeded by men: upon the sovereignty and independency Adam Cockburn of Ormistown. A news of their nation, when the High-commifiioner conmission was, at the same time, sent down told them that he was not allowed to give to Edinburgh, by which most of the Cavathem any more tiine, hut that they thould liers, and all the Duke of Queensberry's foon have another op, vortunity of doing what friends, were laid aside, ant it was made up still remained to be done ; for no diappoint- intirely of Scots Revolutioners. And thus ment her Majesty lad met with could alter the administration of aft:irs in Scotland wis in the least her favourable dilpolitions to- lodged in the hands of a body of men, who wards that her ancient kingdom. After concurred with the measures at that tinie which the Parliament was prorogned to the pursued by the Court of England. It is 7th of October.

Flowever, before they se now time to turn to the operations of the pirated, they drew up an address to the Queen, deuing that the evilence and papers The affairs of the einpire vere, in the he

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ginning of this campaign, in a very clesperate that he had the Queen's positive orders in condition. The Emperor was reduced to march with the troops in her pay towards the laft extremities. The Elector of Bava- the Molelle. Accordingly, having taken ria was maiter of the Danube as far as his leave of the States, the Duke set out from Passau, and the malecontents in Hungary Holland, and in five days arrived at Macf, were making a formidable progress. The tricht, where his army was incamped. A. Emperor was not in a condition to maintain bout the same time the Siates regulated the a defens.v2 war long on both sides, nor was posts of their General Otficers. Monfieur he able to make any opposition at ail against Auverquerque, their Field-marshal, was apthem, should they once come to act by con- pointed to command their forces on the cert.' Thus his affairs had a very gloomy Maele, having under hin the Counts de appearance, and utter ruin was to be ap Tilly and Noyelles ; Sla:genburg those on prehended. Vienna was in apparent danger the Moselle; Salisch in Brabant; and Spaar of being besieged on both sides, and it was and Fagel in Flanders. net capable of making a long defence ; lo From Maeltricht the Duke of Marlbochat the House of Austria seemed loft be- rough marched to Bedburg, and, his camp yond all prospect of a recovery. Prince being near Cologne, he was waitel on by the Eugene wisely proposed, that the Emperor canons of that chaper, the Prince of Saxshould implore the prote,tion ct the Queen zeits, Bishop of Zoah, the Prince of Hesse, of Great Britain, which was agreed to, and Count Brianzon, the Duke of Savoy's Envoy Count Wratillaw managed the affair at the to the Queen of England, and other Princes Court of England with great application and Generals. and secrecy. The Duke of Marlborough The French in Flanders began by this faw the necessity of undertaking the Empe.time to be alarmed, though they were far tor's relief, and resolved to ule all posible from fulpesting the Duke's real design. His endeavours to put it in execution. When he marching towards Coblentz, and the great went into Holland in the winter, he proposed preparations which were making in that it to the Pensionary, and other persons of the place, made them believe, that he defigned greatest confidence. 'I hey approved it, but to open the campaign with the fiege of it was not adviseable to propose it to the Tracrbach, and endeavour to advance along States ; fince at that time many would not the Moselle into France. Upon this fuppo have thought their country safe, if their lition they detached five thousand foot and army

Mould be sent so far from them ; and two thouland horse towards that river, and nothing could be long a secret, which was gave out that they intended the fiege of Huy, proposed to such an Assembly, whereas the vainly imagining that by this report they main hope of fucceeding in this design lay in might stop the progress of the Englith

Genethe secrecy with which it was conducted. ral. But the Duke, well knowing that the Therefore, under the pretext of carrying the forces, which were left in Flanders under war to the Moselle, every thing was prepared Auverquerque, were fufficient to frustrate that was neçeliary for executing the true any attempt which the French could make design.

on that Gide, continued his march, and adThe Duke of Marlborough, with his vanced fioin Bedburg to Kerpenord, the brother General Churchill, Lieutenant-ge next day to Kalsecken, where he received an neral Lumley, the Earl of Orkney, and o- exprels from Prince Lewis of Baden, with ther General Officers, embarked for Hol. some intercepted letters, by which it apJand, and in three days arrived at the Hague. peared that the French intended to force their 'Two days after his coming, he was attended passage through the Black-foreit, and, after by a solemn deputation of the States, in joining the Bavarians, to march direc!ly to order to confer with him. The conference Vienna. About the same time the Duke reJafted fix hours. The chicf subject of des ceived advice from the Netherlands that the bate wa6 about sending a good army to Court of France had fent potitive orders to wards the Moselle. This was all that was Villeroy to march towards the Moselle wich proposed in public, and to this the States of five and thirty battalions, and fix and forty Zealand and two other provinces strongly squadrons, being till firmly persuaded that obječted. They would not agree, that the the Duke would act on that fide Upon Duke should have an unlimited command this, the Duke gave inmediate orders for his to lead the army where he pleased, and forces to march with all expedition ; and, thought it a very dangerous project to march whilft the army was on a full march, he the troops at so great a distance. The Zea went to take a view of the fortifications of land Deputies opposed it so strenuously, that Bonne, where, having given his directions to the Duke was obliged to tell them plainly, the Governor of that place, le returned in

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