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to ruin an army; faults, therefore, he pardons Raised the strong crane; choked up the none; they that are presidents of disorder loaded street or mutiny, repair it by being examples of his With foreign plenty; and thy stream, o justice. Besiege him never so strictly, so long Thames! as the air is not cut from him, his heart faints Large, gentle, deep, majestic, king of floods ! Dot. He hath learned as well to make use of Chose for his grand resort on either hand, a victory as to get it; and in pursuing his Like a long wintry forest, groves of masts enemy, like a whirlwind, carries all afore him. | Shot up their spires; the bellying street being assured, if ever a man will benefit him between self upon his foe, then is the time, when they Possess'd the breezy void ; the sooty hulk bave lost force, wisdom, courage, and reputa- Steer'd sluggish on; the splendid barge along tion. The goodness of his cause is the special Row'd regular to harmony; around, motive to his valour; never is he known to | The boat light-skimming, stretch'd its oary slight the weakest enemy that comes armed I wings, against him on the hand of justice. Hasty and While deep the various voice of servant toil orer much heat he accounts the step-dame to From bank to bank increased, whence ribb'd all great actions, that will not suffer them to with oak, thrive; if he cannot overcome his enemy by To bear the British thunder black and bold, force, he does it by time. If ever he shakes The roaring vessel rush'd into the main. bands with war, he can die more calmly than

Thomson. most courtiers, for his continual dangers bave COMMERCE-Civilizing Influence of. been, as it were, so many meditations of death!

Commerce tends to wear off those prejudices he thinks pot out of his own calling, when he

which maintain distinction and animosity accounts life a continual warfare, and his

between nations. It softens and polishes the prayers then best become him when armed

manners of men. It unites them by one of apa-pie. He utters them like the great

the strongest of all ties—the desire of supHebrew general, on horseback. He casts a

plying their mutual wants. It disposes them smiling contempt upon calumny; it meets him as if glass should encounter adamant. He

to peace, by establishing in every state an thinks Far is never to be given over but on one

order of citizens bound by their interest to

be the guardians of public tranquillity. As of these three conditions,-an assured peace,

soon as the commercial spirit acquires vigour, absolute victory, or an honest death. Lastly, when peace folds him up, his silver head should

and begins to gain an ascendant in any society,

| wo discern a new genius in its policy, its lean near the golden sceptre, and die in the

alliances, its wars, and its negotiations. prince's bosom. Sir T. Overbury.


COMMONALTY- Depraved. COMMANDER-Value of a.

A depraved commonalty is the teeming It is better to have a lion at the head of an

source of all moral and political disorder, and army of sheep, than a sheep at the head of

the fearful presage, if not speedily averted by an army of lions.

De Foe

an efficient system of Christian instruction, of COMMERCE-Advantages of.

a sweeping anarchy and great national overthrow.

Chalmers. I am wonderfully delighted to see a body of men thriving in their own fortunes, and at

COMPANIONS-Choice of. the same time promoting the public stock ; In young minds there is commonly a strong or, in other words, raising estates for their propensity to particular intimacies and friendown families, by bringing into their country ships. Youth, indeed, is the season when whatever is wanting, and carrying out of it friendships are sometimes formed, which not whatever is superfluous. Nature seems to only continue through succeeding life, but have taken a particular care to disseminate which glow to the last, with a tenderness unber blessings among the different regions of known to the connections begun in cooler the world, with an eye to their mutual inter years. The propensity, therefore, is not to be course and traffic among mankind, that the discouraged, though, at the same time, it nations of the sereral parts of the globe might must be regulated with much circumspection have a kind of dependence upon one another,

e On one another. I and care. and be united together by their common Too many of the pretended friendships of Interest.

Addison. vouth are mere combinations in pleasure.

They are often founded on capricious likings, Commerce brought into the public walk suddenly contracted and as suddenly disThe busy merchant; the big warehouse built; I solved. Sometimes they are the effect of inCOMPANION..


terested complaisance and flattery on the one but if they be bad, it is twenty to one but they side, and of credulous fondness on the other. will infect and corrupt you. Therefore be Such rash and dangerous connections should wary and shy in choosing, and entertaining, or be avoided, lest they afterwards load us with frequenting any company or companions ; be dishonour.

not too hasty in committing yourself to them; We should ever have it fixed in our stand off awhile till you have inquired of some memories, that by the character of those whom (that you know by experience to be faithful), we choose for our friends, our own is likely to what they are ; observe what company they be formed, and will certainly be judged of by keep; be not too easy to gain acquaintance, the world. We ought, therefore, to be slow but stand off and keep a distance yet awhile, and cautious in contracting intimacy; but till you have observed and learnt touching when a virtuous friendship is once established, them. Men or women that are greedy of we must ever consider it as a sacred engage acquaintance, or hasty in it, are oftentimes ment.

Blair. snared in ill company before they are aware,

and entangled so that they cannot easily get Be cautious with whom you associate, and | loose from it after, when they would. never give your company or your confidence to

Sir Matthew Hale. persons of whose good priuciples you are not certain. No person that is an enemy to God

No man can be provident of his time, who can be a friend to man. He that has already

is not prudent in the choice of his company. proved himself ungrateful to the Author of every blessing, will not scruple, when it will | COMPANY_Freedom in.

Jeremy Taylor. serve his turn, to shake off a fellow-worm like

1 The freer you feel yourself in the presence himself. He may render vou instrumental to 1


of another, the more free is he. his own purposes, but he will never benefit you. A bad man is a curse to others; as he is secretly, notwithstanding all his boasting

COMPARISONS. and affected gaiety, a burden to himself. When the moon shone, we did not see the Shun him as you would a serpent in your candle; path. Be not seduced by his rarik, his wealth, So doth the greater glory dim the less ; his wit, or his influence. Think of him as A substitute shines brightly as a king, already in the grave ; think of him as stand- | Until a king be by; and then his state ing before the everlasting God in judgment. Empties itself, as doth an inland brook, This awful reality will instantly strip off all Into the main of waters.

Shakspeare. that is now so imposing, and present him in his true light, the object rather of your com. | The eagle of one house is the fool in another. passion, and of your prayers—than of your

Gressel wonder or imitation. Bishop Coleridge.

COMPASS-Wonders of the. COMPANIONS-Vicious.

That mysterious guide,

On whose still counsels all his hopes relied, Wicked companions invite us to hell.

That oracle to man in mercy given,

Fielding. Whose voice is truth, whose wisdom is from COMPANY-Bad.

heaven, Bad company is like a nail driven into a Who over sands and seas directs the stray, post, which, after the first and second blow, And, as with God's own finger, points the way. may be drawn out with little difficulty ; but

Rogeissa being once driven up to the head, the pincers PASSION. cannot take hold to draw it out, but which Compassion is an emotion of which we can only be done by the destruction of the ought never to be ashamed. Graceful, par wood.


ticularly in youth, is the tear of sympathy, and

the heart that melts at the tale of woe. We There are like to be short graces where the should not permit ease and indulgence to condevil plays host.


tract our affections, and wrap us up in a selfish

enjoyment; but we should accustom ourselves COMPANY-Choice of.

to think of the distresses of human life, of the There is a certain magic or charm in com solitary cottage, the dying parent, and the pany, for it will assimilate, and make you like weeping orphan. Nor ought we ever to sport to them, by much conversation with them ; with pain and distress in any of ouramusements, if they be good company, it is a great means or trent even the meanest insect with wanton to make you good, or confirm you in goodness ; | cruelty.




Oh! sweet the flow

We lose the right of complaining sometimes Of grief that mourns an erring brother's woe : by forbearing it; but we often treble the force.

Sterne. Sweet is the tear that gems the downcast eye

When love implores, nor beauty dare reply :
But sweeter yet to see the warrior rude,

Every one must see daily instances of Iron of limb, and stern in mien and mood, people who complain from a mere habit of Bow to his God the strong but willing knee, complaining.

Graves. And drop the tear of meek humility.

Kinglake. COMPLAININGSelf.

I will not be as those who spend the day in COMPETENCY-gives Complacency.

| complaining of head-ache; and the night in The man within the golden mean

drinking the wine that gives the head-ache. Who can his boldest wish contain,


Becurely views the ruin'd cell
Where sordid want and sorrow dwell;

He only sees well who sees the whole in the And, in himself serenely great,

parts, and the parts in the whole. I know Declines an envied room of state. Francis. but three classes of men: those who see the

whole, those who see but a part, and those | COMPLAINER-Thố.

who see both together.

Lavater. The man who is fond of complaining, likes | COMPULSION-used by Ignorance only. to remain arnidst the objects of his vexation; Force is the agent which Ignorance uses for it is at the moment that he declares them making his followers do the actions to which insupportable, that he will most strongly revolt they are disinclined by nature; and (like an | Sainst every means which could be proposed | attempt to make water ascend above its level)

for his deliverance. Indecision is in his the moment the agent ceases to act, the same character, and the misfortune of having to instant does the operation cease. Persuasion, decide would be to him the greatest of all; for on the other hand, is like a cut made for the a choice always supposes a preference for some stream, which has only to be introduced, and adirantage, or an inconvenience to be shunned; it then continues to run of its own accord, and this man would not wish it to be supposed without further attention. There are only two or to suppose himself, that there is a single ways of directing the operations of human circumstance in his life in which he is able to nature. The one to secure the inclinations, by follow his inclinations, or meet with an advan convincing the judgment; and the other, to tage: that there is even one in which he is not force or drive the individual against his judg| obliged to have the greatest possible incon ment or inclinations. The one method is

venience. He therefore increases misfortune, recommended by experience, and followed by be risbes for misbaps; the fatal infuence of success; the other is recommended by ignobis destiny is his favourite topic. A power rance, and attended by disappointment. When I against which no act can set him free, which a child cries for a rattle, it is with a view of compels him to suffer, without being able to obtaining it by force. When parents beat protect himself, and permits him to complain their children, it is to make them behave well witboat the fear of obtaining justice,—this is by force. When a drunken husband strikes what suits him; he asks nothing better than his wife, it is with the view of improving her to sigh over his position, and to remain by force. When a criminal is punished, it is

with a view of improving the world by force. Fickleness of conduct ought to be the con When an individual sues another at law, it is sequence of impetuosity alone; but in frivolous with the view of making him do justice by characters, it is the inclination that becomes force. When a minister of religion dwells exhausted, and which, incapable of any long upon the horrors of the infernal regions, it is efort, lazily lets falls that which it had at first with the view of sending his hearers to heaven seized with avidity. In the zeal of steady | by force. When one nation goes to war with characters, it is the object alone which eludes another, it is with a view of gaining some the vigour of their grasp ; it is the soap bubble favourite point by force. Though every human that vanishes, not their ardour in the pursuit of being wishes for success, yet ignorance has it show them an object capable of supporting been completely successful, hitherto, in leading the opinion they have attached to it, and then the world to follow the course which leads to they are fixed. Guizot. I disappointments





COMPULSION-Threats of.

CONCEIT-Self-Importance of. Nay, if the gentle spirit of moving words The more any one speaks of himself, the Can no way change you to a milder form, less he likes to hear another talked of. I'll woo you like a soldier, at arm's end;

Lavater. And love you 'gainst the nature of love, -force CONCEIT-a Self-Imposition.


People seek for what they call wit, on all CONCEALMENT.

subjects and in all places; not considering

that nature loves truth so well, that it bardly To conceal anything from those to whom I ever admits of flourishing. Conceit is to am attached, is not in my nature. I can never nature what paint is to beauty; it is not only close my lips where I have opened my heart. needless, but impairs what it would improve. Dickens.

Pope. CONCEIT-a Depraved Fancy.

CONCEIT-Workings of. Strong conceit is a kind of mental rudder Conceit in weakest bodies strongest works. which reason should hold for the purpose of


CONCILIATION-Immediate. steering the mind into its right course; but reason too frequently suffers itself to be carried Agree with thine adversary quickly, while away by the strong gales of a corrupt and thou art in the way with him. St. Matthee. vitiated fancy, and by the violence of those perturbations which unrestrained passions CONCILIATION-Policy of. create.


Quantum in nobis, we've thought good

To save the expense of Christian blood, CONCEIT–Natural to Humanity.

And try if we, by mediation Little localised powers, and little narrow Of treaty and accommodation, streaks of specialised knowledge, are things can end the quarrel, and compose men are very apt to be conceited about. This bloody duel without blows.

Buller. Nature is very wise; but for this encouraging principle how many small talents and little CONFIDENCE-Three Epochs of. accomplishments would be neglected! Talk

People have generally three epochs in their about conceit as much as you like, it is to

confidence in man. In the first they believe human character what salt is to the ocean ; it

him to be everything that is good, and they keeps it sweet and renders it endurable. Say

are lavish with their friendship and confidence. rather it is like the natural unguent of the sea

In the next, they have had experience, which fowl's plumage, which enables him to shed the

has smitten down their confidence, and they rain that falls on him and the wave in which

then have to be careful not to mistrust every he dips. When one has had all his conceit

one, and to put the worst construction upon taken out of him, when he has lost all his

everything. Later in life, they learn that the illusions, his feathers will soon soak through,

greater number of men have much more good and he will fly no more. . . . . . I say

in them than bad, and that, even when there that conceit is just as natural a thing to

is cause to blame, there is more reason to human minds as a centre is to a circle. But

pity than condemn; and then a spirit of conlittle-minded people's thoughts more in such

fidence again awakens within them. small circles that five minutes' conversation

Miss Bremer. gives you an arc long enough to determine

CONFIDENCE-Mutual. their whole curve. An arc in the movement of a large intellect does not differ sensibly It is unjust and absurd of persons adfrom a straight line.

Holmes. vancing in years, to expect of the young that

confidence should come all and only on their CONCEIT-Impotency of.

side; the human beart, at whatever age,

opens only to the heart that opens in return. He who gives himself airs of importance,

Miss Edgeworth. exhibits the credentials of impotence. Lavater. CONFIDENCE-Self.

Confidence in oneself is the chief nurse of CONCEIT-Poisonous.”

magnanimity; which confidence, notwithDangerous conceits are in their nature poisons, standing, doth not leave the care of necessary Which at the first are scarce found to distaste, furniture for it; and therefore, of all the But with a little act upon the blood,

Grecians, Homer doth ever make Achilles the Burn like the mines of sulphur, Shakspeare. | best armed.

Sir Philip Sidacy. CONFIDENCE.



Trust him with little, who, without proofs, They that see thee shall narrowly look upon trusts you with everything, or, when he has thee, and consider thee, saying: Is this the proved you, with nothing.

Lavater. map that made the earth to tremble ; that did

shake kingdoms; that made the world as a CONFIDER-Injuring a..

wilderness, and destroyed the cities thereof ?

Isaiak. Let not the quietness of any man's temper,

CONQUEST-the Reward of Merit. much less the confidence he has in thy bonesty and goodness, tempt thee to contrive

Conquest is not given by chance, any mischief against him; for the more

But, bound by fatal and resistless merit, securely he relies on thy virtue, and the less

Waits on his arms!

Rowe. mistrust he has of any harm from thee, the

CONQUEST_Right of.
greater wickedness will it be to entertain even
the thought of doing him an injury.

I claim by right
Bishop Patrick.

Of conquest; for when kings make war,

No law betwixt two sov'reigns can decide, CONFOUNDERS-Woe unto.

But that of arms, where fortune is the judge, Woe unto them that call evil good, and

Soldiers the lawyers, and the bar the field. good evil; that put darkness for light, and

Dryden. light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, CONSCIENCE. and sweet for bitter!


What exile from himself can fee? Byron. CONFUSION-Evils of.

CONSCIENCE-Approval of. The slack sail shifts from side to side;

That conscience approves of and attests, The boat, untrimm'd, admits the tide; such a course of action, is itself, alone, an . Bome down adrift, at random toss'd,


Butler. The car breaks short, the rudder's lost. Gay.


The torture of a bad conscience is the hell of a living soul.

Calvin. Never was known a night of such distraction ! | Noise so confused and dreadful; justling

CONSCIENCE-Checks of. Crowds

Colonel Gardiner was habitually so immersed That run, and know not whither; torches in intrigues, that if not the whole business, gliding

at least, the whole happiness of his life conLike meteors, by each other in the streets. sisted in them; and he had too much leisure

Dryden. for one who was so prone to abuse it. His fine CONGRATULATION-Compliments of. constitution, than which, perhaps, there was

hardly ever a better, gave him great opporCompliments of congratulation are always

tunities of indulging himself in these excesses; kindly taken, and cost one nothing but pen,

and his good spirits enabled him to pursue ink, and paper. I consider them as draughts

his pleasures of every kind, in so alert and cpon good breeding, where the exchange is

sprightly a manner, that multitudes envied always greatly in favour of the drawer.


him, and called him, by a dreadful kind of

compliment, “The happy rake." Yet still the CONJECTURES–Uncertainty of. checks of conscience, and some remaining

Although some conjectures may have a principles of so good an education, would considerable degree of probability, yet it is break in upon his most licentious hours; and evidently in the nature of conjecture to be I particularly remember he told me, that when uncertain. In every case the assent ought to some of his dissolute companions were once be proportioned to the evidence; for to be. | congratulating him on his distinguished felibeve firmly what has but a small degree of city, a dog happening at that time to come probability is a manifest abuse of our under into the room, he could not forbear groaning Flanding. Now, though we may, in many inwardly, and saying to himself, Oh that I cases, forta very probable conjectures con- were that dog! Such was then his happiness, cerning the works of men, every conjecture we and such, perhaps, is that of hundreds more, can form with regard to the works of God has who bear themselves highest in the contempt 23 little probability as the conjectures of a of religion, and glory in that infamous serpi. child with regard to the works of a man. tude which they affect to call liberty. Chalmers.


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