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III. The conquest of the Eastern Roman Provinces in Europe.

Verse 14. “ Loose the four angels which are bound in the great river Euphrates.

15.“ And the four angels were loosed, which were prepared for an hour, and a day, and a month, and a year, for to Nay the third


of men.”


" And the heads of the horses were as the heads of lions: and out of their mouths issued fire, and smoke and brimstone.

18. “By these three was the third part of men killed, by the fire, and by the smoke, and by the brimstone.”

We conceive ver. 15. to describe an empire, which was to arise for the completion of a particular event at a given time, and at the end of 391 years.

Gibbon, vol. 10, page 352, “ The name of Alp Arsan, the valiant lion, &c. and the successor of Togrul, displayed the fierceness and generosity of the royal animal. He passed the Euphrates, A. D. 1063, at the head of the Turkish cavalry.” We


may therefore infer, that this war began in 1062, or upon the investiture of Togrul.

In support of this we may state four conjectures:

1. That the empire of the Turks, represented under four angels, arose out of three powers, viz. the Persian, Chagan, and Saracen.

II. That the lion, was the appellation given to the Sultan of the Turks.

III. That the use of gunpowder * is represented under the figurative expressions

fire, smoke, and brimstone.

IV. That the result of our periods account for the space of time which elapsed previously to the capture of Constantinople, viz.


The rise of the Bedoweens

912 Their duration of five months, or 150

1 Year The rise of the Turks 1062 I Month or years

391 i Day 1 Hour 29th of May †

1453 * Gib. Vol. 12, p. 63.-Gunpowder.

+ Conftantinople taken May 29, A. D. 1453. Gib. Yol. 12, p. 209.



We therefore conclude that the whole of this chapter relates to the fulfilling of what we have stated to fall under the second vial.

In the 11th chapter, verse 2. « But the Court which is without the temple leave out, and measure not; for it is given unto the Gentiles; and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months.” “The court”,we interpret to refer to the Roman dominions in Asia; and “the city” to allude to Antioch. This being the city where the disciples were first named Christians*: And from the words " leave out” we infer, that the remaining prophecies in Revelation are not to be construed to allude to Asia. We shall therefore proceed to draw our conclusion respecting the completion of this prophecy, with regard to the Roman provinces between the seas.

Daniel, Chap. 8, Verse 13. “How long shall be the vision concerning the daily facrifice, and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?



The answer. « Unto two thousand and three hundred days”.

* Acts chap, xi. ver. 25.


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Chap. 12, Verse 6. “How long shall it be to the end of these wonders ?

Verse 7. The answer. “He held up his right hand and his left hand unto heaven, and sware by him that liveth for ever, that it shall be for a time, times, and an half.

Verse 12. “Bleffed is he that waiteth, and cometh to the thousand three hundred and five and thirty days.”

The three times in Daniel, Chap. 12, plainly de monstrate that the prophecies will be fulfilled at three different periods ; and that the prophecy of 2,300 years concerning the abolition of the daily facrifice, of course must end at the period of 1335.

Chap. 16, Verse 2. “ And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; "and there fell a noisome and grievous fore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshipped his image.

Verse 3.

« And the second angel poured out his vial upon the sea; and it became as the blood


of a dead man: ond every living foul died in the sea.

Verse 4:

« And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters ; and they became blood.”

Verse 8. " And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire."

Verse 1o. “ And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness, and they gnawed their tongues for pain.”

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Verse 12.

« And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the Kings of the East might be prepared.”

We therefore conclude that the different dates apply to each of the first three vials, and to their corresponding ones, viz. the 4th 5th and 6th.

Therefore if we add 1260 years to the time of pouring out any of the first three vials, it will furnish us with the year in which it will end.


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